|Carolyn Janice Cherry|
C. J. Cherryh at NorWesCon, Seattle, April 2006. Norwescon is one of the largest regional Science fiction and Fantasy conventions in the United States.
|Born||September 1, 1942 |
St. Louis, Missouri
|Pen name||C. Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A pen name, nom de plume, or literary double, is a Pseudonym adopted by an Author or their publishers to conceal their identity J. Cherryh|
|Occupation||Novelist, Short story author,|
Essayist, High school teacher
|Genres||Science fiction, Fantasy|
|Notable work(s)||Alliance-Union universe|
|Notable award(s)||Hugo Award, Locus Award|
Carolyn Janice Cherry (born September 1, 1942), better known by the pseudonym C. Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story The short story is a literary genre of Fictional Prose Narrative that tends to be more concise and to the point than longer works of fiction such An essay is usually a short piece of writing It is often written from an author's personal point of view. In Education, a teacher is one who helps Students or pupils often in a School, as well as in a Family, religious or Nationality is a relationship between a Person and their State of Origin, Culture, association Affiliation and/or Loyalty The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A literary genre is a category of literary composition Genres may be determined by Literary technique, tone, Content, or even (as in the case of fiction Fantasy is a Genre that uses magic and other Supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, and/or setting The Alliance-Union universe is a Fictional universe developed by Science fiction and Fantasy author C The Hugo Awards are given every year for the best Science fiction or Fantasy works and achievements of the previous year The Locus Awards were established in 1971 and are presented to winners of Locus Magazine 's annual readers' poll Julie E Czerneda (born April 11, 1955) is a Canadian Science fiction and Fantasy author Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A pseudonym is a fictitious alternative to a person's legal name (see Alias) J. Cherryh, is a United States science fiction and fantasy author. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Fantasy is a Genre that uses magic and other Supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, and/or setting She has written more than 60 books since the mid-1970s, including the Hugo Award winning novels Downbelow Station (1981) and Cyteen (1988), both set in her Alliance-Union universe. The Hugo Awards are given every year for the best Science fiction or Fantasy works and achievements of the previous year Downbelow Cyteen (1988 is a Hugo award -winning Science fiction Novel by author C The Alliance-Union universe is a Fictional universe developed by Science fiction and Fantasy author C Her brother David A. Cherry is a science fiction and fantasy artist. David A Cherry is an American Artist, primarily in the Science fiction and Fantasy genres
Cherryh (pronounced "Cherry") appended a silent "h" to her real name because her first editor (Donald A. Wollheim) felt that "Cherry" sounded too much like a romance writer. Donald Allen Wollheim (October 1 1914 &ndash November 2, 1990) was a Science fiction writer, editor, publisher and A romance novel is a literary Genre developed in Western culture, mainly in English-speaking countries Her initials of C. J. were used to disguise the fact that she was female (at the time almost all science fiction authors were male). Her middle name is pronounced /dʒəˈniːs/, with the accent on the second syllable (and not the more common pronunciation /ˈdʒænɪs/). 
The author has an asteroid, 77185 Cherryh, named after her. Asteroids, sometimes called Minor planets or planetoids', are bodies—primarily of the inner Solar System —that are smaller than planets but 77185 Cherryh is a main belt Asteroid. Its provisional designation was 2001 FE9 Referring to this honor, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory writes of Cherryh: "She has challenged us to be worthy of the stars by imagining how mankind might grow to live among them. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA, ˈnæsə is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nation's public space program "
Cherryh was born in 1942 in St. Louis, Missouri and raised primarily in Lawton, Oklahoma. Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Lawton is a city in and the County seat of Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States. She began writing stories at the age of ten when she became frustrated with the cancellation of her favorite TV show, Flash Gordon. Flash Gordon is the hero of a Science fiction adventure Comic strip originally drawn by Alex Raymond, which was first published on January 7,
In 1964 she received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Latin from the University of Oklahoma (Phi Beta Kappa), with academic specializations in archaeology, mythology and the history of engineering. Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. University of Oklahoma, abbreviated OU, is a Coeducational public Research university located in the U The Phi Beta Kappa Society is an academic Honor society with the mission of "fostering and recognizing excellence" in the Undergraduate Liberal arts Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek grc ἀρχαιολογία archaiologia – grc ἀρχαῖος archaīos The word mythology (from the Greek grc μυθολογία mythología, meaning "a story-telling a legendary lore" Engineering is the Discipline and Profession of applying technical and scientific Knowledge and In 1965 she received a Master of Arts degree in classics from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, where she was a Woodrow Wilson fellow. Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. A Master of Arts ( Latin: Magister Artium) is a Postgraduate academic Master's degree awarded by universities in a large "Classical literature" redirects here For literature in Classical languages outside the Graeco-Roman sphere see Ancient literature.
After graduation Ms. Cherry taught at John Marshall High School in the Oklahoma City public school system. Oklahoma City is the capital and largest city of the US state of Oklahoma. While at John Marshall she taught Latin, Ancient Greek, the classics, and ancient history. While her job was teaching Latin, her passion was the history, religion, and culture of Rome and Ancient Greece. During the summer she would conduct student tours of the ancient ruins in England, France, Spain, and Italy. While in her spare time, she would write using the mythology of Rome and Greece as plots for her stories of the future.
Cherryh did not follow the professional path typical of science fiction writers at the time, which was to first publish short stories in science fiction and fantasy magazines and then progress to novels. The short story is a literary genre of Fictional Prose Narrative that tends to be more concise and to the point than longer works of fiction such Magazines, periodicals or serials are Publications generally published on a regular schedule containing a variety of articles, generally In fact, Cherryh did not consider writing short stories until after she had several novels published.
Instead, Cherryh wrote novels in her spare time away from teaching and submitted these manuscripts directly for publication. Initially, she met with little success. In fact, she was forced to re-write some of her early works when various publishers lost the manuscripts she submitted. Retyping from carbon copies of her manuscripts was cheaper than paying for photocopying, and, in effect, forced her to rewrite those lost manuscripts (using carbon paper to make at least one copy of a manuscript was standard practice until the advent of the personal computer). A photocopier (or copier is a machine that makes Paper copies of documents and other visual images quickly and cheaply A personal computer ( PC) is any Computer whose original sales price size and capabilities make it useful for individuals and which is intended to be operated
Cherryh's breakthrough came in 1975 when Donald A. Wollheim purchased both manuscripts she had submitted to DAW Books, Gate of Ivrel and Brothers of Earth. Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Donald Allen Wollheim (October 1 1914 &ndash November 2, 1990) was a Science fiction writer, editor, publisher and DAW Books is a Science fiction and Fantasy Publisher, founded by Donald A Gate of Ivrel is a 1976 Science fantasy novel written by C J Cherryh and was her first published work Brothers of Earth is a 1976 Science fiction novel by science fiction and Fantasy author C The two novels were published in 1976, Gate of Ivrel preceding Brothers of Earth by several months (although she had completed and submitted Brothers of Earth first). The books won her immediate recognition and the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer in 1977. This page describes the award for best new science fiction writer for other awards see Campbell Award (disambiguation. Also 1977 (album by Ash. Year 1977 ( MCMLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays
Although not all of Cherryh's works have been published by DAW Books, during this early period she developed a strong relationship with the Wollheim family and their publishing company, frequently traveling to New York City and staying with the Wollheims in their Queens family home. The City of New York Other companies that have published her novels include Baen Books, HarperCollins, Warner Books, and Random House (under its Del Rey Books imprint). Baen Books is an American Publishing company established in 1983 by long time Science Fiction publisher and editor Jim Baen. HarperCollins is a Publishing company owned by News Corporation. Hachette Book Group USA (HBG is a Publishing company owned by Hachette Livre, the largest publishing company in France. Random House Inc is the world's largest English-language general trade book publisher Del Rey Books is a branch of Ballantine Books, which is owned by Random House.
Cherryh published six additional novels in the late 1970s. In 1979, her short story "Cassandra" won the Best Short Story Hugo, and she quit teaching to write full-time. "Cassandra" is a Science fiction short story written by American science fiction and Fantasy author C The Hugo Awards are given annually for the best science fiction or fantasy works She has since won the Hugo Award for Best Novel twice, first for Downbelow Station in 1982 and then again for Cyteen in 1989. Winners of the Hugo Award for best science fiction or fantasy Novel, along with all the nominees are presented here Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar)
In addition to developing her own fictional universes, Cherryh has contributed to several shared world anthologies, including Thieves World, Heroes in Hell, Elfquest, Witch World, Magic in Ithkar, and the Merovingen Nights series, which she edited. A fictional universe is a self-consistent fictional setting with unique background elements such as an imaginary history or geography and possibly fantasy or science A shared universe is a Literary technique in which several different authors create works of Fiction that share aspects such as settings or characters and that are Thieves' World is a Heroes in Hell is a series of Shared world Fantasy books by Janet Morris, C Elfquest (or ElfQuest) is a cult hit Comic book property created by Wendy and Richard Pini in The Witch World by Andre Norton is a long series of fantasies laid in a parallel universe where magic works and at the beginning at least is the exclusive property Merovingen Nights is a series of Shared world Science fiction books set in writer C Her writing has encompassed a variety of science fiction and fantasy subgenres and includes a few short works of non-fiction.
Cherryh's books have been translated into Czech, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Latvian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish and Swedish. Czech (ˈʧɛk čeština ˈʧɛʃcɪna in Czech is a West Slavic language with about 12 million native speakers it is the majority language in the Dutch ( is a West Germanic language spoken by around 24 million people 22 million of which are from the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Hungarian ( magyar nyelv) is a Uralic language (more specifically a Ugric language) unrelated to most other languages in Europe. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. is a language spoken by over 130 million people in Japan and in Japanese emigrant communities Latvian language (latviešu valoda is the official state language of Latvia. Polish ( język polski, polszczyzna) is the Official language of Poland. Portuguese ( or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain and northern Portugal. Romanian or Daco-Romanian ( dated: Rumanian or Roumanian; self designation limba română, ˈlimba roˈmɨnə is a Romance Russian ( transliteration:,) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia, the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages The Slovak language ( slovenčina, slovenský jazyk, not to be confused with Slovenščina) sometimes referred to as "Slovakian" Swedish ( is a North Germanic language spoken by more than nine million people predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, especially along the She has also translated several published works of fiction from French into English.
A former resident of Oklahoma, Cherryh now lives near Spokane, Washington with science fiction/fantasy author and artist Jane Fancher. Jane S Fancher ( 24 October 1952 –) is a Science fiction and Fantasy author and artist She enjoys skating, traveling and regularly makes appearances at science fiction conventions. Science fiction conventions are gatherings of the community of fans (called Science fiction fandom) of various forms of Speculative fiction including Science
Cherryh uses a writing technique she has variously labeled "very tight limited third person", "intense third person", and "intense internal" voice. Grammatical person, in Linguistics, is deictic reference to a participant in an event such as the speaker the Addressee, or others  In this approach, the only things the writer narrates are those that the viewpoint character specifically notices or thinks about.  If a starship captain arrives at a space station, for example, the narration may not mention important features of the station with which the captain is already familiar, even though these things might be of interest to the reader, because the captain does not notice them or think about them due to their familiarity. This technique can offer a similar experience to that of reading the viewpoint character's mind — sometimes at great length — and thus it can resemble stream of consciousness narrative.
Because of Cherryh's varied and prolific output, it is impossible to classify her writing as part of any single subgenre of science fiction and fantasy. She considers the two to be part of a unified whole, and opposes attempts to segregate writers and fans by increasingly specific subgenre definitions. Regarding this issue, she has written, "[I] don't like this specialization in which one side sniffs at the other as if they were some other species. No, no, no. We started out one creature. I don't care if 'they' have spots. We're still the same breed of cat. "
Nevertheless, she is often cited as an exemplar of various science fiction and fantasy subgenres, including the following:
Cherryh's fantasy corpus is particularly difficult to categorize. Space opera is a subgenre of Speculative fiction or Science fiction that emphasizes romantic, often Melodramatic adventure set mainly or entirely The Foreigner universe is a Fictional universe developed by Science fiction and Fantasy author C Hard science fiction is a category of Science fiction characterized by an emphasis on scientific or technical detail or on scientific accuracy or on both Military science fiction is a Subgenre of Science fiction in which the principal characters are members of a military service and an armed conflict is taking The Faded Sun trilogy is a series of Science fiction Novels set in the Alliance-Union universe of C Science fantasy is a mixed Genre of story which contains some Science fiction and some Fantasy elements The Morgaine Stories, also known as The Morgaine Cycle, are a series of Science fantasy novels by Science fiction and Fantasy writer C Bangsian fantasy is the school of fantasy writing that sets the plot wholly or partially in the afterlife Heroes in Hell is a series of Shared world Fantasy books by Janet Morris, C Certain works are unmistakably high fantasy, such as the Ealdwood and Fortress series. High fantasy, or epic fantasy, is a subgenre of Fantasy fiction that is set in invented or parallel worlds. The Fortress Series is a series of Fantasy novels by Science fiction and fantasy author C In addition, Cherryh was extended membership in the Swordsmen and Sorcerers' Guild of America (SAGA) for her contributions to the heroic fantasy subgenre. The Swordsmen and Sorcerers' Guild of America (SAGA is the name of a literary group of American fantasy authors active from the 1960s through the 1980s noted Heroic fantasy is a sub-genre of Fantasy literature which chronicles the tales of heroes and their conquests in imaginary lands Other works, however, feature a skepticism towards, or even a total absence of magic more consistent with the low fantasy subgenre, such as The Paladin. Magic, sometimes known as sorcery, is a Conceptual system that asserts human ability to control the natural world (including events objects people and Low fantasy is an Umbrella term, describing various works within different sub-genres of Fantasy, to contrast specific works with High fantasy The Paladin is a 1988 Fantasy novel by Science fiction and fantasy author C In fact, her "Russian" series, which is perhaps best described as historical fantasy, can be read as a cautionary tale regarding the dangers of magical power. Historical fantasy is a subgenre of Fantasy, related to Historical fiction.
Her 1996 book, Lois & Clark: A Superman Novel, was a tie-in to the Lois & Clark television series and serves as an example of the superhero fantasy subgenre, incorporating additional elements from romantic fantasy. Lois & Clark Lois & Clark The New Adventures of Superman (often called Lois & Clark or The New Adventures Of Superman) is a Live-action American A superhero (sometimes rendered super-hero or super hero) is a Fictional character "of unprecedented physical prowess dedicated to acts of derring-do Romantic fantasy is a subgenre of Fantasy fiction that is set in a romanticised fantastical world centering on the development of the relationships social
Cherryh has penned Sunfall, a collection of short stories in the Dying Earth subgenre, and her Merovingen Nights shared world series borrows heavily from the historic style of sword and planet fiction. Sunfall redirects here for the event see Sunset. The Dying Earth Subgenre is a sub-category of Science fantasy which takes place at the End of Time, when the Sun slowly fades and the laws of the universe A shared universe is a Literary technique in which several different authors create works of Fiction that share aspects such as settings or characters and that are Sword and Planet is a Subgenre of Speculative fiction that features rousing adventure stories set on other planets and usually featuring Earthmen as protagonists Her 1981 book Wave Without a Shore is a Soft Science Fiction novel more concerned with philosophy than technology. Alternate Realities is an omnibus collection from 2000 of three short Science fiction novels by science fiction and Fantasy author C Soft science fiction, or soft SF, like its complementary opposite Hard science fiction, is a descriptive term that points to the role and nature of the Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language Technology is a broad concept that deals with a Species ' usage and knowledge of Tools and Crafts and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt Forge of Heaven (2004) adapts many of the tropes of postcyberpunk science fiction. Postcyberpunk describes a subgenre of Science fiction which some Critics suggest has evolved from Cyberpunk. Finally, Cherryh occasionally incorporates elements from horror fiction in her work, such as the novel Voyager in Night, the Finisterre books, and her "Russian" trilogy. Horror fiction is broadly Fiction in any medium intended to scare unsettle or horrify the audience Alternate Realities is an omnibus collection from 2000 of three short Science fiction novels by science fiction and Fantasy author C The Finisterre universe is a Fictional universe created by American Science fiction and Fantasy author C
Cherryh's works depict fictional worlds with great realism supported by her strong background in linguistics, history, archaeology, and psychology. A fictional universe is a self-consistent fictional setting with unique background elements such as an imaginary history or geography and possibly fantasy or science Linguistics is the scientific study of Language, encompassing a number of sub-fields History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek grc ἀρχαιολογία archaiologia – grc ἀρχαῖος archaīos Psychology (from Greek grc ψῡχή psȳkhē, "breath life soul" and grc -λογία -logia) is an Academic and In her introduction to Cherryh's first book, Andre Norton compared the work to Tolkien's: "Never since reading The Lord of the Rings have I been so caught up in any tale as I have been in Gate of Ivrel. Andre Alice Norton ( February 17, 1912 &ndash March 17, 2005) was an American Science fiction and Fantasy author The Lord of the Rings is an epic Gate of Ivrel is a 1976 Science fantasy novel written by C J Cherryh and was her first published work " Another reviewer commented, "Her blend of science and folklore gives the novels an intellectual depth comparable to Tolkien or Gene Wolfe" . Gene Wolfe (born May 7, 1931, New York New York) is an American Science fiction and Fantasy writer Cherryh creates believable alien cultures, species, and perspectives, causing the reader to reconsider basic assumptions about human nature. Extraterrestrial life is Life originating outside of the Earth. Human nature is the concept that there are a set of logical characteristics including ways of thinking feeling and acting that all 'normal' human beings have in common Her worlds have been praised as complex and realistic because she presents them through implication rather than explication.
Cherryh has described the process she uses to create alien societies for her fiction as being akin to asking a series of questions, and letting the answers to these questions dictate various parameters of the alien culture. Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning "to cultivate" generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic In her view, "culture is how biology responds to its environment and makes its living conditions better. Foundations of modern biology There are five unifying principles See also Nature The natural environment, commonly referred to simply as the environment, is a terminology that is comprised of all living and "
Some of the issues she considers critical to consider in detailing an intelligent alien race include: 
Cherryh understands and describes the difficulties of translating/expressing concepts between differing languages. An ecosystem is a natural unit consisting of all plants animals and micro-organisms( Biotic factors in an area functioning together with all of the non-living physical ( House generally refers to a Shelter or Building that is a Dwelling or place for Habitation by Human beings. This article is primarily about the human diet For a discussion of animal diets see List of feeding behaviours. Food is any substance usually composed primarily of Carbohydrates Fats water and/or Proteins that can be eaten or drunk by an In general terms eating (formally ingestion) is the process of consuming Food to provide for the Nutritional needs of an Animal, particularly Knowledge is defined ( Oxford English Dictionary) variously as (i expertise and skills acquired by a person through experience or education the theoretical or practical understanding Death is the termination of the biological functions that define living Organisms It refers both to a specific AfterLife is a film drama set in Scotland directed by Alison Peebles made in 2003 about an ambitious Scottish journalist forced to choose between Metaphysics is the branch of Philosophy investigating principles of reality transcending those of any particular science Self is broadly defined as the essential qualities that make a person distinct from all others The Universe is defined as everything that Physically Exists: the entirety of Space and Time, all forms of Matter, Energy This is best demonstrated in both the Chanur and Foreigner series. The Chanur novels is a series of five Science fiction novels (forming three separate stories written by science fiction and Fantasy author C The Foreigner universe is a Fictional universe developed by Science fiction and Fantasy author C
Several themes recur throughout Cherryh's work. Several themes recur throughout the works of American Science fiction and Fantasy author C Cherryh's protagonists often attempt to uphold existing social institutions and norms in the service of the greater good while the antagonists often attempt to exploit, subvert or radically alter the predominant social order for selfish gain. Cherryh also frequently incorporates the theme of the outsider finding his (or her) place in society and how individuals interact with The Other. A number of Cherryh's novels focus on military and political themes.
An underlying theme of Cherryh's work is an exploration of gender roles. Her characters reveal both strengths and weaknesses regardless of their gender, although her female protagonists are portrayed as especially capable and determined. Gender comprises a range of differences between men and women extending from the biological to the social
In addition, many of her male characters are mentally damaged in some manner, having been through a physical, emotional, or mental trauma: Josh Talley in Downbelow Station was mind-wiped; Sandor in Merchanter's Luck had his entire family killed and often pushes the limits of exhaustion and the use of tranks for jumps; Ramey (also known as NG, or No Good) in Rimrunners was sent through jump without his tranks, as was Tully in the Chanur series. Jump is a Fictional technology used by Spacecraft in Science fiction author C Rimrunners is a Science fiction novel written by C J Cherryh and set in her Alliance-Union universe, in which humanity has split into The male protagonist in Heavy Time went crazy after witnessing the murder of his close female friend. Justin in Cyteen was drugged and gang-raped. Cyteen (1988 is a Hugo award -winning Science fiction Novel by author C
C. C J Cherryh ' s career began with publication of her first books in 1976 Gate of Ivrel and Brothers of Earth. J. Cherryh's career began with publication of her first books in 1976, Gate of Ivrel and Brothers of Earth. She has been prolific since that time, publishing over 60 novels, short-story compilations, with continuing production as her blog attests . A blog (a contraction of the term " Web log " is a Web site, usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary descriptions of Ms. Cherryh has received the Hugo and Locus Awards for some of her novels.
Her novels are divided into various spheres, focusing mostly around the Alliance-Union universe, The Chanur Novels, the Foreigner universe, and her fantasy novels. The Alliance-Union universe is a Fictional universe developed by Science fiction and Fantasy author C The Chanur novels is a series of five Science fiction novels (forming three separate stories written by science fiction and Fantasy author C The Foreigner universe is a Fictional universe developed by Science fiction and Fantasy author C