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The Azerbaijan Popular Front Party (Azərbaycan Xalq Cəbhəsi Partiyası) is the main opposition political party in Azerbaijan, founded in 1992 by Əbülfəz Elçibəy. Azerbaijan ( English; Azərbaycan officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası is the largest and most populous country in the South The Politics of Azerbaijan take place in a framework of a presidential Republic, with the President of Azerbaijan as the Head of state, and the The country of Azerbaijan is a Presidential republic, with the President of Azerbaijan as the Head of state, and the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev ( İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev) (born December 24, 1961) is the current President of Azerbaijan. The Prime Minister of Azerbaijan is the Head of government of Azerbaijan. Artur Tahir oğlu Rasizada (Artur Tahir oğlu Rəsizadə often spelled as Artur Rasizade (born 1935 is the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan. The National Assembly ( Milli Məclis) is the Legislative branch of government in Azerbaijan. This article lists political parties in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan is a One party dominant state. Elections in Azerbaijan gives information on Election and election results in Azerbaijan. ||-||} Azerbaijan is divided into 59 Districts ( rayonlar; sing Despite being a member of such bodies as the Human Rights Council, several independent bodies such as the Human Rights Watch, have deemed Human rights in Azerbaijan is a member of the United Nations; the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe; NATO 's Partnership for Peace; Euro-Atlantic Politics of Nagorno Karabakh takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic Republic, whereby the President of Nagorno Karabakh Information on politics by country is available for every Country, including both De jure and De facto independent A political party is a Political organization that seeks to attain and maintain political power within Government, usually by participating in electoral Azerbaijan ( English; Azərbaycan officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası is the largest and most populous country in the South Abülfaz Elçibay, (Əbülfəz Elçibəy June 24, 1938, Nakhchivan – August 22, 2000, Ankara) was an Azerbaijani It has split into two factions, a 'reform' version, and an 'original' version, led by Əli Kərimli and Mirmahmud Mirəlioğlu, respectively. Əli Kərimli born Əli Əmirhüseyn oğlu Kərimov (born April 28, 1965 in the Saatli region of Eastern Azerbaijan) is an Azeri At the last elections (5 November 2000 and 7 January 2001), the party won 11. Elections in Azerbaijan gives information on Election and election results in Azerbaijan. Events 1499 - Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier ( Brittany) 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. Events 1325 - Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal. 1558 - France takes Calais, the last continental Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. 0 % of the popular vote and 6 out of 125 seats in the Azerbaijan National Assembly. Its candidate Qüdrət Həsənquliyev won only 0. 4 % of the popular vote in the 15 October 2003 presidential elections. A presidential election was held in Azerbaijan on October 15 2003. At the parliamentary elections of 6 November 2005, it joined the Freedom (Azadlıq) alliance, but won only 1 seat. The 2005 Azerbaijan parliamentary election was held on November 6. Events 355 - Roman Emperor Constantius II promotes his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar, entrusting him with Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Freedom ( Azadlıq) was an electoral alliance of the Musavat ( Müsavat Partiyası) the Azerbaijan Popular Front Party ( Azərbaycan Xalq
The Popular Front of Azerbaijan (PFA) was an organisation in Azerbaijan that united a number of informal public organisations into one, working towards independence from the Soviet Union. Azerbaijan ( English; Azərbaycan officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası is the largest and most populous country in the South
The Popular Front of Azerbaijan was established on July 16, 1989 with the initiative of patriotic Azerbaijani individuals as a result of movement of Azerbaijani people for freedom, sovereignty and democracy. Events 622 - The beginning of the Islamic calendar. 1054 - Three Roman legates fractured relations between the Western and Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) The Azerbaijanis are an Ethnic group mainly in the Republic of Azerbaijan and northwestern Iran. Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is held completely by the people under a free electoral system PFA came to unite a number of informal public organizations which were established in the 1980s to struggle for the independence of Azerbaijan from the Soviet Union. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 In 1987 Əli Kərimli, a law school student, became the founder and leader of one of these informal organizations - "Yurd" ("Homeland"), that inspired and led thousands of students to the main square of Baku city to protest against the Communist regime. Əli Kərimli born Əli Əmirhüseyn oğlu Kərimov (born April 28, 1965 in the Saatli region of Eastern Azerbaijan) is an Azeri Baku (Bakı sometimes known as Baqy, Baky, Baki or Bakü, is the capital the largest city and the largest port of Azerbaijan As a result of this courageous step, a large-scale campaign of public demonstrations and meetings swept across Azerbaijan. Later the movement was suppressed by the special forces of the Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Internal Affairs of USSR. Despite this fact, Popular Front of Azerbaijan was established and Yurd became an integral part of this movement.
In September of 1989 the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan (SC), under pressure from PFA and its members in the SC, adopted the law on "Economic Sovereignty of Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic". As the result of an ongoing and unabating struggle under the leadership of PFA, the courage and defiance of Azerbaijani people in the face of Soviet oppression were recognised and celebrated across the former Soviet Union and around the world. In order to stop the growing popularity of PFA, in January of 1990, Soviet authorities sent the army into Baku city. Some 130 civilans were killed and 600 wounded. The main purpose of the Baku operation, headed by Dmitriy Yazov - Minister of Defense of former USSR, was to destroy the political structures of PFA. Dmitri Timofeyevich Yazov ( Дмитрий Тимофеевич Язов in Russian) (born November 8, 1923, Omsk Oblast) was the last Some believe that the Communists' plans failed because PFA was a truly national movement and the event only served to strengthen people's trust in the organisation and spelt the end of Soviet power in Azerbaijan.
In 1992, Abulfaz Elchibey, the leader of PFA, won the country's first truly democratic presidential elections. Abülfaz Elçibay, (Əbülfəz Elçibəy June 24, 1938, Nakhchivan – August 22, 2000, Ankara) was an Azerbaijani A period of political, social and economic reforms followed. The laws on political parties, freedom of press, education and others were adopted. The country chose a pro-western liberal economic course and implemented successful monetary policy with the establishment of national currency. The most popular innovations were the administrative reforms and the reforms directed towards the creation of civil society. As the result of firm and consistent policies of PFA, Russian (formerly Soviet) army was withdrawn from Azerbaijan in April 1993. Azerbaijan became the first republic in the former USSR and one of the first in the former Socialist bloc which succeeded in achieving a full and unconditional withdrawal of Russian troops. A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its
However, independent and pro-western policy of PFA government could not satisfy geopolitical interests of Russia and Iran and hence, with the support of these countries, former communists led by the former KGB General Heydar Aliyev captured the power. The term Western world, the West or the Occident ( Latin: occidens -sunset -west as distinct from the Orient) can have multiple meanings For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. KGB ( Transliteration of "КГБ" is the Russian abbreviation of Committee for State Security ( Komityet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosty Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev (Heydər Əlirza oğlu Əliyev Гейдар Алиев May 10, 1923 &ndash December 12, 2003) also spelled as The president Abülfaz Elçibay was forced to leave the capital city. Abülfaz Elçibay, (Əbülfəz Elçibəy June 24, 1938, Nakhchivan – August 22, 2000, Ankara) was an Azerbaijani Thousands of people were arrested; members of PFA became victims of political terror. In fact, this was the second largest attack on PFA in order to destroy this organization completely, while the leader was out of the capital city. Although, at a later stage the new regime assumed a pretence of democracy it was clear that Azerbaijan once again was in grip of authoritarianism. Authoritarianism describes a Form of government characterized by an emphasis on the Authority of the State in a republic or union
Considering the dramatic and difficult situation facing PFA, Ali Kerimli took the initiative by leading and protecting the organization from the attacks of the new regime from 1993 until 1997 and restoring its political power. In 1995 with the proposal of Ali Kerimli and as a result of internal party discussions, Popular Front of Azerbaijan was reorganized from a social-political movement into a fully-fledged political party. In the same year, Popular Front Party of Azerbaijan (PFPA) managed to take seats in Parliament and Ali Kerimli became a leader of parliamentary party fraction.
In 2000, after the death of PFPA Chairman and ex-president A. Elchibey, Ali Kerimli was elected Chairman of the Party. In 2000 parliament elections PFPA took seats again and Ali Kerimli was elected the leader of the opposition fraction in parliament.
2003 Presidential elections in Azerbaijan were marred by vote-rigging and fell far short of the most basic international norms and standards. An election is a Decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold formal office They were followed by another wave of repressions against the opposition. Despite this PFPA has recovered quickly and is rapidly emerging as a powerful opposition center.
As 45 percent of the population of Azerbaijan is living under the level of absolute poverty, the major goal of PFPA is to accelerate economic, political, social and legal reforms, based on European principles.
A major objective of PFPA is to promote a liberal model of economic development by implementing a comprehensive anti-corruption programme, rapidly developing non-oil sectors of the economy and creating an ideal climate for foreign and domestic investment through establishment of a flexible tax regime and other relevant measures. PFPA takes pride in their commitment to social justice and development of sustainable social security and welfare policies is a major priority. Social security primarily refers to a Social insurance program providing social protection or protection against socially recognized conditions including poverty old PFPA seeks an active integration of Azerbaijan into EU and NATO. The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in The North Atlantic Treaty PFPA sees the future of Azerbaijan in the Euro-Atlantic community. However, it is impossible to accomplish these reforms with the old team of the current regime that has been in place practically unchanged since 1993.
Consequently, PFPA first suggested and then proclaimed the unification of opposition as the surest means to free and fair elections. On 18 March 2005 Popular Front Party of Azerbaijan (PFPA) has signed an agreement with other opposition parties on the establishment of a united opposition bloc – "Freedom" - for the participation in the upcoming parliamentary elections in November 2005. Events 37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius ' will and proclaims Caligula emperor Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.