Art rock is a term describing a subgenre of rock music that tends to have "experimental or avant-garde influences" and emphasizes "novel sonic texture. Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. " Art rock is an "intrinsically album-based" form, which takes "advantage of the format's capacity for longer, more complex compositions and extended instrumental explorations.  The Golden Age of Rock lectures define art rock as "a piece of music in the rock idiom that is appealing more intellectually or musically, that is, not formulated along pop lines for mass consumption. " The lectures note that it is ". . . usually somewhat experimental", using "a long structure with several themes like classical music" or "a suite of individual songs. " Art Rock "almost always features keyboards more than guitar. " As well, art rock is "not so much for dancing as for listening and it often tells a story or has a philosophical theme to the lyrics. "
The concept of "art rock" has also sometimes been used to refer to the "progressive rock" bands which became popular in the 1970s. Progressive rock (often shortened to " progressive " " prog " or " prog rock " is a form of Rock music that evolved The All Music Guide states that "Progressive rock and art rock are two almost interchangeable terms describing a mostly British attempt to elevate rock music to new levels of artistic credibility. allmusic (previously All Music Guide) is a Metadata database about music owned by All Media Guide. " Progressive rock eventually stuck as a label for a specific genre of rock music, while "art rock" was used to refer to a wider, more subjective and harder-to-categorize collection of bands. A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other
Princeton University's Wordnet dictionary states that "progressive rock, art rock" are "a style of rock music that emerged in the 1970s; associated with attempts to combine rock with jazz and other forms; intended for listening and not dancing".  As well, the book American Popular Music by Larry Starr & Christopher Waterman defines art rock as a "Form of rock music that blended elements of rock and European classical music. It included bands such as King Crimson; Emerson, Lake & Palmer; and Pink Floyd. " Bruce Eder's essay The Early History of Art-Rock/Prog Rock states that "'progressive rock,' also sometimes known as 'art rock,' or 'classical rock'" is music in which the "bands [are] playing suites, not songs; borrowing riffs from Bach, Beethoven, and Wagner instead of Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley; and using language closer to William Blake or T. S. Eliot than to Carl Perkins or Willie Dixon. Charles Edward Anderson "Chuck" Berry (born October 18 1926 in St Bo Diddley ( December 30 1928 &ndash June 2 2008, born Ellas Otha Bates) was an original and influential American William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827 was an English poet, painter, and Printmaker. Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26 1888 – January 4 1965 was a poet Dramatist, and Literary critic. Carl Lee Perkins ( April 9, 1932 &ndash January 19, 1998) was an American pioneer of Rockabilly music a mix of Rhythm William James "Willie" Dixon ( July 1, 1915 &ndash January 29, 1992) was a well-known American Blues Bassist "
The Guide to the Progressive Rock Genres lists "art rock" under the subheading "Forms Tangential and Peripheral to Symphonic Rock/Progressive Rock. " The guide states that "art rock" is "another term often used interchangeably with progressive rock, [which] implies rock with an exploratory tendency. " The guide also gives another definition of "art rock", which "describes music of a more mainstream compositional nature, tending to experimentation within this framework", such as "Early Roxy Music, David Bowie, Brian Eno's 70s rock music, and Be Bop Deluxe. Roxy Music is an English Art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry ( vocals and keyboards) David Bowie (ˈboʊiː born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947 is an English Musician, actor producer, and arranger. Brian Peter George St John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno (born 15 May 1948 commonly known as Brian Eno (ˈiːnoʊ is an English Musician, producer 
Connolly and Company argue that the "creation of the “art rock” sub-genre, whose members were identified by music played with artistic ideals (e. g. , Roxy Music, 10cc). Roxy Music is an English Art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry ( vocals and keyboards) . . was in many ways a response to prog rock’s long-winded concepts, an attempt to condense progressive rock’s ideas into shorter, self-standing songs. " He argues that "Art rock’s lifespan was brief, generally contained to the ‘70s. "
Art rock may be considered "arty" through imitation of classical "art" music or literature, or simply through eclecticism. Examples of the former include Queen, The Moody Blues, The Who, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, The Nice, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, David Bowie, The Velvet Underground, Kate Bush, The Beatles Sgt. Peppers and Love (Forever Changes) and examples of the latter include Peter Hammill, Roxy Music, Genesis and Yes. Queen were an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist The Moody Blues are an English psychedelic rock band originally from Erdington in the city of Birmingham. The Who are an English rock band formed in 1964. The primary lineup consisted of guitarist Pete Townshend Led Zeppelin were Pink Floyd are The Nice were an English Progressive rock band from the 1960s known for their unique blend of rock, Jazz and classical music Emerson Lake & Palmer ( ELP) were an English Progressive rock supergroup. David Bowie (ˈboʊiː born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947 is an English Musician, actor producer, and arranger. This article is about the band For their self-titled album see The Velvet Underground (album; for the book see The Velvet Underground (book Kate Bush (born Catherine Bush on 30 July 1958 is an English singer songwriter musician and Record producer. The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is the eighth studio album by the British rock band The Beatles. Love was an American Rock group of the late 1960s and early 1970s Forever Changes is the third album released by the Los Angeles -based band Love. For the journalist and writer see Pete Hamill. Peter Joseph Andrew Hammill (born 5 November, 1948, in Ealing, west Roxy Music is an English Art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry ( vocals and keyboards) Genesis are an English rock band formed in 1967 With approximately 150 million albums sold worldwide Genesis are among the top 30 highest-selling recording artists Yes are an English Progressive rock band that formed in London in 1968.
Music critic Piero Scaruffi claims that "the "emigration" of rock music from the USA to Britain [in the 1960s] was not only beneficial but even pivotal for the development and propagation of the new genre. Piero Scaruffi (born in Trivero, Italy, in 1955 but based in California since 1983 is an Italian-American cultural historian " He arguest that when UK musicians such as The Beatles and The Rolling Stones toured the US in the so-called "British Invasion," the rock music that they played was "a completely mutated species. The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 The British Invasion was the term applied by the news media — and subsequently by consumers — to the influx of Rock and roll, beat and pop performers The original "grass-roots" phenomenon [of US rock music], raised in thousands of garages by illiterate kids, graduated to an intellectual discipline practiced by university alumni who belonged to artistic schools and movements. " Scaruffi argues that "[i]n other words," the British rock bands had converted rock music into a " 'high' art. " Music critic George Graham argues that ". . . the so-called Art Rock scene arose" in the 1960s, "when many artists were attempting to broaden the boundaries of rock. " He claims that art rock "was inspired by the classically-influenced arrangements and the elaborate production of the Beatles Sgt. Peppers period" and states that the "style had its heyday in the 1970s with huge commercial success by Yes, and Emerson, Lake & Palmer, and later Genesis. The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is the eighth studio album by the British rock band The Beatles. "
However, Graham notes that art rock "quickly faded when punk rock and then so-called alternative rock arose at the end of that decade, exactly as a reaction to the sophistication, and in many cases, pretense of big, elaborate rock productions, be they art rock or slickly-produced pop singers. Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative; known primarily in the UK as indie) is a genre of " Graham claims that since the late 1970s, "art rock has remained at the fringes and become one of many venerable styles. . . that attracts small numbers of avid fans, and continues to be perpetuated by a combination of some of the original artists and new generations of players. "
In the US, a number of late-1960s bands experimented with "long compositions", with each band "trying to out-psychedelic the other" with unusual sonic experiments. The Golden Age Of Art Rock lectures state that the "piece that caused the explosion of Art Rock more than any other, starting in 1968" was Iron Butterfly's In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida. Iron Butterfly is an American Psychedelic rock and early Heavy metal band well known for their 1968 hit " In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida In response, many other bands tried to emulate this art rock style, such as "Jefferson Airplane, The Steve Miller Band, The Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger Service, H.P. Lovecraft and It's A Beautiful Day. Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the Psychedelic rock movement The Steve Miller Band is an influential American Blues rock band led by Steve Miller on Guitar and lead vocals The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in the San Francisco Bay Area. Quicksilver Messenger Service is an American Psychedelic rock band formed in 1965 in San Francisco and considered as a part of the city's HP Lovecraft was an American Psychedelic rock group in the 1960s later resurrected as Lovecraft for two less-acclaimed albums in the 1970s For the Queen song see Made in Heaven It's a Beautiful Day was a band formed in San Francisco, California " The Steve Miller Band "had quite a lot of Art Rock in the early albums. The lecture argues that the "two main long pieces" by The Doors ("The End" and "When The Music's Over") are "good examples of Art Rock. This article is about the band For their self-titled debut album see The Doors (album; for the Oliver Stone film see The Doors (film; for Doors in computing " Similarly, The Beach Boys' Pet Sounds album could be included in Art Rock. The Beach Boys is an American rock band Formed in 1961 the group gained popularity for its close vocal harmonies and lyrics reflecting a California Youth culture Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group The Beach Boys. However, in the 1970s, US rock music "moved away from Art Rock", as southern rock bands became popular. Art rock reached its commercial height with the popularity of the aforementioned progressive rock bands, such as King Crimson, Yes, Rush, Genesis, and especially Pink Floyd. Progressive rock (often shortened to " progressive " " prog " or " prog rock " is a form of Rock music that evolved King Crimson is a Progressive rock band founded by guitarist Robert Fripp and drummer Michael Giles in 1969 Yes are an English Progressive rock band that formed in London in 1968. Rush is a Canadian rock band originally formed in August 1968 in the Willowdale neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario, currently comprised of Genesis are an English rock band formed in 1967 With approximately 150 million albums sold worldwide Genesis are among the top 30 highest-selling recording artists Pink Floyd are After the punk rock revolution of the late 1970s put DIY simplicity back in style, and as openly 'progressive' bands drifted toward the mainstream with hit singles and more commercial productions, their 'art rock' designation fell away. Brian Eno has been called the "experimental end of the [art rock] spectrum" for his early 1970s recordings. 
In Western Europe the band Phoenix from Romania released their concept album "Cantafabule" (1975) that could be included in the Art Rock movement. Romania ( dated: Rumania, Roumania In Popular music, a concept album is an Album which is "unified by a theme which can be instrumental compositional narrative or lyrical"
In the 1980s explosion of "New Wave Music, Art Rock faded away to the background", with the exception of "Laurie Anderson, who had wonderful solo albums like Mr. Heartbreak and Strange Angels even up into the Nineties. Laurie Anderson (born Laura Phillips Anderson, on June 5 1947 in Glen Ellyn Illinois) is an American experimental Performance artist and Mister Heartbreak is the second album by Avant-garde artist Laurie Anderson, released in 1984 Strange Angels is the title of singer Laurie Anderson 's fifth album released by Warner Bros " Anderson's experimental performance art included performances with her homemade "tape-bow violin" which has a tape head in place of strings, and a strip of magnetic tape in place of the hairs on a bow. This article is about Performance art For other uses see Performance (disambiguation Since the later 1990s Anderson collaborated with Lou Reed on a number of recordings, such as "Call On Me" from Reed's collaborative project, The Raven. Lewis Allan Reed (born March 2 1942 is an American rock Singer-songwriter and Guitarist. For the album by The Stranglers see The Raven (The Stranglers album.
In the 2000s, some pieces by Moby could be considered art rock, "but many of his records alternate beautifully realized Art Rock with raucous punk attacks and they are a little hard to take as a whole. Richard Melville Hall, also known as Moby (born September 11, 1965 in Harlem, New York) is an American DJ " In 2004, the phrase "art rock" was used by British musical writers from publications such as NME to describe a movement of mostly "indie" bands influenced by the 1970s/1980s work of artists like David Bowie, David Byrne, Tom Verlaine, Peter Gabriel, and Brian Eno, and by the post punk scene in general. The New Musical Express (better known as the NME) is a Popular music Magazine in the United Kingdom which has been David Bowie (ˈboʊiː born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947 is an English Musician, actor producer, and arranger. Tom Verlaine (born Thomas Miller, December 13 1949, in Morristown New Jersey) is a Singer, Songwriter and Guitarist Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950 in Chobham, Surrey, England) is an English Musician and Songwriter. Brian Peter George St John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno (born 15 May 1948 commonly known as Brian Eno (ˈiːnoʊ is an English Musician, producer Post-punk was a popular musical movement in the mid to late 1970s following on the heels of the initial Punk rock explosion of the early 1970s
These new "art rock" bands such as Coheed and Cambria, The Mars Volta, Dredg, Oceansize, The Matches, Tool, Silverchair, Hurt, Deerhoof, Whirlwind Heat, Radiohead, Glassjaw and Axis of Justice generally eschew self-conscious descriptions as "art rock", there is also a continuing subcultural movement of underground, sometimes highly uncommercial music with original roots in punk rock, post punk or the radical avant-garde whose style or philosophy would fall under common definitions of "art rock". Coheed and Cambria is an American Progressive metal band formed in New York. The Mars Volta is the name of a partnership between guitarist Omar Rodríguez-López and singer Cedric Bixler-Zavala founded in 2001 Dredg (commonly typeset as dredg) is an American progressive / Alternative rock band formed in 1994 in Los Gatos California. Oceansize are a five-piece Art rock group based in Manchester, England. The Matches are a rock band based in America. The band formed in Oakland California, in 1997 and currently comprises vocalist and rhythm guitarist Tool is an American rock band that was formed in 1990 in Los Angeles, California. Silverchair is an Australian Alternative rock band. The band formed as Innocent Criminals in Newcastle, New South Wales, in 1992 Hurt (sometimes typeset as HURT) is an Alternative metal band formed in 2000 in Virginia, and is now located in Los Angeles California Deerhoof is a San Francisco musical group currently consisting of Satomi Matsuzaki (usually vocals and bass John Dieterich (usually guitar Ed Rodriguez (usually guitar as Whirlwind Heat is a three-piece band from the city of Grand Rapids, Michigan. Radiohead Glassjaw is an influential four-piece Hardcore punk band from Long Island New York. Axis of Justice is a Non-profit organization co-founded by Serj Tankian (of System of a Down) and Tom Morello ( Rage Against the Machine Post-punk was a popular musical movement in the mid to late 1970s following on the heels of the initial Punk rock explosion of the early 1970s Avant-garde (avɑ̃gaʁd in French) means "advance guard" or "vanguard Some of these bands may also be described as experimental rock, while the even more abrasive and abstract acts such as Wolf Eyes and Merzbow may be described as noise music. Experimental rock or avant-garde rock is a type of music based on rock which experiments with the basic elements of the genre and/or which pushes the boundaries is a Noise music project created in Tokyo, Japan in 1979 under the direction of musician.