A bus is a large road vehicle designed to carry numerous passengers in addition to the driver and sometimes a conductor. Cúcuta (ˈkukuta is a Colombian city, capital of the North Santander Department and located in the northeast of the country Vehicles, derived from the Latin word vehiculum, are non-living Means of transport. This article is about passengers in commercial transportation for other uses see Passenger (disambiguation A passenger is a term broadly used Driving is the controlled operation of a land Vehicle, usually a Motor vehicle such as a Truck or a car. Train Conductor (North America The Conductor is the railway employee charged with the management of a freight passenger or various other types of Train, and is The name is a neologic version of the Latin omnibus, which means "for all. A neologism (from Greek neo = "new" + logos = "word" is a word that although devised relatively recently in a specific time period has been Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. "
The omnibus, the first organized public transport system, may have originated in Nantes, France in 1826, when Stanislas Baudry, a retired army officer who had built public baths (run from the surplus heat from his flour mill) on the city's edge, set up a short line between the center of town and his baths. Nantes (Naoned Gallo: Naunnt) is a city in western France, located on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast Public baths originated from a communal need for cleanliness Often the term public is misleading to some people as they will have restrictions based upon who can use the facility The service started on the Place du Commerce, outside the hat shop of M. Omnès, who displayed the motto Omnès Omnibus ("Omnès for all") on his shopfront. When Baudry discovered that passengers were just as interested in getting off at intermediate points as in patronizing his baths, he shifted the line's focus. His new voiture omnibus ("carriage for all") combined the functions of the hired hackney carriage with the stagecoach that travelled a predetermined route from inn to inn, carrying passengers and mail. See also Taxicab ||-||-||}A hackney or hackney carriage (also called a cab or hack) is a Carriage or Automobile For other meanings see Stagecoach (disambiguation. A stagecoach (also called diligence) is a type of four-wheeled enclosed His omnibus featured wooden benches that ran down the sides of the vehicle; entry was from the rear.
There is also a claim from the UK where in 1824 John Greenwood operated the first "bus route" from Market Street in Manchester to Pendleton in Salford. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Year 1824 ( MDCCCXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year John Greenwood (died 1851 transport entrepreneur was the keeper of a toll-gate in Pendleton on the Manchester to Liverpool turnpike. Market Street is one of the two principal retail streets in Manchester, England (the other is King Street) Salford lies at the heart of the City of Salford, a Metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, in North West England. 
In 1828, Baudry went to Paris where he founded a company under the name Entreprise générale des omnibus de Paris, while his son Edmond Baudry founded two similar companies in Bordeaux and in Lyons. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city ( Gascon: Bordèu) is a port city in southwest France, with one million inhabitants in its metropolitan area at a 2008 estimate A London newspaper reported in July 4, 1829 that "the new vehicle, called the omnibus, commenced running this morning from Paddington to the City". This bus service was operated by George Shillibeer. This article is a general one on buses in London For a specific article on the organization responsible for running most buses in London see London Buses. George Shillibeer ( August 11, 1797, St Marylebone, London – August 21, 1866, Brighton England) was an
In New York, omnibus service began in the same year, when Abraham Brower, an entrepreneur who had organized volunteer fire companies, established a route along Broadway starting at Bowling Green. The history of New York City begins with its Lenape inhabitants prior to the arrival of Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524 and continues with its founding Broadway, as the name implies is a wide avenue in New York City. Bowling Green is a small public park in Lower Manhattan at the foot of Broadway next to the site of the original Dutch fort of New Amsterdam. Other American cities soon followed suit: Philadelphia in 1831, Boston in 1835 and Baltimore in 1844. In most cases, the city governments granted a private company—generally a small stableman already in the livery or freight-hauling business—an exclusive franchise to operate public coaches along a specified route. A livery is a Uniform or other sign worn in a non-military context on a person or object (such as an airplane or Vehicle) to denote a relationship In return, the company agreed to maintain certain minimum levels of service. In 1831, New Yorker Washington Irving remarked of Britain's Reform Act (finally passed in 1832): "The great reform omnibus moves but slowly. Washington Irving (April 3 1783 – November 28 1859 was an American Author, essayist, biographer and historian of the early 19th The Representation of the People Act 1832, commonly known as the Reform Act 1832, was an Act of Parliament that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system "
The omnibus encouraged urbanization. Urbanizationn (also spelled urbanisation) is the physical growth of Urban areas into rural or natural land as a result of population in-migration to an existing Socially, the omnibus put city-dwellers, even if for only half an hour, into previously-unheard-of physical intimacy with strangers, squeezing them together knee-to-knee. Only the very poor remained excluded. A new division in urban society now came to the fore, dividing those who kept carriages from those who did not. The idea of the "carriage trade", the folk who never set foot in the streets, who had goods brought out from the shops for their appraisal, has its origins in the omnibus crush.
