|Army of Darkness|
|Directed by||Sam Raimi|
|Produced by||Dino De Laurentiis|
|Written by||Sam Raimi|
|Music by||Joe LoDuca|
(March of the Dead)
|Editing by||Bob Murawski|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Release date(s)||February 19, 1993|
|Running time||83 min. Samuel Marshall "Sam" Raimi (born October 23, 1959) is an American Film director, producer, Actor and Agostino De Laurentiis, usually credited as Dino De Laurentiis (born August 8 1919) is an Academy Award -winning Italian Robert Gerard Tapert (born May 14 1955) sometimes credited as Rob Tapert, Robert G Bruce Lorne Campbell (born June 22 1958) is an American Actor, producer, Writer and director. Samuel Marshall "Sam" Raimi (born October 23, 1959) is an American Film director, producer, Actor and Ivan Raimi (born 1956) is an American Screenwriter and doctor of osteopathic medicine. Bruce Lorne Campbell (born June 22 1958) is an American Actor, producer, Writer and director. Embeth Jean Davidtz (born August 11, 1965) is an American -born South African Actress. Bridget Jane Fonda (born January 27, 1964) is an Emmy - and Golden Globe Award -nominated American actress. Marcus Gilbert (born 1958 is a British Actor, known for his Roles in Jilly Cooper 's Riders and Evil Dead 3 - Army of Darkness Joseph LoDuca is a Film score Composer although he is best known for his work writing television scores for the series Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton Bob Murawski is the American Film editor who often works with Film director Sam Raimi (of the Spider-Man and Universal Studios (sometimes called Universal Pictures or Universal City Studios) a subsidiary of NBC Universal, is a major Global American Events 197 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar)|
|Preceded by||Evil Dead II|
Army of Darkness (also known as Evil Dead III, The Medieval Dead, Bruce Campbell vs. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Evil Dead II (also known as Evil Dead 2 Dead by Dawn) is an American Comedy horror movie released in 1987 the Army of Darkness, Captain Supermarket (in Japan only), and The Ultimate Experience in Medieval Terror) is an American comedy horror / adventure film, released in 1993. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the This is a list of comedy horror films: 1920s 1923 Puritan Passions 1925 The Action movies are a Film genre where action sequences such as fights, Shootouts Stunts Car chases or explosions either take precedence The film is a sequel to The Evil Dead and Evil Dead II. The Evil Dead (also known as Evil Dead, The Book of the Dead, Sam Raimi's The Evil Dead and Evil Dead II (also known as Evil Dead 2 Dead by Dawn) is an American Comedy horror movie released in 1987 Army of Darkness was directed by Sam Raimi, written by Raimi and his brother Ivan, produced by Rob Tapert, and starring Bruce Campbell once again as protagonist Ash Williams. Samuel Marshall "Sam" Raimi (born October 23, 1959) is an American Film director, producer, Actor and Ivan Raimi (born 1956) is an American Screenwriter and doctor of osteopathic medicine. Robert Gerard Tapert (born May 14 1955) sometimes credited as Rob Tapert, Robert G Bruce Lorne Campbell (born June 22 1958) is an American Actor, producer, Writer and director. Conception and history Ash's name according to Sam Raimi is a reference to his originally intended fate at the end of Evil Dead, stating "that's all that was going Despite being a sequel to the two Evil Dead films, it is not as violent or gory, relying more on slapstick. Slapstick is a type of Comedy involving exaggerated physical violence or activities which exceed the boundaries of common sense such as a character being hit in the face with
The movie had a considerably higher budget than the prior two Evil Dead films. The budget was estimated to be around $11 million; Evil Dead II had a budget of $3. 5 million and The Evil Dead a budget of $350,000. At the box office, Army of Darkness was not a big success, barely making back its budget with a gross of $11,501,093 domestically. After its video release, however, it has obtained an ever-growing cult following, along with the other two films in the trilogy. A cult film is a Film that has acquired a highly devoted but relatively small group of fans.
Ash, discovered the Necronomicon Ex-Mortis, or "Book of the Dead" and unleashed demonic forces in the films The Evil Dead and Evil Dead II. Conception and history Ash's name according to Sam Raimi is a reference to his originally intended fate at the end of Evil Dead, stating "that's all that was going The Necronomicon Ex-Mortis ( Naturon Demonto) is a fictional Sumerian book in the ''Evil Dead'' series. After reading a spell to defeat the demons, he is sucked into a time vortex with his Oldsmobile and is transported back to AD 1300 ("As near as I can figure"). Oldsmobile was a brand of Automobile produced for most of its existence by General Motors. The end of Evil Dead II shows Ash being hailed as the "Hero from the Sky", the man destined to deliver salvation to mankind from the "Deadites", or undead.
There are some differences between the ending of Evil Dead II and the beginning of Army of Darkness. Instead of being praised, Ash is at first suspected of being one of Duke Henry's men, a Scott at war with the English knights who found Ash. The Scots people ( Scots Gaelic: Albannaich) are a Nation and an Ethnic group indigenous to Scotland. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Knight is the English term for a social position originating in the Middle Ages. He is enslaved, his gun and chainsaw confiscated, and is taken to a castle. A priest keeps Ash's weapons, believing the "strange one" to be a redeemer, foretold in prophecy to be the one who shall deliver mankind from the terror of the Deadites. Ash is thrown in a pit where he fights off a Deadite, regains his weapons, and uses his "boomstick", a Remington double-barreled shotgun, to frighten the inhabitants of the kingdom into helping him return to his own time. A sawed-off shotgun ( US) also known as a sawn-off shotgun ( UK, AU, NZ; also used in US) or a short-barreled shotgun
The only way to return to his time and stop the Deadites, according to the priest who gave Ash back his weapons, is to retrieve the Necronomicon - which contains both spells. Ash is supposed to speak a mysterious phrase when he takes the Necronomicon.  While preparing for this, Ash becomes romantically involved with a local woman, Sheila.
Ash then journeys for the Necronomicon, along the way passing into a haunted forest. Some unseen creature pursues Ash through the woods, which the camera shows from the creature's point of view. At one point the camera passes between two trees, and a face (or perhaps a mask) appears on the lefthand tree. It is unclear what the face is about, but interviews with Raimi suggest that there is no particular significance to it.
While running from the unseen creature, Ash ducks into a windmill where he crashes into a mirror. The small reflections of Ash climb out from the shattered mirror and torture him. After knocking him unconscious and tying him down, one of the little Ashes dives down his throat. Ash attempts to kill the little Ash by drinking boiling water, but before any effect can be assumed, "Evil Ash" begins to split off from his right shoulder. Conception and history Ash's name according to Sam Raimi is a reference to his originally intended fate at the end of Evil Dead, stating "that's all that was going Ash panicks and runs back out through the woods, where Evil Ash completely splits off of him. Ash shoots Evil Ash in the face, slices him to bits with his chainsaw, and buries him alive.
When he arrives at the book's location, he sees three books instead of one. After a painful experience with the two fake books (one had bit him and the other one sucked him into the book), Ash finds the real one. He attempts to say the magic phrase, but realizes he forgot the end of it. Ash tries to trick the book by mumbling the missing word, but that re-releases the Evil Dead. He simply grabs the book and rushes back to the castle, while the dead rise from graves all around. During Ash's panicked ride back, Evil Ash rises from his grave and unites the Deadites into the Army of Darkness.
Despite causing the predicament faced by the Medieval humans, Ash initially demands to be returned to his own time. Sheila is captured by a flying Deadite, and Ash becomes determined to lead the humans against the skeletal Deadite army. Reluctantly, the people agree to join Ash. Using scientific knowledge from textbooks in the trunk of his Oldsmobile, plus enlisting the help of Duke Henry (whom Ash saved after his conflict in the pit), Ash successfully leads the humans to defeat the Deadites and save Sheila. Oldsmobile was a brand of Automobile produced for most of its existence by General Motors. After this, he is brought back to his own time using a potion made from the book. The final scene begins with Ash back at the S Mart, telling a co-worker how he could have been king. After this, a deadite starts wreaking havoc on the store, and Ash destroys it. The film ends with Ash saying, "Hail to the king, baby", and kissing a female co-worker.
