Bournemouth shown within Dorset
|OS grid reference|
|- London||108 miles (174 km)|
|Unitary authority||Bournemouth UA|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||BH1 to BH11|
|European Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||Bournemouth East|
|List of places: UK • England • Dorset|
Bournemouth (coastal resort town in the Borough of Bournemouth in Dorset, England. Dorset ( (or archaically, Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government The Borough of Bournemouth has been a Unitary authority in South East Dorset since 1 April 1997 Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of Subdivisions of England used for the purposes of Local government outside Greater London Dorset ( (or archaically, Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one South West England is one of the Regions of England. It is the largest such region in terms of area and extends from Gloucestershire and Wiltshire to Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The, also known as the Bournemouth postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Bournemouth, Broadstone, Christchurch, Ferndown The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Dorset Police is the Home Office Police force with the responsibility of policing the English County of Dorset. The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Dorset Fire and Rescue Service is the Statutory Fire and Rescue Service for the area of Dorset, South West England. Divisions & Stations The trust is split into 2 divisions West - Devon and Cornwall including West Divisional HQ 999 and PTS Control at South West England is a Constituency of the European Parliament. This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Bournemouth East is a Borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Bournemouth West is a Constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a list of settlements and other places in Dorset, England. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan The Borough of Bournemouth has been a Unitary authority in South East Dorset since 1 April 1997 Dorset ( (or archaically, Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The town has a population of 163,444 according to the 2001 Census, making it the largest settlement in Dorset. A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 Dorset ( (or archaically, Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast) is a large
The town was founded by Lewis Tregonwell in 1810 and grew steadily and became a proper town in 1870, when the railway came. Lewis Dymoke Grosvenor Tregonwell (1758-1832 captain in the Dorset Yeomanry and historic figure in the early development of what is now Bournemouth. Year 1810 ( MDCCCX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Year 1870 ( MDCCCLXX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Bournemouth used to be part of Hampshire until the reorganisation of local government in 1974 and the associated border changes, and is now in Dorset. Wildlife Hampshire has wildlife typical of the island of Great Britain The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c 70 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom, that reformed local government in England and Wales Dorset ( (or archaically, Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast Since 1997 the town has been administered by a unitary authority, meaning that it has autonomy from Dorset County Council. See also Independent city A unitary authority is a type of Local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all Local government functions Dorset ( (or archaically, Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast
It is a popular tourist destination as it is situated on the south coast of England. The coast is defined as the part of the land adjoining or near the Ocean. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The town is a regional centre of education and business, and forms the main part of the South East Dorset conurbation, with the adjoining town of Poole. The South east Dorset conurbation (also known as the South Dorset conurbation, Poole-Bournemouth urban area and Bournemouth urban area) is a multi-centred Poole ( is a large coastal town and seaport in Dorset on the south coast of England It is also the largest town on the English south coast between Southampton and Plymouth. Southampton ( IPA /ˌsaʊθˈhæmptən/ is the largest city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England Plymouth ( is a city and unitary authority area on the coast of Devon, England about south west of London. The town is notable as the home of the Bournemouth International Centre and is also home to several financial companies including JPMorgan Chase, Nationwide Building Society, Liverpool Victoria, Standard Life Healthcare and The Richmond Group. The Bournemouth International Centre (BIC is one of the leading venues for conferences exhibitions entertainment and events in Southern England JPMorgan Chase & Co ( is the largest Banking institution in the United States by deposits and market capitalization and is one of the oldest operating Nationwide Building Society is the largest Building society in the world LV= ( Liverpool Victoria) is the UK's largest Friendly society with approximately 1 million members Standard Life (Canada Standard Life Healthcare - is a part of the Standard Life Group. Some apparently Bournemouth-named organisations, such as Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, The Arts Institute at Bournemouth and Bournemouth University are actually located wholly or partly within Poole and Bournemouth International Airport is, in fact, located in the borough of Christchurch. The Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra is an English Orchestra. The orchestra was originally based in Bournemouth, but in 1979 moved its offices to the adjacent The Arts Institute at Bournemouth, established in 1885 as a specialist institute is now a university sector institution offering education in arts design and media Bournemouth University is a University in and around the large south coast town of Bournemouth, UK (although its main campus is actually situated in For the World War II use of this facility see RAF Hurn Bournemouth Airport (previously known as Hurn Airport) is an airport
In a 2007 survey by First Direct Bank, Bournemouth was found to be the happiest place in Britain with 82% of people questioned saying they were happy with their life. 