The omnibus also extended the reach of the emerging cities. The walk from the former village of Paddington to the business heart of London in the "City" was a long one, even for a young man in good condition. Paddington is an area of the City of Westminster, in Central London, England. The omnibus offered the suburbs more access to the inner city.
More intense urbanization was to follow. Within a very few years, the New York omnibus had a rival in the streetcar: the first streetcar ran along The Bowery, which offered the excellent improvement in amenity of riding on smooth iron rails rather than clattering over granite setts, called "Belgian blocks". A tram, tramcar, trolley, trolley car, or streetcar is a railborne vehicle, of lighter weight and construction than a Train Bowery (ˈbaʊɚi or /ˈbaʊri/ is the name of a street and a small neighborhood in the southern portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Granite (ˈɡrænɪt is a common and widely occurring type of intrusive, Felsic, igneous rock. The new streetcars were financed by John Mason, a wealthy banker, and built by an Irish contractor, John Stephenson.
When motorized transport proved successful after c. Netphen is a town in the Siegen-Wittgenstein district in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. 1905, a motorized omnibus was for a time sometimes called an autobus.
Bus lines proliferated in the U. S. as streetcar lines were torn out of the major cities by "bus manufacturing or oil marketing companies for the specific purpose of replacing rail service with buses. " This was accompanied by a continuing series of technical improvements: pneumatic "balloon" tires during the early 1920s, monocoque body construction in 1931, automatic transmission in 1936, the diesel-engine bus in 1936, the first acceptable 50+ passenger bus in 1948, and the first buses with air suspension in 1953. 
Bus services were a focal point in the American Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s in the United States. The American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968 refers to the reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing racial discrimination against African The United States of America —commonly referred to as the In the period after the American Civil War ended in 1865, racial segregation in public accommodations, including public transport such as rail and bus services, was enforced through Black Codes and Jim Crow laws in the South. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South The Jim Crow laws were state and local laws enacted primarily but not exclusively in the Southern and border states of the United States between 1876 and 1965 These were made to prevent African-Americans from doing things that a white person could do. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa White People is the second album by Handsome Boy Modeling School. For instance, Jim Crow laws required bus drivers to enforce separate seating sections. These laws and enforcement varied among communities and states. In 1955, after a long day of work, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a public bus, bringing attention to the injustice of differential and degrading treatment based solely upon race. Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4 1913 – October 24 2005 was an African American Civil rights activist whom the U Montgomery (məntˈgəmɜriː is the Capital, second most populous city and the 4th most populous metropolitan area in the Southern U This incident, boycotts of bus services, other protests, and court challenges led to a U.S. Supreme Court ruling banning segregation on public buses and helped lead the U.S. Congress to pass the landmark 1964 Civil Rights Act which clarified the unconstitutionality of public racial segregation laws. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. The United States Congress is the bicameral Legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses Origins The bill was introduced by President John F Kennedy in his civil rights speech of June 11 1963, in which he asked for legislation "giving
In some areas of the United States, a school busing system has been used to achieve racial desegregation of public schools. Desegregation busing in the United States (also known as forced busing or busing) is the practice of attempting to integrate schools by assigning students to Desegregation is the process of ending Racial segregation, most commonly used in reference to the United States. Under such a busing plan, children do not necessarily go to the nearest school geographically, but to such a public school in the same district where there is an appropriate mix of racial diversity.
