Austin Marsden Farrer (1904–29 December 1968) was an English theologian and philosopher. Events 1170 - Thomas Becket: Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language
Farrer was born the only son of the three children of Augustus and Evangeline Farrer in Hampstead, London, England. Hampstead is an area of London, England, located north-west of Charing Cross. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland His father was a Baptist minister and Farrer was brought up in that faith. Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging to a Baptist church or a Baptist denomination. Encouraged by his father to value scholarship he nevertheless found the divisions within the Baptist church dispiriting and whilst at university, became an Anglican. Anglicanism is a tradition of Christian faith Churches in this tradition either have historical connections to the Church of England or have similar beliefs He went to St. Paul's school, in London where he gained a scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. St Paul's School is the name of many schools with St Paul's School in London, (founded 1509 being the oldest Balliol College (ˈbeɪlɪəl founded in 1263 is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. Oxford is currently bidding for the 2010 Wikimania Conference Oxford () is a city, and the County town of Oxfordshire, History See also History of Oxfordshire The county of Oxfordshire was formed in the early years of the 10th century and is broadly situated in the England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Finding his spiritual home at St. Barnabas church in Oxford, his theology and his spirituality became profoundly Catholic. Catholic is an Adjective derived from the Greek adjective '' / 'katholikos' meaning "whole" or "complete". After gaining a first in Greats, he went up to Cuddesdon Theological College where he trained with the future Archbishop of Canterbury, Michael Ramsey. A seminary, theological college, or divinity school is a specialized and often live-in Higher education institution for the purpose of instructing students The Archbishop of Canterbury is the chief bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the Arthur Michael Ramsey Baron Ramsey of Canterbury PC ( November 14 1904 &ndash 23 April 1988) was the one hundredth Archbishop He served a curacy in Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, England after which he was invited to become chaplain and tutor at St. From the Latin curatus (compare Curator) a curate is a person who is invested with the ''care'' or ''cure'' (''cura'' ''of souls'' of a Dewsbury is a Market town within the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, in West Yorkshire, England. West Yorkshire is a Metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England with a population of England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland A chaplain is typically a Priest, Pastor, ordained Deacon, Rabbi, Imam or other member of the Clergy serving a group of In British Australian New Zealand Italian and some Canadian universities, a tutor is often but not always a Postgraduate Student or a Lecturer Edmund Hall in Oxford in 1931. Oxford is currently bidding for the 2010 Wikimania Conference Oxford () is a city, and the County town of Oxfordshire, He became Fellow and Chaplain of Trinity College, Oxford from 1935 to 1960. A fellow in the broadest sense is someone who is an equal or a comrade The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity in the University of Oxford of the foundation of Sir Thomas Pope (Knight, or Trinity College for short is one of the The University of Oxford (informally "Oxford University" or simply "Oxford" located in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England is the On the death of Oliver Quick in 1959, the Regius Professorship of Divinity became vacant and Farrer's name was widely canvassed. The Regius Professorship of Divinity is one of the oldest and most prestigious of the professorships at the University of Oxford and at the University of Cambridge However, his typological approach to the reading of Scripture, notably in his books on St. Mark and The Book of Revelation, were out of the mainstream of biblical scholarship and his article 'On dispensing with Q' (one of the supposed lost sources of the Gospels) raised a furore on both sides of the Atlantic. "Saint Mark" redirects here For other uses see Saint Mark (disambiguation. The Book of Revelation, also called Revelation to John, Apocalypse of John ( pronounced, from the Ἀποκάλυψις Ἰωάννου This article is about the canonical books of the New Testament Henry Chadwick was appointed instead. Henry Chadwick may refer to Henry Chadwick (writer (1824-1908 early baseball writer Henry Chadwick (theologian (1920-2008 The following year, Farrer was appointed as Warden of Keble College, Oxford, a post which he held until his death shortly after Christmas in 1968 aged 64. Keble College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Apart from his biblical scholarship, which was considered maverick, Farrer's work was mainly philosophical, though again he was out of the mainstream. He was not influenced by the empiricism of such contemporaries as John Wisdom, Gilbert Ryle and A.J. Ayer. John Wisdom (1904–1993 was an ordinary language Philosopher and Philosopher of mind. Gilbert Ryle ( 19 August 1900 - 6 October 1976) was a British Philosopher, and a representative of the generation of Sir Alfred Jules ("Freddie" Ayer ( October 29, 1910 &ndash June 27, 1989) better known as A The 'Metaphysicals', as his small group of fellow thinkers were called, were of an entirely different temper. His thinking was essentially Thomist. Thomism is the philosophical school that arose as a legacy of the work and thought of Thomas Aquinas. One of his closer friends was the Christian apologist C.S. Lewis who dedicated his book on the Psalms to him. Christian apologetics is a field of Christian theology that aims to present a rational basis for the Christian faith, defend the faith against objections Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963 Psalms ( Hebrew: Tehilim, תהילים, or "praises" is a book of the Hebrew Bible (the Christian Old Testament) included Farrer took the last sacraments to Lewis before his death. Others included J.R.R. Tolkien and Dorothy Sayers. Dorothy Leigh Sayers ( IPA: usually pronounced /ˈseɪɜrz/ although Sayers herself preferred /ˈsɛːz/ and encouraged the use of her middle initial to facilitate this Perhaps unsurprisingly, Farrer has been more studied and more admired since his death in the United States than in his own country.
His major contribution to Christian thought is his notion of 'double agency', that human actions are fully our own but also are the work of God, though perfectly hidden. He described God for such purposes as 'intelligent act' .
He was known as a fine preacher and several books of his sermons were printed, all but one posthumously. He had the gift of marrying considerable scholarship with profound spirituality. Serving at a weekday mass with him was said to be a moving experience.
His books included several on St. Mark, two commentaries on the book of Revelation, a study of the Temptations, entitled The Triple Victory, philosophical works such as The Freedom of the Will, Finite and Infinite and Faith and Speculation, the apologetic books A Science of God (which was the Archbishop's Lent Book) and Saving Belief, a defence of the goodness of God called Love Almighty and Ills Unlimited, a meditation on the Creed called Lord, I believe and numerous collections of sermons. Articles written by him, some of which were subsequently collected, run into dozens.