Plans to make a third Evil Dead film had been circulating for a number of years, even prior to the production of Darkman. Darkman is a 1990 superhero Action film directed by Sam Raimi that was based on a Short story he wrote that paid homage Director and script writer Sam Raimi drew from a variety of sources, including literature with A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court and Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels and films like The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad, Jason and the Argonauts and The Three Stooges. Samuel Marshall "Sam" Raimi (born October 23, 1959) is an American Film director, producer, Actor and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court is an 1889 Novel by American Humorist and Writer Mark Twain. Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 Gulliver's Travels (1726 amended 1735 officially Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World in Four Parts The 7th Voyage of Sinbad is a 1958 Technicolor Fantasy film released by Columbia Pictures directed by Nathan H Jason and the Argonauts ( 1963) is a Columbia Pictures fantasy Feature film starring Todd Armstrong as the titular The Three Stooges were an American Vaudeville and Comedy act of the early to mid–20th century best known for their numerous Short subject films Evil Dead II, according to Bruce Campbell as quoted in Bill Warren's book, The Evil Dead Companion, "was originally designed to go back into the past to 1300, but we couldn't muster it at the time, so we decided to make an interim version, not knowing if the 1300 story would ever get made. Evil Dead II (also known as Evil Dead 2 Dead by Dawn) is an American Comedy horror movie released in 1987 Bruce Lorne Campbell (born June 22 1958) is an American Actor, producer, Writer and director. " Promotional drawings were created and published in Variety during the casting process before the budget was deemed too little for the plot. Variety is a weekly entertainment trade newspaper founded in New York in 1905 by Sime Silverman The working title for the project was Evil Dead II: Army of Darkness.  The title "Army of Darkness" came from an idea by Irvin Shapiro, during the production of Evil Dead II. 
The screenplay was mostly written in 1988. After filming Darkman, Raimi took the script out and worked on it with his brother, Ivan Raimi, who he had enjoyed collaborating with on Darkman and Easy Wheels. Ivan Raimi (born 1956) is an American Screenwriter and doctor of osteopathic medicine. Raimi says that Ivan, "has a good sense of character", and that he brought more comedy into the script.  Campbell remembers, "We all decided, 'Get him out of the cabin. ' There were earlier drafts where part three still took place there, but we thought, 'Well, we all know that cabin, it's time to move on. ' The three of us decided to keep it in 1300, because it's more interesting. "
Evil Dead II made enough money internationally that Dino De Laurentiis was willing to finance a sequel. Agostino De Laurentiis, usually credited as Dino De Laurentiis (born August 8 1919) is an Academy Award -winning Italian Raimi had been disappointed by his dealings with Universal Pictures during the production of Darkman. Universal Studios (sometimes called Universal Pictures or Universal City Studios) a subsidiary of NBC Universal, is a major Global American The initial budget was $8 million USD but during pre-production, it became obvious that this wasn't going to be enough. Darkman was also a financial success and so Universal decided to contribute half of the film's $12 million budget. However, the film's ambitious scope and its extensive effects work forced Campbell, Raimi, and Rob Tapert to put up $1 million of their collective salaries to shoot a new ending and not film a scene where a possessed woman pushes down some giant pillars. Robert Gerard Tapert (born May 14 1955) sometimes credited as Rob Tapert, Robert G
Principal photography took place between soundstage and on-location work. Army of Darkness was filmed in Bronson Canyon and Vasquez Rocks Natural Area Park. Bronson Canyon is a section of Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California that has become famous as a filming location for a very large number of movies Vasquez Rocks Natural Area Park is a 905 acre (3 km² northern Los Angeles County, California USA park acquired by LA County government in the 1970s The interior shots were filmed on an Introvision stage in Hollywood. A front projection effect is an in-camera Visual effects process in Film production for combining foreground performance with pre-filmed background footage Raimi's use of the Introvision process was a tribute to the stop-motion animation work of Ray Harryhausen. Stop motion (or frame-by-frame) animation is an Animation technique to make a physically manipulated object appear to move on its own Ray Harryhausen (born Raymond Frederick Harryhausen on June 29, 1920 in Los Angeles California) is an Academy Award -winning Introvision uses front-projected images with live actors instead of the traditional rear projection that Harryhausen and others used. Introvision blended components with more realistic-looking results. Raimi explained its benefits in an American Cinematographer article: "the incredible amount of interaction between the background, which doesn't exist, and the foreground, which is usually your character. "
