|Directed by||Stanley Kubrick|
|Produced by||Stanley Kubrick|
|Written by||William Makepeace Thackeray (novel)|
|Editing by||Tony Lawson|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Release date(s)||18 December 1975|
|Running time||184 min. William Makepeace Thackeray (ˈθækərɪ 18 July 1811 – 24 December 1863 was an English Novelist of the 19th century Ryan O'Neal (born Charles Patrick Ryan O'Neal; April 20 1941 is an Academy Award - and Golden Globe -nominated American Actor Marisa Berenson (born February 15, 1947 in New York City New York is an American actress and model John Alcott, BSC ( London, 1931 - July 28 1986) was an Oscar winning cinematographer best known for his four collaborations with director Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Events 218 BC - Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia - Hannibal 's Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Year 1975 ( MCMLXXV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.|
Barry Lyndon (1975) is a period film by Stanley Kubrick based on the novel The Luck of Barry Lyndon (1844) by William Makepeace Thackeray. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The year 1975 in film involved some significant events Events January 28 - George Lucas creates the second draft " Period piece " is phrase that is used to describe creative works The Luck of Barry Lyndon is a Picaresque novel by William Makepeace Thackeray, first published in serial form in 1844, about a member of the William Makepeace Thackeray (ˈθækərɪ 18 July 1811 – 24 December 1863 was an English Novelist of the 19th century It recounts the exploits of an unscrupulous 18th century Irish adventurer (Barry Lyndon né Redmond Barry), particularly his rise and fall within English society. The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Ryan O'Neal stars as the title character. Ryan O'Neal (born Charles Patrick Ryan O'Neal; April 20 1941 is an Academy Award - and Golden Globe -nominated American Actor
In recent years, it has come to be regarded not only as one of Kubrick's finest films, but indeed as a classic of world cinema. It was part of Time magazine's poll of the 100 best films as well as the Village Voice poll conducted in 1999 and was ranked #27 in 2002 in a poll of film critics conducted by Sight and Sound. Time (trademarked in capitals as TIME) is a weekly American Newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and This article is about a New York newspaper For the Ottawa Hills Ohio magazine see The Village Voice of Ottawa Hills. Film review redirects here for the similar sounding Film revue please visit Revue#Film revues. Sight & Sound ( is a British monthly Film Magazine published by the British Film Institute (BFI Director Martin Scorsese has cited Barry Lyndon as his favorite Kubrick movie. Quotations from it appeared in such disparate works as Scorsese's The Age of Innocence, Lars von Trier's Dogville and Wes Anderson's Rushmore. The Age of Innocence is a film directed by Martin Scorsese and starring Daniel Day-Lewis, Michelle Pfeiffer and Winona Ryder, Lars von Trier (born Lars Trier, April 30, 1956) is a Danish Film director and Screenwriter. Dogville is a 2003 Film written and directed by Lars von Trier, starring Nicole Kidman, Paul Bettany, Lauren Wesley Wales Anderson (born May 1, 1969) is an American director, writer, Actor, and producer of features Rushmore is a 1998 Comedy-drama film directed by Wes Anderson about an eccentric teenager named Max Fischer ( Jason Schwartzman) and
After 2001: A Space Odyssey, Kubrick made plans for a film about Napoleon Bonaparte. 2001 A Space Odyssey is a 1968 Science fiction film directed by Stanley Kubrick, written by Kubrick and Arthur C Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe. During pre-production, however, Sergei Bondarchuk and Dino De Laurentiis' Waterloo was released and subsequently failed at the box office. Sergei Fedorovich Bondarchuk (sʲɪrˈgʲej ˈfʲodʌrəvʲitʂ bəndʌr'tʂuk Russian: Серге́й Фё́дорович Бондарчу́к; Ukrainian Agostino De Laurentiis, usually credited as Dino De Laurentiis (born August 8 1919) is an Academy Award -winning Italian Waterloo was a Soviet - Italian film of 1970 directed by Sergei Bondarchuk and produced by Dino De Laurentiis. As a result, Kubrick's financiers pulled their funding for the film. He was furious, having put considerable time and effort into the development of the Napoleon project. Left with no alternative, he turned his attention to his next film, A Clockwork Orange. A Clockwork Orange is a 1971 Satirical Science fiction Film adaptation of a 1962 novel of the same name, by Anthony Barry Lyndon followed, in part to take advantage of the copious research Kubrick had done for the aborted Napoleon.
Kubrick was also interested in Thackeray's Vanity Fair but dropped the project when a serialised version for television was produced. Vanity Fair A Novel without a Hero is a Novel by William Makepeace Thackeray, first published in 1847-48 that satirizes society in early He told an interviewer:
The film did not do well at the box office in the United States, but it was a hit in Europe. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the This mixed reaction factored in Kubrick's filming of Stephen King's The Shining — a project that would not only please him artistically, but also succeed financially. Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American Author, Screenwriter, Musician, Columnist, The Shining is a 1980 horror Film directed by Stanley Kubrick, based on Stephen King 's novel of the same name
In the opening scene, set in 1750s Ireland, the father of Irishman Redmond Barry (Ryan O'Neal) is killed in a duel over the sale of some horses. The widow (Marie Kean), disdaining offers of marriage, devotes herself to the raising of her son. Marie Kean ( June 27, 1918 &ndash December 29, 1993) was an Irish actress of stage and screen whose career spanned over 40 years
When Barry is a young man, he falls in love with his cousin, Nora Brady (Gay Hamilton). Gay Hamilton (born 29 April 1943 in Hamilton Scotland) is a Scottish actress She likes him well enough to seduce him, but when the well-off English Captain John Quin (Leonard Rossiter) appears on the scene, the poverty-stricken Barry is quickly dropped. Leonard Rossiter ( 21 October 1926 &ndash 5 October 1984) was an English Actor known for his role as Rupert Rigsby She and her whole family are set on relieving their financial difficulties with an advantageous marriage. Barry refuses to accept the situation and (seemingly) kills Quin in a duel. As practiced from the 11th to 20th centuries in Western societies a duel is an engagement in combat between two individuals with matched weapons in accordance with their combat
Fleeing the law, Barry travels towards Dublin, but is robbed by a famous highwayman, Captain Feeney (Arthur O'Sullivan), and his son Seamus (Billy Boyle), leaving Barry little choice but to join the British army. Dublin (ˈdʌblɨn/ /ˈdʊblɨn or /ˈdʊbəlɪn/, bˠalʲə aːha klʲiəh or cliə(ɸ is both the largest city and capital of Ireland. The word highwayman is first attested from the year 1617 The term "highwayman" is mainly applied to robbers who travelled on horseback as opposed to those who robbed on foot Arthur O'Sullivan (1912 &ndash February 17, 1981) also known as Archie O'Sullivan, was an Irish actor who appeared on stage screen and radio Later, he is reunited with a family friend, Captain Grogan (Godfrey Quigley), who informs him that the duel was faked. Godfrey Quigley ( May 4, 1923 &ndash September 7, 1994) was an Irish stage film and television actor Barry's pistol was not loaded with a real bullet, but one made with tow, and Quin was only stunned. In the Composites Industry, a tow is an untwisted Bundle of continuous filaments and it refers to human-made Fibers particularly It was staged so as to get him out of the way, so the cowardly Quin could be coaxed into marrying Nora, thereby securing the family's financial situation.
Barry's regiment is sent to fight in the Seven Years' War in Europe. The Seven Years' War (1756&ndash1763 involved all of the major European powers of the period causing 900000 to 1400000 deaths During one skirmish, Grogan is fatally wounded, and Barry deserts at the first opportunity, impersonating a courier. He spends a few pleasant days with Lischen (Diana Körner), a lonely woman whose husband is away fighting. Diana Körner (b September 24, 1944 in Wolmirsleben, Germany) is a German actress. When he resumes his journey, he encounters a Prussian captain, Potzdorf (Hardy Krüger), who sees through his disguise. Hardy Krüger (born Franz Eberhard August Krüger on April 12, 1928 in Berlin-Wedding) is a German Actor. Given the choice of joining the Prussian army or being taken for a deserter, Barry enlists in his second army. During one battle, he saves Potzdorf's life.
After the war ends in 1763, Barry is employed by the Prussian Minister of Police, Potzdorf's uncle. It is arranged for him to become the servant of the Chevalier de Balibari (Patrick Magee), a professional gambler. Patrick Magee ( 31 March 1922 – 14 August 1982) was a Northern Irish Tony Award -winning actor best known for his collaborations with The Prussians suspect that he is a spy and Barry is assigned to try to determine if he is. However, when Barry finds out the chevalier is a fellow Irishman, he confesses all to him and they become confederates. Barry assists the chevalier in cheating at card games, but when the Prince of Tübingen (Wolf Kahler) suspects the truth after losing a large sum, they are unceremoniously expelled from Prussia. They wander from place to place, cheating the nobles. Barry proves to be very useful; when a loser refuses to pay his debts, Barry's excellent swordsmanship convinces him otherwise.
Hardened by his experiences, Barry decides to better himself by marrying well. During the course of his travels, he encounters the beautiful and wealthy Countess of Lyndon (Marisa Berenson). Marisa Berenson (born February 15, 1947 in New York City New York is an American actress and model Barry has little difficulty seducing her. Her sickly husband, Sir Charles Lyndon (Frank Middlemass) dies; the following year (1773), she and Barry are married. Francis George Middlemass (28 May 1919 &ndash 8 September 2006 was an English Actor, known as Frank Middlemass, who even in his early career played
Young Lord Bullingdon (Dominic Savage), Lady Lyndon's son by Sir Charles, hates Barry from the beginning. The marriage is initially not a happy one, although they welcome a new son, Bryan Patrick. Bullingdon thinks nothing of alternately ignoring, and venting his pent-up malice on, Bryan. Barry enjoys himself while keeping his wife in dull seclusion. However, when he is caught seducing one of her maids, he begins treating Lady Lyndon better.
Barry brings his mother over from Ireland to live with him. She warns her son that his position is precarious. If Lady Lyndon were to die, all her wealth would go to her son Lord Bullingdon (now a young man played by Leon Vitali); Barry would be left penniless. Leon Vitali (born Alfred Leon) ( 1948 - is an English actor best known for his collaborations with filmmaker Stanley Kubrick, most notably as Lord Barry's mother advises him to obtain a noble title to protect himself. He cultivates the acquaintance of the influential Lord Wendover (André Morell) with this goal in mind, spending much money to grease his way. André Morell (20 August 1909 &ndash 28 November 1978 sometimes credited as Andre Morell) was a British actor All this effort is wasted however. One day, Lord Bullingdon announces his hatred of his stepfather and is beaten by Barry in front of many important guests. Bullingdon leaves the family estate after this. Barry's public cruelty loses him all the powerful friends he has worked so hard to make and he is shunned socially.
As badly as he has treated his stepson, Barry proves to be a doting father to Bryan. However, when he is eight, the boy is thrown from a horse and soon dies. The grief-stricken Barry turns to drink, while Lady Lyndon seeks solace from religion, assisted by the family priest, Reverend Samuel Runt (Murray Melvin). Murray Melvin (born 1932 London) is an English stage and film Actor. When that does not ease her grief, she tries to commit suicide. Barry's mother then fires Reverend Runt for fear that his advice is only making Lady Lyndon worse. Upon hearing this, Lord Bullingdon resurfaces and challenges Barry to a duel.
A coin flip gives Bullingdon the privilege of shooting first, but his pistol misfires. Barry magnanimously fires into the ground, but Bullingdon refuses to let the duel end here. He fires again, this time hitting Barry in the leg, which has to be amputated at the knee. Amputation is the removal of a body extremity by trauma or Surgery.
While Barry is recovering, Bullingdon takes control of the estate. He offers his stepfather an annuity of 500 guineas if he leaves England; otherwise, with his credit exhausted, his creditors will see to it that he is put in jail. Wounded in spirit and body, Barry accepts. He goes first to Ireland with his mother, then to the European continent to resume his former profession of gambler, though without his former success. He never sees Lady Lyndon again. The final scene (set in 1789) shows the middle-aged Lady Lyndon signing Barry's annuity check.
|Ryan O'Neal||Barry Lyndon|
|Marisa Berenson||Lady Lyndon|
|Patrick Magee||The Chevalier de Balibari|
|Hardy Krüger||Capt. Ryan O'Neal (born Charles Patrick Ryan O'Neal; April 20 1941 is an Academy Award - and Golden Globe -nominated American Actor Marisa Berenson (born February 15, 1947 in New York City New York is an American actress and model Patrick Magee ( 31 March 1922 – 14 August 1982) was a Northern Irish Tony Award -winning actor best known for his collaborations with Hardy Krüger (born Franz Eberhard August Krüger on April 12, 1928 in Berlin-Wedding) is a German Actor. Potzdorf|
|Gay Hamilton||Nora Brady|
|Godfrey Quigley||Captain Grogan|
|Steven Berkoff||Lord Ludd|
|Marie Kean||Belle, Barry's mother|
|Murray Melvin||Rev. Gay Hamilton (born 29 April 1943 in Hamilton Scotland) is a Scottish actress Godfrey Quigley ( May 4, 1923 &ndash September 7, 1994) was an Irish stage film and television actor Steven Berkoff (born 3 August 1937 is an English Actor, Writer and director. Marie Kean ( June 27, 1918 &ndash December 29, 1993) was an Irish actress of stage and screen whose career spanned over 40 years Murray Melvin (born 1932 London) is an English stage and film Actor. Samuel Runt|
|Frank Middlemass||Sir Charles Reginald Lyndon|
|Leon Vitali||Lord Bullingdon|
|Leonard Rossiter||Capt. Francis George Middlemass (28 May 1919 &ndash 8 September 2006 was an English Actor, known as Frank Middlemass, who even in his early career played Leon Vitali (born Alfred Leon) ( 1948 - is an English actor best known for his collaborations with filmmaker Stanley Kubrick, most notably as Lord Leonard Rossiter ( 21 October 1926 &ndash 5 October 1984) was an English Actor known for his role as Rupert Rigsby John Quinn|
|André Morell||Lord Wendover|
|David Morley||Bryan Patrick Lyndon|
|Diana Körner||Lischen (German Girl)|
|Dominic Savage||Young Bullingdon|
|Arthur O'Sullivan||Capt. André Morell (20 August 1909 &ndash 28 November 1978 sometimes credited as Andre Morell) was a British actor Sir Michael Murray Hordern ( 3 October 1911 &ndash 2 May 1995) was an English Actor, knighted in 1983 for his services Diana Körner (b September 24, 1944 in Wolmirsleben, Germany) is a German actress. Arthur O'Sullivan (1912 &ndash February 17, 1981) also known as Archie O'Sullivan, was an Irish actor who appeared on stage screen and radio Feeny|
|Billy Boyle||Seamus Feeny|
|Anthony Sharp||Lord Hallam|
The film's period setting allowed Kubrick to indulge his penchant for classical music, and the film score uses pieces by Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, Giovanni Paisiello, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Franz Schubert. WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section.2 This article is written in British English including maximised use of "-ise" Giovanni Paisiello (or Paesiello) ( May 9, 1740 &ndash June 5, 1816) was an Italian Composer of the The score also includes Irish folk music performed by The Chieftains. The folk music of Ireland (also known as Irish traditional music, Irish trad, Irish folk music, and other variants is the generic term for music that has The Chieftains are a Grammy -winning Irish musical group founded in 1962 best known for being the first band to make Irish traditional music popular The piece most associated with the film is the main title music, George Frideric Handel's stately Sarabande from the Suite in D minor HWV 437, originally for solo harpsichord. In Music, the sarabande (It sarabanda) is a Dance in Triple metre. A harpsichord is a Musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. Yet the versions for main and end title are performed very romantically with orchestral strings, harpsichord, and tympani. Romantic Music is a Musicological term referring to a particular period theory compositional practice and canon in European music history from about 1815 to 1910 Timpani (also known colloquially as kettledrums or kettle drums) are Musical instruments in the percussion family It is used at various points in the film, in various arrangements, to indicate the implacable working of impersonal fate. Another very famous piece in the soundtrack is called Women of Ireland, by Seán Ó Riada, played by The Chieftains. Seán Ó Riada ( August 1, 1931 - October 3, 1971) born John Reidy, was a composer and bandleader and perhaps the single most
Leonard Rosenman won a 1975 Academy Award for Best Musical Score for adapting the various pieces of baroque and classical music. Leonard Rosenman ( September 7 1924 – March 4 2008) was an American Academy Award and Emmy Award winning film television "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to mainstream music produced in or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and Secular music Ironically, years later, Rosenman expressed bittersweet memories (both of this movie and of Kubrick): "He would shoot take after take needlessly. He just didn't know what he was looking for, until after he found it. Still, he's one of the best friends I've ever had or will have, and I told him so. Thus, for the sake of that friendship, we both agreed never to work together on the same movie again for as long as we lived. " (They never did. )
The film is famous for its cinematography, which was overseen by director of photography John Alcott (who won an Oscar for his work), and for the technical innovations that made some of its most spectacular images possible. See also Filmmaking Cinematography (from Greek: kinesis κινησις (movement and grapho γραφω (to record is the discipline John Alcott, BSC ( London, 1931 - July 28 1986) was an Oscar winning cinematographer best known for his four collaborations with director
Alcott used three f/0.70 lenses developed by Zeiss for NASA for use in the Apollo moon landings, which Kubrick discovered in his search for a lens that could film in low-light situations. A photographic lens (also known as objective lens or photographic objective) is an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with The National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA, ˈnæsə is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nation's public space program The super-fast lens allowed him to shoot scenes lit with actual candlelight with an average lighting volume of only three candlepower. A candle is a Light source and sometimes a Heat source consisting of a solid block of Fuel and an embedded wick. Candlepower (abbreviated as cp) is an obsolete scientific unit of Luminous intensity based on the light emitted from a Candle made to a specified formula In fact, the film features the largest lens aperture in film history.
Most shots, however, were achieved with conventional lenses but were lit in a way that mimics natural light. This has the dual result of making the lighting seem more realistic and giving a look to the film similar to 18th century paintings (because, of course, painters of the period were depicting a world devoid of electric lighting). For example, to light a room, rather than placing the lights inside as would be done in a conventional movie, the lights were placed outside and aimed through the windows, which were covered in a diffuse material to scatter the light evenly through the room. Not only did this give the look of natural daylight coming in through the windows, it also protected the historic locations from the damage caused by mounting the lights on walls or ceilings and the heat from the lights. One telltale sign of this method occurs in the scene where Barry duels Lord Bullingdon. Though it appears to be lit entirely with natural light, one can see that the light coming in through the cross-shaped windows in the barn appears blue in color, while the main lighting of the scene coming in from the side is not. This is because the light through the cross-shaped windows is daylight from the sun, which when recorded on the film stock used by Kubrick showed up as blue-tinted compared to the incandescent electric light coming in from the side.
Principal photography took 300 days, from spring 1973 through early 1974, with a break for Christmas.
Several of the interior scenes were filmed in Powerscourt House, a famous 18th century mansion in County Wicklow, Republic of Ireland. Powerscourt Estate (Eastát Chúirt an Phaoraigh located near Enniskerry, County Wicklow, Ireland, is a large Country estate which is County Wicklow (Contae Chill Mhantáin is a county on the east coast of Ireland, immediately south of Dublin. Ireland ( Irish: Éire, ˈeːrʲə is a country in north-western Europe. The house was destroyed in an accidental fire several months after filming (November 1974), so the movie serves as a record of the lost interiors. Other locations included Castle Howard in England (exteriors of the Lyndon estate), Dublin Castle in Ireland (the chevalier's home), Petworth House, West Sussex, Ludwigsburg Palace near Stuttgart and Frederick the Great's Neues Palais at Potsdam near Berlin. Castle Howard is a Stately home in North Yorkshire, England 15 miles (24 km north of York. Dublin Castle (Caisleán Bhaile Átha Cliath off Dame Street, Dublin, Ireland, is a major Irish governmental complex formerly the fortified Petworth House in Petworth, West Sussex, England, is a late 17th-century Mansion, rebuilt in 1688 by Charles Seymour Ludwigsburg Palace is one of Germany 's largest Baroque palaces and features an enormous baroque garden Stuttgart (ˈʃtʊtgaɐ̯t is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. Frederick II (Friedrich II January 24 1712 August 17 1786) was a King of Prussia (1740&ndash1786 from the -->The Also see Potsdam New York (in the USA For the Potsdam Conference see Potsdam Conference. Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany.
Stanley Kubrick based his original screenplay on William Makepeace Thackeray's The Luck of Barry Lyndon (republished as the novel Memoirs of Barry Lyndon, Esq. William Makepeace Thackeray (ˈθækərɪ 18 July 1811 – 24 December 1863 was an English Novelist of the 19th century The Luck of Barry Lyndon is a Picaresque novel by William Makepeace Thackeray, first published in serial form in 1844, about a member of the ), a picaresque tale written and published in serial form in 1844. The picaresque novel ( Spanish: "picaresca", from "pícaro", for " Rogue " or " Rascal " is a The serial, which is told in the first person and "edited" by the fictional George Savage FitzBoodle, concerns a member of the Irish gentry trying to become a member of the English aristocracy.
The source novel is written by Lyndon while imprisoned looking back on his life. Lyndon is a notable example of the literary device of the unreliable narrator – throughout the novel the reader is constantly asked to question the veracity of the events described by him. Although later editions dropped the frame device of FitzBoodle's (Thackeray's pseudonym) editions, it is crucial in unmasking Lyndon's narcissism through occasional notes inserted at the bottom of the page noting information that is contradictory or inconsistent in relation to what Lyndon writes elsewhere. Andrew Sanders mentions in his introduction for the Oxford Classics edition, these annotations were relevant to the novel as an ingenious narrative device as Thackeray constantly invites the reader to question Lyndon's version of the events.
Kubrick however felt that using a first-person narrative would not be useful in a film adaptation :
As in the case of most literary adaptations, Kubrick shortens or in some cases omits characters who were significant in the novel. The time period constituting his escape from the Prussian army to his marriage is given greater detail in the novel than the film.
It's also interesting to note that the film ends much before the novel's ending. At the end of the film, Barry Lyndon survives with an amputated leg from a duel (an incident absent in the novel) and returns to his gambling lifestyle with lesser success while Lady Lyndon pays the debts accumulated during her marriage to Barry, including the sum promised to Redmond in return for leaving the country. Though these events occur in the novel as well, it also shows that upon Lady Lyndon's death, the sum promised to Barry is cancelled and he becomes destitute eventually winding up in prison for his confidence schemes. It is at this place where Barry writes his memoirs, which end noting that he has to 'eke out a miserable existence, quite unworthy of the famous and fashionable Barry Lyndon'.
At this point Fitz-Boodle writes an epilogue of sorts about Barry's final days, where his only visitor is his mother. He dies after spending nineteen years in prison.
Thackeray based the novel on the life and exploits of the Irish rakehell and fortunehunter Andrew Robinson Stoney, who married (and subsequently was divorced by) Mary Eleanor Bowes, the Countess of Strathmore, who became known as "The Unhappy Countess" due to the tempestuous liaison. A rake is defined as a man habituated to immoral conduct Rakes are frequently Stock characters in novels Andrew Robinson Stoney, later styled Andrew Robinson Stoney Bowes (1747-1810 was an Anglo-Irish adventurer who married Mary Eleanor Bowes, the Countess Mary Eleanor Bowes Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1749 &ndash 1800 also known as "The Unhappy Countess" was the daughter of George Bowes and wife Mary The Countess of Strathmore is one of the ancestors of Queen Elizabeth II. For the ship see RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Context States headed by Elizabeth II
The revised version, which is the novel that the world generally knows as Barry Lyndon, was shorter and tighter than the original serialization, and dropped the FitzBoodle, Ed. device. It generally is considered the first "novel without a hero" or novel with an antihero in the English language. Upon its publication in 1856, it was entitled by Thackeray's publisher The Memoirs of Barry Lyndon, Esq. Of The Kingdom Of Ireland Containing An Account of His Extraordinary Adventures; Misfortunes; His Sufferings In The Service Of His Late Prussian Majesty; His Visits To Many Courts of Europe; His Marriage and Splendid Establishments in England And Ireland; And The Many Cruel Persecutions, Conspiracies And Slanders Of Which He Has Been A Victim. 
Barry Lyndon departs from its source novel in several ways. In Thackeray’s writings, events are related in the first person by Barry himself. A comic tone pervades the work, as Barry proves both a raconteur and an unreliable narrator. In literature film theatre and music an unreliable narrator (a term coined by Wayne C Kubrick’s film, by contrast, presents the story objectively. Though the film contains voice-over (by actor Michael Hordern), the comments expressed are not Barry's, but those of an omniscient, although not entirely impartial, narrator. Sir Michael Murray Hordern ( 3 October 1911 &ndash 2 May 1995) was an English Actor, knighted in 1983 for his services The third-person narrative is a Narrative mode applying the third person. This change in perspective alters the tone of the story; Thackeray tells a jaunty, humorous tale, but Kubrick's telling is essentially tragic, with many subtle humorous jabs toward 18th century society, such as how Barry tries to learn the correct behavior for a gentleman, and pays a huge price when he does so.
Kubrick also changed the plot. The novel does not include a final duel. By adding this episode, Kubrick establishes dueling as the film’s central motif. The movie begins with a duel where Barry’s father is shot dead, and duels recur throughout the film.
The film received Academy Awards for Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design and Best Musical Score. "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is an Academy Award awarded each year to a Cinematographer for work in one particular Motion picture. This Academy Award was first given for movies made in 1948 when separate awards were given for black-and-white and color movies The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically Kubrick was nominated three times, for Best Director, Best Picture, and Best Adapted Screenplay. The Academy Award for Achievement in Directing (Best Director is one of the Awards of Merit presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to artists working The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent Film awards in the United States
Kubrick won the British Academy of Film and Television Arts Award for Best Direction. The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA is a British charity that hosts annual awards shows for film television television craft video games and forms of animation Winners of the BAFTA Award for Best Direction presented by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. John Alcott won for Best Cinematography. 2000s 2007 - No Country for Old Men - Roger Deakins American Gangster Barry Lyndon was also nominated for Best Film, Art Direction, and Costume Design. This page lists the winners and nominees for the BAFTA Award for Best Film, BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language and Alexander Korda Award for Best British 2006 - El Laberinto del fauno - Lala Huete The Devil Wears Prada – Patricia
Although the original print did not provide translations of the small bits of French and German dialogue, by activating English subtitles on the DVD version, they are displayed as English captions.