An Auto rickshaw (auto or rickshaw in popular parlance) is a vehicle for hire that is one of the chief modes of transport in India and Pakistan as well as Nepal, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Sudan, and is popular in many other countries. See also Taxicab A vehicle for hire is a Vehicle providing Shared transportation which transports one or more passengers between locations Mode of transport (or means of transport or transport mode or transport modality or form of transport) is a general term for the different India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and Nepal (नेपाल) is a Landlocked country in South Asia. ( Bengali: বাংলাদেশ inc-Latn Bangladesh) officially The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka ( Sinhalese:, இலங்கை known as Ceylon before 1972 is an Island Sudan (officially the Republic of Sudan) ( السودان al-Sūdān is a country in northeastern Africa. It is a motorized version of the traditional rickshaw, a small three-wheeled cart driven by a person, and the velotaxi. Rickshaws (or rickshas) are a mode of Human-powered transport: a runner draws a two-wheeled Cart which seats one or two persons The cycle rickshaw, being a small-scale local means of transport is also known by a variety of other names such as rickshaw, pedicab, bugbug, cyclo
A small number of auto rickshaws and tuk-tuks can be seen on the streets of China Town in London, although used mainly by tourists and not the local population. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The auto rickshaw is also related to its Thai, Lao, Cambodian cousins, the tuk-tuk and the Bajaj in Indonesia and Sri Lanka, whereas in Brighton, England auto rickshaws are called tuctucs. The Kingdom of Thailand (ˈtaɪlænd ราชอาณาจักรไทย, râːtɕʰa-ʔaːnaːtɕɑ̀k-tʰɑj Laos (ˈlɑːoʊs or /ˈlaʊs/ officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, is a Landlocked country in Southeast Asia, bordered by Burma The Kingdom of Cambodia ( formerly known as Kampuchea (, transliterated: Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) is a country in South East The Republic of Indonesia ( (Republik Indonesia is a Country in Southeast Asia. Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka ( Sinhalese:, இலங்கை known as Ceylon before 1972 is an Island Brighton ( is a town on the south coast of England and with its neighbour Hove, forms the city of Brighton and Hove. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland
An auto rickshaw, or simply just rickshaw, is generally characterized by a tin/iron body resting on three small wheels (one in front, two on the rear), a small cabin for the driver (called an auto-wallah in some areas) in the front and seating for three in the rear. This page is very closely monitored and additions of external links if not discussed first are removed quickly Autos are generally fitted with a scooter version of a two-stroke engine with a handlebar for control (again like scooters) instead of a steering wheel, effectively making them a three-wheeler scooter carrying passengers on the rear seat. A scooter is a style of two-wheeled motor vehicle traditionally defined by characteristics such as a step-through frame wheels less than 16" in diameter and an engine located The two-stroke Internal combustion engine differs from the more common Four-stroke engine by completing the same four processes (intake compression combustion exhaust Steering is the term applied to the collection of components linkages etc However, the former version has still not become extinct. In North India, there is a variation, powered by a Harley-Davidson engine, called the phat-phati because of the sound it makes. Harley-Davidson Motor Company ( formerly HDI is an American manufacturer of Motorcycles based in Milwaukee Wisconsin. However this is almost extinct because of the amount of pollution it causes.
Auto rickshaws are extremely light vehicles considering their capacity. When they break down, only two or three drivers are required to fully lift them off the ground and they can be easily pushed by one driver.
However, the construction and characteristics of auto rickshaws make auto rickshaws an extremely unsafe class of vehicle. Accidents can result in serious chassis damage, and can easily be fatal to the commuters. Also since the auto rickshaw incorporates a handlebar for control, this gives an extremely small turning radius to the auto rickshaw, which is reflected on Indian roads through auto rickshaws weaving in and out through the traffic and flouting lane discipline.
A majority of Indian auto rickshaws have no doors or seatbelts. A seat belt, sometimes called a safety belt, is a Safety harness designed to secure the occupant of a Vehicle against harmful movement that may result from They are generally black or green in colour and have a yellow roof on the top. However the design normally depends on the location (state) of the patrol, and so does the color. For example the sides of an auto in Delhi are green (to signify their running on compressed natural gas), while in Hyderabad and Chennai they are yellow. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG is a Fossil fuel substitute for Gasoline (petrol Diesel, or Propane Fuel. Their design varies considerably from place to place. In some locations, they have an extra plank on the seat to accommodate a fourth passenger. In reality it is not uncommon to see 6-8 passengers in an auto rickshaw with such an ad hoc setup, although, in theory, autos risk fines for carrying more than three passengers in many places. Auto rickshaws that are used for driving children to school have two extra seats/planks like narrow ledges, one facing the main seating space and one to the side. Such auto rickshaws may jam-pack up to 20 children to school.
As a mode of transport, the auto rickshaw is turning out to be a major employer in India. All major nationalized banks of India offer loans to buy one under self-employment schemes. Major auto rickshaw manufacturers in India are Bajaj Auto, Piaggio Greaves, Force Motors (previously Bajaj Tempo), Atul Auto and Kerala Automobiles. Bajaj Auto is a major Indian Automobile manufacturer It is India's largest and the world's 4th largest two- and three-wheeler maker Force Motors Ltd founded in 1958 as Bajaj Tempo Ltd is a manufacturer of Three wheelers multi-utility and cross country vehicles light commercial vehicles A two-wheeler major, TVS Motors, has announced it will enter the auto rickshaw market with a technologically updated and a less polluting vehicle, in early 2006. TV Sundram Iyengar and Sons Limited ( TVSs) is the holding company for the TVS Group of companies engaged in the manufacturing of almost all kinds of automotive components Not restricted to cities, auto rickshaws are also prevalent in large numbers in Indian villages and in the countryside.
There is an initial charge at the beginning of a ride then the price normally increases in proportion to the distance . It is mandatory that the initial charge be set at a value given by the government. However, it is rather common to find auto rickshaw drivers refusing to go "by the meter" and charging higher rates before allowing the commuter to board. For rainy conditions, some autos have plastic coverings.
A rickshaw meter (digital) can accumulate charges (fares) in different ways:
1) The distance traveled in the "hired" (on) mode. The meter is connected to a device within the vehicle - normally a vehicle speed sensor or distance sensor today - which provides information on distance traveled via pulses corresponding to revolutions of the transmission, axle or transaxle. The meter, a small microprocessor, uses this information to establish the actual distance traveled, and computes the fare based upon a program fixed in the meter and calibration information relating the meter to the exact vehicle on which it is mounted.
2) time accumulated in the hired but stopped mode. ("waiting time") The meter runs while the rickshaw is stopped, as in a brief stop at a store, or "Wait here, I'll be right out" situation. The fare is then based upon a programmed amount of money per increment of time - perhaps 1Rs every 58 seconds, etc.
In July 1998, the Supreme Court of India ordered the Delhi government to implement CNG or LPG (Autogas) fuel for all autos and for the entire bus fleet in and around the city. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG is a Fossil fuel substitute for Gasoline (petrol Diesel, or Propane Fuel. The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the land as established by Part V Chapter IV of the Constitution of India. Delhi (दिल्ली ਦਿੱਲੀ دلی d̪ɪlːiː sometimes referred to as Dilli) is the second largest metropolis of India, with a population Compressed Natural Gas (CNG is a Fossil fuel substitute for Gasoline (petrol Diesel, or Propane Fuel. Liquefied petroleum gas (also called LPG, GPL, LP Gas, or Autogas) is a mixture of Hydrocarbon Gases used as a Fuel Autogas is the common name for Liquified petroleum gas (LPG when it is used as a Fuel in Internal combustion engines in Vehicles. Fuel is any material that is burned or altered in order to obtain energy Delhi observed a dramatic improvement in the quality of air with the switch to CNG, and this is important for a city where it is not uncommon to see pedestrians and drivers wearing nurse's masks for protection against the prevalent city smog. Initially, autorickshaw drivers in Delhi had to wait in long queues to get their CNG cylinders re-filled, but the situation has improved drastically with the rise of filling stations that sell CNG. Certain other local governments are also pushing for four-stroke engines instead of the current two-stroke versions. Today Internal combustion engines in cars, Trucks motorcycles aircraft construction machinery and many others most commonly use a four-stroke cycle. Typical mileage for an Indian-made autorickshaw is around 35 kilometres per litre of petrol (about 2. Fuel economy in automobiles is the amount of Fuel required to move the Automobile over a given Distance. The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand 9 L per 100 km, or 82 miles per gallon).
