Booterstown Marsh Nature Reserve is located in Booterstown, County Dublin between the coastal railway line and the Rock Road. nature reserve ( natural reserve, nature preserve, natural preserve) is a Protected area of importance for Wildlife, flora Booterstown ( Baile an Bhóthair in Irish) is a coastal Townland and civil parish situated in the Dún Laoghaire Rathdown County Council about County Dublin (Contae Bhaile Átha Cliath or more correctly today the Dublin Region ( Réigiúin Átha Cliath) is the area that contains the city of Dublin It is a salt marsh with brackish water, covering an area of approximately 4. A salt marsh is a type of Marsh that is a transitional intertidal between land and salty or Brackish water (e 3 ha. It was fed with freshwater from Trimleston stream, and has a tidal inflow under the railway track which runs directly along the edge of Dublin Bay, forming a sea wall at Booterstown.
An Taisce administer the marsh having acquired a lease to it in 1970, and have designated it a Bird Sanctuary. An Taisce ( Irish for The Treasury) also known as the National Trust for Ireland, was established in 1948 with a similar mission to
Originally, the area occupied by Booterstown Marsh was part of Merrion Strand and was part of a fringe marsh from Dublin city to Blackrock. Dublin (ˈdʌblɨn/ /ˈdʊblɨn or /ˈdʊbəlɪn/, bˠalʲə aːha klʲiəh or cliə(ɸ is both the largest city and capital of Ireland. Blackrock (An Charraig Dhubh is a suburban town and district located south of the city of Dublin, in Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown County, Ireland, northwest Over time, much of this marshland was lost due to reclamation.
The current marsh resulted from the building of the Dublin and Kingstown (now Dún Laoghaire) railway line, which was one of the first in the world, from 1834-35. The Dublin and Kingstown Railway (D&KR which opened in 1834, was Ireland ’s first railway Dún Laoghaire (in Irish d̪ˠuːn̪ˠ ˈɫeːrʲə sometimes spelled Dún Laoire; Anglicised as Dunleary, dʌn ˈlɪəri is a suburban The line was built on an embankment, protected by a granite seawall. In the 1830s, the resulting tidal lagoon covered more than 28 ha. In the following decades much of the area was filled in, leaving only Booterstown marsh still subject to flooding by seawater at high tide.
By 1876 this reclaimed land was in agricultural use, made possible by the use of water control systems. A large gate valve was installed at the Williamstown (southern) outlet to the sea, which was lowered on the flow tide and raised on the ebb tide. Characteristics A tide is a repeated cycle of sea level changes in the following stages Over several hours the water rises or advances up a beach in the flood Characteristics A tide is a repeated cycle of sea level changes in the following stages Over several hours the water rises or advances up a beach in the flood The Williamstown lagoon acted as a sump, collecting the water draining from the agricultural land. A lagoon is a body of comparatively shallow salt or Brackish water separated from the deeper Sea by a shallow or exposed sandbank, coral Some landfill soil raised the level of the marsh and it was irrigated with fresh water from a number of local streams.
During both World Wars the marsh was used as allotments, however with increasing prosperity these fell idle and in the 1950s the area was used as pasture. Pasture is land with Herbaceous vegetation cover used for grazing of Ungulate Livestock as part of a Farm or Ranch. The water control systems were also neglected, allowing salt water to enter the system.
By the 1970s the marsh showed salty vegetation at the railway side and fresh-water at the inner edges. This mixed habitat became an important site for many marsh bird and plant species. In 1970 the lease on the land was acquired by An Taisce, a conservation society, which has managed it as a nature reserve. An Taisce ( Irish for The Treasury) also known as the National Trust for Ireland, was established in 1948 with a similar mission to
Oil spills in 1982 and, more severely in 1985, led to de-oxygenation of the marsh. The vegetation was dominated by Scirpus maretimus, a rush that could withstand the conditions, though the re-discovery of a rare species of grass following some works on the drainage enhanced the conservation status of the marsh. Juncus is a genus in the plant family Juncaceae. It consists of 225 to 300 species of grassy plants commonly called rushes.
In response the flap valves were removed, allowing a free flow of salt water that is rich in oxygen.
At present the condition of the mud has improved, and birds have returned in large numbers. The Scirpus growth has significantly reduced, and of the many species of plant occurring in the marsh, one of them, Puccinellia fasciculata which is protected, along with its habitat.
There are three main habitats ranging from freshwater to saltwater and the area attracts Moorhen, Reed Bunting, Sedge Warbler, Teal, Snipe, Lapwing, Oystercatcher, Redshank, Little Egrets, Dunlin, and Brent Geese. Freshwater is a word that refers to bodies of water such as Ponds lakes rivers and streams containing low concentrations of dissolved Salts and other Total dissolved "Gallinule" redirects here For the blue gallinules see Porphyrio. The Reed Bunting, Emberiza schoeniclus, is a Passerine Bird in the bunting family Emberizidae a group now separated by most modern authors from The Sedge Warbler ( Acrocephalus schoenobaenus) is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. Tasman Empire Airways Limited ( TEAL) was the forerunner of Air New Zealand. A snipe is any of nearly 20 wading bird species in three genera in the family Scolopacidae. Vanellinae are a Subfamily of medium-sized wading Birds belonging to the family Charadriidae, which also includes the Plovers "Oystercatchers" is also a novel by Susan Fletcher. The oystercatchers are a group of Waders they form the family The Little Egret, Egretta garzetta is a small white Heron. It is the Old World counterpart to the very similar New World Snowy Egret. The Dunlin, Calidris alpina, is a small Wader, sometimes separated with the other " Stints quot in Erolia. The Brent Goose ( Branta bernicla) a Goose of the Genus Branta, is known in North America as Brant.