|Federal election major party leaders|
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Federal elections were held in Australia on 2 December 1972. Issues The 1969 election centred heavily on the two leaders John Gorton and Gough Whitlam Federal elections were held in Australia on 18 May 1974. All 127 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 60 seats in the Senate Sir William "Billy" McMahon, GCMG, CH (23 February 1908 31 March 1988 was an Australian Liberal politician and the 20th Prime Minister of The Division of Lowe is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of New South Wales. Edward Gough Whitlam, AC, QC (born 11 July 1916 known as Gough Whitlam (ˈɡɒf goff is an Australian former politician and 21st The Division of Werriwa is a Federal Electoral Division for the Australian House of Representatives. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opens 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. All 125 seats in the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers of the Parliament of Australia; it is the Lower house, the Upper house being the Senate No Senate seats were up for election on that day because their terms ended, although Queensland did hold a by-election for a single Senate seat  because it had fallen vacant when Liberal Senator Annabelle Rankin resigned in 1971. The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. The Queensland Parliament's temporary appointee, Neville Bonner (Australia's first Aboriginal Senator), faced and won a by-election held in conjunction with the next House of Representatives following, as required by Section 15 of the Constitution before it was amended by referendum in 1977.
The Liberal Party of Australia had been in power since 1949, under Prime Minister of Australia William McMahon since March 1971 with coalition partner the Country Party led by Doug Anthony, but were defeated by the Australian Labor Party led by Gough Whitlam. The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. The Prime Minister of Australia is the Head of government of the Commonwealth of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General. Sir William "Billy" McMahon, GCMG, CH (23 February 1908 31 March 1988 was an Australian Liberal politician and the 20th Prime Minister of The Coalition in Australian politics refers to a pragmatic grouping of Centre-right parties that has existed in the form of a coalition agreement since 1922 The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. John Douglas Anthony, AC, CH (born 31 December 1929 was an Australian politician Edward Gough Whitlam, AC, QC (born 11 July 1916 known as Gough Whitlam (ˈɡɒf goff is an Australian former politician and 21st
|Australian Labor Party||3,273,549||49. 59||+2. 64||67||+8|
|Liberal Party of Australia||2,115,085||32. The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. 04||-2. 73||38||-8|
|Country Party||622,826||9. The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. 44||+0. 88||20||0|
|Democratic Labor Party||346,415||5. The Democratic Labor Party (abbreviated as the DLP was an Australian Political party that existed from 1955 until 1978 25||-0. 77||0||0|
|Australia Party||159,916||2. The Australia Party was the name of a minor Political party in Australia (not to be confused with the Australian Party, which was set up by Billy Hughes 42||+1. 55||0||0|
|Australian Labor Party||WIN||52. 70||+2. 50||67||+8|
|Liberal/Country coalition||47. The Coalition in Australian politics refers to a pragmatic grouping of Centre-right parties that has existed in the form of a coalition agreement since 1922 30||-2. 50||58||-8|
See Australian Senate election, 1970 for Senate composition. See also Australian federal election 1969 Half-senate elections were held in Australia on 21 November 1970.
The 1972 Election was largely focused on domestic policy issues, and the role of the federal government in resolving these issues. The Coalition of the Liberal and Country parties had been in Government for 23 years. The Coalition in Australian politics refers to a pragmatic grouping of Centre-right parties that has existed in the form of a coalition agreement since 1922 The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. Successive coalition governments had focused their energies on national economic development and defence. However, Australia's economic development in the 1950's and 1960's had led to the emergence of a range of "quality of life" issues related to urban development, education, and healthcare. By 1972 these "quality of life" issues had come to represent a major political problem for the coalition parties. Traditionally all of these areas had been handled by the state governments, and the Coalition had always asserted the importance of states' rights, a view backed by Liberal state premiers like Robert Askin and Henry Bolte. Sir Robert William Askin, GCMG ( April 4 1907 - September 9 1981) was Premier of New South Wales from 1965 to 1975 Sir Henry Edward Bolte GCMG ( 20 May, 1908 - 4 January, 1990) Australian politician was the 38th and longest serving Throughout 1966 to 1972, Gough Whitlam, as Labor leader, developed policies designed to deal with the problems of urban and regional development using the financial powers granted to the federal government under the Australian Constitution. The Labor focus on "cities, schools and hospitals", as Whitlam put it, made it electorally appealing especially to the growing proportion of the Australian electorate living in the outer suburbs of the major cities.
Many commentators came to believe that the inability of the coalition parties to counteract these policies made its focus on national development and defence seem dated by contrast. Especially as the Vietnam War began to enter its final stages. Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War had been initially popular, but as the prospect of a US victory diminished protests grew, especially focusing on the need to conscript soldiers to fight. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia Conscription (also known as the draft, the call-up or national service) is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority Liberal policies towards Vietnam had always focused on the need to "contain" communist China, but the gradual US and Australian withdrawal was hard to reconcile with this commitment. In addition the 1972 Nixon visit to China caught the government by surprise, and made it appear out of touch with US strategy at a time when Whitlam had just returned from a visit to China. The 1972 Nixon visit to China was the first step in formally normalizing relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China.
Finally the incumbent Prime Minister William McMahon came across badly on television, and he was no match in parliamentary debates for Whitlam, a witty and powerful orator. Sir William "Billy" McMahon, GCMG, CH (23 February 1908 31 March 1988 was an Australian Liberal politician and the 20th Prime Minister of His position was precarious to begin with as he had only emerged as Liberal Leader after a prolonged period of turmoil following the coalitions unexpectedly poor showing at half Senate elections held in 1970, and various state elections. He was further weakened by concerns about inflation and negative press coverage. For example, Rupert Murdoch and his Australian newspaper supported the ALP. is gay Bold text' Keith Rupert Murdoch', AC, KCSG (born Melbourne, March 11 1931 usually known as Rupert Murdoch, is an Australian-American The Australian, also referred to as The Oz, is a Broadsheet Newspaper published in Australia Monday through Saturday each The ALP ran a strong campaign under the famous slogan, ‘It's time’. It's Time was a successful political campaign run by the Australian Labor Party (ALP under Gough Whitlam at the 1972 election in Australia A slogan which coupled with its progessive policy program gave it great momentum within the electorate.
The 1972 election ended 23 years of unbroken conservative Government. The new Labor Government of Gough Whitlam was eager to make long-planned reforms, although it struggled against a lack of experience in its cabinet. The 1972 election is also unusual as Whitlam only scraped into office with a thin majority of 9 seats. Typically, elections where Governments change in Australia are decisive (see the 1996 election, for example). House of Reps preference flows The Democrats contested 138 electorates with preferences slightly favouring Labor (54 It is worth mentioning that in the previous election of 1969, Whitlam achieved a seven percent primary and two-party figure of over 50 percent, gaining 18 seats, from a low of 41 of 124 seats and a 43 percent two-party figure at the 1966 election. Issues The 1969 election centred heavily on the two leaders John Gorton and Gough Whitlam Issues The new Prime Minister Harold Holt was stylish debonair and popular with the electorate In addition, the Senate was hostile to Whitlam, with the Coalition and Democratic Labor Parties holding more seats than the ALP, as the term of the senate at the time was 1970 to 1974. See also Australian federal election 1969 Half-senate elections were held in Australia on 21 November 1970. This would make governing difficult and lead to the early double dissolution election of 1974. This article deals with elections to the Australian Parliament. Federal elections were held in Australia on 18 May 1974. All 127 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 60 seats in the Senate