Bournemouth is located about 105 miles southwest of London at . A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. A roundabout at the end of the Wessex Way called "County Gates" (but commonly known as Frizzell roundabout after the insurance brokers based there, now part of Liverpool Victoria Friendly Society) marks the historic border between Hampshire and Dorset, and also marks the border between Bournemouth and Poole. West Saxon redirects here For other meanings of Wessex or West Saxon see Wessex (disambiguation. LV= ( Liverpool Victoria) is the UK's largest Friendly society with approximately 1 million members Wildlife Hampshire has wildlife typical of the island of Great Britain Dorset ( (or archaically, Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast Historically Bournemouth was part of Hampshire, with Poole just to the west of the border. At the time of the 1974 local government re-organisation, it was considered desirable that the whole of the Poole/Bournemouth urban area should be part of the same county. The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c 70 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom, that reformed local government in England and Wales The South east Dorset conurbation (also known as the South Dorset conurbation, Poole-Bournemouth urban area and Bournemouth urban area) is a multi-centred Bournemouth therefore became part of the non-metropolitan county of Dorset on 1 April 1974. A non-metropolitan county or shire county in England, is a county-level entity which is not a Metropolitan county. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. On 1 April 1997, Bournemouth became a unitary authority, independent from the county council. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar The Borough of Bournemouth has been a Unitary authority in South East Dorset since 1 April 1997 See also Independent city A unitary authority is a type of Local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all Local government functions For the purposes of the Lieutenancy it remains part of the ceremonial county of Dorset. The title Lord Lieutenant is given to the British Monarch 's personal representatives in the United Kingdom, usually in a county or similar circumscription with varying The ceremonial counties are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government as the Counties for the purposes of the Lieutenancies
The urban geography of Bournemouth is complex as the town merges with several other towns to form the South East Dorset conurbation, which has a combined population of 383,713, the whole area being sufficiently populous to be one of the major retail and commercial centres in the south of England. The South east Dorset conurbation (also known as the South Dorset conurbation, Poole-Bournemouth urban area and Bournemouth urban area) is a multi-centred As such the town adjoins Poole in the west and Christchurch in the east. Poole ( is a large coastal town and seaport in Dorset on the south coast of England Geography and administration Although within the historic county boundaries of Hampshire, at the time of the 1974 local government re-organisation it was considered To the north west of Bournemouth is the small town of Wimborne and to the north east is the settlement of Ferndown. This article is about the town Wimborne Minster For the church of Wimborne Minster see Wimborne Minster. Ferndown is a Town and Civil parish in the East Dorset district of Dorset, England, situated immediately to the north of Bournemouth International Airport lies to the north east of the town centre, towards Hurn. For the World War II use of this facility see RAF Hurn Bournemouth Airport (previously known as Hurn Airport) is an airport Hurn is a village in south east Dorset, England, situated between the River Stour and River Avon in the borough of Christchurch, five The town is intersected by the A338 dual carriageway, known as the "Wessex Way". Route of Road The road begins in central Bournemouth before heading northward as a grade separated Dual carriageway, one of the main roads in the South
Although Bournemouth lies adjacent to the sea, the centre of the town lies inland - the commercial and civil heart of the town being The Square. The Square is a public square that marks the centre of Bournemouth. From the Square the gardens descend to the seafront and the pier. Areas within Bournemouth itself include Bear Cross, Boscombe, Kinson, Pokesdown and Westbourne. Bear Cross is a suburb on the edge of Bournemouth, Dorset named after the crossroads made by the main road ( A348) between Poole and Ringwood Boscombe is a suburb of the much larger Bournemouth. Boscombe is by the sea and it has its own pier which was built in 1888 with a unique aircraft-wings design added in the Kinson is a former village which became part of Bournemouth on 1 April 1931. Pokesdown is a small area of Bournemouth, a unitary authority in the ceremonial county of Dorset. Westbourne is a residential and shopping area of Bournemouth, Dorset. Traditionally a large retirement town, Bournemouth (mostly the Northbourne, Southbourne and Tuckton areas of Bournemouth together with the Wallisdown, and Talbot Village areas of Poole) have seen massive growth in recent years, especially through the growth of students attending Bournemouth University. Talbot Village is located on the boundary of Bournemouth and Poole in Dorset, England. Bournemouth University is a University in and around the large south coast town of Bournemouth, UK (although its main campus is actually situated in
Bournemouth is located directly to the east of the "Jurassic Coast", a 95-mile (153 km) section of beautiful and largely unspoilt coastline recently designated a World Heritage Site. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a site (such as a Forest, Mountain, Lake, Desert, Monument, Building, complex Apart from the beauty of much of the coastline, the Jurassic Coast provides a complete geological record of the Jurassic period and a rich fossil record. The Jurassic is a geologic period and system that extends from about Ma (million years ago to  Ma that is from the end of the Triassic to the beginning FOSSIL is a standard protocol for allowing serial communication for Telecommunications programs under the DOS Operating system. Bournemouth itself overlooks Poole Bay and the Isle of Wight. Poole Bay is a bay in the English Channel, off the coast of Dorset in southern England, which runs from the mouth of Poole Harbour The Isle of Wight is an English Island and county in the English Channel between three and five miles (8 km from the south coast of the Bournemouth also has about 7 miles (11 km) of sandy beaches that run from Hengistbury Head in the east to Sandbanks, in Poole, in the west. Sandbanks is a small piece of land on the edge of England jutting out over the mouth of Poole Harbour on the English Channel coast at Poole in Poole ( is a large coastal town and seaport in Dorset on the south coast of England
Because of the coastal processes that operate in Poole Bay, the area is often used for surfing. Surfing is a surface water sport in which the participant is carried along the face of a breaking wave, most commonly using a Surfboard, although wave-riders An artificial reef (Europe's first) is expected to be installed at Boscombe, in Bournemouth, by October 2008, using large sand-filled geotextile bags. An artificial reef is a man-made underwater structure typically built for the purpose of promoting marine life in areas of generally featureless bottom Boscombe is a suburb of the much larger Bournemouth. Boscombe is by the sea and it has its own pier which was built in 1888 with a unique aircraft-wings design added in the Geotextiles are permeable Fabrics which when used in association with Soil, have the ability to separate filter reinforce protect or drain The reef is being constructed as part of the larger Boscombe Spa Village development.  Bournemouth also has several chines (e. A chine is a steep-sided river valley where the river flows through coastal cliffs to the sea g. Alum Chine) that lead down to the beaches and form a very attractive feature of the area. The beaches are themselves subdivided by groynes. A groyne ( groin in the United States is a rigid Hydraulic structure built out from the shore (in Coastal engineering) or from the bank (in rivers and
The Dorset and Hampshire region surrounding Bournemouth has been the site of human settlement for thousands of years. Dorset ( (or archaically, Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast Wildlife Hampshire has wildlife typical of the island of Great Britain However in 1800 the Bournemouth area, was largely a remote and barren heathland. Year -of the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar until Friday, but 12 days ahead since Saturday. Heaths are Shrubland habitats characterised by open low growing woody Vegetation, found on mainly infertile Acidic soils No-one lived at mouth of the Bourne River and the only regular visitors were a few fishermen, turf cutters and gangs of smugglers until the 16th century. The River Bourne is a small river in Dorset. It flows into the English Channel at Bournemouth, taking its name simply from Middle English During the Tudor period the area was used as a hunting estate, 'Stourfield Chase', but by the late 18th century only a few small parts of it were maintained, including several fields around the Bourne Stream and a cottage known as Decoy Pond House, which stood near where 'The Square' is today. Social and economic revolution Following the Black Death Plagues and the agricultural depression of the late 14th century population growth The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system 
With the exception of the estate, until 1802 most of the Bournemouth area was common land. Year 1802 ( MDCCCII) was a Common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a Common year starting on Wednesday of the The Christchurch Inclosures Act 1802 and the Inclosure Commissioners' Award of 1805 transferred hundreds of acres into private ownership for the first time. The Christchurch Inclosures Act 1802 was a United Kingdom local and personal Act of Parliament (42 Geo Year 1805 ( MDCCCV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or In 1809, the Tapps Arms public house appeared on the heath. Year 1809 ( MDCCCIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year A few years later, in 1812, the first residents, retired army officer Lewis Tregonwell and his wife, moved into their new home, built on land he had purchased from Sir George Ivison Tapps. Year 1812 ( MDCCCXII) a leap year started on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Lewis Dymoke Grosvenor Tregonwell (1758-1832 captain in the Dorset Yeomanry and historic figure in the early development of what is now Bournemouth. Sir George Ivison Tapps 1st Baronet ( 5 Jan 1753 - 15 Mar 1835) was a British landowner and developer involved in the founding of Bournemouth Tregonwell began developing his land for holiday letting by building a series of sea villas.  In association with Tapps, he planted hundreds of Pine trees, providing a sheltered walk to the beach (later to become known as the 'Invalids walk'). This article is about the tree For other uses of the term "pine" see Pine (disambiguation. The town would ultimately grow up around its scattered pines. In 1832 when Tregonwell died, Bournemouth had grown into small community with a scattering of houses, villas and cottages. Year 1832 ( MDCCCXXXII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian 
In 1835, after the death of Sir George Ivison Tapps, his son Sir George William Tapps-Gervis inherited his father's estate. Year 1835 ( MDCCCXXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Sir George William Tapps-Gervis 2nd Baronet ( 24 May 1795 - 26 Oct 1842) was a British politician and land developer Bournemouth then started to grow at a faster rate as George William started developing the seaside village into a resort similar to those that had already grown up along the south coast such as Weymouth and Brighton. Weymouth (ˈweɪməθ is a town in Dorset, England situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey on the English Channel coast Brighton ( is a town on the south coast of England and with its neighbour Hove, forms the city of Brighton and Hove.  In 1841, the town was visited by the physician and writer Augustus Granville. Granville was the author of The Spas of England, which described health resorts around the country. As a result of his visit, Dr Granville included a chapter on Bournemouth in the second edition of his book. The publication of the book, as well as the growth of British visits, in general, to the seaside seeking the medicinal use of the seawater and the fresh air of the pines, helped the town to grow and establish itself as an early tourist destination. 
In the 1840s the fields south of the road crossing (later 'The Square') were drained and laid out with shrubberies and walks. Many of these paths including the 'Invalids walk' remain in the town today; forming part of the Bournemouth Pleasure Gardens which extend for several miles along the Bourne stream. The River Bourne is a small river in Dorset. It flows into the English Channel at Bournemouth, taking its name simply from Middle English The Pleasure Gardens were originally a series of garden walks created in the fields of the owners of the Branksome Estate in the 1860s. In the early 1870s all the fields were leased to the Bournemouth Commissioners by the freeholders.  In 1856, Parliament approved the Bournemouth Improvement Act. Year 1856 ( MDCCCLVI) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Under the Act, a board of 13 Commissioners was established to build and organise the expanding infrastructure of the town, such as paving, sewers, drainage, street lighting and street cleaning.
During the late 19th century the town continued to develop. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar The Winter Gardens were finished in 1875 and the cast iron Bournemouth pier was finished in 1880. Year 1875 ( MDCCCLXXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1880 ( MDCCCLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year The arrival of the railways allowed a massive growth of seaside and summer visits to the town, especially by visitors from the Midlands and London. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. For example, in 1880, the town had a population of 17,000 people. By 1900, when railway connections were at their most developed to Bournemouth, the town's population had risen to 60,000.  It was also during this period that the town became a favourite location for visiting artists and writers including Mary Shelley (for further information see the literature section). Mary Shelley ( Née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin; 30 August The town was improved greatly during this period through the efforts of Sir Merton Russell-Cotes, the town's Mayor and a local philanthropist. Sir Merton Russell-Cotes, FRGS ( 8 May 1835, Wolverhampton – 27 January 1921, Bournemouth) was Mayor of Bournemouth He helped establish the town's first library and museum. The Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum was housed in his mansion and after his death it was given to the town. The Russell-Cotes Museum (formally the Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum) is an Art gallery and Museum in Bournemouth, England
As Bournemouth's growth increased in the early 20th century, the town centre spawned theatres, cafés, two art deco cinemas and more hotels. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on Theatre (or theater, see spelling differences) is the branch of the Performing arts defined by Bernard Beckerman as what "occurs when one Cinemaaustraliajpg|thumb|A movie theater in Australia ]]A movie theater, movie theatre, picture theatre or cinema is a venue A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging usually on a short-term basis Other new buildings included the War Memorial in 1921 and the Bournemouth Pavilion, the towns concert hall and grand theatre finished in 1925. Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar Year 1925 ( MCMXXV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The town escaped great damage during the Second World War but saw a period of decline as a seaside resort in the post war era. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including A seaside resort is a Resort located on the Coast. Where a Beach is the primary focus for Tourists it may be called a beach resort
Bournemouth appears as Sandbourne in Thomas Hardy's novels. Thomas Hardy OM (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928 was an English novelist Short story writer and poet of the naturalist movement though he saw Tess lived in Sandbourne with Alec d'Urberville, and the town also features in The Well-Beloved and Jude the Obscure. Tess of the d'Urbervilles A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented is a Novel by Thomas Hardy, first published in 1891 The Well-Beloved is a novel by Thomas Hardy, published in 1912 Jude the Obscure is the last of Thomas Hardy 's Novels begun as a magazine serial and first published in book form in 1895. It is also mentioned in So Long, and Thanks for all the Fish, the fourth book of the inaccurately named Hitch-Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy trilogy. So Long and Thanks for All the Fish ( 1984, ISBN 0-345-39183-7 is the fourth book of the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy series written The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy series In James Herbert's horror novel The Fog, the entire population of Bournemouth runs into the sea and drowns in a mass suicide. This article is about the English horror writer for the American music video director see James Herbert (director. It is also mentioned in Roald Dahl's The Witches.
J.R.R. Tolkien, the writer, spent 30 years taking holidays in Bournemouth, staying in the same room at the Hotel Miramar, with a second room to write in. He eventually retired to the area in the 1960s with his wife Edith.  Tolkien died in September 1973, while at his home in Bournemouth and was buried in Oxfordshire. History See also History of Oxfordshire The county of Oxfordshire was formed in the early years of the 10th century and is broadly situated in the 
Mary Shelley, the writer and novelist is buried in St. Mary Shelley ( Née Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin; 30 August Peter's Church, her son Sir Percy having settled at Boscombe Manor. Boscombe is a suburb of the much larger Bournemouth. Boscombe is by the sea and it has its own pier which was built in 1888 with a unique aircraft-wings design added in the Also buried at St Peter's is the heart of Mary's husband, Percy Bysshe Shelley, brought back from Italy, and her parents William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft, their remains having been moved there from Old St Pancras Church. Mary Wollstonecraft (ˈwʊlstənkrɑːft 27 April 1759 – 10 September 
The town was especially rich in literary associations during the late nineteenth century and earlier years of the twentieth century. Oscar Wilde and Paul Verlaine both taught at Bournemouth prep schools. Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900 was an Irish Playwright, Novelist, poet and Author of Paul-Marie Verlaine (vɛʁˈlɛn March 30, 1844 &ndash January 8, 1896) was a French poet associated with the Symbolist Robert Louis Stevenson wrote most of his novel "Kidnapped" from his house "Skerryvore" on the west cliff. Popular local legend also notes that the existence of a small Russian colony at Southbourne meant that several well-known Russian authors passed through the town, notably Tolstoy. This article is about the Tolstoy family, for other meanings see Tolstoy (disambiguation Tolstoy, or Tolstoi
Bournemouth is a tourist and regional centre for leisure, entertainment, culture and recreation. The award winning Central Gardens are a separate major public park, leading for several miles down the valley of the River Bourne through the centre of the town to the sea (reaching the sea at Bournemouth Pier) and include the Pleasure Gardens and the area surrounding the Pavilion and the IMAX cinema. A park is a protected area of Land and Water, usually in its natural or semi-natural (landscaped state and set aside for some purpose often to do with human The River Bourne is a small river in Dorset. It flows into the English Channel at Bournemouth, taking its name simply from Middle English
The town is an important venue for major conferences, with the Bournemouth International Centre (BIC), which stands on the cliff-tops near the middle of the town overlooking the sea and the pier, often hosting the annual conferences of the main national political parties amongst its events. The Bournemouth International Centre (BIC is one of the leading venues for conferences exhibitions entertainment and events in Southern England This article is about the body of water For other uses see SEA and Seas. A pier is a raised Walkway over water supported by widely spread Piles or pillars. The centre has hosted the Labour Party conference on several occasions, in 2003 and most recently in 2007. The Labour Party is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Founded at the start of the 20th century it has been since the 1920s the principal party of the  The BIC also hosts theatrical productions and musical concerts. 
The Russell-Cotes Museum is located just to the east of the Central Gardens near the Pavilion Theatre and next to the Royal Bath Hotel. The Russell-Cotes Museum (formally the Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum) is an Art gallery and Museum in Bournemouth, England The Pavilion Theatre and Ballroom is Bournemouth 's traditional venue for year round entertainment The museum includes many fine mostly 19th century paintings and the family collections acquired when travelling e. g in Japan and Russia. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending It was Sir Merton Russell Cotes, one of Bournemouth's most prominent Victorians, who successfully campaigned to have a promenade built; it runs continuously along the Bournemouth and Poole shoreline. Sir Merton Russell-Cotes, FRGS ( 8 May 1835, Wolverhampton – 27 January 1921, Bournemouth) was Mayor of Bournemouth Culture The Victorian fascination with novelty resulted in a deep interest in the relationship between modernity and cultural continuities An esplanade is a long open level area usually next to a river or large body of water where people may walk
The Royal Bath Hotel, located near the sea and just to the east of the Central Gardens, has attracted many important visitors over the years, including Oscar Wilde, H. G. Wells, Richard Harris, Sir Thomas Beecham, Shirley Bassey, and prime ministers Lord Beaconsfield (who stayed for three months to help his gout), Gladstone, Asquith and Lloyd George. Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900 was an Irish Playwright, Novelist, poet and Author of Herbert George Wells (21 September 1866 &ndash 13 August 1946 He was an outspoken socialist and a pacifist, his later works becoming increasingly political Richard St John Harris ( October 1 1930 - October 25 2002) was a two-time Academy Award -nominated and Grammy Award Sir Thomas Beecham 2nd Baronet, CH (29 April 1879 &ndash 8 March 1961 was a British conductor and Impresario. Dame Shirley Veronica Bassey DBE (born 8 January 1937 Cardiff, Wales) is a Welsh Singer. Benjamin Disraeli 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS (born Benjamin D'Israeli; 21 December 1804 &ndash 19 April 1881 was Herbert Henry Asquith 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC ( 12 September 1852 &ndash 15 February 1928) served David Lloyd George 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor OM, PC (17 January 1863 &ndash 26 March 1945 was a British Statesman and the only Royal guests have been Edward VII and Edward VIII when each was the Prince of Wales, George VI when he was the Duke of York, Queen Wilhemina of the Netherlands , Empress Eugenie of France and Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe before his European Travel ban. Wilhelmina (Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Marie 31 August 1880 &ndash 28 November 1962) was Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Eugenie redirects here For other people called Eugenie see Eugenie (disambiguation Empress The last Empress of the French was born
The song writer of the infamous 'Big Man' song was born here in 1983. Many attribute the song to the recent rise in investment bankers within the UK.
Bournemouth contains places of worships for several denominations. The town has several examples of Victorian church architecture. The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of Architectural styles predominantly employed during the Victorian era. These include St Stephen's church, which was built for services under the influence of the Oxford Movement and was finished in 1898. The Oxford Movement or Tractarianism was an affiliation of High Church Anglicans, most of whom were members of the University of Oxford, who sought  Also included is the Richmond Hill St Andrew's Church, part of the United Reformed Church. An unrelated American church of similar name is the United Reformed Churches in North America. The Church was built in 1865 and enlarged in 1891. 
The town is also the home of the Bournemouth Reform Synagogue, formerly known as Bournemouth New Synagogue). Bournemouth Reform Synagogue ( קהילה קדושה שערי צדק, Kehillah Kedoshah Sha'arei Tzedek, lit It is a Reform Jewish synagogue with over 700 members. Hi and welcome to Wikipedia! Please understand that this article is frequently subjected to vandalism and the insertion of personal opinions A synagogue (from Greek: grc συναγωγή transliterated synagogē, "assembly" he בית כנסת beit knesset, "house of 
St Andrew's Richmond Hill church, built in 1865.
Bournemouth St Stephen's church, built in 1898.
The Bournemouth Reform Synagogue.
The town has a professional football club, AFC Bournemouth, now relegated to League Two and to Bournemouth F.C. who play in the Wessex League Premier Division. Dean Court, also known as the Fitness First Stadium for sponsorship purposes is a stadium in Bournemouth, England. AFC Bournemouth are an English football club currently playing in Football League Two. Bournemouth Football Club is an English football team currently playing in the Wessex League Premier Division AFC Bournemouth play at the Fitness First Stadium near Boscombe in Kings' Park, about two miles (3 km) east of the town centre. Dean Court, also known as the Fitness First Stadium for sponsorship purposes is a stadium in Bournemouth, England. Boscombe is a suburb of the much larger Bournemouth. Boscombe is by the sea and it has its own pier which was built in 1888 with a unique aircraft-wings design added in the Bournemouth Gasworks Athletic F.C. were a non-league side much closer to the town centre, though lacked support and went bankrupt. Bournemouth Gasworks Athletic FC were an English Amateur football team from Bournemouth, Dorset, who were successful in both 
The Westover and Bournemouth Rowing Club is the town's coastal rowing club situated on the West Beach next to the Oceanarium. Westover and Bournemouth Rowing Club was founded in 1865 and is the oldest club in Bournemouth. Coastal and ocean rowing is a type of rowing performed at Sea. The oldest club in Bournemouth, it competes in regattas organsied by the Hants and Dorset Amateur Rowing Association that take place on the South Coast of England between May and September.  Bournemouth Rugby Club, currently in South West Division One, has its home at the Bournemouth Sports Club located next to Hurn Airport.  The Bournemouth Cricket Club, also situated next to Bournemouth International Airport is one of Dorset's largest cricket clubs. Their 1st team play in the Southern Premier League. 
