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A barangay (Tagalog: barangay, [ˈbaraŋgaj]), also known by its former Spanish adopted name, the barrio, is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP The political system in the Philippines takes place in an organized framework of a presidential, representative and democratic Republic The political system in the Philippines takes place in an organized framework of a presidential, representative and democratic Republic The political history of the Philippines as a unified archipelago begins with the rule of the Spanish monarchs of the Philippines The Constitution of the Philippines ( Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in Filipino) is the supreme Law of the Philippines The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. This a complete list of Presidents of the Philippines that consists of the 14 Heads of state in the history of the Philippines. Maria Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal on April 5 1947 is a Filipina Politician. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. For the film see 2010 The Year We Make Contact. For the book see 2010 Odyssey Two. The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government This is a complete list of Vice Presidents of the Philippines. Manuel Leuterio de Castro Jr (born July 6, 1949) better known as Noli de Castro, is a Politician and former broadcast journalist in the "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " For the film see 2010 The Year We Make Contact. For the book see 2010 Odyssey Two. The Executive Departments of the Philippines (also known as the "Cabinet" are the largest component of the national Executive branch of the government of the In Philippine politics the Cabinet consists of the heads of the largest part of the executive branch of the national government The Congress of the Philippines ( Filipino: Kongréso ng Pilipínas) is the national Legislature of the Philippines. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. For the film see 2010 The Year We Make Contact. For the book see 2010 Odyssey Two. The Senate of the Philippines ( Filipino: Senádo ng Pilipínas) is the upper chamber of the bicameral Legislature of the Philippines, the The House of Representatives of the Philippines ( Filipino: Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines The President of the Senate of the Philippines is the presiding officer and the highest ranking-official of the Senate of the Philippines. Manuel "Manny" Bamba Villar Jr (born December 13, 1949) is a Filipino businessman and politician currently the President of the Senate The Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives. Prospero C Nograles (born October 30, 1947) also known as Boy Nograles, is the incumbent Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines The Supreme Court of the Philippines ( Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas or Korte Suprema) is the country's highest judicial court as well The Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court presides over the Supreme Court of the Philippines and is the highest judicial officer of the government of the Reynato S Puno (born May 17, 1940) is the incumbent Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The Philippine Court of Appeals ( Filipino: Hukumang Paghahabol ng Pilipinas) is the country's second highest judicial court just after the Supreme Court The Sandiganbayan is a special Court in the Philippines which was established under Presidential Decree No The Philippine Court of Tax Appeals ( Filipino: Hukumang Paghahabol sa Buwis ng Pilipinas) is the special court of limited jurisdiction and has the same level with The Philippine Ombudsman (Fil Tanodbayan) is an Ombudsman responsible for investigating and prosecuting government officials in the Philippines who are The Philippines elects on national level a Head of state (the President) and a Legislature. Functions of the Commission Under the Constitution the Commission on Elections is independent of the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of the Philippine Jose AR Melo (born May 30, 1932) is a Filipino lawyer and jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Legislative elections and local elections will be held on May 13, 2013. Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections in the Philippines are scheduled to be held on May 10, 2010. Legislative and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 14, 2007. Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 10, 2004. Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 14, 2001. Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1998. Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 8, 1995. Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. The Elections for the Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1987. The Presidential and Vice-Presidential Snap elections were held on February 7, 1986 in the Philippines. The Philippines elects on national level a Head of state (the President) and a Legislature. Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and are plentiful in number The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or Lakas-CMD is the current ruling Political party in the Philippines The Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino ( Partner of the Free Filipino, abbreviated KAMPI) formerly the Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino ( Partner The Nationalist People's Coalition or NPC is a Political party in the Philippines. For National Parties in other countries see National Party. The Nacionalista Party ( Filipino: Partido Nacionalista) is The Liberal Party of the Philippines ( Filipino: Partido Liberal ng Pilipinas) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded on November The United Opposition is a Political party in the Philippines. The Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan ( Philippine Democratic Party-People's Power) or PDP-LABAN is a Political party in the Philippines For the party coalition see Puwersa ng Masa. The Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (Force of the Filipino Masses) formerly Partido Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and are plentiful in number The Philippines is divided into from the highest division to the lowest Provinces and independent cities Municipalities and This is a list of current and former national capital cities in the Philippines, which includes during the time of the Spanish colonization the First Philippine Republic, the In the Philippines, regions ( Filpino: rehiyon, ISO 3166-2PH) are administrative division that serve primarily to organize the 81 The provinces of the Philippines are the primary administrative divisions of the Philippines. A city ( lungsod, or sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines A municipality ( bayan, sometimes munisipyo in Cebuano or used infrequently in Tagalog) is a local government unit in the Philippines Foreign relations of the Philippines is administered by the Philippines President and the nation's Department of Foreign Affairs. Human rights in the Philippines has been a subject of concern and controversy Information on politics by country is available for every Country, including both De jure and De facto independent Tagalog is one of the major languages used in the Philippines. Barrio is a Spanish word meaning District or Neighborhood. The Word has come into use in English mostly through the large Examples of administrative divisions English terms In many of the following terms corresponding to British cultural influence areas of relatively low mean population The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet, but smaller than a Town or City. Districts are a type of Administrative division, in some countries managed by a Local government. In Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, a ward is an Electoral district Municipalities and cities are composed of barangays. A municipality ( bayan, sometimes munisipyo in Cebuano or used infrequently in Tagalog) is a local government unit in the Philippines A city ( lungsod, or sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines In place names barangay is sometimes abbreviated as "Brgy" or "Bgy". As of December 31, 2006 there are a total of 41,995 barangays throughout the Philippines. Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. 
The term barangay and its structure in the modern context was conceived during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos, replacing the old barrios and municipal councils. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos ( September 11, 1917 &ndash September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986 The barangays were eventually codified under the 1991 Local Government Code. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar.
Historically, a barangay is a relatively small community of around 50 to 100 families. Most villages have only thirty to one hundred houses and the population varies from one hundred to five hundred persons. According to Legazpi, he found communities with twenty to thirty people only. Miguel López de Legazpi ( 1502 &ndash August 20, 1572) also known as El Adelantado (The Governor and El Viejo (The Elder Many coastal villages in the Visayan region consisted of no more than eight to ten houses. Visayas ( Visayan: Kabisay-an) is one of the three island groups in the Philippines, along with Luzon and Mindanao. The word itself is derived from an ancient Malayo-Polynesian boat called a balangay. The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 351 million speakers It is commonly believed that in pre-colonial Philippines, each original coastal “barangay” formed as a result of settlers arriving by boat from other places in Southeast Asia.
Most were coastal or riverine in nature. This is because the principal sources of protein come from the seas and rivers, most of the people relying more on fishing for supply of food. Also, people travelled mostly by water. The movement of the population was up and down rivers and along the coasts, trails always followed river systems. Rivers were also a major source of water for bathing, washing, and drinking. Moreover, coastal villages are more accessible to traders where an economic activity is developed. Business with traders meant contact with other cultures and civilizations like the Chinese, Indian, and Arabian. Thus, the coastal communities in Manila, Iloilo and Panay, Cebu, Jolo, and Butuan attained a higher cultural level. The City of Manila Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Panay is an Island in the Philippines located in the Visayas. The City of Cebu ( Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Sugbo, Filipino: Lungsod ng Cebu) is the capital of Jolo is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Sulu, Philippines. The City of Butuan ( Tagalog: Lungsod ng Butuan) is the regional center of the Caraga Region in the Philippines.
Upon the arrival of the Spanish, several ancient barangays were combined to form towns. Spanish East Indies The story of the Philippines from 1521 to 1898 is an exciting epic of how a handful of Christian missionaries Spanish conquistadores Every barangay within a town was headed by the cabeza de barangay (barangay chief), who formed part of the elite ruling class of the municipalities of Spanish Philippines. The Cabeza de Barangay was the head or chief of the Barangay in Spanish Philippines  The post was at first inherited from the first datus who became cabezas de barangay, but then was made into an elected post after the Spanish Regime. Datu or datto is the title for ancient tribal chieftains and monarchs in pre-Hispanic Philippines. The Cabeza de Barangay was the head or chief of the Barangay in Spanish Philippines The primary job of the cabeza de barangay was to collect taxes (called tribute) from the residents. The Cabeza de Barangay was the head or chief of the Barangay in Spanish Philippines
When the Americans arrived, the term barrio went into prominence, as the barangays were called by that name. This article covers the history of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946 The term was kept for much of the twentieth century until President Ferdinand Marcos ordered the renaming of the barrios back to barangay. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos ( September 11, 1917 &ndash September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986 The name has stuck ever since, though some people still use the old term. The municipal council was abolished upon transfer of powers to the barangay system. Marcos used to call barangay as part of Philippine Participatory Democracy. Most of his writings involving the New society he envisioned praised the role of Baranganic Democracy in nation building.
After Edsa Revolution, and the Drafting of 1987 constitution, the Municipal Council was restored, making the Barangay the smallest local government in Philippine Politics.
The modern barangay is headed by an elected official, the Punong Barangay (Barangay Chief/Captain), who is aided by counselors, also elected. Barangay elections are hotly contested.
The barangay is governed from the Barangay Hall. Barangay Tanod also reffered to as Barangay Kagawad - form policing functions within the barangay. The number of Barangay Kagawads differ from one barangay to another; they help maintain law and order in the neighborhoods throughout the Philippine islands. Elections for the post of Punong Barangay and barangay Kagawads are usually held every three years, unless suspended or postponed by Congress.
A barangay is led and governed by its barangay officials. The "barangay officials" is considered as a Local Government Unit (LGU) same as the Provicial and the Municipal Government. It is composed of a Punong Barangay, seven (7) Barangay Councils or Barangay Kagawad, and a Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Chairman which is considered as a member of the Council. The Sangguniang Kabataan ( SK) (Youth Council is the governing body in every chapter of the Katipunan ng Kabataan (Youth Federation Thus, there are eight (8) members of the Legislative Council in a barangay. A Legislative Council is the name given to the legislatures or one of the chambers of the legislature of many nations and colonies Each member has its own respective committee where they are Chairmen of those committees. The Committees are the following: (1) Peace and Order Committee, (2) Appropriations, Finance and Ways and Means Committee, (3) Education Committee, (4) Health Committee, (5) Agriculture Committee, (6) Tourism Committee, (7) Infrastructure Committee, and (8) Youth and Sports Committee. There are three (3) appointed members of each committee.
There exists a union of barangays in the Philippines: the Liga ng mga Barangay (English: League of Barangays), more commonly referred to by its previous name, Association of Barangay Captains (ABC). Representing all 41,995 barangays, it is the largest grassroots organization in the Philippines. Its current president is Rico Judge "RJ" Echiverri.
The term "barangay" may also refer to a very large number or group of people. An example is the name given to the supporters of the Ginebra San Miguel basketball team, Barangay Ginebra. The Barangay Ginebra Kings is a professional team of the Philippine Basketball Association founded in 1979. In 1999, the team was renamed Barangay Ginebra Kings in homage to its fans. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar)