Ciudad ti Baguio
Lungsod ng Baguio
|Nickname: Summer Capital of the Philippines,|
City of Pines
Benguet Province map locating Baguio City
Location in the Philippines
|Region||Cordillera Administrative Region|
|Congressional Districts||Lone District of Baguio City|
|Date Updated (city)||September 1, 2009|
|- Congressman||Mauricio Domogan (Elect)|
|- Mayor||Reinaldo Bautista, Jr. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP In the Philippines, regions ( Filpino: rehiyon, ISO 3166-2PH) are administrative division that serve primarily to organize the 81 The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR, Philippines ' only land-locked region consists of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, The provinces of the Philippines are the primary administrative divisions of the Philippines. Benguet is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. This article refers to a political administrative division See Barangay Ginebra Kings for other uses The Legislative districts of the Philippines are the division are the representations of the Philippines ' provinces and cities in the Philippine Congress Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. This article is about the year For the film see 2009 Lost Memories. A Member of Congress is a Politician who is a member of a Congress. Mauricio G Domogan (born October 10, 1946) is a Filipino politician A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government (Elect)|
|- Vice Mayor||Daniel Fariñas (Elect)|
|- Total||57. Deputy mayor is an elective or appointive office of the second-ranking official in many local governments Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 5 km² (22. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 2 sq mi)|
|- Density||5,151/km² (13,341/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Languages||Ilocano, Tagalog, Kankana-ey, Ibaloi, English, Japanese, and Chinese. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume Philippine Standard Time (Pamantayang Oras ng Pilipinas abbreviated PST) or unofficially Philippine Time (abbreviated PHT) is the name used in the UTC+8 is a band of Timezones separated from the Greenwich Mean Time by 8 hours A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks A language is a dynamic set of visual auditory or tactile Symbols of Communication and the elements used to manipulate them To view the Ilokano edition of this Wikipedia article select from the in other languages section to the side of this page Tagalog is one of the major languages used in the Philippines. The Ibaloi or Nabaloi is an indigenous ethnic group found in the northern Philippines. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States is a language spoken by over 130 million people in Japan and in Japanese emigrant communities|
The City of Baguio (Ilokano: Ciudad ti Baguio; Filipino: Lungsod ng Baguio) is a highly urbanized city in northern Luzon in the Philippines. To view the Ilokano edition of this Wikipedia article select from the in other languages section to the side of this page Filipino is the national and an Official language of the Philippines as designated in the 1987 Philippine Constitution. A city ( lungsod, or sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines Luzon is the largest and most economically and politically important Island in the Philippines and one of the three island groups in the country with Visayas The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP Baguio City was established by Americans in 1900 at the site of an Ibaloi village known as Kafagway. Baguio City was designated by the Philippine Commission as the Summer Capital of the Philippines on June 1, 1903 and incorporated as a city by the Philippine Assembly on September 1, 1909. The Philippine Commission was a body appointed by the President of the United States to exercise legislative and limited executive powers in the Philippines. Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected Year 1903 ( MCMIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar or a Common year starting The Philippine Assembly was the legislative body of the Philippines during the earlier part U Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. Year 1909 ( MCMIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting There is a presidential mansion, as well as supreme court and legislative offices in Baguio. Baguio is the seat of government of the Cordillera Administrative Region. The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR, Philippines ' only land-locked region consists of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, The name of the city is derived from the word bagiw in Ibaloi, the indigenous language of the Benguet Region, meaning 'moss'. The city is at an altitude of approximately 1500 meters (5100 ft) in a moist tropical pine forest conducive to the growth of mossy plants and orchids.
According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 252,386 in 52,302 households.
The three main access roads leading to Baguio from the lowlands are Kennon Road, Marcos Highway, and Naguilian Highway. Kennon Road connects Baguio City with the town of Rosario, La Union in the Philippines. Kennon Road starts from Rosario, La Union and winds through a narrow, steep valley. Rosario is a 3rd class municipality in the province of La Union, Philippines. This is the fastest route to Baguio but is dangerous, with landslides during the rainy season. Marcos Highway, which starts from Agoo, La Union, and Naguilian Highway, which starts from Bauang, La Union, are longer routes but are safer than Kennon Road and are the preferred routes for coaches, buses and lorries. Agoo is a 1st class municipality in the province of La Union, Philippines. Bauang is a 1st class municipality in the province of La Union, Philippines. With its charter in 1909, Baguio is not a part of the Benguet province, though geographically speaking it's located in the said province.
