Karnataka • India
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|13,415 km² (5,180 sq mi)|
• 762 m (2,500 ft)
• 42 /km² (109 /sq mi)
|Mayor||Under DC Rule|
• 590 001-6
• KA-22, KA-23, KA-24, KA-49
Coordinates: Belgaum (Kannada: ಬೆಳಗಾವಿ, Marathi: बेळगांव; ), also known as Belagaavi and Belgaon, is a city and a municipal corporation in Belgaum district in the state of Karnataka, India. Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ pronounced) is a state in the southern part of India India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Indian Standard Time ( IST) is the time observed throughout India and Sri Lanka, with a Time offset of UTC+530. UTC+530 is the Timezone for Indian Standard Time Sri Lanka Time The geography of India is diverse with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts plains rainforests hills and plateaus The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A district is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory. The Belgaum district is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or Post code system used by India Post the Indian Postal For the past decade or so telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India KA-19-P-8488jpg|thumb|270px|Close up of a licence plate used in Mangalore, Karnataka. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Kannada (kn [[wiktಕನ್ನಡ ಕನ್ನಡ]] Kannaḍa) is one of the major Dravidian languages of India, spoken predominantly in the state Marathi (mr मराठी Marāṭhī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of what is considered western India. A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to cities, counties, Towns The Belgaum district is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ pronounced) is a state in the southern part of India India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country
It is situated nearly 2,500 ft (762 m) above sea-level and is the headquarters of Belgaum district, which borders the states of Maharashtra and Goa. The Belgaum district is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. Maharashtra ( Marathi: mahārāṣṭra, IPA) is a state located on the western coast of India. Goa ( Konkani: गोंय /ɡɔ̃j/ is India 's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population.
The city of Belgaum was built in the 12th century AD by the Ratta dynasty who were based at nearby Saundatti. Saundatti (also known as Sugandavarti and Savadatti) is one of the oldest towns in Belgaum district in the South Indian state of Karnataka The fort of Belgaum was built in 1204 by a Ratta officer named Bichiraja. Belgaum served as the capital of that dynasty between 1210 and 1250, before the Rattas were defeated by the Yadava Dynasty of Devagiri. Name of the dynasty The Seuna dynasty claimed descent from the Yadavas and are often referred to as the "Yadavas of Devagiri" Fort of Devagiri The area of the city includes the hill-fortress of Devagiri ( Marathi देवगिरी (sometimes Latinised to Deogiri Belgaum then briefly came under the sway of the Yadavas of Devagiri. The Khiljis of Delhi invaded the region at the turn of the 1300s and succeeded in ruining both the indigenous powers of the region, the Yadava and the Hoysalas without providing a viable administration. Khilji or Khalji ( Pashto: خلجی خاندان, Hindi: ख़िलजी ख़ानदान was an Indian ruling dynasty that was The Hoysala Empire ( Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ ( pronunciation: in Kannada was a prominent South Indian Kannadiga This lacuna was supplied by the Vijayanagara Empire, which had become the established power of the area by 1336. The Vijayanagara Empire ( Kannada: ವಿಜಯನಗರ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ Telugu: విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యము was a South A century later, the town had become a bustling trading hub for diamonds and wood, owing to its favourable geographic location in the kingdom.
