Biblical theology is a discipline within Christian theology which studies the Bible from the perspective of understanding the progressive history of God revealing God's self to humanity following the Fall and throughout the Old Testament and New Testament. Christian Theology is discourse concerning Christian faith Christian theologians use biblical Exegesis, rational analysis and argument Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin The Fall of Man, or simply the Fall, in Christian doctrine refers to the transition of the first humans from a state of innocent obedience to God, In Western Christianity, the Old Testament refers to the books that form the first of the two-part Christian Biblical canon. It particularly focuses on the epochs of the Old Testament in order to understand how each part of it ultimately points forward to fulfillment in the life mission of Jesus Christ. In Western Christianity, the Old Testament refers to the books that form the first of the two-part Christian Biblical canon. Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE)
Biblical theology seeks to understand a certain passage in the Bible in light of all of the biblical history leading up to it. It asks questions of the text such as:
Biblical theology seeks to put individual texts in their historical context since what came before them is the foundation on which they are laid and what comes after is what they anticipate. Biblical theology is sometimes called the "history of special revelation" since it deals with the unfolding and expanding nature of revelation as history progresses through the Bible. Revelation is the act of revealing or disclosing (see etymology or in the theological perception making something obvious and clearly understood through active or passive communication History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology
The motivation for this branch of theology comes from such passages as Luke 24. The Gospel of Luke (Gk Κατά Λουκάν Ευαγγέλιον) is a synoptic Gospel, and is the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the 27: "And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, [Jesus] explained to [the disciples] what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. Moses ( Latin: Moyses,; Greek: grc Mωυσής in both the Septuagint and the New Testament; Arabic: ar موسىٰ In Religion, a prophet (or prophetess) is a person who has encountered the Supernatural or the divine and serves as an intermediary " The assumption of this text seems to be that the Old Testament anticipated the messiah and that Jesus fulfilled those prophecies. In Western Christianity, the Old Testament refers to the books that form the first of the two-part Christian Biblical canon. This article is about the concept of a Messiah in religion notably in the Christian Islamic and Jewish traditions Thus, Biblical theologians suggest that, in order to understand the intended meaning of a Biblical text, one must understand what the text points toward or back to. For instance, when reading about the sacrificial system in the Old Testament, Biblical theologians follow the trajectory the Bible lays out for that system (namely, pointing to Jesus as the true sacrifice), and likewise, when a New Testament text refers back to the Old Testament (for example, Jesus being the son of David and heir of his covenant), they try to understand that text against its proper, specified background. Sacrifice (from a Middle English verb meaning "to make sacred" from Old French, from Latin sacrificium: sacr, "sacred" David, Arabic: داوود or داود dawud, "beloved" was the second king of the united Kingdom of Israel according to the Hebrew Bible Covenant, meaning a solemn contract oath or bond is the customary word used to translate the Hebrew word berith ( ברית,
Biblical theology can be compared with and is complemented by systematic theology in that the former focuses on historical progression through out the Bible while the latter focuses on thematic progression. Systematic theology is a discipline of Christian theology that attempts to formulate an orderly rational and coherent account of the Christian faith and beliefs Systematic theology deals with a single topic in each place it is dealt with, whereas biblical theology seeks to follow the flow of "redemptive narrative" as it unfolds. In this way, biblical theology reflects the diversity of the Bible, while systematic theology reflects its unity.
The Christian concept of progressive revelation differs from the Islamic understanding in which successive revelations of God might annul former revelations, completely replacing them with a new truth. Progressive revelation in Christianity is the concept that the sections of the Bible that were written later contain a fuller Revelation of God compared For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. The Christian model within biblical theology sees the concept of progressive revelation as progressive revelation of new truth which supports, expands, and stands upon former revelations of God's truth like brick laying. This progressive revelation ultimately climaxes in Christ, and ends with the New Testament acts of the Apostles under the direction of the Holy Spirit awaiting the Second Coming of Jesus. The Twelve Apostles (Greek apostolos, "someone sent out" e In mainstream Christianity, the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost is one of the three entities of the Holy Trinity which make up the single substance In Christianity, the Second Coming is the anticipated return of Jesus Christ from Heaven to earth an event that will fulfill aspects of Messianic
The discipline of biblical theology is primarily associated with viewpoints that also adhere to a belief in biblical inerrancy and biblical inspiration. Biblical inerrancy is the conservative evangelical doctrinal position that in its original form the Bible is totally without error and free from all contradiction Biblical inspiration is the doctrine in Christian theology concerned with the divine origin of the Bible and what the Bible teaches about itself Consequently, the work of Walter Brueggemann, Rudolf Bultmann, and other such scholars who reject these beliefs is not dealt with in the discipline. Walter Brueggemann (born 1933 is an American Old Testament scholar and author Rudolf Karl Bultmann ( August 20, 1884 – July 30, 1976) was a German theologian of Lutheran background who While it does engage with the work of philosophy and cultural and personal experience, it gives the Bible priority over each of these other lines of thought. Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language
The work of Geerhardus Vos (Biblical Theology: Old and New Testaments), Herman Ribberbos (The Coming of the Kingdom), Graeme Goldsworthy (According to Plan, Gospel and Kingdom), and Vaughan Roberts (God's Big Picture) have helped popularize this approach to the Bible. Geerhardus Johannes Vos ( March 14, 1862 &ndash August 13, 1949) was an American Reformed Theologian and one Herman Nicolaas Ridderbos (1909 – 2007 was born on February 13 1909 in Oosterend (Friesland the Netherlands grew up in the Reformed Church Graeme Goldsworthy is an Australian Anglican theologian specialising in the Old Testament and Biblical Theology. Vaughan Roberts is the Rector of St Ebbe's Church, Oxford, United Kingdom. They summarize the message of the Bible as being about "God's people in God's place under God's rule and blessing" (in Graeme Goldsworthy, Gospel and Kingdom, Paternoster, 1981)