Bus services can fit into several classes. Canberra ( is the capital city of Australia With a population of over 340000 it is Australia's largest inland City. } The Australian Capital Territory (ACT is the Capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and its smallest self-governing internal territory Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Local transit buses provide public transit within a city or one or more counties, usually for trips of only a few kilometers. Intercity, interstate or interprovincial buses provide transit between cities, towns, rural areas and places usually tens or hundreds of kilometers away. They generally provide fewer bus stops than local bus routes do. A bus stop is a designated place where a Public transport Bus stops for the purpose of allowing passengers to board or leave a bus Trailways Transportation System is an example of US interstate bus systems. The Trailways Transportation System is a group of 80 independent bus companies that have entered into a Franchising agreement Some local transit systems offer bus lines to nearby cities or towns served by another transit agency. Intercity bus services have become an important travel connection to smaller towns and rural areas that do not have airports or train service. An airport is a location where Aircraft such as airplanes, Helicopters and blimps take off and land A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a track ( Permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another
Some public transit bus systems offer express bus service in addition to local bus lines. Local lines provide frequent stops along a route, sometimes two or more per kilometer, while express lines make fewer stops and more speed along that route. For example, an express bus line may provide speedier service between a local airport and the downtown area of a nearby city.
Shuttle bus services provide transit service between two destinations, such as an airport and city center. Shuttle bus services are often provided by colleges, airports, shopping areas, companies, and amusement destinations.
Tour bus service shows tourists notable sights by bus. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel City tour buses often simply pass by the sites while a tour guide describes them. A tour guide is a person who guides visitors in the language of their choice and interprets the cultural and natural heritage of an area which person normally possesses a specific area Longer distance tour coaches generally allow passengers to disembark at points of interest. Some tourist buses are decorated to resemble pre-PCC streetcars in order to attract tourists or for other appearance purposes. The PCC ( Presidents' Conference Committee) streetcar ( Tram) design was first built in the United States in the 1930s A similar phenomenon is Duck Tours, which uses amphibious DUKWs converted into buses/cruise boats for tours. Duck tours, or DUKW tours, are tours that take place on purpose-built amphibious tour buses or military surplus DUKWs and LARC-Vs Primarily offered The DUKW (popularly pronounced "duck") is a six-wheel-drive amphibious truck that was designed by General Motors Corporation during World War II
School bus service provides transit to and from school for students. A school bus is a Bus used to transport Children and Adolescents to and from School and school events Some private schools use school buses only for field trips or sports events. Some school systems, such as the San Francisco public school system, do not operate their own school bus system but instead rely on the local public transit bus system to provide transportation.
Charter bus operators provide buses with properly licensed bus drivers for hire. A charter is the grant of authority or rights stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified
Early bus manufacturing grew out of carriage coachwork builders, and later out of automobile or truck manufacturing enterprises. Bus manufacturing describes the Manufacturing of Buses and coaches. A carriage is a wheeled vehicle for people usually horse-drawn Coachwork is the body of a Motor vehicle ( Automobile, Bus or Truck) which is built around a Chassis, rather than Early buses were merely a bus body fitted to a truck chassis. This body plus chassis approach has continued into modern specialist manufacturers, although there also exists integral manufacturers of complete bus or coach products. Specialist builders also build buses for special uses, or modify standard products. Modern day bus manufacturing combines a number of advanced technologies, including GPS location, passenger information systems and electronic control, and increasingly features technology to aid accessibility. Passenger information is information provided to Public transport users about the nature and state of a Public transport service though visual voice or touchable Accessibility is a general term used to describe the degree to which a product (e Manufacturers are also investigating alternatives to the traditional combustion engine powered approach, with electric, fuel cell and hybrid bus technologies. The internal combustion engine is an engine in which the Combustion of Fuel and an Oxidizer (typically air occurs in a confined space called a An electric bus is a Bus powered by electricity There are two main electric bus categories The Trolleybus is a type of electric bus powered See also Fuel cell vehicle A fuel cell bus is a bus that uses a hydrogen Fuel cell as its power source for electrically driven wheels sometimes augmented As with the auto-industry, bus manufacturing is developing from a localised enterprise to increasingly becoming a globalised industry, with groups of manufacturers forming consortia. As with the car industry, new models are often exhibited at industry motor shows.
In the US, due to road restrictions, the maximum width of motorcoaches is 102 inches (2,600 mm), and a maximum length of 40 ft (12 m) or 45 ft (14 m)
Operation of a bus service inevitably varies from the published schedule and timetables due to a range of factors including traffic, weather, passenger loading variations, and operating staff behaviour. Schedules may be focussed on maintaining a headway between each vehicle on a route, rather setting out the exact time a bus will arrive at each bus stop. The headway between vehicles in Public transit systems is the time between two vehicles passing the same point traveling in the same direction on a given route
Bus crews may behave in ways which affect these headways: