Campobello Island is a Canadian island located at the entrance to Passamaquoddy Bay, adjacent to the entrance to Cobscook Bay, and within the Bay of Fundy. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page An island (ˈaɪlənd or isle (/ˈaɪl/ is any piece of land that is completely surrounded by water in two dimensions above high tide and isolated from other significant Passamaquoddy Bay is an Inlet of the Bay of Fundy, between the U Cobscook Bay is located in Washington County in the state of Maine. Tides Folklore in the Mi'kmaq First Nation claims that the tides in the Bay of Fundy are caused by a giant whale splashing in the water The island is part of Charlotte County, New Brunswick but is actually physically connected by the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Bridge with Lubec, Maine - the eastern-most tip of the continental United States. Charlotte County (2001 population 27366( population 26898 -17% is located in the southwestern portion of New Brunswick, Canada. New Brunswick ( French: Nouveau-Brunswick /nuvobʁɔnzwik/ is one of Canada 's three Maritime provinces and is the only constitutionally The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Bridge is an International bridge, which connects Maine State Route 189 in the community of Lubec, Maine in the Lubec is a town in Washington County, Maine, United States. The population was 1652 at the 2000 census The State of Maine ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
Measuring 14 kilometres (9 miles) long and about 5 km (3 miles) wide, it has an area of 39. The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States 6 km² (15. 3 sq mi). In addition to the Lubec bridge, the island is accessible in the summer months by an automobile ferry from nearby Deer Island and from there via another ferry to mainland New Brunswick. See also Merchant ship A ferry is a form of transport usually a Boat or Ship, used to carry (or ferry) passengers and Deer Island is a Canadian Island located in the Bay of Fundy at the entrance to Passamaquoddy Bay. The island's permanent population in 2001 was 1,195. The majority of residents are employed in the fishing/aquaculture or tourism industries. For the computer security term see Phishing. Fishing is the activity of catching Fish. Aquaculture is the farming of freshwater and saltwater organisms including Molluscs Crustaceans and aquatic plants Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel
The island was originally settled by the Passamaquoddy Nation who called it Ebaghuit. The Passamaquoddy ( Peskotomuhkati or Pestomuhkati in the Passamaquoddy language are a Native American
The first Europeans were reportedly from the French expedition of Pierre Dugua de Monts (Sieur de Monts) and Samuel de Champlain who founded the nearby St. Croix Island settlement in 1604. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Pierre du Gua de Monts, (c 1558 - 1628 was a French merchant explorer and colonizer Samuel de Champlain (c 1575 - 25 December 1635) "The Father of New France " was a French navigator geographer cartographer Saint Croix is also an island in the United States Virgin Islands Saint Croix France named the island Port aux Coquilles ("Shell Harbour"). Following the War of the Spanish Succession, under terms of the Treaty of Utrecht (1713), the island came under British control and was placed in the colony of Nova Scotia, having ceased to be included in the French colony of l'Acadie. In the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714 several European powers combined to stop French succession to the Spanish throne and what would likely have been a resulting The Treaty of Utrecht that established the Peace of Utrecht, rather than a single document comprised a series of individual peace treaties signed in the Dutch The Kingdom of Great Britain, also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain, was a State in northwest Europe, in existence from 1707 to 1800 Nova Scotia (ˌnəʊvəˈskəʊʃə ( Latin for New Scotland; Alba Nuadh Nouvelle-Écosse is a Canadian province located on Canada 's The Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture ( ACADIA) is a Non-profit organization active in the area of Computer-aided architectural design
In 1770, a grant of the island was made to Captain William Owen (1737-1778) of the Royal Navy who renamed it Campobello. Year 1770 ( MDCCLXX) was a Common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Friday The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) The island's name was derived from Britain's Governor of Nova Scotia, Lord William Campbell, and was mixed with "bello" from the French, Spanish and Italian origins of the word "beautiful". The creation of the colony of New Brunswick in 1784 saw the island transferred to the new jurisdiction and by the end of the 18th century, the small island had a thriving community and economy, partly aided by Loyalist refugees fleeing the American Revolutionary War. Year 1784 ( MDCCLXXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system The name United Empire Loyalists is a honorific name which has been given after the fact to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" Smuggling was a major part of the island's prosperity after the Revolution, a custom largely winked at by local officials. During the War of 1812 the British Royal Navy seized coastal lands of Maine as far south as the Penobscot River but returned them following the war, except for offshore islands. The War of 1812 was fought between the United States of America and the British Empire, particularly Great Britain and her North American colonies The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) The State of Maine ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean The Penobscot River is 350 mi (563 km long making it the second longest river in the U In 1817 the U. Year 1817 ( MDCCCXVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common S. relinquished its claim for the Fundy Isles (Campobello, Deer, and Grand Manan Islands) and the British returned islands in Cobscook Bay including Moose Island but notably did not return Machias Seal Island. Deer Island is a Canadian Island located in the Bay of Fundy at the entrance to Passamaquoddy Bay. Grand Manan Island (also simply Grand Manan) is a Canadian island and the largest in the Bay of Fundy. Moose Island is an island in Maine located at the entrance to Cobscook Bay from Passamaquoddy Bay in the Bay of Fundy. Machias Seal Island is an Island located in the Gulf of Maine, approximately southeast from Cutler Maine and approximately southwest of Southwest By the mid 19th century Campobello Island had a population in excess of 1,000. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar In 1910 1230 people lived there. Year 1910 ( MCMX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting 
In 1866, a Fenian Brotherhood war party of 700+ members arrived at the Maine shore opposite the island with the intention of seizing Campobello from the British. Year 1866 ( MDCCCLXVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Fenian Brotherhood was an Irish Republican organization founded in the United States in 1850s by John O'Mahony and Michael Doheny. The US government intervened and a military force dispersed the marauders. This action served to reinforce the idea of protection for New Brunswick by joining with the British North American colonies of Nova Scotia, Canada East, and Canada West in Confederation to form the Dominion of Canada. British North America consisted of the colonies and territories of the British Empire in continental North America after the end of the American Revolutionary Nova Scotia (ˌnəʊvəˈskəʊʃə ( Latin for New Scotland; Alba Nuadh Nouvelle-Écosse is a Canadian province located on Canada 's For the Rugby union team that competes in the North America 4 Series, see Canada East (rugby team. The Province of Upper Canada (French Province du Haut-Canada) was a British colony located in what is now the southern portion of the Province of Ontario Canadian Confederation was the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed beginning 1 July 1867 from the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page
Campobello has always relied heavily on fishing as the mainstay of the island economy, however the Passamaquoddy Bay region's potential for tourism was discovered during the 1880s at about the same time as The Algonquin resort was built at nearby St. Andrews and the resort community of Bar Harbor was beginning to develop. Events and Trends Technology Development and commercial production of Electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered The Fairmont Algonquin is a coastal resort hotel in the Tudor style, located in Canada 's first seaside resort town St For the parish in New Brunswick with the same name see St Andrews New Brunswick (parish. Campobello Island became home to a similar, although much smaller and more exclusive development following the acquisition of some island properties by several private American investors. A luxurious resort hotel was built and the island became a popular summer colony for wealthy Canadians and Americans, many of whom built grand estates there.
Included in this group was Sara Delano and her husband James Roosevelt Sr. from New York. Sara Ann Delano Roosevelt ( September 21 1854 &ndash September 7 1941) was the wife of James Roosevelt and the mother of James Roosevelt Sr ( July 16 1828 &ndash December 8 1900) was a Businessman and father of the President of the United States New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Sara Delano had a number of Delano cousins living in Maine and Campobello offered a beautiful summer retreat where their family-members could easily visit. From 1883 onward, the Roosevelt family made Campobello Island their summer home. Year 1883 ( MDCCCLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Their son, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States, would spend his summers on Campobello from the age of one until, as an adult, he acquired a larger property - a 34 room "cottage" - which he would use as a summer retreat until 1936. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Year 1936 ( MCMXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. It was here that Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., was born in the summer of 1914. Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr ( August 17, 1914 – August 17, 1988) was the fifth child of Anna Eleanor Roosevelt and Franklin Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year It was at Campobello, in August 1921, that Roosevelt contracted an illness, which resulted in his total and permanent paralysis from the waist down. Franklin D Roosevelt 's paralysis has become a major part of his image today even though during his life it was kept from public view and rarely discussed in public
During the 20th century, the island's prosperity from its wealthy visitors declined with the change in lifestyles brought on by a new mobility from automobiles, airplanes, and air conditioning in large inland cities. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on Nonetheless, for President Roosevelt, the tranquility was exactly what he and his family cherished and the property remained in their hands until Eleanor Roosevelt's death in 1962. Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (ˈɛlɪnɔr ˈroʊzəvɛlt October 11 1884 &ndash November 7 1962
The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Bridge, which connects the island to the U. S. mainland at Lubec, was built in 1962 and brought a tourism revival, particularly after the 11 km² (2,800 acre) Roosevelt Campobello International Park was created in 1964, following a gift from the Roosevelt estate to the Canadian and United States governments. Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Roosevelt Campobello International Park preserves the house and surrounding landscape of Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. The park was officially opened by U. S. President Lyndon Johnson and Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson when the two met in Canada in 1966. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar.
In 1960, motion-picture producer Dore Schary and director Vincent J. Donehue made the film Sunrise at Campobello, based on Schary's Tony Award winning Broadway play of the same name. Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Isidore 'Dore' Schary ( August 31, 1905, Newark New Jersey - July 7, 1980, New York City) was an American motion picture Vincent Julian Donehue ( 22 September 1915 - 17 January 1966) was an American director noted mainly for his theatre work with occasional Sunrise at Campobello is a 1960 Biographical film made by Dore Schary Productions and Warner Bros The Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Awards, recognize achievement in live American Theatre and are presented Broadway theater, commonly called simply Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 39 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located Starring Ralph Bellamy as Franklin D. Ralph Rexford Bellamy ( June 17, 1904 – November 29, 1991) was an American Actor with a career spanning sixty-two Roosevelt, the film covered the years 1921 to 1924 at Campobello Island and events leading up to Roosevelt's nomination as the Democratic Party's candidate for President. Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar Year 1924 ( MCMXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party.
Joshua M. Smith, Borderland Smuggling: Patriots, Loyalists and Illicit Trade in the Northeast, 1783-1820 Gainesville, University Press of Florida, 2006.