Beni Ḥassān (Arabic: بني حسان "sons of Ḥassān") was a Bedouin group, one of several Yemeni Maqil Arab tribes who emigrated in the Middle Ages to northwest Africa and present-day Western Sahara and Mauritania. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language The Bedouin, (from the Arabic (ar بدوي pl badū) are a desert-dwelling Arab Nomadic pastoralist, or previously Yemen ( Arabic: اليَمَن al-Yaman officially the Republic of Yemen ( Arabic: الجمهورية اليمنية al-Jumhuuriyya The Maqil or Maquil were a collection of Arab Bedouin tribes of Yemeni origin who migrated westwards via Egypt during the The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding A tribe, viewed historically or developmentally consists of a Social group existing before the development of or outside of States Many anthropologists use Western Sahara ( Arabic: الصحراء الغربية; transliterated: as-Ṣaḥrā' al-Gharbīyah; Sahara Occidental is a territory Mauritania (موريتانيا Mūrītāniyā officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country They were preceded in much the same manner by the more well-known Bani Hilal Arabs. The Banu Hilal ( بنو هلال) were a confederation of Arab tribes that migrated from Arabia into North Africa in the 11th century, having
The Beni Hassan and other warrior Arab tribes managed to establish their dominance over the Sanhaja Berber tribes of the area, and after the Char Bouba war of the 17th century. The Sanhaja (also commonly spelled "Sanhadja" were one of the largest Berber tribal confederations of the Maghreb, along with the Zanata Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. The Char Bouba war (variously transliterated as Sharr Bubba Shar Buba etc or the Mauritanian Thirty Years War, took place between 1644-74 in the tribal areas of As a result, Arab culture and language came to dominate, and the Berber tribes were more or less arabized. Arabization ( Arabic: تعريب) describes a growing cultural influence on a non-Arab area that gradually changes into one that speaks Arabic and/or The Bani Hassan's dialect of Arabic thus became the tongue of the region, and is still spoken in the form of Hassaniya Arabic.
Beni Hassan claim to be descendants of their ancestor Maqil, once living in Tunisia. The Maqil or Maquil were a collection of Arab Bedouin tribes of Yemeni origin who migrated westwards via Egypt during the Tunisia (تونس Tūnis officially the Tunisian Republic ( is a country located in North Africa. This Maqil had two sons Suhair and Mohammed. This Mohammed was the father of Muhtar, who was the father of Sabbana and Hassan, the Hassan from which the Beni Hassan took their name. Many descendants of the Beni Hassan tribes today still adhere to the supremacist ideology of their ancestors. Supremacism is the belief that a particular race, Religion, Gender, belief system or Culture is superior to others and entitles This ideology has led to oppression, discrimination and even enslavement of other groups in the region of Western Sahara. 
The is also a Beni Hassan tribe in Jordan whose territory stretches to Al Mafraq, Hamamah, Zarqa, and Irbid.