An Australian meat pie is a hand-sized meat pie containing largely minced meat and gravy sometimes with onion and often consumed as a takeaway food snack. A meat pie is a savoury Pie with a filling of Meat and other savoury ingredients Ground beef, beef mince or hamburger meat (in North America) or mince or mince(d meat (in the rest of the English speaking Gravy is an English Sauce made often from the juices that run naturally from meat or vegetables during cooking
It is considered iconic in both Australia and the neighbouring New Zealand. A cultural icon can be an Image, a Symbol, a Logo, Picture, Name, Face, Person, or Building For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island It was described by former New South Wales Premier Bob Carr in 2003 as Australia's "national dish". Robert John Carr (born 28 September 1947 Australian politician was Premier of New South Wales from 25 March 1995 to 3 August 2005  Similarly, in New Zealand it is regarded as a quintessential national dish and dubbed a part of traditional New Zealand food or Kwisine Kiwiana, and often described as a Kiwi/New Zealand meat pie.
The popular brand Four'N'Twenty produce 50,000 pies per hour and Australians consume an average of 12 meat pies each per year. The Four'N Twenty Meat Pie was invented in Bendigo Victoria, Australia by LT . However, the average consumption of meat pies in New Zealand is higher at 15 per person per year. The meat pie is heavily associated with Australian Rules Football as one of the most popular consumed food items whilst watching a game. Australian (rules football, or simply known as football, footy or Aussie rules, is a Team sport played between two teams of 18 players
Manufacturers of pies in Australia tend to be state based, reflecting the long distances involved with interstate transport and lack of refrigeration capabilities in the early years of pie production. Many pies sold ready-to-eat at smaller outlets are sold unbranded and may be locally produced, produced by a brand-name vendor, or even imported, frozen pies heated prior to serving.
The Australian meat pie manufacturer Four'N'Twenty says that its pie was invented in 1947 by L. The Four'N Twenty Meat Pie was invented in Bendigo Victoria, Australia by LT T. McClure in a small Bendigo bakery, to become the brand Four'N'Twenty. Due to their relationship with Australian rules football, Four'N Twenty has iconic status in Victoria and high popularity outside the state. Australian (rules football, or simply known as football, footy or Aussie rules, is a Team sport played between two teams of 18 players
Other manufacturers predate this, and the pie manufacturer Sargent can trace their pie making back to 1906. George Sargent (1859-1921 was an Australian businessman With his wife Charlotte Sargent and Foster Sargent he founded Sargent's Meat Pies in 1906 Sargent meat pies were served at the opening of the Old Parliament House in 1927 — or rather 10,000 pies were not served and the left-over pies had to be buried nearby. Old Parliament House, formerly known as the Provisional Parliament House, was the seat of the Parliament of Australia from 1927 to 1988
In South Australia, Balfours has been making pies since the early 1900s and remains (with Vili's) one of two major pie manufacturers in the state. South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country Both of these pie makers supply pies to various venues hosting AFL games.
Produced in Western Australia, Mrs Mac's Pies are now sold nationwide, found mostly in service stations and corner stores, competing with other brands in the contested takeaway hotbox market on the basis of quality and fillings other than the normal fare. Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of the Australian continent. Mrs Mac's Pies are a range of commercially produced quality and semi-gourmet meat pies sold throughout Australia and produced in Perth Western Australia
In Victoria, some of the well known and famous pie makers are Clarke's Pies from Mortlake, Kings Pies from Hamilton, Gillies from Bendigo, Beaumont's Pies from Geelong and Patties Pies from Bairnsdale. Mortlake is a town in the Western District of Victoria, Australia on the Hamilton Highway, north-east of Warrnambool. Hamilton is a city in western Victoria, Australia. It is located at the intersection of the Glenelg Highway (from Ballarat to Mount Gambier Bendigo is a regional city in central Victoria Australia, located in the City of Greater Bendigo. MCite/Citephp.--> Geelong (dʒəˈlɔŋ is the second largest city in the state Bairnsdale ( is a town in Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. With a population at the 2006 census of 11282 it is a major regional centre
In Tasmania, the main manufacturer of pies is National Pies, ironically a Tasmanian only company, as they have not yet started interstate sales. Tasmania is an Australian island and state of the same name It is located south of the eastern side of the Continent, being separated from it by Bass National Pies make typical beef mince pies, as well as "Cottage Pies", which are topped with mashed potato. National Pies' mince pies are rectangular in shape, as opposed to most other brands, which are round.
Former New South Wales Premier Bob Carr launched a Childhood obesity Summit in 2002 where he told participants that feeding children a diet of meat pies, sausage rolls and chiko rolls was akin to child cruelty. Robert John Carr (born 28 September 1947 Australian politician was Premier of New South Wales from 25 March 1995 to 3 August 2005 Childhood Obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or wellbeing A sausage roll is a type of Convenience food commonly served at parties and available from Bakeries and Milk bars as a Takeaway food item The Chiko Roll is an Australian savoury snack developed by Frank McEncroe, a Boilermaker from Bendigo, and first appeared at the Wagga Wagga
In April 2002, the Australian Consumers Association conducted a study of 22 frozen meat pies available in supermarkets. The Australian Consumers’ Association, which trades as CHOICE, is the largest consumer organization in Australia They found three brands did not meet the minimum 25 per cent meat content requirement set by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ), they also found that the fat content ranged from 15 to 35 grams of fat per pie. Food Standards Australia New Zealand ( FSANZ, formally ANZFA) is the governmental body responsible for developing food standards for Australia and The ACA study was of a select group of frozen meat pies in supermarkets, thus the study does not account for freshly baked meat pies of which the meat content and nutritional value varies from bakery to bakery. Another study by ACA in 2006 found 5 of the 23 pie products tested had less than the minimum 25% meat required.
In 2006, The ACA awarded pie manufacturer Black and Gold "The CHOICE Shonky Award for UnAustralian Content" for their pies found to contain just 17% meat. 
The meats allowed by FSANZ in a meat pie are beef, buffalo, camel, cattle, deer, goat, hare, pig, poultry, rabbit and sheep. Kangaroo meat, a leaner alternative, is also sometimes used. A kangaroo is a Marsupial from the family Macropodidae (macropods meaning 'large foot' However, most pie manufacturers specify 'beef' in their ingredients list; typically, those using other types of meat will simply put 'meat' in the list instead. FSANZ's definition of meat includes snouts, ears, tongue roots, tendons and blood vessels. Only offal (such as brain, heart, kidney, liver, tongue, tripe) must be specified on the label. Offal is the Entrails and Internal organs of a Butchered Animal. Wild animals ("slaughtered . . . in the wild state") may not be used. 
Started in 1990 and held annually since, the Great Aussie Pie Contest was created to find the best everyday commercially produced meat pie produced in Australia, to promote the higher quality pie production as well as attempting to increase media attention upon the foodstuff, the iconic meat pie often dwarfed by the omnipresent advertising of fast food chains.
The contest attracts various pie makers Australia wide, the pies for the contest are judged anonymously to avoid bias towards or against specific bakeries or states. Run in parallel to the main contest is one for gourmet pies, with categories for such fillings as chicken, seafood and even vegetarian pies. As well as the main prize, certificates of excellence are awarded for entries that reach set quality standards. The main award is highly coveted due to the greatly increased sales it generates, with many people travelling interstate to sample the winning pie.
In the 1970s meat pies were mentioned in an advertising jingle for General Motors Holden Australia. GM Holden Ltd is an Australian automaker based in Port Melbourne Victoria. The jingle — Football, meat pies, Kangaroos and Holden Cars, they go together underneath the Southern Stars — was an adaptation of an American jingle for the General Motors Chevrolet brand. Australian (rules football, or simply known as football, footy or Aussie rules, is a Team sport played between two teams of 18 players A kangaroo is a Marsupial from the family Macropodidae (macropods meaning 'large foot' GM Holden Ltd is an Australian automaker based in Port Melbourne Victoria. CRUX is a lightweight I686 -optimized Linux distribution targeted at experienced Linux users General Motors Corporation ( GM) ( is a multinational automobile manufacturer founded in 1908 and headquartered in the United States. Chevrolet (ˌʃɛvroʊˈleɪ - French origin (also known as Chevy) is a Brand of Automobile, produced by General Motors (GM Holden is owned by General Motors.
Fair-Go Dibbler, citizen of Fourecks in Terry Pratchett's Discworld series, is famous for selling "meat" pies to his unsuspecting customers. Claude Maximillian Overton Transpire Dibbler, usually known as Cut Me Own Throat Dibbler, C Terence David John Pratchett, OBE (born 28 April 1948 is an English fantasy, Science fiction, and children's author. Discworld is a comedic Fantasy Book series by the British author Terry Pratchett, set on the Discworld, a flat Those paying a substantial premium may get one containing a named meat.
In 2007, Domino's Australia released a meat pie pizza, consisting of minced beef, peas, diced fresh tomato, onions, gravy, thick pastry and tomato sauce. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Domino's Pizza Enterprises ( formerly Domino’s Pizza Australia New Zealand Limited or DPANZ, is an Australian -based Multinational franchisee