Catholic schools are education ministries of the Roman Catholic Church. These schools aim to develop their students through participation in the sacramental life of the Church, study of religion and theology, a full curriculum in secular subjects, and a variety of extracurricular activities. A sacrament, as defined in Hexam's Concise Dictionary of Religion is "a Rite in which God is uniquely active A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective In formal education a curriculum (plural curricula) is the set of courses and their content offered at a School or University. Catholic schools are found in almost every country of the world and have often been the only schools in some parts of the world.
Religion is included in the learning experience, and school uniforms are often a requirement for students. While it is common for Catholic schools to require non-Catholic students to take Catholic religion classes and attend the various religious exercises of the school (except in Muslim nations where this is prohibited by law), a requirement that the student must be Catholic to attend a Catholic school is rare.
In Canada, publicly funded Catholic schools are referred to as 'separate schools'. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page A separate school is a publicly funded School which includes religious Education in its curriculum as opposed to a Private school or Public While historically Catholic schools received public funding in many provinces, currently seven of the thirteen provinces and territories still fund faith based schools. A UN committee has accused the Ontario Ministry of Education of discriminating against non-Catholics by funding Catholic separate schools, but not funding other separate schools. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security Ontario (ɒnˈtɛrioʊ is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest after Quebec The Ministry of Education (MOE is the agencies of the Ontario government in the Canadian province of Ontario responsible for government policy funding For more information see Education in Canada. Education in Canada is provided funded and overseen by federal, provincial, and Local governments Education is within provincial jurisdiction and the curriculum
Public schools in the province of Québec were organized along confessional lines until amendments to the Education Act took effect on July 1, 1998. Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar) Thus there existed parallel Catholic and Protestant school boards, financed and controlled by the province, that assured public education. Before 1998, most non-Catholics attended Protestant schools because they did not overly emphasize religious devotion, perhaps due to the variety of beliefs in Protestantism. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Catholic schools, on the other hand, incorporated preparatory courses for the Sacraments into the curriculum, celebrated Mass on major feast days, organized retreats and promoted prayer at the beginning of the school day and before meals. A sacrament, as defined in Hexam's Concise Dictionary of Religion is "a Rite in which God is uniquely active Mass is a fundamental concept in Physics, roughly corresponding to the Intuitive idea of how much Matter there is in an object A festival is an event usually and ordinarily staged by a local community which centers on some unique aspect of that community The term retreat has several related meanings all of which have in common the notion of safety or temporarily removing oneself from one's usual environment in order to become immersed Prayer is the act of attempting to communicate with a Deity or spirit Until the changes of 1998, the law required all religion teachers in Catholic schools to be practicing Catholics. Religion courses at the time, while dealing with Theology and Church history, were more pastoral in nature, especially in elementary schools. It was thus assumed that a non-believer could not properly instruct children in the Catholic Faith.
The reforms of 1998 organized school boards along linguistic lines — English and French — and reduced their number, among other things. Masses are no longer celebrated in former Catholic schools and teachers may lead children in prayer only when it is inclusive. Religion courses are still offered in schools, though students can choose to follow moral education classes instead. Furthermore, while schools in multicultural neighborhoods removed their crucifixes and requested name changes (most Catholic schools had been named after saints), those in Catholic or immigrant neighborhoods tended to passively resist the changes. For example, crucifixes still hang on classroom walls in many schools in the east end of Montreal, which is predominantly French and Italian. Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec
Before the reforms of 1998, each Catholic and Protestant school board had an English and a French sector. The importance of either sector varied from region to region and board to board.
In New Zealand, Catholic schools are termed 'integrated schools' for the purposes of funding. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island Effectively, this means that teachers' salaries and learning materials are publicly funded, but school property is not. New Zealand's Catholic schools are built on land owned by the diocese; if the government were to fund Catholic school property it would be transferring wealth to the bishop, breaking the separation of church and state. In many rites of the Roman Catholic Church and in Anglican churches, a diocese is an administrative territorial unit administered by a Bishop. Separation of church and state is a Political and Legal Doctrine that Government and religious institutions are to be kept separate
In England and Wales, Catholic schools are either independent or Voluntary aided, with funding shared between the state and the Catholic Education Service. A voluntary aided school is a school in England where the governing body, as opposed to the Local Education Authority, employs the staff and decides the The Catholic Education Service (CES is an agency of the Bishops Conference of England and Wales and a member of the Bishops’ Department for Catholic Education and Formation The service provides education for around 840,000 pupils each year through its 2,300 schools. In addition, some 130 independent schools have a Catholic character. 
Catholic schools in Scotland were not absorbed into the state system until 1918, much later than in the rest of Britain. Apart from those institutions which are independent of the state system, Catholic schools all fully funded by the Scottish Government. The Scottish Government (SG ( Scottish Gaelic: Riaghaltas na h-Alba) is the executive arm of the government of Scotland. There are legal provisions (missing in England & Wales) to ensure the Catholicity of such schools within the system e. g. applicants for positions in the areas of Religion, Guidance or Senior Management must be approved by the local Diocese, and are invariably Catholic.
In the United States, Catholic schools are accredited by independent and/or state agencies, and teachers are generally certified. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Catholic elementary and secondary schools receive virtually no government funding (though state-funded classroom equipment such as overhead projectors have been provided in some areas, but restricted from use in Catholic religion classes) Schools are supported through tuition payments, and fund raising.
Most Catholic elementary schools are operated by a local parish community, while secondary schools are usually operated by a diocese or archdiocese, or a religious order, and often those in major cities are also attached to a Catholic university. A parish is a Local church; it is an administrative unit typically found in episcopal or presbyterian churches In many rites of the Roman Catholic Church and in Anglican churches, a diocese is an administrative territorial unit administered by a Bishop.
Many Catholic schools in the United States accept students of all religions, ethnic backgrounds, and ability; however, some only accept Catholics, and some will accept Catholics along with Episcopalian and/or Eastern Orthodox students. Mater Dei High School is a four-year Roman Catholic Coeducational high school located in the New Monmouth section of Middletown Township New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. More competitive Catholic secondary schools tend to have tighter religious requirements in addition to tighter academic requirements and/or an entrance exam. It is a common expectation that non-Catholic students take religion classes and participate in the spiritual exercises of the school. Many schools have a policy (sometimes written) banning proselytizing in any form. Proselytism is the practice of attempting to convert people to another opinion and particularly another religion Some schools (normally elementaries) are owned by a particular parish while high schools are often owned by a group of parishes (more common in the South), a religious order (more common in Northeast), or a diocese. In the West, a mixture of schools operated by dioceses and religious orders is common, with the older schools generally run by orders. Except in the case of independent schools, local Catholic priests are invariably members of the school board, and often at secondary schools are found among the teaching staff as well. In some dioceses the bishop holds the title of superintendent, while others have delegated this responsibility to the head of the Office of Catholic Schools. In terms of practicality, it is often the local priests who fulfill this function.
Most Catholic elementary schools tend to be smaller than their public counterparts, and it is not unusual for such schools to have only one teacher and classroom per grade level. Additionally, grade levels often separated between grammar and middle schools (in the public schools) are generally not separated in Catholic schools; thus a student may attend the same school from kindergarten or first grade through eighth grade. One other major difference is that in most parts of the country, public schools provide bus service to their students, while Catholic schools almost never do.
In the United States, the term "parochial school" is commonly used to refer to Catholic schools, to distinguish it from "private school" (which can refer to either a non-sectarian school or a Protestant church-based school).
Catholic schools exist in almost every country in the world sometimes comprising a significant part of a country's educational system as in most Latin American countries and India.
The United States had 7,498 Catholic schools in 2006-07, including 6,288 elementary schools and 1,210 secondary schools. In total there were 2,320,651 students, including 1,682,412 students in the elementary/middle schools and 638,239 in high schools.  Over the last decade, Catholic schools have been closing at a faster rate than new ones are opening--yielding a net loss of more than 100 schools annually nationwide.