Auto rickshaws are a major source of noise pollution on most Indian city roads. The noise levels produced by auto rickshaws often exceed 10 times that of a car. Dr. V. Raghunathan nicknames the auto rickshaws as "three wheeled rattlers" in his book "Games Indians Play".
Auto rickshaws have a top-speed of around 50 km/h (about 31 mph) and a cruising speed of around 35 km/h (22 mph). (For the South African airport with IATA code "KMH" see Johan Pienaar Airport. Traffic authorities in big cities try to implement different mechanisms to circumvent the resulting traffic slow-down issues; however, none of these have really proven to work out.
Autos are banned from plying in the older, more crowded areas of Mumbai, south of Bandra. Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial Some arterial roads of Chennai and Bangalore have a separate lane earmarked for autos and slow two-wheelers, though scant regard is generally paid to lane markings. Bangalore ( officially Bengaluru ( Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. The triangular form of the auto also makes maneuvering easy, with the front single wheel negotiating the available gap, and the rear two wheels forcing a larger space.
It can be argued that the presence of auto rickshaws has a negative effect on the road culture of the area, particularly with regard to lane discipline and minimum speeds on the inner lanes.
Autos have to install a taximeter according to laws in various parts of India. A taximeter is a mechanical or electronic device installed in Taxicabs that calculates passenger fares based on a combination of distance travelled and waiting time Many do not have one, however, and even among those that do, some drivers refuse to turn them on. And if indeed its a place where they turn it on, more often than not, the meter will be a tampered one that show more distance than what's actually travelled. Hiring an auto often involves bargaining with the driver. Bargaining or Haggling is a type of Negotiation in which the buyer and seller of a good or service dispute the price which will be paid and the exact nature But auto rickshaw drivers across India are often accused of fleecing money by installing faulty meters, taking a longer route to the destination and demanding multiple times the fare early in the morning or late at night, or at times when other means of transport are not available. Fares can also double if the destination is an isolated place (charge for returning empty). Auto rickshaw drivers generally defend themselves against such accusations by blaming the government for its negligence of market realities while fixing the distance-based fares. Passengers unfamiliar with the local language are considered particularly vulnerable to overcharging. Many Cities like Thiruvananthapuram, Bangalore and Delhi have made strict regulations to install fare-meters in auto rickshaws. Thiruvananthapuram ( Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം Tiruvanantapuraṁ) also known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Bangalore ( officially Bengaluru ( Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Delhi (दिल्ली ਦਿੱਲੀ دلی d̪ɪlːiː sometimes referred to as Dilli) is the second largest metropolis of India, with a population Every new auto entering their streets is required by law to install a digital fare meter to avoid the kind of manipulation with the older mechanical fare-meters.
These drivers are a tribe by themselves with traffic rules of their own . Especially in places like Bangalore, they are synonyms of rudeness who almost always get their way using shocking manners, street-smart ways and threatening or insulting the unsuspecting passenger. Like most other laws in India, the ones thats there to regulate these drivers are also poorly implemented. In some blogs, we see descriptions like 'day-light robbers', 'most hated people' etc about them.
In cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, Hyderabad and Bangalore, traffic-regulating authorities have tried to implement pre-paid schemes where the passengers pay pre-determined auto-fares (depending on the destination) to some central authority and board the autos. Pune (ˈpuːneɪ Marathi: पुणे Hindi: पूना formerly Poona, is the second largest city in the state of Maharashtra Bangalore ( officially Bengaluru ( Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. In Chennai in 2006, the pre-determined fare was in the range of 50 Rupees for many destinations within the central part of the city. However, it is still far more common for a prospective passenger to simply flag down a rickshaw and negotiate a price without an intermediary official (for reasons like non-availability of prepaid autos at all locations and not wanting to queue up for a long time at the counter. ) Drivers often speak only the local language, so knowing some of the local geography as well as having the destination address written in the local language is advantageous.
Chartered auto services, where the auto rickshaw drivers caters to the hirer at a fixed time every day are also common, especially to ferry children on their trips to and from school, in major cities. Such autos often have tailor-made arrangements for extra seating. Children squeezed tight with their school bags in the gaps is a typical characteristic of these autos. Sometimes, such chartered autos violate traffic rules flagrantly by overloading the passenger area with uncomplaining and playful kids - and this has often led to the autos meeting with minor to fatal accidents, which has prompted stricter control and vigilance by parents and traffic authorities.
Auto rickshaw drivers flaunt their affection for film stars, cricket stars and political leaders by putting posters of them on both auto interiors and exteriors. Cricket is a bat-and-ball team Sport that originated in England and is now played in more than 100 countries
Autos also feature commercials on the back of their canopies. Certain autos are equipped with locally-made music systems that play tracks from latest musical hits in volumes above normal levels.
In India, auto rickshaw drivers generally appear in all-khaki clothes. This article is about the fabric. For the colour see Khaki (color. Many of them belong to trade unions and celebrate May Day and International Labour Day. May Day occurs on May 1 and refers to any of several Public holidays In many countries May Day is synonymous with International Workers' Day, or Labour
In Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi and Bangalore, auto drivers often refuse to drive prospective customers to various destinations, albeit this being illegal. The hapless commuter then has to shop around, hopping from auto to auto in search of the right one.
Auto rickshaw drivers are often portrayed in Indian films (Basha, Aye Auto, Oram Po) as well as some Hollywood and foreign productions such as the James Bond film Octopussy. Oram Po previously titled Auto is a Tamil movie starring Arya and Pooja. James Bond 007 is a Fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve Novels and two Short story Octopussy (1983 is the 13th film in the James Bond series, and the sixth to star Roger Moore as MI6 agent James Bond.
In many cities in southern India, auto rickshaws have had a notorious reputation for being the vehicle of operation in criminal activities ranging from petty thievery and "chain snatching" (snatching necklace jewellery worn by Indian women) to murder.
Auto rickshaws have been modified in India to carry more passengers and are called share autos. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Office commuters find this version more economical since the fare is shared by more people. Competition among 'share' auto-wallahs has led to the virtual standardization of fare per passenger based on their destination. Shared autos vary in both name and size from place to place. They are called "Phat-a-phats" in Delhi (which are actually variants of what were once horse-driven vehicles), "Shuttle rickshaws" in Ahmedabad, "Seven (7)-seater autos" in Hyderabad, "Tum-tums" in Pune and "Share autos" in Chennai. Ahmedabad (અમદાવાદ Amdāvād, Hindi: अहमदाबाद) is the largest city in These large share autos shuttle over a distance of 10 to 15 km to gather a substantial number of commuters. Shared autos play an important role in transporting urban India, where state-organized public transport, while not quite crippled, is congested to a point of extreme unreliability, especially during peak hours. Or connecting the sub-urban areas where state owned transport facilities are very few and unfrequent.
Autorickshaws are able to reach an approximate speed of 50 km/h and so they have never lent themselves to conventional road or street racing. Their modest speed, simple construction and impressive fuel economy has however endeared them to the international amateur adventuring community, most notably with the Indian Autorickshaw Challenge . The Indian Autorickshaw Challenge is an international amateur motor Rally self-styled as ‘an amazing race for the clinically Insane ’ This parent organisation hosts and organises two different events - The IndianARC Classic and the Mumbai Express - both of which are the brainchild of amicable entrepreneur Aravind B. Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial Kumar. The humble tuk-tuk in this circumstance not only carries hundreds of entrants thousands of miles across wild countryside in the spirit of adventure, but also delivers much needed humanitarian aid to the children of the areas as part of the Adopt-A-Village program organised by the IndianARC Group.
However, on a more real-life note, it is not uncommon to see two and often three auto rickshaws racing each other at break-patience speeds and blocking up entire road traffic at their tail.
Many autorickshaws either carry funny quotations or advertisements. An example is this picture of a Delhi autorickshaw. Most autorickshaw drivers place advertisements out of goodwill and hardly take renumeration because it is usually rare.
Known locally as Rickshah, and used mainly by the lower-middle-class, it is a popular mode of transport for short routes within cities. (ڪراچي) is the largest city in Pakistan. It is the world's second largest city proper behind Mumbai in terms of population which exceeds 10 million One of the major brands of auto rickshaws in Pakistan is Vespa (an Italian Company). Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and This page is very closely monitored and additions of external links if not discussed first are removed quickly The problem of environmental pollution caused by auto rickshaws in major Pakistani cities is a growing menace. Environment Canada is implementing pilot projects in Lahore, Karachi and Quetta with engine technology developed in Mississauga that uses CNG instead of leaded petrol in the two-stroke engines. Environment Canada (EC, legally incorporated as the Department of the Environment under the Department of the Environment Act ( R ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. (ڪراچي) is the largest city in Pakistan. It is the world's second largest city proper behind Mumbai in terms of population which exceeds 10 million ( Urdu: کوئٹہ) ( Pashto: کوټه) also spelled Kwatah City is a variation of kwatkot a Pashto word meaning “fort Mississauga (ˌmɪsɪˈsɑgə) incorporated in 1974 is a City located in the Regional Municipality of Peel
An important aspect of auto-rickshaws in Pakistan is that they are home to popular 'mobile graffiti'. Rickshaw owners and drivers often use the rear side of the rickshaw to write witty, funny and even philosophical tag-lines that others on the road read and enjoy.
In addition to ferrying people around, an innovative use of auto rickshaws in public life was the demonstration in Peshawar in 2001 against the American invasion of Afghanistan. ( پښور; Urdu: پشاور) is the capital of the North-West Frontier Province and the administrative centre for the Federally Administered
In many cities in Pakistan, there are also motor cycle rickshaws, usually called chand gari(moon car) or qingqi after the Chinese company who first introduced this rickshaw to the market.
The mototaxi or moto is the Central American and Peruvian incarnation of the auto rickshaw. El Salvador ( República de El Salvador,) is a country in Central America. Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. These are most commonly made from the front end and engine of a motorcycle attached to a two-wheeled passenger area in back. Commercially produced models, such as the Indian Bajaj brand, are also employed. In Guatemala the commercial vehicles are referred to as tuk-tuks.
Referred to as bajaj in Indonesia, are common throughout the country's capital Jakarta. Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta) is the Capital and largest city of Indonesia. The Republic of Indonesia ( (Republik Indonesia is a Country in Southeast Asia. Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta) is the Capital and largest city of Indonesia. Bajaj is India's main Auto-Rikshaws manufacturer. Bajaj Auto is a major Indian Automobile manufacturer It is India's largest and the world's 4th largest two- and three-wheeler maker
The autorickshaw, called tuk-tuk in Thailand, is a widely used form of urban transport in Bangkok and other Thai cities, as well as other major Southeast Asian and South Asian cities. The Kingdom of Thailand (ˈtaɪlænd ราชอาณาจักรไทย, râːtɕʰa-ʔaːnaːtɕɑ̀k-tʰɑj It is particularly popular where traffic congestion is a major problem, such as in Bangkok.
As of Monday July 10, 2006, auto rickshaws (named tuctucs) were introduced to the city of Brighton & Hove, England, by entrepreneur Dominic Ponniah, who had the idea after seeing the vehicles used successfully in the transport infrastructure of India and Sri Lanka. Events 48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium, Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Tuctuc Ltd was an Auto rickshaw operator in Brighton, England. Council and directorates The leader of the council is Conservative Mary Mears England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland They were introduced as a cleaner and cooler form of private transport. They are CNG-powered, using a four-speed (plus reverse) 175 cc engine, so are considered more environmentally friendly than petrol powered vehicles. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG is a Fossil fuel substitute for Gasoline (petrol Diesel, or Propane Fuel. Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit
As of May 2007, under the terms of their license, the tuctucs run on a fixed single route, and stop only at designated stops. They are of the same design as traditional auto rickshaws in other countries such as India, Pakistan and Thailand, being a design evolved since the late 1940s and early 1950s from the Piaggio Ape, which started life itself as a Vespa scooter. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and The Kingdom of Thailand (ˈtaɪlænd ราชอาณาจักรไทย, râːtɕʰa-ʔaːnaːtɕɑ̀k-tʰɑj The Piaggio Ape (pronounced "ah-peh" - Italian for Bee, vespa meaning "wasp" is a three-wheeled light commercial vehicle built This page is very closely monitored and additions of external links if not discussed first are removed quickly A scooter is a style of two-wheeled motor vehicle traditionally defined by characteristics such as a step-through frame wheels less than 16" in diameter and an engine located
An investigation was launched into Tuctuc Ltd's operation of the service after complaints that routes, stopping points and timetables were not being adhered to were raised, primarily by the city's taxi drivers.  In November 2006, the company was fined £16,500 - the maximum penalty possible - by the South East Traffic Commissioner. After amendments were made to the timetable to reduce delays and improve reliability, the Commissioner allowed the company to keep its operating licence.