The Catálogo alfabético de apellidos (English: Alphabetical Catalog of Surnames) is a book of surnames published in the Philippines in the mid-19th century. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States A surname is a name added to a Given name and is part of a Personal name. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP This was in response to a Spanish colonial decree establishing the systematic distribution of family names and the imposition of the Spanish naming system on the inhabitants of the Philippines.
The book was created after Spanish Captain and Governor General Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa issued a decree on November 21, 1849, in response to the inconsistencies in the way Filipinos arbitrarily chose surnames. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. The term governor general or governor-general refers to a vice-regal representative of a Monarch in an independent realm or a major colonial circonscription Events 164 BC - Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Year 1849 ( MDCCCXLIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Filipinos or the Filipino people are the citizens of the Philippines. Following the Christianisation of the Philippines, many Filipinos chose surnames such as de los Santos, de la Cruz, del Rosario, and Bautista for their religious significance; even today these surnames are perhaps the most common. A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth Many other Filipinos also chose surnames of well-known chieftains such as Lacandola. Rajah Lakandula) or Lakan Dula ( Lakan Furthermore, many people within the same family had different surnames. This created difficulties for the Spanish colonial authorities, who found that it hindered their ability to perform a census of the archipelago's inhabitants, as well as complicating the collection of taxes. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population An archipelago (ɑrkəˈpɛləgoʊ is a chain or cluster of Islands The word archipelago literally means "chief Sea " from Italian
The book itself consists of 141 pages. The surnames are arranged in 6 columns with at most 72 surnames per column. Despite the title, the surnames are not strictly listed alphabetically (after Gandain is Ganavacas then Gandoy, and Balledor is listed under "V").
All of the letters of the Spanish alphabet are represented except for the letters "I" (in the Spanish orthography of the time "Y" was used instead of an initial "I"), "K" and "W" (non-existent in the Spanish alphabet) and "X" (due to a consonant shift, earlier surnames like Ximénez were spelled Jiménez, with a J, by that time. An alphabet is a standardized set of letters basic written symbols each of which roughly represents a Phoneme, a Spoken language, either I is the ninth letter of the Latin alphabet. Its English name is i (aɪ Spanish orthography is one of the most phonemic among those that are written with the Latin alphabet. The letter Y is the twenty-fifth letter in the modern Latin alphabet. K is the eleventh letter of the modern Latin alphabet. Its name in English is spelled kay (keɪ W is the twenty-third letter in the Latin alphabet. Its name in English is spelled double-u (ˈdʌbljuː X is the twenty-fourth letter in the modern Latin alphabet. Its name in English is spelled ex or occasionally ecks (ɛks plural exes (See below for disambiguation of the names '''Jiménez''' and '''Ximenes''') Jiménez '''Ximénez'''/'''Ximenes''' is a Surname of Iberian (See below for disambiguation of the names '''Jiménez''' and '''Ximenes''') Jiménez '''Ximénez'''/'''Ximenes''' is a Surname of Iberian J is the tenth letter in the modern Latin alphabet; it was the last of the 26 letters to be added )
The surnames were culled from many Philippine languages, including Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilokano, Hiligaynon, and others. In Philippines there are over 170 languages almost all of them belong to the Austronesian language family. Tagalog is one of the major languages used in the Philippines. "Cebuano" redirects here For the inhabitants of Cebu see Cebuano people Cebuano (Cebuano Sinugbuanon, "language To view the Ilokano edition of this Wikipedia article select from the in other languages section to the side of this page Hiligaynon (or " Ilonggo " is an Austronesian language spoken in Western Visayas in the Philippines. Spanish, however, provided the bulk of the surnames.
Many of the words from Philippine languages come from a wide variety of themes such as nature, vegetation, geography, and others.
Examples of surnames include Daquila (modern form/orthography:dakila;noble), Balani (magnetism), Malaqui (malaki; big), Dimatulac ('di matulak; can't be pushed), Lagip (Ilokano: memory), Puti (white), Talong (eggplant), Maliuanag (maliwanag; bright), Mabanglo (Ilokano: fragrant), Tumacder (tumakder, Ilokano: to stand up), and Ycasiam (ikasiyam/ika-9; ninth). To view the Ilokano edition of this Wikipedia article select from the in other languages section to the side of this page
Curiously, potentially offensive words were also included as surnames, including Gajasa (gahasa; rape, rash), Bayot (Cebuano: homosexual), Bacla (bakla; homosexual), Otot (utot; flatulence), Tanga (stupid), Limotin (limutin; forgetful), Lubut (Cebuano: buttocks), Tae (excrement), Ongoy (unggoy; monkey), Aso (dog), Jalimao (halimaw; monster)and Yyac (iiyak; will cry). "Cebuano" redirects here For the inhabitants of Cebu see Cebuano people Cebuano (Cebuano Sinugbuanon, "language Homosexuality refers to sexual behavior with or attraction to people of the same sex or to a Homosexual orientation.
Words and surnames derived from Spanish include Santos, Villafuerte, Lectura, Orlanda, Escribano, Escritor, Evangelista, Javier, Loco, Bajo, Maestro, Buensuceso, Buey, Orante, Rivera, Yncredulidad, Jurisprudencia and Hidalgo. Javier is the Spanish version of the masculine Name Xabier in Galician and Basque, Xavier in French Portuguese Catalan Surnames from Christianization and place names are also Spanish. Other surnames from Christianization include Baltero Cruz, Cruz, de Dios, de Jesús, de Santos, de los Reyes, Gracia, Isidro, Jose, Miguel, Resurreccion, Reyes, San Agustin, San Antonio, San Francisco, San Gabriel, Santa Barbara, Santo Domingo, and Santo Rosario. Place names maybe in native Spain or outside this: from Spain include Ávila, Arévalo, Alcántara, Bustamante, Cáceres, Galicia, Madrid, Santander, and España itself; from other countries or regions include Africa, America, Austria, Alemania (Germany), Belgica (Belgium), Benin, Brasil/Brazil, and Ysrael (modern orthography: Israel). This article is about the Spanish city For other uses see Avila Ávila de los Caballeros ( Latin: Abila and Óbila Arévalo is a municipality in Spain it is situated in the province of Ávila and is part of the autonomous community of Castilla and León Alcántara is a municipality (pop 1769 in the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Spain, on the Tagus, near Portugal. Madrid (pronounced in English in Spanish and colloquially in Spain) is the Capital and largest city of Spain. The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the Continents of North America and South America Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Benin (bə'nɪn officially the Republic of Benin, and also known as Benin Republic, is a country in Western Africa. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Surnames from Philippine place names were also given by Spaniards and these include Bacolod, Basilan, and Davao. For the municipality in Lanao del Norte see Bacolod Lanao del Norte. Basilan (Officially Province of Basilan; Fil - Lalawigan ng Basilan Span Davao Region, designated as Region XI, is one of the regions of the Philippines, located on the southeastern portion of Mindanao.
Words from other languages include Chinese (Chua, Fang, Quinzon, Yi, Jonson, Hizon), Malay (Gadya), Arabic (Sulayman), Catalan (Ortells, Llop, Puig, Lletget) and Basque (Echevarria, Legazpi, Labadia, Peñarredondo. The Malay language ( ISO 639-1 code MS is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people and people of other ethnic groups who reside in the Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Catalan ˈkætəˌlæn ( català kətəˈla or) is a Romance language, the national and official language of Andorra, and a co-official Basque ( native name: euskara) is the Language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain ) There are even surnames from Latin (Rex), German (Ymbrecht), Italian (Buffardessi, Parco) and English (James, Doughman, Burton, Gray). Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. Parco ( Chinese: 巴措 Pinyin: Bācuò is a town in Dêngqên County, Tibet Autonomous Region of China. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States
There are also surnames whose origins are unknown: Odgial, Lundete, Bux, Cheregumi, Yaeld, Zaerg, Jevod-vod, Gaxual, Fuñigan, Coppocopyo, Gleyoni, Heorlas, Nealloc, Niex, Micarabungbung, among many others.
According to the decree, a copy of the catalog was to be distributed to the provincial heads of the archipelago. From there, a certain number of surnames, based on population, were sent to each barangay's parish priest. This article refers to a political administrative division See Barangay Ginebra Kings for other uses A parish is a Local church; it is an administrative unit typically found in episcopal or presbyterian churches A priest or priestess is a person having the authority or power to administer religious rites in particular rites of sacrifice to and propitiation of a deity or deities The head of each barangay, along with another town official or two, was present when the father or the oldest person in each family chose a surname for his or her family. This article refers to a political administrative division See Barangay Ginebra Kings for other uses
Several groups were exempt from having to choose new surnames:
Because of the mass implementation of Spanish surnames in the Philippines, amongst Filipinos a Spanish surname might not necessarily indicate Spanish ancestry and can make it difficult for Filipinos to accurately trace their ethnic background.
The actual application of assigning surnames widely varied from town to town and from province to province. The provinces of Camarines (now Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur) and Tayabas (now Quezon Province) were known to enforce this rule strictly, while parts of Laguna simply ignored the decree. Camarines Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Camarines Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. Laguna Pueblo or Pueblo of Laguna ( Western Keres: Kawaik) is a Native American tribe of the Pueblo people in west-central New Mexico USA
In the town of Oas, Albay, for instance, many surnames there begin with the letter R such as Roa, Reburiano, and Rebajante. Oas is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. On the island of Banton, Romblon, surnames that begin with the letter F are prevalent such as Festin, Fadrilan, Famatigan, Fabicon, Faigao, etc. Banton is a 5th class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines.
Also, in the town of Sta. Cruz, Zambales, many surnames begin with the letter M such as Morados, Mayo, Movilla, Mose, etc.
Surnames starting with Villa and Al are abundant in the town of Argao, Cebu. Argao is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. Some surnames are: Villaluz, Villaflor, Villamor, Villanueva, Albo, Alcain, Alcarez, Algones, etc.
Since there are potentially at most 61,000 surnames in the book, not all of the surnames were used.