The Abbey of Arrouaise was the centre of a form of the Augustinian monastic rule, the Arrouaisian Order, which was popular among the founders of abbeys during the decade of the 1130s. The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430) are several Catholic Monastic orders and congregations Governance relates to decisions that define expectations, grant power, or verify performance. The community began to develop when Heldemar joined the hermit Ruggerius in 1090 but its first abbot, elected in 1121, was called Gervaise. A hermit (from the Greek ἔρημος erēmos, signifying " Desert " "uninhabited" hence "desert-dweller" adjective "eremitic" The word abbot, meaning Father, is a title given to the head of a Monastery in various traditions including Christianity. He impressed people who had the wealth sufficient to found an abbey, who usually had the secular power likely to go with their landed wealth.
The abbey had originated as a hermitage. An abbey (from Latin abbatia derived from Syriac abba "father" is a Christian Monastery or That had developed into a community which adopted the task of providing a service to travellers through the then, great Forest of Arrouaise in Artois. A forest is an area with a high density of Trees There are many definitions of a forest based on various criteria Artois (Artesië (adjective Artesian) is a former province of northern France. The order of Arrouaise was differentiated from others by being basically that of St. Augustine with the more restrained approach of the Cistercians as a guide to its more austere philosophy. In general, as time passed, the distinction between the Augustinian and Arrouaisian orders was less likely to be made, so that now, as in their later years of life, Arrouaisian houses are often referred to as being Augustinian.
The forest was in the form of a belt extending westwards from the Forest of The Ardennes, to the north of the town of St. Quentin and towards the town of Bapaume. For the political subdivision of France see Ardennes (department. This article is about the saint For places named after him see Saint-Quentin and San Quintin. Bapaume is a commune and the chief town of a canton in the Pas-de-Calais département in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region It is now largely felled. Traffic passed through the forest, in many cases along the remaining lines of Roman roads. The Roman Roads were essential for the growth of the Roman Empire, by enabling the Romans to move armies and trade goods and to communicate news The routes were important commercially and diplomatically for traffic between Paris and Flanders, also between England and Burgundy. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Flanders (Vlaanderen Flandre Flandern is a geographical region located in parts of present day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Burgundy (Bourgogne Burgund is a region historically situated in modern-day France and Switzerland, inhabited in turn by Celts ( Gauls) It will have been mainly by this route that the English and Western Flemings went to Rome on pilgrimages and diplomatic journeys. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 A pilgrim is one who undertakes a Pilgrimage, literally 'far afield' Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting Negotiations between representatives of groups or states 
On the whole, scholars seem rather vague about where the abbey itself was. It is possible that 'arrouaise' is an adjective indicating a connection with Arras or, by extension, with Artois, but in the 20th century, at least, these adjectives were respectively 'arrageois' and 'artesian'. Arras (Atrecht is the capital of the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. Artois (Artesië (adjective Artesian) is a former province of northern France. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on However, within the appropriate area and in the higher land between the sources of rivers such as the Somme, Sambre and Escaut, there is a hamlet called l’Arrouaise. The Sambre is a River in northern France and southern Belgium, left tributary of the Meuse River. The Scheldt (Dutch Schelde, French Escaut, Latin Scaldis) is a 350 km[http //www It lies at the end of a turning off a back road, the D272 (département of Aisne), 11. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division Aisne (ɛn is a department in the northern part of France named after the Aisne River. 5 km south-east of the place known to British military historians as Le Cateau. Le Cateau-Cambrésis is a commune in northern France, in the Nord département. The out-of-the-way position of l'Arrouaise would have been appropriate to the hermitage origins but would not be convenient in developing the tradition of service to travellers.
There was a small abbey, founded in the 11th century, "in the middle of the Forest of Arrouaise", at Aubencheul-aux-Bois near the N44 and about halfway between Cambrai and St. Aubencheul-aux-Bois is a commune in the department of Aisne in Picardie in northern France. Quentin. It lies between Mesnil-en-Arrouaise 10 km SE of Bapaume) and Montigny-en-Arrouaise (15 km ENE of St. Mesnil-en-Arrouaise is a commune in the Somme département in the Picardie region of France. Montigny-en-Arrouaise is a commune in the Aisne department in Picardie in northern France. Quentin). Auboncheul lies on the border between Picardy and Hainaut as represented by the départements of Aisne and Nord. This site, on the St Quentin to Cambrai road, is much better suited to serving travellers, being on both the Paris to Mechelen and the London to Dijon roads. That means the France to Flanders and England to Burgundy diplomatic routes, as well as that from England and western Flanders to Rome. Besides these, the commercial traffic between Italy and Flanders grew in importance during the medieval period. Both Cambrai and St. Quentin were part of it. Four kilometres to the south of Aubencheul, at Gouy which used to be called Gouy en Arrouaise, (Click on Pienne on this map) the Michelin 1:200 000 map shows an abbey ruin, at the source of the Escaut. The two are likely to be one and known as Mont Saint Martin. This does not fit with the foundation charters of Bourne and Missenden Abbeys in each of which the dedication of Arrouaise is given as being to St. Nicholas.  Although this abbey may not be Arrouaise, it looks like part of the same pattern, as the story of St.Martin goes with the service to wayfarers. Saint Martin of Tours (Martinus (316/317 Savaria, Pannonia &ndash November 8, 317, Candes, Gaul; buried November
For a clear statement of the site of the abbey we must stay with the Cassini map of the Cambrai region. When compared with a modern map, for example the Michelin 1:200 000, the abbey site falls just to the east of the St Quentin to Arras road, N17 as it crosses the border between the départements of Pas-de-Calais and Somme. A route nationale, or simply nationale, is a Trunk road in France. In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France. Its name is the French language equivalent of the Strait of Dover, which it borders The Somme is a department of France, located in the north of the country and named after the Somme river. It lies to the south of the D19 road to and very close to the Autoroute A2. The Autoroute system in France consists largely of Toll roads except around large cities and in parts of the north
There is an aerial photograph of the site as a soilmark in a gallery on the French Ministry of Culture site. Aerial archaeology is the study of archaeological remains by examining them from altitude It is not very clear but if the grey line across the foreground is the N17 and given the angle of elevation and bearing of the sun it is; the Abbey lay in a rectangular compound, hard by the road on its eastern side. The axis of the photograph's view is close to 70°, that is 20° north of eastwards.
Compare this with a satellite view of the vicinity. The village in the north-west is Le Transloy, on the N17 and in the north-east, Rocquigny. The relationship between the N17 and the field boundaries indicates that the site now lies immediately to the north of the autoroute, A2 which abuts the right-hand edge of the former abbey's close, passing just outside it and leaving the ministry's picture through the top edge. The top right extremity of the picture is now on the far side of the autoroute.
This comparison of views draws attention to the very significant foreshortening in the ministry’s obliquely-taken photograph. It is therefore reasonable to see the pale patch in the strip of the site to the left as the abbey church, with the cloister just beyond the small modern building and accommodation for travellers occupying half the total width of the site, down to the southern boundary. The clarity of the soil mark varies with the modern use of the land. The lodgings appear to have been outside the canons' quarters and along the sides of a long, north-to-south courtyard.
The abbey elected its first abbot, Gervaise in 1121 and was suppressed in 1790 during the course of the French Revolution. The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an