In 1474, the Bahmani Sultanate, then ruling from Bidar, captured the fort of Belgaum. The Bahmani Sultanate (Also called the Bahmanid Empire was a Muslim state of the Deccan in southern India and one of the great medieval Indian kingdoms --> Bidar ( Kannada ಬೀದರ್) is a city and taluka in Karnataka state India. Shortly afterwards, in 1518, the Bahamani sultanate splintered into five small states, and Belgaum became part of the Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur. The Adil Shahi or Adilshahi dynasty ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur in the Western area of the Deccan region of Southern India from 1490 The Adil Shahi or Adilshahi dynasty ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur in the Western area of the Deccan region of Southern India from 1490 The Adilshahis reinforced the fort of Belgaum; much of the existing structure dates from 1519. In 1686, the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb overthrew the Bijapur sultanate, and Belgaum passed nominally to the Mughals. Aurangzeb ( (full title Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I Padshah Ghazi) ( November 4, However, the Mughal empire went into decline after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, and his principal detractors, the Maratha confederacy, took control of the area during the rule of the Peshwas. The Marāthās ( Marathi: mr मराठा also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu Warriors hailing mostly from the present-day The Peshwa ( Marathi:पेशवा plural Peshwe, Marathi:पेशवे were Brahmin Prime Ministers to the Maratha In 1776, the country was overrun by Hyder Ali of Mysore, but was retaken by the Peshwa with British assistance. Hyder Ali or Haidar 'Ali (c 1722 - 1782 was the de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India. The Kingdom of Mysore/State of Mysore (ಮೈಸೂರು ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ was both a Kingdom (1399-1799 CE and a Princely state (1799-1947 In 1818, the British deposed the last Peshwa and annexed his kingdom, which included Belgaum. The Honourable East India Company ( HEIC) referred to most commonly as the East India Company, also historically and colloquially as John Company, or
Belgaum was chosen as the venue of the 39th session of Indian National Congress in December 1924 under the President ship of Mahatma Gandhiji. Indian National Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major Political party in India. The city served as a major military installation for the British Raj, primarily due to its proximity to Goa, which was then a Portuguese territory. For usage see British rule in India British Raj ( rāj, lit "reign" in Hindustani) primarily refers to the British Goa ( Konkani: गोंय /ɡɔ̃j/ is India 's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population. Once the British left India, the Indian Government continued and still continues to have Armed forces installations in Belgaum. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country In 1961, the Indian government, under the Prime Ministership of Nehru used forces from Belgaum to end Portuguese rule of Goa. Jawaharlal Nehru (जवाहरलाल नेहरू ʤəʋäɦəɾläl nɛɦɾu (14 November 1889 27 May 1964 was a major political leader of the Congress Party
When India became independent in 1947, Belgaum and its district became part of Bombay State. The State of Bombay is a former state of India. During British rule, portions of the western coast of India under direct British rule were part of the In 1956, the Indian states were reorganised along linguistic lines by the States Reorganisation Act, and Belgaum District was transferred to Mysore State, which was renamed Karnataka in 1972. The States Reorganization Act of 1956 was a major reform of the boundaries and governance of India 's states and territories. The Kingdom of Mysore was one of the three largest Princely states within the erstwhile British Empire of India. Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ pronounced) is a state in the southern part of India
In 2006, the Government of Karnataka announced that Belgaum would be made the state's second capital and that the city would be a permanent venue for the annual 15-day session of the state legislature. The Government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governor as the constitutional head 
Belgaum is anglicized name of Belgaon/Belagaavi. The names are possibly from the Sanskrit Venugrama, "Bamboo village". Sanskrit (sa संस्कृता वाक् saṃskṛtā vāk, for short sa संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam) is a historical
The name Belgaum had been proposed to be changed to Belagaavi by the Karnataka government.  However in August 2007, the Central Government refused permission to rename Belgaum while giving a go-ahead to rename 11 other cities in Karnataka.  
The Belgaum district was incorporated into the newly formed Mysore state (now Karnataka) with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act (1956), which reorganised India's states along linguistic lines, despite having a large Marathi-speaking population ; about three-fourths of the total population. The Belgaum border dispute is a dispute involving the Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. The Belgaum district is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. The Kingdom of Mysore was one of the three largest Princely states within the erstwhile British Empire of India. Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ pronounced) is a state in the southern part of India The States Reorganization Act of 1956 was a major reform of the boundaries and governance of India 's states and territories. . Since then, Maharashtra has claimed the district, and the case is now in Supreme Court of India. Maharashtra ( Marathi: mahārāṣṭra, IPA) is a state located on the western coast of India. The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the land as established by Part V Chapter IV of the Constitution of India.
Belgaum is located at . It has an average elevation of 751 metres (2463 feet). The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The city is situated in the northwestern parts of Karnataka and lies at the border of two states, Maharashtra and Goa. Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ pronounced) is a state in the southern part of India Maharashtra ( Marathi: mahārāṣṭra, IPA) is a state located on the western coast of India. Goa ( Konkani: गोंय /ɡɔ̃j/ is India 's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population. It is one of the oldest towns in the state, lying at a distance of 502 km from Bangalore and 500 km from Mumbai. Bangalore ( officially Bengaluru ( Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial The district comprises 1278 villages with an area of 13,415 km² with a population of around 5 lakh (500,000). A lakh (also written lac, and lackh in an Indian english language news source India PR Wire 8 Oct '08 is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to Situated near the foothills of the Sahyadri mountain range (Western Ghats) at an altitude of about 779m, 100km from the Arabian Sea with the river Markandeya flowing nearby, Belgaum exhibits swift and kaleidoscopic changes in topography, vegetation and climate. The Western Ghats ( Kannada ಸಹ್ಯಾದ್ರಿ Marathi / Konkani - सह्याद्री Sahyadri Malayalam സഹ്യപര്വ്വതം The Arabian Sea ( Arabic: بحر العرب transliterated: Baḥr al-'Arab Sanskrit: सिन्धु सागर transliterated:
Belgaum is well known for its pleasant climate throughout the year, but the last few years, summers (April through June) have been warmer than usual. It is at its coldest in winter (November through February), and experiences continuous monsoon of medium intensity during July to September. The annual average rainfall is 50".
As of 2001 India census, Belgaum had a population of 399,600. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Belgaum has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 65%; with 54% of the males and 46% of females literate. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. 
Belgaum enjoys rich cultural diversity stemming from its proximity to the states of Maharashtra and Goa. Kannada and Marathi are the main languages spoken. The customs and traditions of Belgaum have been influenced by both the Kannada and Marathi cultures. Traditional dressing in rural Belgaum is similar to the attires of people in the north Karnataka and south Maharashtra belt; the men wear a turban with a long tailpiece at the rear and a dhoti (a sarong worn in a manner that allows easier movement) and the women wear sarees but with the lower half drawn like a dhoti. However, in the city, the costumes are very much in tune with modern urban India. Belgaum's positioning has also made its cuisine a potpourri of central(Marathi)and north Indian flavours and the fast food is predominantly influenced by Marathi tastes (e. g. vada pav, missal) and other north Indian chaat.
Belgaum is an important location for vegetable trading, fish, wood & mining resource trading in north Karnataka. Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ pronounced) is a state in the southern part of India Rich deposits of bauxite are found in Belgaum district, and have led to the creation of the (HINDALCO) Indian Aluminium Company for production of aluminium. WikipediaNaming  Additionally, uranium deposits have recently been found in Deshnur, a small village near Belgaum. Uranium (jʊˈreɪniəm is a silvery-gray Metallic Chemical element in the 
From the early 1970s, Belgaum began developing as an important centre for the manufacture of heavy machine tools, including the manufacture of high pressure oil hydraulics.
Trade flourishes in Belgaum, and many areas of the city are dedicated to certain kinds of trade. For example, almost all automobile-related trade and manufacture happens in the Fort Road area of the city. The Raviwarpeth area is known as the wholesale market which sells commodities like grains, tea, etc. Wholesaling is the sale of Goods or Merchandise to Retailers to industrial commercial institutional or other professional Business users
Belgaum also is a strong industrial hub for Machine Shops catering to Automotive Manufacturing, Specially in Crank-shaft machining. Belgaum has friendly conditions for foundry and casting businesses. The geographical location of the city is an advantage since it is situated right in between Bangalore and Mumbai/Pune to support the major automotive and aerospace companies. Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial Pune (ˈpuːneɪ Marathi: पुणे Hindi: पूना formerly Poona, is the second largest city in the state of Maharashtra
