|Type||Public (LSE: BARC, NYSE: BCS, TYO: 8642)|
|Headquarters||London, England, UK|
|Key people||Marcus Agius, Chairman|
John Varley, Chief Executive
|Revenue||£23,000 million GBP (2007)|
|Operating income||£7,048 million GBP (2007)|
|Net income||£5,095 million GBP (2007)|
Barclays PLC is a major global financial services provider operating in Europe, the United States, the Middle East, Latin America, Australia, Asia and Africa. A public company usually refers to a company that is permitted to offer its registered securities ( Stock, bonds, etc The London Stock Exchange or LSE is a Stock exchange located in London, England. The New York Stock Exchange ( NYSE) is a Stock exchange based in New York City. The, or TSE, located in Tokyo, Japan, is the second largest Stock exchange market in the world by market value second only to the New York Stock London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Marcus Ambrose Paul Agius (born 22 July 1946) is a British Financier and businessman currently the Chairman of Barclays John Silvester Varley (born April 1 1956 Warwick) is a British banker currently Group Chief Executive of Barclays Bank. For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" A banker or bank is a Financial institution whose primary activity is to act as a payment agent for customers and to borrow and lend money In Marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a Market that might satisfy a want or need A commercial bank is a type of Financial intermediary and a type of Bank. Investment banks profit from companies and governments by raising money through issuing and selling Securities in the Capital markets (both equity and In business revenue or revenues is Income that a company receives from its normal business activities usually from the sale of goods and services The Pound Sterling ( symbol £; ISO code: GBP) subdivided into 100 pence (singular penny) is the Currency In financial and business Accounting, earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT is a measure of a firm's profitability that excludes interest and income tax expenses The Pound Sterling ( symbol £; ISO code: GBP) subdivided into 100 pence (singular penny) is the Currency Net income is equal to the Income that a firm has after subtracting costs and Expenses from the total Revenue. The Pound Sterling ( symbol £; ISO code: GBP) subdivided into 100 pence (singular penny) is the Currency Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages One Churchill Place is a 156 m tall skyscraper with 32 floors and the present (as of 2008) headquarters of Barclays Bank. Canary Wharf is a large business and shopping development in London, located in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, centred on the old West India Docks The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. It is a holding company that is listed in London, New York and Tokyo. A holding company is a company that owns part all or a majority of other companies' outstanding Stock. The London Stock Exchange or LSE is a Stock exchange located in London, England. The New York Stock Exchange ( NYSE) is a Stock exchange based in New York City. The, or TSE, located in Tokyo, Japan, is the second largest Stock exchange market in the world by market value second only to the New York Stock It operates through its subsidiary Barclays Bank PLC. It is also the current sponsor of the English Premier League. The Premier League, colloquially referred to as the Premiership, is an English professional league for football clubs
Barclays PLC is the 18th largest company in the world according to Forbes Global 2000 rankings (2007 list). The Forbes Global 2000 is an annual ranking of the top 2000 Public companies in the world by Forbes magazine Barclays PLC is the 4th largest financial services provider in the world by Tier 1 capital ($32. Tier 1 capital is the core measure of a Bank 's financial strength from a Regulator 's point of view 5 billion), and among the 10 largest banks in the industry by market capitalization ($94. Market capitalization/capitalisation (aka market cap, mkt cap or capitalized/capitalised value) is a measurement of Corporate or Economic 79 billion). It is the third largest bank in the United Kingdom based on market capitalization. Independent British banks The table shows the main independent British banks in order of market capitalisation The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located 
The bank's headquarters are at One Churchill Place in Canary Wharf, in London's Docklands, having moved there in May 2005 from Lombard Street in the City of London. One Churchill Place is a 156 m tall skyscraper with 32 floors and the present (as of 2008) headquarters of Barclays Bank. Canary Wharf is a large business and shopping development in London, located in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, centred on the old West India Docks Docklands is the semi-official name for an area in the east of London, England, comprising parts of several boroughs ( Southwark, Tower Hamlets Lombard Street is a street in the City of London. It runs north-west from the corner of the Bank of England, where it meets a major intersection including For London as a whole see the main article London. The City of London is a geographically
This bank traces its roots back to 1690 in London. A banker or bank is a Financial institution whose primary activity is to act as a payment agent for customers and to borrow and lend money London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The name "Barclays" became associated with the business in 1736, when James Barclay, son-in-law of one of the founders became a partner in the business.  In 1728, the bank moved to 54 Lombard Street, which was identified by the 'Sign of the Black Spread Eagle', over the years becoming a core part of the bank's identity. There are at least three famous Lombard Street s Lombard Street San Francisco, famed for its twists and turns Lombard Street London, leading 
- 1896 — Several banks in London and the English provinces, notably Backhouse's Bank of Darlington and Gurney's Bank of Norwich, unite under the banner of Barclays and Co. Backhouse's Bank of Darlington (James & Jonathan Backhouse and Co Darlington is a town in County Durham, England and the main population centre in the Borough of Darlington. Gurney's bank was a well-respected family-run bank headquartered in Norwich, England History Roman The Romans had their regional capital at Venta Icenorum on the river to the south which is near modern-day Caistor St Edmund , a joint-stock bank
- 1905–1916 — Acquisitions of small English banks extends the branch network
- 1918 — Barclays amalgamates with the London, Provincial and South Western Bank
- 1919 — The British Linen Bank was acquired by Barclays Bank though it retained a separate board of directors and continued to issue its own bank notes. A joint stock company (JSC is a type of business entity it is a type of Corporation or Partnership.
- 1965 — Barclays establishes a US affiliate, Barclays Bank of California in San Francisco. The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city
- 1966 — Barclaycard launched, the first credit card in the UK
- 1967 — Barclays unveils the first ATM cash machine at Enfield, north London. Barclaycard is a global credit provider ( Credit cards and Loans ' owned by Barclays plc in the UK. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom.
- 1969 — Planned merger with Martins Bank and Lloyds Bank; forbidden by the Mergers and Monopolies Commission
- 1969 — Acquisition of Martins Bank allowed
- 1969 — The British Linen Bank subsidiary sold to the Bank of Scotland in exchange for a 25% stake (effective from March 1971). Martins Bank had 16th century origins and was said to have been founded by Sir Thomas Gresham, who began trading in Lombard Street at the sign of the Grasshopper Lloyds TSB Group plc () is a leading British Financial institution with its Group Head office in London and its registered office The Competition Commission is an independent body responsible for investigating Mergers market shares and conditions and the regulation of firms under United Kingdom Martins Bank had 16th century origins and was said to have been founded by Sir Thomas Gresham, who began trading in Lombard Street at the sign of the Grasshopper The British Linen Bank was a Commercial bank based in Edinburgh, Scotland. The Bank of Scotland plc is a commercial and Clearing bank based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
- 1985 — Barclays Bank and Barclays Bank International merge. As part of the corporate reorganisation, the former Barclays Bank PLC becomes a group holding company, renamed as Barclays PLC. UK retail banking is integrated under the former BBI, and renamed Barclays Bank PLC. Retail banking refers to banking in which Banking institutions execute transactions directly with consumers rather than corporations or other banks
- 1986 — Barclays sells its South African operations under the Barclays National Bank name after protests against Barclays' involvement in South Africa and its apartheid government. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa First National Bank (FNB is one of South Africa 's " big four " banks
- 1986 — Buys de Zoete & Bevan and Wedd Durlacher to form BZW, to take advantage of Big Bang on the London Stock Exchange
- 1988 — Barclays sells Barclays Bank of California to Wells Fargo Bank, N. The phrase Big Bang, used in reference to the sudden deregulation of financial markets was coined to describe measures including the abolition of the distinction between Stockjobbers Wells Fargo & Co ( is a diversified Financial services company headquartered in San Francisco California, United States with operations around the A.
- 1994 — Edgar Pearce, the "Mardi Gras Bomber", begins a terror campaign against the bank and the supermarket chain Sainsbury's
- 1996 — Buys Wells Fargo Nikko Investment Advisors (WFNIA) and merges it with BZW Investment Management to form Barclays Global Investors
- 1998 — BZW business is broken up and parts sold to Credit Suisse First Boston. Edgar Eugene Pearce (b 1937/1938) was a blackmailer and bomber who was convicted of the Mardi Gra bombings after admitting a three-year blackmail Customer divider barjpg|thumb|In supermarkets sellers periodically change prices for classes of goods in response to market conditions rather than negotiating the price of each good J Sainsbury plc ( is the parent company of Sainsbury's Supermarkets Ltd commonly known as Sainsbury's (also Sainsbury and JS) the third largest Barclays Global Investors is an investment management subsidiary of U Credit Suisse First Boston was originally the trading name of the Financière Crédit Suisse-First Boston, a London-based 50-50 investment banking joint venture formed in 1978 Retains debt business which forms the foundation of what is now Barclays Capital.
- 1999 — In an unusual move as part of the trend at the time for free ISPs, Barclays launches an internet service called Barclays. Free ISPs are Internet Service Providers (ISPs which provide service free of charge net. This entity is acquired by British Telecom in 2001. BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (ˌbiːˈtiː bee tee) (previously known as British Telecom and still 
- 2000 — Acquisition of Woolwich plc (formerly the Woolwich Building Society)
- 2001 — Barclays closes 171 branches in the UK, many of them in rural communities. The Woolwich was the trading name of the Woolwich Building Society founded in 1847 as one of the first 'permanent' building societies. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Calls itself "THE BIG BANK" but this is quickly given a low profile after a series of embarrassing PR stunts.
- 2003 — Barclays buys American credit card company Juniper Bank from CIBC, re-branding it as "Barclays Bank Delaware". The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce () better known to most customers as CIBC, is one of Canada 's major Banks CIBC is classified as a Domestic Acquisition of Banco Zaragozano, the 11th Spanish bank.
- 2004 — Barclays takes over the Premier League as a sponsor from Barclaycard
- 2005 — Barclays seals £2. The Premier League, colloquially referred to as the Premiership, is an English professional league for football clubs Barclaycard is a global credit provider ( Credit cards and Loans ' owned by Barclays plc in the UK. 6bn takeover of Absa Group Limited, South Africa's largest retail bank, acquiring a 54% stake on 27 July
- 2006 — Barclays purchases HomEq servicing corporation for $469 million in cash from Wachovia Corp. The Absa Group Limited ( JSE: ASA (also known as ABSA or Absa) is the largest consumer Bank in South Africa. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa Wachovia Corporation ( based in Charlotte North Carolina, is a diversified Financial services holding company provided via its operating subsidiaries a broad
- 2006 — Acquisition of the financial website Comparetheloan
- 2006 — Barclays announces plans to rebrand Woolwich branches as Barclays, migrating Woolwich customers onto Barclays accounts and migrating back-office processes onto Barclays systems. The Woolwich brand will be used for Barclays mortgages.
- 2007 — Barclays announces that it has purchased the naming rights to the Barclays Center, a proposed 18,000-seat arena in Brooklyn, New York, where the New Jersey Nets plan to relocate. The Barclays Center is a proposed sports Arena to be built partly on a platform over the Metropolitan Transportation Authority -owned Atlantic Yards at Brooklyn (named after the Dutch town Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. The New Jersey Nets are a professional Basketball team in the National Basketball Association that plays in the Eastern Conference 's Atlantic
- 2007 — Barclays announces a merger with (effectively a takeover of) the Dutch bank ABN AMRO. In business a takeover is the purchase of one company (the target) by another (the acquirer, or bidder) The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands ABN AMRO is a Dutch bank currently owned by RFS Holdings BV, a consortium of Royal Bank of Scotland Group, Fortis Bank Nederland, and Banco Santander This prompts a separate bid for the Dutch bank from a consortium led by the RBS Group and comprising of the Belgian bank Fortis and the Spanish bank Santander, under the name RFS (Royal/Fortis/Santander}. The Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc ( is a banking and insurance Holding company in the United Kingdom based in Edinburgh, Scotland. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Grupo Santander (,;;) is a banking group centered on Banco Santander, the largest bank in Spain, which originated in Santander, Cantabria
- 2007 — Barclays agrees to purchase Equifirst Corporation from Regions Financial Corporation for $225 million. Regions Financial Corporation is a publicly held company based in Birmingham Alabama, USA, with the corporate headquarters at the Regions Center.
- 2007 — Barclays withdraws the bid for ABN AMRO allowing RBS to succeed with their offer.
- 2007 — Barclays Personal Investment Management announce the closure of their International office in Peterborough and its re-siting to Glasgow, laying off nearly 900 members of staff.
- 2008 — Barclays buys the credit card brand Goldfish for $70 million gaining 1. 7 million customers, and $3. 9 billion in receivables
- 2008 — Barclays buys a controlling stake in Russian retail bank Expobank for $745 million
Constituents of the Barclays Group
- Barclays Bank PLC
- Mercers Debt Collection Agency
- Barclays Bank Delaware (formerly Barclaycard US, originally Juniper Bank, acquired 2003)
- Barclays Retail Bank — UK clearing bank
- Barclays Commercial Bank — Dealing with medium and larger corporate UK business. UK banks
- Barclays Wealth — Stockbrokers, Offshore and Private bank
- Barclays Private Clients International Ltd. Independent British banks The table shows the main independent British banks in order of market capitalisation An offshore bank is a Bank located outside the country of residence of the depositor typically in a low tax jurisdiction (or Tax haven) that provides financial Private banking is a term for Banking Investment and other Financial services provided by banks to private individuals investing sizable assets — subsidiary based in the Isle of Man with branches in the Channel Islands
- Barclays Private Equity
- Barclaycard — Global credit card business
- Barclaycard US — Separate from the Barclaycard global operation, this is the corporation's US credit card operation (formerly known as "Juniper Bank"). The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin ˈɛlʲən ˈvanɪn or Mann (Mannin) is a self-governing Crown dependency, located in the Irish Sea at the geographical The Channel Islands ( Norman: Îles d'la Manche, French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are a group of Islands Barclays Capital is the Private Equity division of Barclays plc. Barclaycard is a global credit provider ( Credit cards and Loans ' owned by Barclays plc in the UK. Issues branded credit cards such as US Airways, Midwest Airlines, Frontier Airlines MasterCard, Airtran Airways Visa card, and Apple Store Visa and MasterCard accounts. The Apple Store is a chain of retail stores owned and operated by Apple Inc
- Barclays Capital — Investment bank
- Barclays Global Investors — Investment management company
- Woolwich plc — UK mortgage brand
- Barclays Africa — To be transferred to ABSA (South Africa)
- Barclays Spain
- Barclays Portugal
- Barclays France
- Absa Group Limited (South Africa)
- Firstplus Financial Group PLC
Board of Directors 
- Marcus Agius - Chairman
- Sir Nigel Rudd - Deputy Chairman
- Sir Richard Broadbent - Senior Independent Director
- Richard Leigh Clifford - Non Executive Director
- Professor Dame Sandra Dawson - Non Executive Director
- Sir Andrew Likierman - Non Executive Director
- Stephen Russell - Non Executive Director
- Sir John Sunderland - Non Executive Director
- Dr. Barclays Capital is a leading global investment bank. It is the investment banking division of Barclays plc which has a balance sheet of over £1 Investment banks profit from companies and governments by raising money through issuing and selling Securities in the Capital markets (both equity and Barclays Global Investors is an investment management subsidiary of U The Woolwich was the trading name of the Woolwich Building Society founded in 1847 as one of the first 'permanent' building societies. The Absa Group Limited ( JSE: ASA (also known as ABSA or Absa) is the largest consumer Bank in South Africa. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa Marcus Ambrose Paul Agius (born 22 July 1946) is a British Financier and businessman currently the Chairman of Barclays Sir Nigel Rudd (born 1946 in Derby, England) is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants. Sir Richard Broadbent KCB is a British Businessman and retired Civil Servant. Danie Cronjé - Non Executive Director, Chairman of Absa
- John Varley - Group Chief Executive (Executive Committee & Board)
- Robert E. Diamond, Jr. - President and CEO, Investment Management & International Banking (Executive Committee & Board)
- Frits Seegers - CEO, Global Retail & Commercial Banking (Executive Committee & Board)
- Paul Idzik - Chief Operating Officer (Executive Committee)
- Christopher Lucas - Group Finance Director (Executive Committee & Board)
- Mark Harding - Group General Counsel (reporting to Group Finance Director)
- Arif Khan - Group Vice Chairman (Board)
Operating Unit Chief Executives
- CEO, Wealth Management - Tom Kalaris
- CEO, Barclays Global Investors - Blake Grossman
- President, Barclays Capital - Jerry del Missier
- CEO, UK Retail Banking - Deanna Oppenheimer
- CEO, UK Business Banking - Christopher Grigg
- CEO, Barclaycard - Antony Jenkins
- CEO, Barclays Western Europe - Leo Salom
- CEO, Barclays Emerging Markets - Ahmed Khan
- CEO, Barclays Sub Saharan Africa & Absa - Steve Booysen
Other Corporate Directors
- Director of Human Resources - Cathy Turner
- Director of Corporate Affairs - Emily Landis Walker
- Chief Information Officer - Bob Rickert
- Chief Administrative Officer - Mike Foley
- Group Treasurer - Jon Stone
- Company Secretary - Lawrence Dickinson
Barclays is headed by Marcus Agius, the Group Chairman, who joined the Board on 1 September 2006 and succeeded Matthew Barrett as Chairman from 1 January 2007. Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Agius is also the senior executive Director of the BBC and was formerly Chairman of BAA PLC, Chairman of Lazard in London and a Deputy Chairman of Lazard LLC until 31 December 2006. Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
Reporting directly to the Group Chairman is John Varley, the Group Chief Executive, who is responsible for the strategic direction and planning of all Barclays operations. Varley was appointed to the role in September 2004 prior to which he served as Deputy Chief Executive (January-September 2004) and Group Finance Director (2000-2003)
The operating units of Barclays are grouped under two umbrellas; Investment Banking and Investment Management (IB&IM) and Global Retail and Commercial Banking (GRCB). IB&IM oversees three core operating units: Barclays Capital, Barclays Global Investors (BGI) and Barclays Wealth Management.
GRCB oversees multiple operating units. Principally it has responsibility for UK Retail Banking (UKRB), Barclays Commercial Bank (formally UK Business Banking), Barclaycard and International Retail and Commercial Banking (IR&CB).
Branch of Barclays in Westminster
Barclays over 1800 UK high street branches (including former Woolwich branches) and it has also joined up with the Post Office Ltd to provide personal banking services to customers who live near a Post Office branch and those who need financial services such as secured or unsecured loans. For the UK's mail delivery service See Royal Mail Post Office Ltd (Swyddfa'r Post Cyf
Most Barclays branches have 24/7 ATMs. Barclays' customers and customers of many other banks can use Barclays ATMs free of charge.
Barclays is a member of the Global ATM Alliance. The Global ATM Alliance is a joint venture of several major international banks that allows customers of the banks to use their ATM card or Debit card at another bank 
Since 2004, Barclays has sponsored the Premier League and, from 2006, the Churchill Cup. The Premier League, colloquially referred to as the Premiership, is an English professional league for football clubs The Churchill Cup (currently referred to as Barclays Churchill Cup for sponsorship reasons is an annual Rugby union tournament contested by representative It also sponsors the 2008 Dubai Tennis Championships .
Barclays also sponsored the Football League from 1987 until 1993, succeeding Today newspaper and being replaced by Endsleigh Insurance. The Football League, also known as the Coca-Cola Football League for sponsorship reasons is a league competition featuring professional football clubs Endsleigh Insurance is a Cheltenham -based UK insurance intermediary specialising in the student and graduate markets
Barclays' legal situation
Currently, a South African activist group, the Jubilee South Africa backed Khulumani Support Group, is seeking reparations from Barclays in addition to Citigroup, BP, Royal Dutch Shell, Ford, GM, and Deutsche Bank for their roles indirectly supporting the apartheid government in South Africa during the 1970s and 1980s. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa BP plc, previously known as British Petroleum, is the third largest global Energy company, a multinational oil company (" Oil major Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known simply as Shell, is a multinational oil company of Dutch and British origins Ford Motor Company is an American Multinational corporation and the world's fourth largest automaker based on Worldwide vehicle sales, following General Motors Corporation ( GM) ( is a multinational automobile manufacturer founded in 1908 and headquartered in the United States. Deutsche Bank AG (literally "German Bank" ˈdɔɪtʃə,) is an international Universal bank with a broad private clients franchise headquartered in Ancient history The Bushmen See also Ancient History of South Africa Some three million years ago Ape -human-like Hominids The legal proceedings are being heard at the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in New York, and the South African Ministry of Justice is seeking dismissal of the case on the grounds that it undermines its national sovereignty. The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Brigitte Sylvia Mabandla (born November 23 1948 is the South African minister of public enterprises; and formerly the minister of justice and constitutional development 
Planned merger with ABN AMRO
In March 2007 Barclays announced plans to merge with ABN AMRO, the largest bank in the Netherlands. ABN AMRO is a Dutch bank currently owned by RFS Holdings BV, a consortium of Royal Bank of Scotland Group, Fortis Bank Nederland, and Banco Santander  However, on 5 October 2007 Barclays announced that it had abandoned its bid, citing inadequate support by ABN shareholders. Events 869 - The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to decide about what to do about Patriarch Photius of Constantinople Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Fewer than 80% of shares had been tendered to Barclay's cash-and-shares offer.  This left the consortium led by Royal Bank of Scotland free to proceed with its $99. The Royal Bank of Scotland plc ( Scottish Gaelic: Banca Rìoghail na h-Alba) is one of the retail banking subsidiaries of the Royal Bank of Scotland Group 9 billion counter-bid for ABN AMRO.
To help finance its bid for ABN AMRO, Barclays sold a 3. 1% stake to China Development Bank and a 3% stake to Temasek Holdings, the investment arm of the Singaporean government. The China Development Bank ( CDB) ( is a financial institution in the People's Republic of China (PRC under the direct jurisdiction of the State Council Temasek Holdings is an investment company owned by the government of Singapore.
On 30 August 2007, Barclays was forced to borrow £1. Events 1363 - Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders— Chen Youliang and Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 6bn ($3. 2bn) from the Bank of England sterling standby facility. The Bank of England (formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England) is a state-owned institution and the Central bank of the United Kingdom This is made available as a last-resort when banks are unable to settle their debts to other banks at the end of daily trading.
Despite rumours about liquidity at Barclays, the loan was necessary due to a technical problem with their computerised settlement network. A Barclays spokesman was quoted as saying "There are no liquidity issues in the U. K markets. Barclays itself is flush with liquidity. "
On 9 November 2007, Barclays shares dropped 9% and were even temporarily suspended for a short period of time, due to rumours of a $10bn (£4. Events 694 - Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims sentencing all Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 8bn) exposure to bad debts in the US. However, a Barclays spokesman denied the rumours. 
Subsequent write-downs at the bank were announced to be £1 billion ($1. 9 billion), much less than feared.
Barclays helps to fund President Robert Mugabe's regime in Zimbabwe. See also Great Zimbabwe National Monument. For information about the March and June 2008 presidential elections see Zimbabwean presidential election  The most controversial of a set of loans provided by Barclays is the £30m it gives to help sustain land reforms that saw Mugabe seize white-owned farmland and drive more than 100,000 black workers from their homes. Opponents have called the bank's involment a 'disgrace' and an 'insult' to the millions who have suffered human rights abuses.  Barclays spokesmen say the bank has had customers in Zimbabwe for decades and abandoning them now would make matters worse, 'We are committed to continuing to provide a service to those customers in what is clearly a difficult operating environment". 
Due to Indian call centres, Barclays have made 100's of people in Manchester, Coventry and Sunderland leave their department and have to take on a new job role within the company.
Robert Diamond, a US-born banker on the board of Barclays, was set to receive a £14. Robert Edward "Bob" Diamond Jr (born Springfield Massachusetts, July 27, 1951) is an American Banker who is currently 8m bonus in 2008 even though the subprime mortgage crisis in the US forced his group to take a £1. The subprime mortgage crisis is an ongoing financial crisis characterized by contracted Liquidity in global credit markets and Banking 6bn hit in 2007. 
- Barclays Bank Limited 1926-1969: Some Recollections by A W Tuke and R J H Gillman. 
- The Eagle Looks Back: A Silver Jubilee Anthology of Twenty-Five years Contributions to "The Spread Eagle" (Staff magazine which first appeared in 1926) 
- ^ Frankenhoff, Will. The European Financial Services Roundtable (EFSR is a European organization located in Brussels, Belgium, of financial service companies to provide a voice on policies "Time to Bank on Barclays: Despite last year's advance, shares of Barclays have further room to run in 2007", 'Motley Fool', MSNBC. The Motley Fool is a commercial Website about Stocks investing, and Personal finance. com, January 9, 2007. Events 475 - Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Retrieved on 2007-01-30. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 1648 - Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Münster is signed ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain
- ^ Company History. Barclays Newsroom: Business History. Barclays. Retrieved on 2007-01-30. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 1648 - Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Münster is signed ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain See also: Barclays: The Business of Banking, 1690-1996 by Margaret Ackrill and Leslie Hannah; Cambridge UP, 2001 ISBN 0-52179-035-2
- ^ Company History. Barclays. com. Barclays. Retrieved on 2008-05-11. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Events 330 - Byzantium is renamed ''Nova Roma'' during a dedication ceremony but is more popularly referred to as Constantinople
- ^ Internet Archive Wayback Machine
- ^ Comparetheloan - Cheap Homeowner Loans , Compare Loans , UK Secured Loans
- ^ Barclays Bank Website, Board of Directors
- ^ "Five big banks form Global ATM Alliance", ATMmarketplace. com. January 9, 2002. Events 475 - Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople. See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Accessed June 22, 2007. Events 217 BC - Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.
- ^ Barclays faces apartheid court action. Julia Kollewe, 21 January 2006.
- ^ Barclays and ABN AMRO Announce Outline of Preliminary Discussions
- ^ http://www.abnamro.com/pressroom/releases/2007/2007-03-20-en.jsp
- ^ Barclays Bank Makes Inquiry on Takeover of ABN Amro - New York Times
- ^ BBC NEWS | Business |Barclays abandons ABN Amro offer
- ^ Free Preview - WSJ.com
- ^ Bloomberg.com: U.K. & Ireland
- ^ BBC NEWS | Business |Barclays denies bad debt rumour
- ^ Barclays bankrolls Mugabe’s brutal regime
- ^ Barclays' millions help to prop up Mugabe regime
- ^ Barclay's 'helping to fund Mugabe regime'
- ^ Barclays director lands £14.8m bonus
- ^ From a copy of Barclays Bank Limited 1926-1969 published by Barclays Bank Limited London in 1972. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. A hardback with 167 pages and with no reference to an ISBN
- ^ From a copy of The Eagle Looks Back published by Barclays Bank Limited (Spread Eagle) London 1951 with no ISBN
- The Forbes Global 2000. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. 2008 list. Retrieved on 2008-04-13. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Events 1111 - Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. 1204 - The Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople
- Top 1000 World Banks 2006. The Banker. Retrieved on 2006-09-03. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 36 BC - In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius
- Barclays Newsroom. Barclays plc. Retrieved on 2007-01-27. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 98 - Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.
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