|Directed by||Ron Shelton|
|Produced by||Thom Mount|
|Written by||Ron Shelton|
|Music by||Michael Convertino|
|Editing by||Robert Leighton|
|Distributed by||Orion Pictures Corporation|
|Release date(s)||June 15, 1988 (U. Ron Shelton ( September 15, 1945 in Whittier California) is a U Thom Mount (born May 28, 1948) is the former President of Universal Pictures and one of America's most well-known independent producers Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American Actor, producer and Academy Award -winning director Susan Sarandon (born Susan Abigail Tomalin; October 4 1946 is an American Actress. Timothy Francis Robbins (born October 16, 1958) is an Academy Award -winning American Actor, Screenwriter, director Robert Wuhl (born October 9, 1951) is an American comedian turned actor/writer Donald Yearnsley Wilson III ( January 21, 1948 – January 16, 1989) was an American Character actor known for playing rural Orion Pictures Corporation was an American company that produced movies from 1978 until 1998 Events 763 BC - Assyrians record a Solar eclipse that will be used to fix the Chronology of Mesopotamian history Events Michael Jackson 's first film was Moonwalker Top grossing films (U S. release)|
|Running time||108 minutes|
|Gross revenue||$50,888,729 (USA)|
Bull Durham is a 1988 American movie about love and baseball. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Events Michael Jackson 's first film was Moonwalker Top grossing films (U The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Baseball is a Bat-and-ball Sport played between two teams of nine players each It is based upon the minor league experiences of writer/director Ron Shelton and depicts the players and fans of the Durham Bulls, a minor league baseball team in Durham, North Carolina. Part of the History of baseball series Minor league baseball is a hierarchy of Professional baseball leagues in North A writer is anyone who creates a written work although the word usually designates those who write creatively or professionally as well as those who have written in many different forms A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film. Ron Shelton ( September 15, 1945 in Whittier California) is a U The Durham Bulls are a Minor league baseball team based in Durham North Carolina. Part of the History of baseball series Minor league baseball is a hierarchy of Professional baseball leagues in North Durham is a city in the US state of North Carolina. It is the County seat of Durham County Kevin Costner stars as "Crash" Davis, a veteran catcher brought in to teach rookie pitcher Ebby Calvin "Nuke" LaLoosh (Tim Robbins) about the game in preparation for reaching the Major Leagues while baseball groupie Annie Savoy (Susan Sarandon) romances "Nuke" but finds herself increasingly attracted to "Crash. Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American Actor, producer and Academy Award -winning director Timothy Francis Robbins (born October 16, 1958) is an Academy Award -winning American Actor, Screenwriter, director Susan Sarandon (born Susan Abigail Tomalin; October 4 1946 is an American Actress. " Also featured are Robert Wuhl and Max Patkin, the "Clown Prince of Baseball". Robert Wuhl (born October 9, 1951) is an American comedian turned actor/writer Max Patkin ( January 10 1920 - October 30 1999) was an American Baseball player and Clown, best known as the
Baseball movies were not considered a viable commercial prospect at the time and every studio passed except for Orion Pictures who gave Shelton a USD $9 million budget with many cast members accepting lower than usual salaries because of the material, an eight-week shooting schedule, and creative freedom. Orion Pictures Corporation was an American company that produced movies from 1978 until 1998 The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been He cast Kevin Costner because of the actor's natural athletic ability. During filming, Costner was able to hit two home runs while the cameras were rolling.
Bull Durham was a commercial success, grossing over $50 million in North America, well above its estimated budget, and a critical success as well. Sports Illustrated ranked it the #1 Greatest Sports Movie of all time. Sports Illustrated is an American Sports Magazine owned by media conglomerate Time Warner. In addition, the film is ranked number 55 on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies. Bravo is a Cable television network owned by NBC Universal. It is currently seen in more than 80 million homes and was the first service dedicated to film drama " It is also ranked #97 on the American Film Institute's "100 Years...100 Laughs" list, and #1 on Rotten Tomatoes' list of the 53 best reviewed sports movies of all time. The American Film Institute ( AFI) is an independent Non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 Part of the AFI 100 Years series, AFI's 100 Years 100 Laughs is a list of the top 100 comedy movies in American cinema Rotten Tomatoes is a Website devoted to reviews information and news of Movies.
Costner stars as "Crash" Davis (named after — but in no other way based on — Lawrence "Crash" Davis, an actual player for the Durham Bulls in 1948), a veteran of countless years in the minor leagues unwillingly sent down to the single-A (advanced) Bulls for a specific purpose: to educate hotshot rookie pitcher Ebby "Nuke" LaLoosh (Robbins, playing a character loosely based on Steve Dalkowski) about being a major-league talent, and to control Nuke's haphazard pitching. Lawrence Columbus "Crash" Davis ( July 14, 1919 - August 31, 2001) was an American professional Baseball player Part of the History of baseball series Minor league baseball is a hierarchy of Professional baseball leagues in North Steven Louiso Dalkowski (born June 3 1939 in New Britain Connecticut) is a retired Left-handed Pitcher in Minor league Crash immediately begins calling Ebby by the degrading nickname of "Meat", and they get off to a very rocky start.
Thrown into the mix is Annie (Sarandon, the character named for the "Baseball Annies" groupies), a life-long spiritual seeker who latched onto the "Church of Baseball" and has, every year, taken on a prospect with the Bulls to be a lover/student. A groupie is a person who seeks sexual and/or emotional Intimacy with a Celebrity. Annie flirts with Crash and Nuke but Crash walks out, noting he's too much a veteran to "try out" for anything. Before leaving he and Annie share some sparks of mutual interest inspired by a memorable speech where Crash lists the things "he believes".
Annie and Crash then work, in their own way, and with a lot of animosity from Crash, to shape Nuke into a big-league pitcher: Annie by playing mild bondage games, reading poetry to Nuke (as well as giving him his nickname) and getting the rookie to think in alternative ways; Crash by forcing Nuke to learn "not to think", by letting the catcher make the pitching calls (memorably at two points telling the batters what pitch was coming after Nuke had shaken off Crash's calls), and lecturing to Nuke about the major leagues with both the pressure in facing big league hitters that can hit Nuke's "heat" (fastballs) and the pleasure of enjoying life in "The Show" that Crash briefly lived for "the twenty-one best days of my life" and has tried desperately for years to get back to. Meanwhile, as Nuke matures, the relationship between Annie and Crash grows, until it becomes obvious that the two of them are right for each other, except for the fact that Annie and Nuke are currently a couple.
After a rough start to Nuke's career, he becomes a dominant pitcher by mid-season, thanks to the coaching of Annie and Crash. By the end of the movie, Nuke is called up to the majors and the Bulls, now having no use for Nuke's personal mentor, release Crash. This incites jealous anger in Crash, who is frustrated by Nuke's failure to recognize all the talent he was blessed with. Nuke leaves for the big leagues, effectively ending his relationship with Annie, and Crash overcomes his initial jealousy to leave Nuke with some final words of advice.
Eventually Crash, an experienced and skilled hitter, joins another team, the Asheville Tourists, and breaks the minor league record for most career home runs, a personal milestone that he has striven for. The Asheville Tourists are a Minor league baseball team in Asheville North Carolina, USA. Crash then retires as a player and returns to Durham, where Annie tells him she's ready to give up her annual affairs with "boys". Crash tells her that he will accept a baseball coaching job; foreshadowing suggests that he'll succeed in this role and that he and Annie will stay together. Both characters end one phase of their lives and begin another. We see Nuke one last time, being interviewed as a major leaguer, where he recites some cliché answers to questions that Crash taught him earlier.
Ron Shelton played minor league baseball for five years, starting off at second base for the Baltimore Orioles farm system after graduating from Westmont College in Santa Barbara, California. Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American Actor, producer and Academy Award -winning director Susan Sarandon (born Susan Abigail Tomalin; October 4 1946 is an American Actress. Timothy Francis Robbins (born October 16, 1958) is an Academy Award -winning American Actor, Screenwriter, director Donald Yearnsley Wilson III ( January 21, 1948 – January 16, 1989) was an American Character actor known for playing rural Robert Wuhl (born October 9, 1951) is an American comedian turned actor/writer William O'Leary is the name of William O'Leary (actor, American actor William O'Leary (Irish politician (died 1955 Irish Fianna The Baltimore Orioles are a professional baseball team based in Baltimore, Maryland. Westmont College is a Christian liberal arts college in Santa Barbara California. Santa Barbara is a city in Santa Barbara County California, United States. He moved from the Appalachian League to California and then Texas before finally playing AAA ball for Rochester in the International League. Shelton quit when he realized that he would never become a major league player. “I was 25. In baseball, you feel 60 if you're not in the big leagues. I didn't want to become a Crash Davis,” he said in an interview. 
He went back to school and earned an M. F. A. in sculpture at the University of Arizona before moving to Los Angeles to join the city’s art scene. The University of Arizona (also referred to as UA, U of A, or Arizona) is a Land-grant and space-grant public institution Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West However, he felt more kinship in telling stories than creating performance art. Bull Durham was the first screenplay he ever wrote with a first draft in 1979 that was originally entitled, The Player To Be Named Later. All that remains from this version is a single anecdote. 
His break into filmmaking was second unit work on the films Under Fire and The Best of Times (both of which he also wrote). Under Fire is a political film set in 1979 during the last days of the Somoza regime in Nicaragua. However, when he pitched Bull Durham, Shelton had a hard time convincing a studio to give him the opportunity to direct.  Baseball movies were not considered a viable commercial prospect at the time and every studio passed except for Orion Pictures who gave him a $9 million budget (with many cast members accepting lower than usual salaries because of the material), an eight-week shooting schedule and creative freedom. Orion Pictures Corporation was an American company that produced movies from 1978 until 1998  Shelton scouted locations throughout the Southern United States before settling on Durham in North Carolina because of its old ballpark and its location, "among abandoned tobacco warehouses and on the edge of an abandoned downtown and in the middle of a residential neighborhood where people could walk". 
Producer Thom Mount (who is part owner of the real Durham Bulls) hired Pete Bock, a former semi-pro baseball player who now runs his own baseball management company, as a consultant on the film. Thom Mount (born May 28, 1948) is the former President of Universal Pictures and one of America's most well-known independent producers Bock recruited more than a dozen minor-league players, ran a tryout camp to recruit an additional 40 to 50 players from lesser ranks, hired several minor-league umpires and conducted two-a-day workouts and practice games with Tim Robbins pitching and Kevin Costner catching. 
Shelton cast Costner because of the actor's natural athleticism. He was a former high school baseball player and was able to hit two home runs while the cameras were rolling and, according Shelton, insisted "on throwing runners out even when they (the cameras) weren't rolling".  Bock made sure the actors look and acted like ballplayers and that the real players acted convincingly in front of the cameras. He said, “the director would say, 'This is the shot we want. What we need is the left fielder throwing a one-hopper to the plate. Then we need a good collision at the plate. ' I would select the players I know could do the job, and then we would go out and get it done”. 
The scene in the pool hall where Nuke tells Crash that he is going to "the Show" was originally shot in a black whorehouse with Costner's character playing "Unchained Melody" on the piano to a 60-year-old hooker while drunk. " Unchained Melody " is a popular song with music by Alex North and lyrics by Hy Zaret. Nuke came in and the two men fought in an alley with several black hookers cheering Crash on. Costner remembers, "The pool hall was somehow thought to be a better experience for the audience, because we didn't want to see him with a black woman, I guess. But it was perfectly in line with who he was. "
Bull Durham debuted on June 15, 1988 and grossed $5 million in 1,238 theaters on its opening weekend. Events 763 BC - Assyrians record a Solar eclipse that will be used to fix the Chronology of Mesopotamian history Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) It went on to gross a total of $50. 8 million in North America, well above its estimated $9 million budget. 
The film was well-received critically. It currently has a rating of 100% on Rotten Tomatoes (100% for their "Cream of the Crop" designation). Rotten Tomatoes is a Website devoted to reviews information and news of Movies. Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 73 out of 100, based on 16 reviews. Metacritic is a Website that collates reviews of music Albums games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and Books. In David Ansen’s review for Newsweek magazine, he wrote that the film “works equally as a love story, a baseball fable and a comedy, while ignoring the clichés of each genre. David Ansen is a reviewer and senior editor for Newsweek, where he has been reviewing movies since 1977 Newsweek is an American weekly Newsmagazine published in New York City. ” Vincent Canby praised Shelton’s direction in his review for the New York Times, “he demonstrates the sort of expert comic timing and control that allow him to get in and out of situations so quickly that they're over before one has time to question them. Vincent Canby ( July 27 1924 &ndash September 15 2000) was an American film critic. Part of the fun in watching Bull Durham is in the awareness that a clearly seen vision is being realized. This is one first-rate debut. ” Roger Ebert praised Susan Sarandon's performance in his review for the Chicago Sun-Times: "I don't know who else they could have hired to play Annie Savoy, the Sarandon character who pledges her heart and her body to one player a season, but I doubt if the character would have worked without Sarandon's wonderful performance. Roger Joseph Ebert (iːbɝt born June 18, 1942) is an American film critic and Screenwriter. The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily Newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois. " In his review for Sports Illustrated, Steve Wulf wrote, "It's a good movie and a damn good baseball movie". Sports Illustrated is an American Sports Magazine owned by media conglomerate Time Warner. 
Bull Durham became a minor hit when released, and is now considered one of the best sports movies.  It became a major career moment for the lead cast members. Costner especially would later play baseball players and fans in other movies, including Field of Dreams and For Love of the Game. Field of Dreams is a 1989 American fantasy / Drama film, directed and adapted by Phil Alden Robinson from the novel For Love of the Game is a novel by Pulitzer Prize -winning author Michael Shaara, published posthumously in 1991.
Most of all, it revived interest in minor league baseball, which had been stagnating in small-town areas for decades, to where minor league teams achieve decent attendance and are even subject to relocation/bidding wars between communities. The Durham Bulls team itself in real-life has become one of the most famous minor-league teams in the United States (topped only by the Birmingham Barons during the year Michael Jordan tried baseball). The Birmingham Barons are a Minor league baseball team based in Birmingham Alabama. Michael Jeffrey Jordan (born February 17 1963 is a retired American professional Basketball player and active businessman A new Durham Bulls franchise plays at the Triple-A level (players who are one call away from "The Show") status, complete with a larger stadium built in the 1990s to accommodate the growing crowds and the shift to AAA as a minor league affiliate to the Tampa Bay Rays (during the film's time period, the Bulls were with the Atlanta Braves). Durham Bulls Athletic Park, frequently called the DBAP (pronounced D-bap is a Baseball park in Durham North Carolina that is home to the Durham The Tampa Bay Rays are a Major League Baseball franchise based in St The former Bulls franchise featured in the movie is now the Myrtle Beach Pelicans. The Myrtle Beach Pelicans are a minor league baseball team in Myrtle Beach South Carolina.
For all its acclaim for reviving interest in minor league baseball, there is a glaring factual mistake in the film involving the minor leagues. The owner of a pool hall is introduced as having had a good season hitting for Louisville in 1965. But Louisville didn't have a minor league team in 1965; the Louisville Colonels were disbanded when the American Association folded after the 1962 season and Louisville was without minor league baseball until 1968.
In 2003, Sports Illustrated ranked Bull Durham as the "Greatest Sports Movie". Sports Illustrated is an American Sports Magazine owned by media conglomerate Time Warner.  In addition, the film is ranked number 55 on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies. Bravo is a Cable television network owned by NBC Universal. It is currently seen in more than 80 million homes and was the first service dedicated to film drama " It is also ranked #97 on the American Film Institute's "100 Years...100 Laughs" list, and #1 on Rotten Tomatoes' Top Sports Movies. The American Film Institute ( AFI) is an independent Non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 Part of the AFI 100 Years series, AFI's 100 Years 100 Laughs is a list of the top 100 comedy movies in American cinema Rotten Tomatoes is a Website devoted to reviews information and news of Movies.  list of the 53 best reviewed sports movies of all time. Entertainment Weekly ranked Bull Durham as the fifth best DVD of their Top 30 Sports Movies on DVD. Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated as EW) is a Magazine published by Time Inc 
For years, Ron Shelton has contemplated making a sequel and remarked, "I couldn't figure out in the few years right after it came out, what do you do? Nuke's in the big leagues, Crash is managing in Visalia. Is Annie going to go to Visalia? I've been to Visalia. That will test a relationship . . . It was not a simple fable to continue with - not that we don't talk about continuing it, now that everyone's in their 60s". 
Bull Durham was originally released on DVD in October 27, 1998 and included an audio commentary by writer/director Ron Shelton. Events 312 - Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar)  A Special Edition DVD was released on April 2, 2002 and included the Shelton commentary track from the previous edition, a new commentary by Kevin Costner and Tim Robbins, a Between The Lines: The Making Of Bull Durham featurette, a Sports Wrap featurette, and a Costner profile. Events 68 - Galba, Governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar.  A "Collector's Edition" DVD celebrating the film's 20th anniversary was released on March 18, 2008 and features the two commentaries from the previous edition, a Greatest Show On Dirt featurette, a Diamonds In The Rough featurette that explores minor league baseball, The Making Of Bull Durham featurette, and Costner profile from the previous edition. Events 37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius ' will and proclaims Caligula emperor 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common