A new SEZ is being established near the industrial pocket of belgaum. It is to be run by the company Quest,which is a major industrial gaint producing landing gears for all aircrafts. The foundries in and around belgaum are expected to reap benefit out of this SEZ
Its salubrious climate, proximity to the coast and strategic position near Portuguese Goa commended it to the British as a suitable location for an army training center and cantonment, which it continues to be today for the Indian Armed Forces, along with an air base of the Indian Air Force. Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. Goa ( Konkani: गोंय /ɡɔ̃j/ is India 's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population. Cantonment Florida is town north of Pensacola Florida See also Canton and Cantonist A cantonment is a Organization and command structure The headquarters of the Indian Armed Forces is in New Delhi, the capital city. An airbase, sometimes referred to as an Air Force Station, a military Airport or airfield, provides basing and support of Military The Indian Air Force (Devanāgarī भारतीय वायु सेना IAST Bhartiya Vāyu Senā is the air arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the
The British had a sizable infantry post here, having realised the military importance of its geographical location. The Infantry is the oldest and most numerous of the Combat Arms in the Armed forces, and consists Perhaps that is one of the reasons for Belgaum's sobriquet The Cradle of Infantry. A sobriquet is a Nickname or a fancy name usually a familiar name given by others as distinct from a Pseudonym assumed as a disguise but a nickname which is familiar Development of a Rail Network for movement of resources and later troops was one of the means employed by both the East India Company and the British to exert control over India. The Honourable East India Company ( HEIC) referred to most commonly as the East India Company, also historically and colloquially as John Company, or
Belgaum houses the Maratha Light Infantry Regimental Centre (MLIRC). It also houses the Commando Training Wing which is a part of the Infantry School, Mhow, where the country's infantry commandos are trained in endurance, escape and evasion, guerilla and commando warfare techniques and to live off the land. Mhow ( Hindi:महू is a small Cantonment town in the Indore District of the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh state India The Commando course at Belgaum is mandatory for all infantry officers. Officers of other arms and services and even some foreign officers undergo the course.
In between the Military hospital and the commondo training centre there lies an eminent school called Belgaum Military School established in 1945 spread over an area of 64 acres
Belgaum is located 502 km from Bangalore and 125 km from Goa. Bangalore ( officially Bengaluru ( Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Goa ( Konkani: गोंय /ɡɔ̃j/ is India 's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population. Nestled in the foothills of the Western Ghats, it enjoys a cool, salubrious climate and is surrounded by natural beauty in the form of rivers, hills and dense evergreen forests. The Western Ghats ( Kannada ಸಹ್ಯಾದ್ರಿ Marathi / Konkani - सह्याद्री Sahyadri Malayalam സഹ്യപര്വ്വതം Inside the city, A wide variety of historical sites, temples and churches exist in and around the city, most notably the fort Kamala Basti, Kapileshwar temple (South Kashi), the hills of Vaijyanath, Ramtirth in Kanbargi, the aerodrome at Sambra and others.
Within the City Tourist attractions
1. The Handloom cottage industries, and Silk weavers located in Vadgaon and Angol are known for the exquisitely designed Saris.
2. The Cantonment Area with its lush cover of greenery , the MLIRC(Maratha Light Infantry Regimental Centre) is also based here.
1. Jamboti, 20 km south-west of Belgaum, is a popular tourist spot with its evergreen hilltop forests. Jamboti Marathi -Jamboti Konkani - Zambotim is located 20 km south-west of Belgaum and 18 km west of Khanapur in the Belgaum District
2. Vajrapoha Falls on the Mandovi river are located 26 km from Belgaum. The Mandovi River is described as the lifeline of the state of Goa, India.
3. Godchanmalki fallsis a popular destination at a distance of about 60 km from Belgaum. The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand They are stepwise falls which are approximately 100 metres in length, with a step at every 30 metres. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International
4. Gokak Falls is yet another resplendant waterfall 62km from Belgaum and 6km from the Gokak town. This page is about the waterfalls For the town of same name see Gokak Falls Belgaum The Gokak Falls is a Waterfall located on
5. Amboli falls This little known coastal highland area is fabulous during the monsoons. Thick forests, curving misty ghats and shades of vibrant greens.
Belgaum houses many interesting monuments, including the famous Belgaum fort which dates back to 1519 AD (Refer to the 'History' section). Belgaum (
1. Kamal Basadiis a famous Jain temple located within the walls of the fort.
2. Belgaum Fort is a huge construct present in the heart of the town. It is said that its 15-meter deep moats were filled with ravenous crocodiles to ward off enemies in the early days. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International
The foundation of the Suvarna Vidhana Soudha, a legislative administrative office complex, was laid in Belgaum in August 2007 to celebrate the golden jubilee celebrations of its formation. The Unification of Karnataka refers to the formation of the Indian state of Karnataka, then called as Mysore State, in 1956 when several 
Belgaum is known for its cross culture food right from the Bombay chaats to the Chinese delicacies , Mahadev Biryani, Delhi Darbar is worth a try. Belgaum is also famous for its "Kunda" and "Kalakand" . A special sweet called "Mandige" or "Maande" is a must during weddings.
Belgaum is also an important educational center.
From the late 1970s onwards, Belgaum began seeing a substantial increase in the number of professional education institutions. While initially this was seen largely in the medical and engineering fields, Belgaum today hosts institutions from a number of other professional streams as well. Apart from these, Belgaum also has a large number of law, science and arts colleges, affiliated to the Karnatak University.
The establishment of the Visvesvaraya Technological University in 1998, with the affiliation of more than 140 engineering colleges, raised the importance of Belgaum as a centre of education in Karnataka. Visvesvaraya Technological University, also spelt Visveswaraiah Technological University, (VTU is a University in Karnataka, India. Belgaum also hosts a number of medical colleges. Medical education A medical school or faculty of medicine is a Tertiary educational institution—or part of such an institution—that teaches Medicine
The impact of this growth has considerably changed the cultural, linguistic and industrial profile of the city, due to the influx of students from across India (and even across the world), some of whom made Belgaum their home base after completion of their education there.
The KLE Society and Karnatak Law Society (KLS) among others have contributed immensely towards education in Belgaum and surrounding districts of Karnataka. Karnatak Lingayat Education Society was founded in 1916 by seven educated youth with the objective of bringing education to the Kannada speaking region of the erstwhile Bombay Presidency
Also Belgaum exihibits a very good host of schools like St Paul's High School,St Joseph's High School, St Mary's High School, St Xavier's High School, Kendriya Vidyalaya No2, Belgaum Military School, Divine Providence High School, Gomatesh School, Herwadkar,MVM High School and few more.
Belgaum is connected by road via the National Highways 4 (connecting Maharashtra[ Now part of the Golden Quadrilateral], Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu) and 4A (connecting Karnataka and Goa). Maharashtra ( Marathi: mahārāṣṭra, IPA) is a state located on the western coast of India. Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ pronounced) is a state in the southern part of India Tamil Nadu ( Tamil:, Country of the Tamils, t̪ɐmɨɻ n̪aːɽɯ is one of the 28 states of India. Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ pronounced) is a state in the southern part of India Goa ( Konkani: गोंय /ɡɔ̃j/ is India 's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population.
Belgaum is directly connected with Bangalore, Goa, Mumbai, Miraj and Kolhapur. Bangalore ( officially Bengaluru ( Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Goa ( Konkani: गोंय /ɡɔ̃j/ is India 's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population. Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial Although unrelated "Miraj" can also refer to the Islamic tradition according Muhammad 's ascent to heaven WikipediaWikiProject Indian cities for details --> Kolhapur ( Marathi:कोल्हापूर is a city situated in the south west corner of The airport currently serving the city is Belgaum Airport. Belgaum Airport is an airport located of Belgaum, Karnataka, India. Schedules have been erratic, as the air connectivity is primarily provided by feeder airlines.
Belgaum is on the main Indian Railways grid being part of HubliDivision and is well connected by rail to major destinations such as Bangalore (via Hubli), Mumbai (via Miraj) and Goa. Indian Railways (भारतीय रेल Bhāratīya Rail) abbreviated as IR (hi भारे is a Department of the Government of India under the Ministry Hubballi (formerly Hubli Kannada - ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿis a city in the state of Karnataka in India. Bangalore ( officially Bengaluru ( Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Hubballi (formerly Hubli Kannada - ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿis a city in the state of Karnataka in India. Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial Goa ( Konkani: गोंय /ɡɔ̃j/ is India 's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population.
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911 is a 29-volume reference work that marked the beginning of the Encyclopædia Britannica The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone