Baeda Maryam (Ge'ez በእደ ማርያም ba'ida māryām "He who is in the Hand of Mary," modern be'ide māryām) (1448 - November 8, 1478) was nəgusä nägäst (August 26, 1468 - November 8, 1478) of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. Ge'ez (ግዕዝ, ɡɨʕɨz also transliterated Gi'iz, and referred to as Ethiopic) is an ancient South Semitic Language Events 1519 - Hernán Cortés enters Tenochtitlán and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with great a Celebration The Emperor ( Ge'ez: ንጉሠ ነገሥት nəgusä nägäst " King of Kings " of Ethiopia was the hereditary Events 1071 - Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Army at Manzikert. NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page The Solomonic dynasty is the traditional royal house of Ethiopia, claiming descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, who is said Born at Dabra Berhan, he was the son of Zara Yaqob by Seyon Morgasa. Debre Berhan (also spelled Debre Birhan) is a city Zar'a Ya`qob or Zera Yacob ( Ge'ez ዘርአያዕቆብ zar'ā yāʿiqōb "Seed of Jacob" modern 
Towards the end of Zara Yaqob's life, he became increasingly convinced that members of his family were plotting against him, and had several of them beaten. Baeda Maryam's mother Seyon Morgasa died from this mistreatment in 1462, and Baeda Maryam buried his mother in secret in the church of Maqdesa Maryam, near Dabra Berhan, and donated incense and other gifts to support the church. Zara Yaqob then directed his anger at Baeda Maryam, until members of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church repaired the rift between the two, and Zara Yaqob publicly designated Baeda Maryam as his successor. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (in transliterated Amharic: Yäityop'ya ortodoks täwahedo bétäkrestyan) is an Oriental
With his own mother dead, Baeda Maryam gave Eleni, a wife of his father, the title of Queen Mother. Eleni or Helena (died April 1522 was the wife of Zara Yaqob, and Empress of Ethiopia. She proved to be an effective member of the royal family, and Paul B. Henze comments that she "was practically co-monarch" during his reign.  However, Edward Ullendorff notes Baeda Maryam was unable to hold together the far-flung empire his father left him: "some of the outlying provinces recently conquered began to grow restive; the feudal lords whom Zar'a Ya'qob had only ephemerally brought under central control reasserted their regional authority; and the senior clergy relapsed into some of the old-established ways of conduct and ecclesiastical organization. Edward Ullendorff (born 1920 is a British academic and an authority on Semitic languages and Ethiopia. "
Emperor Baeda Maryam conducted a campaign against the Dobe'a early in his reign, but they had evacuated their cattle, camels, and his campaign was unable to track down any Dobe'a. The Dobe'a were a people of medieval Ethiopia, living in northeastern Ethiopia between what are now Amhara, Tigray and Afar Regions He subsequently rode into the area himself, but the Dobe'a recognized him from a distance and were able to flee, their possessions already having been evacuated. At this point, the "Dankalé," the ruler of the Danakil (better known as the Afar), offered to intervene and help in the Emperor's campaign. Afar (Afar alphabet Qafár Feera ዐፋር ʿāfār, عفار Amh He sent the Emperor a horse, a mule laden with dates, a shield, and two spears to show his support, along with a message saying, "I have set up my camp, O my master, with the intention of stopping these people. If they are your enemies, I will not let them pass, and will seize them. " Ba'eda Maryam sent his men against the Dobe'a again, but his campaign was defeated and suffered heavy casualties. Ba'eda Maryam was by this point infuriated, criticizing his soldiers for attacking without orders and stating his determination to remain in the Dobe'a country until he had subdued the country to the point where he could sow grain there and his horses could eats its crop. He then dispatched Jan Zeg, the Garad (governor) of Bali, in a campaign in the region of Gam, where the Garad was killed. Bale (also known as Bali) is the name of two polities located in the southeastern part of modern Ethiopia The province-kingdom of Bale Cholera (or some other pestilence) broke out among his men, depressing him further, resulting in his withdrawal to Tigray. Cholera, sometimes known as Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera, is an infectious Gastroenteritis caused by the Bacterium There he called upon one of his best fighting regiments, Jan Amora ("Royal Eagle," after which the sub-province and woreda were named), who were eager to participate in the campaign. Jan Amora ( Ge'ez: ጃን አሞራ jān āmōrā, Amharic: "Royal eagle" is one of the 105 Woredas in the Amhara Region Jan Amora ( Ge'ez: ጃን አሞራ jān āmōrā, Amharic: "Royal eagle" is one of the 105 Woredas in the Amhara Region The twelve Dobe'a leaders learned of the new attack being prepared, and began to flee in various directions into the lowlands of Adal with their women, children, and cattle, with their property loaded on their camels and other beasts of burden. The Adal Sultanate ( Somali: Adaal, Ge'ez: አዳል ʾAdāl, Arabic: عدل (c The Emperor heard of their plans, however, and mounted another campaign against Dobe'as, sending the governors of Tigray, Qeda and Damot to pursue them. Dʿmt ( ESA: Himjar ajinPNG|10px]]Himjar ta2PNG|10px]] was a kingdom located in current region of Eritrea and northern Ethiopia that existed This new campaign was successful, resulting in the capture of many cattle and the deaths of many Dobe'a, both in the main attack and the following pursuit. 
After this defeat, many of the Dobe'as converted to Christianity and begged the Emperor for his pardon. The Emperor in turn returned their cattle, supplementing it with others from the southern provinces of Wej and Genz and stationed soldiers in their country. He further built a church in Dobe'a country dedicated to the Virgin Mary and planted orange trees, lemon trees, and vines in the area, in fulfillment of his earlier declaration. Ba'eda Maryam soon returned to the Dobe'a country and appointed governors and "regulated the social condition of the people," as well as encouraging the celebration of the death of the Virgin Mary every January, upon which occasion he distributed bread, tela (beer), and tej (a type of honey wine/mead) to the people. Tela is a town in Honduras on the northern Caribbean coast of the department of Atlantida. Tej ( Amharic: ጠጅ ˈtʼədʒ is a Mead or honey wine brewed and consumed in Ethiopia. Wine is an Alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation of Grape juice Mead (ˈmiːd is a fermented Alcoholic beverage made of Honey, Water, and Yeast. He further ordered that the Dobe'as become cultivators, as opposed to bandits and left the country for the last time. 
Baeda Maryam moved his court to the Gurage country, using it as a base for campaigns in Dawaro and Bale. Gurage is an ethnic group in Ethiopia. The Gurage people inhabit a semi-fertile semi-mountainous region in southwest Ethiopia, about 150 miles southwest Bale (also known as Bali) is the name of two polities located in the southeastern part of modern Ethiopia The province-kingdom of Bale His constant campaigning led to a peace treaty with Sultan Muhammad of Adal, the son of Badlay ibn Sa'ad ad-Din, and used the peace it brought to his southern borders to successfully campaign against the restive Falasha in his northern territories. Muhammad ibn Badlay (reigned 1445 - 1471) was a Sultan of Adal. The Adal Sultanate ( Somali: Adaal, Ge'ez: አዳል ʾAdāl, Arabic: عدل (c Badlay ibn Sa'ad ad-Din II (also known as Sihab ad-Din Ahmad Badlay, Arwe Badlay - "Badlay the Beast" (died 1445 was a Sultan of Adal The Beta Israel (ביתא ישראל Beta Israel, "House of Israel" Ge'ez: ቤተ እስራኤል Bēta 'Isrā'ēl, modern Bēte 'Isrā'ēl But on Muhammad's death, war with Adal flared up once again.
Baeda Maryam died at Abasi Wera Gabayi, but he was buried in a tomb at Atronsa Maryam, on the left bank of the Abay River, which was notable for its painting of Mary and Christ by the artist Brancaleon, a Venetian who had come to live in Ethiopia. The Blue Nile ( Amharic: ዓባይ transliterated ʿ Abbai, but pronounced Abbai; Arabic: النيل الأزرق transliterated Christ is the English term for the Greek ( Khristós) meaning "the anointed " Nicolò Brancaleon (c 1460 &ndash after 1526) was a painter born in Venice, whose art left a clear influence in Ethiopia from the Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the His tomb was later destroyed in an Oromo raid in 1709, when they sacked the church, enslaved or killed all of the people present, and hurled the coffin of Baeda Maryam over the nearby cliffs. Year 1709 ( MDCCIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year 
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