The Australian of the Year Awards commenced in 1960. Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. From nominations received, Australia Day Committees in each state and territory select several finalists and recipients for their respective state and territory Australian of the Year Awards. These recipients are announced at functions in November and December each year, and from these, the National Australia Day Council Board selects the recipients in each national award category.
The Australian of the Year Awards recognise and reward those Australians who have a consistent record of excellence, who have made outstanding achievements in their field, and contributed in a significant way to the nation. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics.
The Young Australian of the Year Award was introduced in 1979, Senior Australian in 1999, and the Local Hero Award in 2003.
The Australian of the Year Walk in Canberra is composed of 100 concrete pillars with, by year, an image and the name of the various categories of Australian of the Year awardees. Canberra ( is the capital city of Australia With a population of over 340000 it is Australia's largest inland City. The pillars are in five groups of 20, with a staggered arrangement laterally along five metal dividers between six lines of dark paving stones. The lake side is bordered by white pavers, the land side by a white paved walkway.
The Walk is situated along a straight section of shoreline on Lake Burley Griffin between the National Library of Australia and the Commonwealth Avenue Bridge. Lake Burley Griffin is an artificial lake in the centre of Canberra, Australia's federal Capital city. The National Library of Australia is the country's largest reference library responsible under the terms of the National Library Act for "maintaining and developing a national
The Walk was opened by the former Prime Minister of Australia John Howard, on Australia Day, 26 January 2006. The Prime Minister of Australia is the Head of government of the Commonwealth of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General. See also Howard Government John Winston Howard AC (born 26 July 1939 was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia from 11 March Events 1340 - King Edward III of England is declared King of France. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.