Loakan Airport in Baguio is about 20 minutes by car south of the city. Loakan Airport ( Filipino: Paliparan ng Loakan, Ilokano: Pagtagitayaban ti Loakan) is an Airport serving the general area of Due to its limited length the runway is restricted to small aircraft. This perhaps contributed to the city's declining competitiveness against other medium-sized cities around the country. The airport is only used by propeller-driven aircraft. Currently, Asian Spirit flies Sunday, Monday, Wednesday and Friday to and from Manila, a 50 minute flight. The City of Manila Flights to Baguio are scheduled only in the morning, as visibility approaches zero in afternoons when fog starts to form.
It takes an average of six hours to travel the 250 km distance between Manila and Baguio by way of Kennon Road. The City of Manila Kennon Road connects Baguio City with the town of Rosario, La Union in the Philippines. It is about fifteen minutes longer through the Marcos Highway and could take three more hours when going through Naguilian Road, which is the usual route for travellers from the North. Kennon Road is occasionally blocked by landslides during the rainy season and the same problem occurs on the other two access roads. Kennon Road connects Baguio City with the town of Rosario, La Union in the Philippines. The route to Baguio through Kennon Road is as scenic as it is dangerous. Kennon Road connects Baguio City with the town of Rosario, La Union in the Philippines. There is another access to Baguio from Aritao in the province of Nueva Vizcaya but this is less traveled, the road is not well maintained, and public transportation through this route is not as regular. Aritao is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines. Nueva Vizcaya is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Another road, Halsema Road (also known as "Mountain Trail") leads north through the mountainous portion of the Cordillera Autonomous Region. The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR, Philippines ' only land-locked region consists of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, It starts at the northern border of Baguio, in the Municipality of La Trinidad (Trinidad Valley).
There are several bus lines linking Baguio with Manila and Central Luzon, and provinces such as Pangasinan, La Union, and those in the Ilocos region. The City of Manila Pangasinan is one of the provinces of the Republic of the Philippines. "La Union" without an accented "o" refers to a province in the Philippines Most transportation companies also offer express and air-conditioned buses at a much higher fare, though some minibuses offer cheaper fares.
Bus services that ply Baguio include Philippine Rabbit, Dangwa Tranco, Dagupan Bus, Victory Liner, Partas, Genesis, Saulog Transit,and Greenland, as well as minibuses that come from other provinces. Victory Liner Inc is one of the largest and pioneer bus companies in the Philippines today Partas Transportation Co Inc is a bus transportation company in the Philippines. Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat meaning "Land of the Greenlanders" Grønland is a self-governing Danish Province located between the
The primary economy of Baguio City is its educational centers of which it has in excess of seven colleges and universities as well as a plethora of trade and technical schools. Estimates are that these schools compose in excess of one hundred thousand students.
The secondary source of income for the residents is its character as the commercial hub in the province of Benguet. Many of the agricultural and mining goods produced in Benguet goes to Baguio City for central distribution. Benguet is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon.
The city is also a major retail center for the Cordilleras and the Ilocos provinces, with shoppers from the provinces coming to the city to take advantage of the diversity of competitively priced commercial products on sale, most of which are only available in Manila. Despite the city's small size, there are numerous shopping centers and malls in the business district catering to the growing commercial activity in Baguio. These are the SM City Baguio mall, Baguio Centermall, Cooyeesan Hotel Plaza, Abanao Square, Maharlika Livelihood Center, and Porta Vaga mall. SM City Baguio, is a major mall located in Baguio City in the Philippines.
The city is also proliferated with various food and retail businesses by local residents, all of which have become a part of local cultural landscape. Some of these include: the Tiong San chain of department stores and supermarkets, Sunshine Supermarket, Star Cafe, Country Mart, the famous Rose Bowl Restaurant and many others.
The areas of Session Road, Harrison Road, Magsaysay Avenue and Abanao Street comprise the trade center of the city. Session Road is the main thoroughfare of Baguio City and is the main hub of what is called the Baguio Central Business District It is in these areas where commercial and business structures abound. First class movie houses, hotels, restaurants, department stores, and shopping centers are found in this downtown area. Shopping at the famous city market offers one a wide array of locally sourced goods and products, from colorful woven fabrics and strung beads to primitive wood carvings, cut flowers, strawberries and vegetables. (Strawberries and string beans - known as 'Baguio beans' across the Philippines - are shipped to major urban markets. )
Baguio is also home to one of the country's most profitable Philippine Economic Zone Authority areas (PEZA), called the Baguio City Economic Zone (BCEZ), located in the southern part of the city between the Camp John Hay leisure resort and the Philippine Military Academy. John Milton Hay ( October 8, 1838 – July 1, 1905) was an American statesman diplomat author journalist and private secretary Firms located in the BCEZ mostly produce and export knitted clothing, transistors, small components for vehicles, electronics and other computer parts. Notable firms include Texas Instruments Philippines, MOOG, and Sitel. Texas Instruments ( better known in the electronics industry (and popularly as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA Sitel is a US company Headquartered in Nashville TN, which describes itself as "a leading global provider of outsourced customer contact Recently, there has been an influx of call centers in the city with American companies outsourcing their technical support facilities in the country. A call centre or call center (see spelling differences) is a centralized office used for the purpose of receiving and transmitting a large volume of requests by
Tourism is one of Baguio's main industries. Commonly, overseas visitors pass through Baguio, while Filipinos make it a destination.
Baguio is a university town. A college town or university town is a community (often literally a Town, but possibly a small or medium sized City, or in some cases a Neighborhood It is the center of education in the entire North Luzon. There are eight major institutions of higher education in Baguio City, one of which (the University of the Philippines) is regarded as the country's premiere institution of higher learning and research. The University of the Philippines (or Unibersidad ng Pilipinas in Filipino and commonly abbreviated as U
The languages spoken in Baguio are Kankana-ey, Ibaloi, English, Ilocano, Tagalog, Chinese and Pangalatot. A cordillera is an extensive chain of Mountains or Mountain ranges especially the principal mountain system of a Continent or large Island. The Philippine Military Academy (PMA ( Filipino: Akademya Militar ng Pilipinas) ( AMP) is the training school for future officers of the Armed Forces The Armed Forces of the Philippines ( AFP) ( Filipino: Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas) is composed of the Philippine Army, Philippine Saint Louis University abbreviated as SLU is an educational institution in Baguio City, approximately two hundred fifty kilometers north of Manila The University of the Cordilleras, formerly known as Baguio Colleges Foundation (BCF, is a private university in Baguio City, Philippines. Baguio Central University History From a mere vocational school to a university In Philippines there are over 170 languages almost all of them belong to the Austronesian language family. The Ibaloi or Nabaloi is an indigenous ethnic group found in the northern Philippines. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States
Baguio's youth majority in the population has given it a distinct flavor different from those of other cities in the Philippines.
Like most Philippine cities, Baguio is governed by a Mayor, Vice Mayor, and twelve (12) Councilors. However, being a highly-urbanized city, it is not subject to the jurisdiction of Benguet, the province which it was formerly part of.
The current mayor of Baguio is Reinaldo Bautista Jr. who first assumed office after the suspension of Braulio Yaranon in August 2006. Braulio Yaranon (born 1927 is a Filipino politician who was elected to serve as mayor of Baguio City for a three-year term beginning in 2004 Yaranon's term was clouded in controversy, primarily because of his harsh attacks on previous city officials that initiated the scandalous Uniwide Market Project, Jadewell Parking Systems Project, the now finished 172 million, 274-meter BGH flyover project, and the proposed operation of a Casino inside Camp John Hay. Jadewell Parking System was approved by the city council in 2000 and the then City Mayor Mr. Mauricio Domogan. The parking firm's owners filed administrative charges against Yaranon for his stand against its operation. He was eventually suspended until the end of his term on June 30, 2007. Events 350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the Usurper Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.
Bautista recently had his "interim/acting" tag removed from his title as he emerged as the winner in the 2007 city mayoral race, beating Yaranon, Vergara, former Councilor Leandro Yangot Jr. Legislative and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 14, 2007. and post-People Power mayor and spiritual healer Ramon "Jun" Labo Jr. His running mate, three-term vice mayor and law dean Daniel Fariñas, returned to that post as well after previously serving a term in the City Council. In its most general sense the practice of law involves giving Legal advice to clients drafting legal documents for clients and representing clients in legal Negotiations
Baguio City's lone congressional district is currently represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines by Congressman Mauricio Domogan, who is now in his third successive term. Prior to being elected as congressman in 2001, he served three straight terms as mayor(1992-2001).
Baguio City is politically subdivided into 130 barangays. This article refers to a political administrative division See Barangay Ginebra Kings for other uses
The region around Baguio was first settled by the Cordillerans, primarily the Kankane-y, Ibaloi, and Itogon tribes. The Ibaloi or Nabaloi is an indigenous ethnic group found in the northern Philippines. Itogon is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. In nearby La Trinidad, Spaniards established a commandante or military garrison, although Kafagway, as Baguio was once known, was barely touched. In 1901 Japanese people and Filipinos commanded by the Americans in engineering built Kennon Road, the first road directly connecting Kafagway with the lowlands of Pangasinan. The are the dominant Ethnic group of Japan. Worldwide approximately 130 million people are of Japanese descent of these approximately 127 million are residents of Japan Filipinos or the Filipino people are the citizens of the Philippines. Before this, the only road to Kafagway was Naguilian Road. On September 1, 1909 Baguio was declared a chartered city. Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. Year 1909 ( MCMIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The famous American architect Daniel Burnham, one of the earliest successful modern city planners, laid a meticulous plan for the city. His plan was, nevertheless, realized only to a small extent, primarily due to lack of political will among the leaders who served for the city from the pre-war Baguio to the present. Americans declared Baguio the Summer Capital of the Philippines and The Mansion as the residence of the American governor-general to escape Manila's Summer heat. Americans further developed Baguio, building parks and public structures such as Wright Park in honor of Governor General Luke E. Wright, Burnham Park in honor of Baguio city planner Daniel Burnham, Governor Pack Road, Session Road, Assumption Road. Luke Edward Wright ( August 29, 1846 &ndash November 12, 1922) was a U Burnham Park is an urban park located at the heart of the City of Baguio, in the Philippines. Daniel Hudson Burnham, FAIA ( September 4, 1846 &ndash June 1, 1912) was an American Architect and Urban planner. Session Road is the main thoroughfare of Baguio City and is the main hub of what is called the Baguio Central Business District
Baguio is well known as site of the surrender of General Tomoyuki Yamashita and Vice Admiral Okochi. General was a General of the Japanese Imperial Army during the World War II. It is where they gave up the entire Imperial Japanese Armed Forces to American authorities at the High Commissioner's Residence in Camp John Hay on September 3, 1945, marking the end of World War II. John Milton Hay ( October 8, 1838 – July 1, 1905) was an American statesman diplomat author journalist and private secretary Events 36 BC - In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
With Philippine independence in 1946, Americans settled in the city and English became the primary lingua franca. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Ilocanos joined the Cordillerans in Baguio, and the population of Americans, Dutch, Belgians, and Germans soared.
An large earthquake destroyed most of Baguio on July 16, 1990. The 1990 Luzon earthquake occurred on Monday July 16, 1990, at 426 PM local time in the Philippines. Events 622 - The beginning of the Islamic calendar. 1054 - Three Roman legates fractured relations between the Western and Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) The city was quickly rebuilt, thanks to the aid of national government and various international donors like Japan and other nations.
Around May 2003, a petition initiated by Dion Fernandez to declare Baguio a heritage zone was circulated on the Internet and national print media, gaining more than 10,000 signatures. The petition calls upon unspecified officials to create the Zone prior to the Baguio centennial in 2009. In May 2005, the Heritage Conservation Society submitted to the Baguio City Council a proposed Special Heritage Bill drafted by HCS Trustee Ivan Henares. It has been approved on second reading but is being opposed by a group of businessmen.
William Cameron Forbes ( May 21, 1870 &ndash December 24, 1959) and an Investment banker and Diplomat. Irisan is the biggest and most populated Barangay in Baguio City. Our Lady of Atonement Cathedral, better known as Baguio Cathedral, is a Catholic Cathedral located at Cathedral Loop adjacent to Session Road Wikitravel is a Web -based project "to create a free, complete up-to-date and reliable worldwide travel guide.