|Córas Iompair Éireann|
|Headquarters||Dublin, Republic of Ireland|
|Area served||Republic of Ireland|
|Industry||Infrastructure & Public Transportation State Administrator|
|Parent||Minister for Transport|
Córas Iompair Éireann (CIÉ) is a statutory authority which is owned by the Irish Government. A State-Sponsored Body is the name given in the Republic of Ireland to a State-owned enterprise (a government-owned corporation that is to say a commercial business Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" A holding company is a company that owns part all or a majority of other companies' outstanding Stock. The Minister for Transport (Aire Iompair is the senior minister at the Department of Transport in the Government of Ireland. A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages The Government of Ireland (Rialtas na hÉireann n̪ˠə ˈheːɾʲən̪ˠ is the Cabinet that exercises executive authority in Ireland. Since the enactment of the Transport (Re-organisation of Córas Iompair Éireann) Act, 1986 CIÉ is the shareholding company of Bus Éireann - Irish Bus, Bus Átha Cliath - Dublin Bus and Iarnród Éireann - Irish Rail, the three largest internal transport companies in Ireland. Bus Éireann ( Irish for Irish Bus) provides bus services in Ireland with the exception of those operated entirely within the Dublin Region, which Dublin Bus (Bus Átha Cliath ˈaːhə ˈclʲiə is a Public transport operator in the Republic of Ireland. rail transport in Ireland Iarnród Éireann ( IÉ;; in English, Irish Rail) is the national Railway system operator of the Republic This is a list of Irish companies or subsidiaries according to their sector It was originally to operate the Luas tram system in Dublin, before responsibility for that project was transferred to the newly created Railway Procurement Agency. Luas /ɫ̪uəsˠ/ ( Irish for 'speed' also promoted in the development stage as the Dublin Light Rail System, is a Light rail or Tram Railway Procurement Agency ( An Ghníomhaireacht um Fháil Iarnród) is a State Agency of the Department of Transport in the Republic of Ireland charged
Current government policy is that Córas Iompair Éireann should be abolished with the three individual companies focusing on their own business areas and thus increasing competitiveness.  Despite this, legislation to enact this change has been frequently delayed, and has yet to be published as of 2006.
Córas Iompair Éireann was originally established to provide road and railway transport, and later water. For most of its existence the company made large year-on-year losses, particularly the railways division, and this caused the public and politicians to demand "make CIÉ pay". Thus, similar to the pattern in many countries, Ireland's railways were rationalised and faced severe cutbacks while the road division was expanded.
Córas Iompair Éireann was formed, as a private company, by the Transport Act 1944 and incorporated the Great Southern Railways Company and Dublin United Transport Company. The Great Southern Railways Company (often Great Southern Railways or GSR was an Irish company that from 1925 until 1945 owned and operated all railways that lay wholly within Dublin United Transport Companypng|thumb|right|200px|The DUTC's logo used from 1941]]The Dublin United Transport Company (DUTC operated Trams and Buses in At this point CIÉ adopted the logo of the latter company, "the flying snail". Great Southern Railways was incorporated in 1925, having been Great Southern Railway since 1924. It was essentially a monopoly on transport as it started to broaden its business interests into road transport. In Economics, a monopoly (from Greek monos, alone or single + polein, to sell exists when a specific individual or enterprise has sufficient The Transport Act 1950 amalgamated CIÉ and the Grand Canal Company and formally nationalised CIÉ, changing its structure from a private limited company to a board appointed by the Minister for Transport. The Grand Canal (An Chanáil Mhór is the southernmost of a pair of Canals that connect Dublin, in the east of the country with the River Shannon in the Nationalization, also spelled nationalisation, is the act of taking an industry or assets into the Public ownership of a national government The Northern Ireland Great Northern Railway Act, 1958 transferred the lines of Great Northern Railway Board south of the border to CIÉ. Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of The Great Northern Railway (Ireland (GNR(I or GNRI was an Irish railway company formed in 1876 by a merger of the Irish North Western Railway (INW Northern In 1990 CIÉ sold its nine Great Southern Hotels to Aer Rianta, the airports authority, including the hotel in Derry, Northern Ireland. Dublin Airport Authority plc or Údaras Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath cpt in Irish (known until 1 October 2004 as Aer Rianta cpt Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of