Recently, Bournemouth has become the venue of the Professional Darts Championship "The Premier League". It is hosted at the Bournemouth International centre and has received great acclaim by the fans as 2006. It was rated as one of the favourites to become the new host for the PDC World Championships as the last site, Circus Tavern, could not hold the growing numbers of fans.
The main shopping streets in the centre of town are just behind the seafront on either side of the River Bourne; indeed footpaths lead down to the sea (from The Square) through the lower section of Bournemouth Central Gardens.
The shopping streets are mostly pedestrianised and lined with a wide range of boutiques, stores, jewellers and accessory shops. There are major stores (Beales, Dingles, Debenhams, Marks and Spencer, BHS), modern shopping malls, Victorian arcades (including the elegant Victorian Arcade between Westover Road and Old Christchurch Road), and a large selection of bars, clubs and cafés. J E Beale is a Department store group based in Bournemouth, Dorset, England; operating 11 department stores in the UK House of Fraser is a British Department store group with 63 stores (April 2008 across the United Kingdom and Ireland. Debenhams plc ( is a British -based retailer operating under a Department Store format in the UK and franchise stores in other countries Marks & Spencer Group plc (also M&S, Marks and Sparks, and Marks) is a British Retailer with 843 stores in more than 30 Bhs or British Home Stores (formerly BHS and BhS) is a stalwart department store of the British High Street, selling clothing and household items About a mile to the west of the town centre, in the district of Westbourne, there is an impressive selection of designer clothes and interior design shops. About a mile to the east, in the district of Boscombe, there is another major shopping area including many antiques shops and a street market. Boscombe is a suburb of the much larger Bournemouth. Boscombe is by the sea and it has its own pier which was built in 1888 with a unique aircraft-wings design added in the North of the centre there is a new out-of-town shopping complex called Castlepoint with supermarkets, DIY stores and larger versions of high street shops. Other supermarkets are located in the town centre (ASDA and Co-Op), Boscombe (Sainsbury's) and between Westbourne and Upper Parkstone. Asda is a United Kingdom Supermarket chain which retails food clothing and general merchandise J Sainsbury plc ( is the parent company of Sainsbury's Supermarkets Ltd commonly known as Sainsbury's (also Sainsbury and JS) the third largest
Bournemouth is host to several annual festivals. The town has had an annual Literary Festival since 2005. Themes for 2007 are Romance, Love and Erotic Fiction. Events are held throughout the year. 2008 theme is international and will include film, dance and theatre. The Bournemouth Air Festival was launched on the 10th of August 2007 and was be a four day event at the end of the summer of 2008. The show centred on the Red Arrows with displays also from Lancasters, Hurricanes and Spitfires. The event will be held from the 28th-31st August 2008. Official website
The Bournemouth local education authority was first set up in 1903 and remained in existence until local government was reorganised in 1974 when Bournemouth lost its County Borough status and became part of the county of Dorset. The following is a partial list of currently operating schools in the South West region of England. The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c 70 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom, that reformed local government in England and Wales Under the later reforms of 1997, Bournemouth became a unitary authority and the Bournemouth local education authority was re-established. The Local Government Commission for England was the body responsible for reviewing the structure of local government in England from 1992 to 2002 See also Independent city A unitary authority is a type of Local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all Local government functions Bournemouth is one of the minority of local authorities in England still to maintain selective education, with two grammar schools (one for boys, one for girls) and eight secondary modern/comprehensive schools. A selective school is a school which admits students on the basis of some sort of selection criteria usually academic A grammar school is one of several different types of School in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries A Secondary Modern School is a type of Secondary school that existed in most of the United Kingdom from 1944 until the early 1970s under the Tripartite System A comprehensive school is a Secondary school and State school for children from the age of 11 to at least 16 that does not select children on the basis of academic There are also a small number of independent schools in the town, and a further education college.
Bournemouth University is one of the five largest universities in the South of England. Bournemouth University is a University in and around the large south coast town of Bournemouth, UK (although its main campus is actually situated in The main campus is however in neighbouring Poole. Poole ( is a large coastal town and seaport in Dorset on the south coast of England Affiliated to the university, The Arts Institute at Bournemouth, also officially in Poole, is a small HEI (university) specialising in arts, design and media degree courses. The Arts Institute at Bournemouth, established in 1885 as a specialist institute is now a university sector institution offering education in arts design and media Bournemouth is also a major centre for the teaching of English and has numerous English language schools. Many thousands of foreign students are attracted to the town every year, an important form of invisible trade. Invisible trade is a referance made to sexually abused males or females
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Bournemouth and Poole at current basic prices published (pp. 240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
Many well-known global businesses were started in the Bournemouth area and many have later chosen to relocate their headquarters to Bournemouth because of the relatively low prices in comparison with London. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom.
The following is a non-exhaustive list:
The town is reliant on a few main roads in and out of the centre. JPMorgan Chase & Co ( is the largest Banking institution in the United States by deposits and market capitalization and is one of the oldest operating The Portman Building Society was a UK mutual Building society, providing mortgages and savings accounts to UK consumers and offering Nationwide Building Society is the largest Building society in the world Unisys Corporation ( based in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, United States, and incorporated in Delaware, is a global provider of information technology Fitness First is one of the largest health and fitness provider in the world second in number of clubs only to Gold's Gym and third in memberships only to 24 hour Poole ( is a large coastal town and seaport in Dorset on the south coast of England McCarthy & Stone plc is a British residential property developer based in Bournemouth on the south coast of England which specialises in retirement homes LV= ( Liverpool Victoria) is the UK's largest Friendly society with approximately 1 million members Barclays PLC is a major global financial services provider operating in Europe, North America, the Middle East, Latin America, Australia Poole ( is a large coastal town and seaport in Dorset on the south coast of England Standard Life (Canada Standard Life plc ( is a financial services institution based in Edinburgh, Scotland. Lloyds TSB Group plc () is a leading British Financial institution with its Group Head office in London and its registered office Imagine Publishing is a UK -based Magazine Publisher, which publishes a number of Videogames, Computing, Creative and Lifestyle  The principle route into the town centre is the A338 dual carriageway, which joins the A31, itself the major trunk road in central southern England, connecting to the M27 at Southampton. Route of Road The road begins in central Bournemouth before heading northward as a grade separated Dual carriageway, one of the main roads in the South The A31 is a major Trunk road in southern England that runs from Guildford in Surrey to Bere Regis in Dorset. The Soviet motorway M27 connects Sochi, Tbilisi, and Baku. The M27 is a Motorway in Hampshire Southampton ( IPA /ˌsaʊθˈhæmptən/ is the largest city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England From here the M3 leads to London, and fast access may also be gained via the A34 to the M4 north of Newbury, Berkshire. The M3 motorway is a Motorway in Hampshire and Surrey, England. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The A34 is a major road in England. It runs from the A6042 in Salford to Winchester in Hampshire. The M4 motorway is a Motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. Newbury is a Civil parish and the principal Town in the west of the County of Berkshire in England. National Express coaches serves Bournemouth Travel Interchange, Boscombe and Westbourne. National Express Group plc ( is a UK -based Transport group with headquarters in London that operates Bus, coach, rail There are frequent departures to London Victoria Coach Station. Victoria Coach Station is the largest and most significant coach station in London, and is operated by Victoria Coach Station Ltd There are also direct services to the West Country, Sussex coast (Brighton and Eastbourne), Bristol, Birmingham and the Midlands, the North West, and to Edinburgh and Glasgow. The West Country is an informal term for the area of south western England roughly corresponding to the modern South West England government region Sussex is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. Brighton ( is a town on the south coast of England and with its neighbour Hove, forms the city of Brighton and Hove. Eastbourne ( is a large town and borough of East Sussex, on the south coast of England with an estimated population of 94816 as of 2007 Bristol ( ˈbrɪstəl is a city, Unitary authority and ceremonial county in South West England, west of London Birmingham ( ˈbɜːmɪŋəm Ber -ming-um This article is mainly about the English Midlands For other uses see Midlands (disambiguation. Edinburgh ( ˈɛdɪnb(ərə Dùn Èideann) is the Capital of Scotland and is its second largest city after Glasgow. Glasgow (ˈglæzgoʊ is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom Flightlink serves Heathrow Airport with connections to Gatwick and Stansted Airports. Gatwick Airport is London 's second largest Airport and the second busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow. London Stansted Airport is a passenger Airport located in the Uttlesford District of the English County of Essex about 38 miles (61
The local councils have recently launched a local traffic information website.  Local buses are provided mainly by two companies, Wilts and Dorset, the former National Bus Company subsidiary, and Transdev Yellow Buses, the former Bournemouth Council owned company and successors to Bournemouth Corporation Transport, who began operating trams in 1902. The National Bus Company, or NBC, was the Australian brand for National Express Group 's Mass transit Bus services in Melbourne and Transdev Yellow Buses (TYB is a bus operator in Bournemouth. It operates many routes most with Low floor buses
Bournemouth is well served by the rail network with two stations in the town, Bournemouth railway station and Pokesdown railway station to the East. Bournemouth railway station, once known as Bournemouth Central, is the main Railway station serving the town of Bournemouth in Dorset, Pokesdown railway station is a Railway station serving the Pokesdown and Southbourne areas of Bournemouth in Dorset, England Parts of western Bournemouth can also be reached from Branksome station. Branksome railway station is a Railway station serving the Branksome and Branksome Park areas of Poole in Dorset, England Bournemouth station is located some way from the town centre, due to the town's early leaders not wishing to have a station within the town boundary, which extended 1-mile (1. 6 km) from the pier. However, the station is now well within the town, as the town has grown significantly since its founding. The station was originally ¨Bournemouth East¨ with a second station, Bournemouth West, serving the west of the town in Queens Road. Bournemouth West railway station was a railway station in Bournemouth, Dorset, England. South West Trains operates a comprehensive service to London Waterloo with a journey time of as little as 1 hour 50 minutes. South West Trains ( SWT) is a train operating company operating in the United Kingdom, providing Train services to the south-west of London chiefly This line also serves Southampton, Winchester and Basingstoke to the East, and Poole, Wareham, Dorchester and Weymouth to the West. Southampton ( IPA /ˌsaʊθˈhæmptən/ is the largest city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England Winchester or Winton ( archaic) is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40000 within a radius of its centre Basingstoke is a town in northeast Hampshire, England It lies across a Valley at the source of the River Loddon. Wareham is a historic Market town and under the name Wareham Town, a Civil parish, in the English county of Dorset. Dorchester is a Market town in southern central Dorset, England, on the River Frome at the junction of the A35 and A37 Weymouth (ˈweɪməθ is a town in Dorset, England situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey on the English Channel coast CrossCountry trains serve destinations to the North with direct trains to Reading, Oxford, Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Manchester and the Northwest, Yorkshire, Newcastle, and Edinburgh and Glasgow. CrossCountry is a Train operating company, the brand name of XC Trains Limited owned by Arriva, that has operated Great Britain ’s Cross Country rail franchise Reading (ˈrɛdɪŋ as Redding) is a town in England, located at the confluence of the River Thames and River Kennet, midway between Oxford is currently bidding for the 2010 Wikimania Conference Oxford () is a city, and the County town of Oxfordshire, Birmingham ( ˈbɜːmɪŋəm Ber -ming-um Yorkshire is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in Great Britain. Newcastle upon Tyne ( (often shortened to Newcastle) is a city and Metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England Southern 'West-Coastway' services are available by changing at Southampton Central. The Sussex Coastal towns of Chichester, Worthing, Hove and Brighton are served and trains continue to Gatwick Airport and London Victoria. Chichester is a cathedral city in West Sussex, England. It has a long history as a settlement its Roman past and its subsequent importance Worthing (ˈwɜrðɪŋ is a large seaside town and a local government borough in West Sussex, England Hove is a town on the south coast of England, immediately to the west of its larger neighbour Brighton, with whom it forms the Unitary authority Brighton
Bournemouth International Airport, in Hurn, just on the periphery of Bournemouth is a short journey from the town centre - enabling passengers and freight to be flown directly to destinations in the UK and Europe. For the World War II use of this facility see RAF Hurn Bournemouth Airport (previously known as Hurn Airport) is an airport Taxis going to Bournemouth are available at the taxi stand on the airport and will bring you to town centre in about 20-30 minutes. A typical ride will cost anywhere between £15 and £20. Heathrow and Gatwick are accessible by car or coach. Ryanair, EasyJet, Wizz Air and Thomsonfly.com provide scheduled services to major destinations throughout the UK and Europe. Ryanair (,) is an Irish Airline with headquarters in Dublin and its biggest operational base at London Stansted Airport in the UK EasyJet Airline Company Limited, styled as easyJet, is a low cost airline based at London Luton Airport. Wizz Air is a Hungarian low-cost airline with headquarters in Vecsés, Hungary Thomsonfly is a British airline owned by the TUI Group. Thomsonfly is the largest Charter airline in the world and also operates scheduled services Since 1993 Palmair have held their base at Bournemouth Airport as a charter airline offering charter flights to destinations on behalf of Bath Travel. The airport found fame in February 2006 when explorer Steve Fossett landed here following his successful attempt to fly around the world in his plane "Virgin Atlantic Global Flyer". James Stephen Fossett (born April 22 1944 missing September 3 2007 declared legally dead February 15 2008 On September 3 2007 Fossett was reported missing after WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout
The Bournemouth area has long been a place wherein many unusual species of animals and plants can be found. Studland is a small village on the Isle of Purbeck in the English county of Dorset. Brownsea island, in nearby Poole Harbour, is one of the few places in the south where the red squirrel still remains, and the ant Formica pratensis had its last stronghold in the area, although it is now thought to be extinct on the mainland. Brownsea Island is the largest of the Islands in Poole Harbour in the county of Dorset, England. The red squirrel or Eurasian red squirrel ( Sciurus vulgaris) is a Species of Tree squirrel ( Genus Sciurus Ants are social Insects of the family Formicidae and along with the related families of Wasps and Bees belong to the order Formica pratensis is a species of European red wood ant in the family Formicidae. Although described by Farren White as "the common wood ant of Bournemouth" in the mid-19th century, the noted entomologist Horace Donisthorpe found only one colony of true pratensis out of hundreds of F. rufa nests there in 1906. Entomology (from Greek grc ἔντομος entomos, "that which is cut in pieces or engraved/segmented" hence "insect" and grc -λογία Horace St John Kelly Donisthorpe ( March 17, 1870 – April 22, 1951) was an eccentric British Myrmecologist and Formica rufa, also known as the southern wood ant or horse ant, is a Boreal member of the Formica rufa group of Ants commonly In recent times the last known two colonies disappeared in the 1980s, making this ant the only ant species thought to have become extinct in Great Britain. It does, however, still survive on cliff-top locations in the Channel Islands. The rare narrow-headed ant also used to exist in Bournemouth, although it has died out in the area. Formica exsecta (the narrow-headed ant or excised wood ant) is a Species of Ant found throughout Western Europe and Asia
The word 'Bournemouth' is often used (erroneously) to describe the South East Dorset conurbation, which also contains neighbouring towns of Poole, Christchurch, Wimborne Minster, Verwood, Ringwood and New Milton. The South east Dorset conurbation (also known as the South Dorset conurbation, Poole-Bournemouth urban area and Bournemouth urban area) is a multi-centred Poole ( is a large coastal town and seaport in Dorset on the south coast of England Geography and administration Although within the historic county boundaries of Hampshire, at the time of the 1974 local government re-organisation it was considered This article is about the town Wimborne Minster For the church of Wimborne Minster see Wimborne Minster. Verwood is a small Town on the River Crane 15 miles north of Bournemouth in East Dorset, England. Ringwood is a Town in Hampshire, England, which is located on the River Avon, west of the New Forest and north of Bournemouth New Milton is a Market town in south west Hampshire, England. As a result, the following misnomers have come to exist: