A canton is an administrative division of a country, e. Examples of administrative divisions English terms In many of the following terms corresponding to British cultural influence areas of relatively low mean population g. , a region or state. The word is derived from the Latin canto "section of a country. " Cantons are generally relatively small in terms of area and population when compared to areas such as counties, departments or provinces. A county is a Land area of Regional Government within a larger State. In the Terminology of Political geography and Historiography a National department (département departamento is an administrative A province is a territorial unit almost always an Administrative division.
In the Central American country of El Salvador, Cantons, or Cantones, are divisions of a municipality outside or the actual town or city and the also outside the more urban Caserios, which border the town or city. Cantones can be thought as the more rural parts of a city or town, generally far from the actual urban population.
The most internationally well-known cantons, which are the most politically important in their country's political system are those of Switzerland. Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation The Swiss cantons are theoretically partially sovereign states.
Cantons in specific countries
Cantons exist in the following countries:
- Cantons of Belgium
- Cantons of Bosnia and Herzegovina: a subdivision of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Canada: Canadian French equivalent for the English word "township", since the translation municipalité is already used for a different level of government (see township). In Belgium, there are judicial and electoral cantons Judicial A judicial canton (gerechtelijk kanton canton judiciaire is a group of municipalities in Cantons are the second-level units of local autonomy in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine Федерација Босне и Херцеговине) is one of the two political Canadian French is an Umbrella term for the varieties of the French language used in Canada. The term Township generally means the district or area associated with a town A township (or Municipality) is a settlement which has the status and powers of a unit of local government
- Cantons of Costa Rica: subdivisions below the provinces of Costa Rica
- Cantons of Ecuador: subdivisions below the provinces of Ecuador
- Cantons of France: a subdivision of arrondissements and departments of France, grouping several municipalities (communes)
- Cantons of Luxembourg: a subdivision of the districts of Luxembourg
- Cantons of Switzerland: each a state within Switzerland
- subdivisions of vingtaines in Jersey. |||}The provinces of Costa Rica are subdivided into 81 cantons The cantons are listed below (population figures are from Costa Rican Census 2000 Costa Rica consists of seven Provinces ( provincias The provinces of Ecuador are divided into 226 cantons The cantons are subdivided into parishes ( parroquias) |||} Ecuador is divided into 24 Provinces ( Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's 341 arrondissements and 100 departments. The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. |||}The Districts of Luxembourg are divided into 12 cantons. These cantons are subdivided into 116 communes. The three districts of Luxembourg are the top-level Administrative divisions of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the states of the Federal state of Switzerland. Many countries are made up of a number of subnational entities called states (or related terms in languages other than English Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation A vingtaine (literally "group of twenty" in French) is a political subdivision of Jersey. The Bailiwick of Jersey ( Jèrriais: Jèrri) is a British Crown dependency off the coast of Normandy, France.
- In the Ottoman Empire, a "kaza" was a district within a province, sometimes called a canton. The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish Kaza, qadaa, qaza, qazaa, or caza (قضاء qaḍāʾ, plural أقضية aqḍiyah; Ottoman Turkish pronunciation
In 1873, Cantonalists took over the city of Cartagena, Spain, a haven for the Spanish Navy, and declared the city independent. Year 1873 ( MDCCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Glorious Revolution (Spanish La Gloriosa) took place in Spain in 1868, deposing Queen Isabella II. Cartagena ( is a Spanish Mediterranean city and naval station in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula in the autonomous community of Region of Murcia
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