Bibliotheca Corviniana was one of the most renowned libraries of the Renaissance world, established by Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary between 1458 and 1490. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere Matthias Corvinus ( Matthias the Just; February 23 1443 &ndash April 6 1490) was King of Hungary and Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic
Matthias, one of the most powerful rulers of the age, started to collect the books from about 1460. At the king's death, the library consisted of about 3,000 codices or "Corvinae" which included 4,000-5,000 works, mainly of classical Greek and Latin authors. A codex ( Latin for block of wood, Book; plural codices) is a book in the format used for modern books with separate pages normally The Turkish invasion of big parts of Hungary in the 16th century dispersed or destroyed the codices. Only about 650 Corvinae survived, now in several libraries in Hungary and Europe.
North of the Alps, Matthias' library was the biggest in Europe, and in its contents it was only second to the Vatican Library in Europe according to contemporary accounts. The Vatican Library ( Latin: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana) is the Library of the Holy See, currently located in Vatican City. In 1489, Bartolomeo della Fonte of Florence wrote that Lorenzo de Medici founded his own Greek-Latin library encouraged by the example of the Hungarian king. Florence ( Italian: Firenze Florentia and Fiorenza) is the Capital City of the Italian region of Tuscany Lorenzo de' Medici (January 1 1449 &ndash 9 April 1492 was an Italian statesman and de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic during the Italian Renaissance
Near two thirds of the surviving volumes had not been printed before the king's death. Some of them contained the sole copy of the works in them, like the book of Constantine Porphyrogennetos on the habits in the court of the Byzantine emperor, or the church history of Nikephoros Kallistos. Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos or Porphyrogenitus, "the Purple-born" ( Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Ζ΄ Πορφυρογέννητος We also know about Corvinae, with which the only copy of ancient books perished, including the full works of Hypereides, writings by Flavius Cresconius Corippus, Cuspinianus and Procopius. Hypereides ( Greek; c 390-322 BC was a logographer (orator for the courts in Ancient Greece Flavius Cresconius Corippus was a late Roman Epic poet of the 6th century who flourished under East Roman Emperors Justinian I and Justin II. Procopius of Caesarea ( Προκόπιος ο Καισαρεύς, c
Hungary's National Széchényi Library is working on projects to restore the Corvina library in a digital form. The library (in Hungarian: Országos Széchényi Könyvtár (OSZK) is located in Budapest; it is the national library of Hungary.