The shooting for Army of Darkness began in mid-1991, and it lasted for about 100 days. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar.  It was a mid-summer shoot and while on location on a huge castle set that was built near Acton, California on the edge of the Mojave Desert, the cast and crew endured very hot conditions during the day and very cold temperatures at night. Acton is an unincorporated Census-designated place in Los Angeles County, California near the Antelope Valley. For the indigenous American tribe see Mohave. The Mojave Desert (moʊˈhɑːvi or /məˈhɑːvi/ ( Hayikwiir Mat'aar in Mojave It was a difficult shoot for Campbell who had to learn elaborate choreography for the battle scenes, which involved him remembering a number system because the actor was often fighting opponents that weren't really there. Mesa remembers in John Kenneth Muir's book, The Unseen Forces: The Films of Sam Raimi, "Bruce was cussing and swearing some of the time because you had to work on the number system. Sam would tell us to make it as complicated and hard for Bruce as possible. 'Make him go through torture!' So we'd come up with these shots that were really, really difficult, and sometimes they would take thirty-seven takes. "
After the shooting was completed, Army of Darkness' score was composed by Joseph LoDuca, although the theme was composed by Danny Elfman. Joseph LoDuca is a Film score Composer although he is best known for his work writing television scores for the series Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American Musician, who is famous for composing scores and songs for Tim Burton
While Dino De Laurentiis gave Raimi and his crew freedom to shoot the movie the way they wanted, Universal Pictures took over during post-production. Agostino De Laurentiis, usually credited as Dino De Laurentiis (born August 8 1919) is an Academy Award -winning Italian Universal was not happy with Raimi's cut because they did not like Raimi's original ending for the movie and felt that it was "depressing". So, a more upbeat ending was shot a month after Army of Darkness was made. It was shot in a lumber store in Malibu, California over three or four nights. Malibu is an incorporated city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States. Then, two months after Army of Darkness was finished, a round of re-shoots began in Santa Monica and involved Ash in the windmill and the scenes with Bridget Fonda done for very little money. Bridget Jane Fonda (born January 27, 1964) is an Emmy - and Golden Globe Award -nominated American actress.
In addition, Raimi needed $3 million to finish his movie, but Universal wasn't willing to give him the money and delayed its release because they were upset that De Laurentiis would not give them the rights to the Hannibal Lecter character so that they could film a sequel to Jonathan Demme's The Silence of the Lambs. Origin and development Thomas Harris has given few interviews and has never explained where he got inspiration for Hannibal Lecter but in a documentary for Hannibal Rising Robert Jonathan Demme (born February 22 1944) is an Academy Award -winning American Film director, producer and The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 suspense film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster, Anthony Hopkins, The matter was finally resolved, but Army of Darkness' release date had been pushed back from its original summer of 1992 release to February 1993.
Raimi ran into further troubles with the Motion Picture Association of America over the film's rating. The MPAA gave it an NC-17 rating for a shot of a female Deadite being decapitated early on in the film. Universal, however, wanted a PG-13 rating, so Raimi made a few cuts and was still stuck with the MPAA's R rating. In response, Universal turned the film over to outside film editors who cut Army of Darkness to 81 minutes in length and another version running 87 minutes that was eventually released in theaters. Eventually, Army of Darkness ended up with an R rating.
Army of Darkness was released by Universal Pictures on 19 February 1993. Opening in 1,387 theaters in the US (its widest release), the film grossed $4,424,535 (38. 5% of total gross) on its first weekend. In total, the film earned $11,502,976 in the US and $21,500,000 worldwide.
Army of Darkness won the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films Award (USA) for Best Horror Film (1994). It was also nominated for Best Make-Up. Army of Darkness was nominated for the Grand Prize at Avoriaz Fantastic Film Festival, and won the Golden Raven at the Brussels International Festival of Fantasy Film in 1993. The film also won the Critics' Award at Fantasporto, and was nominated for the International Fantasy Film Award in the category of Best Film in 1993.
Army of Darkness received 78% fresh on Rotten Tomatoes. com, which made it critical reception above average but is slightly lower than the previous films The Evil Dead and Evil Dead II, which received 100% and 98% critical approval, respectively. 
A Director's Cut exists in various DVD releases. A director's cut is a specially edited version of a Film, and less often TV series, Music video, commercials or Video games DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is Although not officially Sam Raimi's Director's Cut of the film, it is actually the International Cut of the film that was released around the world. Samuel Marshall "Sam" Raimi (born October 23, 1959) is an American Film director, producer, Actor and It runs at 93 minutes compared to the theatrical 81 minutes, and includes numerous new scenes and extensions. Among the changes are more violence in the pit, a love scene between Ash and Sheila, an extended windmill scene, different dialogue between Good and Bad Ash, an extended speech on the castle roof and a vastly different ending.
The theatrical release picks up after Ash has returned to the present, in which he stages one final confrontation with the "she-bitch" in the S-Mart Housewares Department. The alternate ending, which was favored by Raimi and Bruce Campbell, depicts Ash as he sits in his Oldsmobile in a cave, the entrance caved in by some of the black powder he made earlier. Bruce Lorne Campbell (born June 22 1958) is an American Actor, producer, Writer and director. Oldsmobile was a brand of Automobile produced for most of its existence by General Motors. As he drinks the magic potion (given to him by a person that may or may not be Merlin - the king's name being "Arthur"), he is distracted by a falling rock and takes one drop too many. The Multi-Element Radio Linked Interferometer Network ( MERLIN) is an Interferometer array of Radio telescopes spread across England and the King Arthur is a legendary British leader who according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against the Saxon invaders Ash sleeps well beyond his time, not aging but growing a very large beard, and shouts "I've slept too long!!" after awakening in a post-apocalyptic England. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland
When test audiences didn't approve of Raimi's original cut, he cut the film down to the International cut that now exists on DVD. DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is When it was again rejected by Universal, Raimi was forced to edit it again to the U.S. Theatrical version. Universal Studios (sometimes called Universal Pictures or Universal City Studios) a subsidiary of NBC Universal, is a major Global American The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The original cut had an opening that was more in tune with the Evil Dead series (included as a deleted scene on Anchor Bay's Director's Cut DVD). The Evil Dead (also known as Evil Dead, The Book of the Dead, Sam Raimi's The Evil Dead and Anchor Bay Entertainment is a home entertainment company and a division of Starz Media, which is a unit of Starz LLC. DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is 
The MGM Hong Kong Region 3 DVD edits together the U.S. Theatrical, European and Director's cuts into a final, 96-minute cut of the film. Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders DVD video discs may be encoded with a region code restricting the area of the world in which they can be played DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The film is digitally re-mastered, compiled from original source prints (not from VHS sources as the Anchor Bay Entertainment releases are). Anchor Bay Entertainment is a home entertainment company and a division of Starz Media, which is a unit of Starz LLC. 
Army of Darkness has garnered a cult following since its release. Among other things, the one-liners Ash speaks are often quoted by fans, and have made their way into other media. For example, in the PC game Duke Nukem 3D, the title character Duke Nukem has several direct quotes from the movie throughout the game, such as "Hail to the king, baby!", and is also reportedly inspired (at least partially) by the character of Ash. Duke Nukem 3D is a First-person shooter computer game developed by 3D Realms and published by Apogee Software. Campbell did not entirely approve according to interviews on the subject.  The Finnish rock band Lordi has a song entitled "The Deadite Girls Gone Wild," which may or may not be a reference to the film. Also, the video for "Blood Red Sandman" appears to be a deliberate Evil Dead reference. The song "Dead by Dawn" by Showbread, which was written about the Evil Dead series, quotes Ash's line, "Hail to the king, baby!" The popular internet writer Maddox had a tribute on his site to this movie. The Boston-based horror-rock band Bad Ash takes its name from this film.
Army of Darkness has had several comics adaptations made of it. Army of Darkness comics are based on the film of the same name published originally by Dark Horse Comics with the license being picked up by Dynamite Army of Darkness comics are based on the film of the same name published originally by Dark Horse Comics with the license being picked up by Dynamite