|- Ranked||7th (6. Bari ( Barium in Latin, Bàrion or Vàrion in Greek, Bare in Neapolitan Nicola (Nichi Vendola (born 26 August 1958) is an Italian politician and the president of Apulia region The Communist Refoundation Party ( Partito della Rifondazione Comunista, PRC is a communist Italian political party. The Union ( Italian: L'Unione) was an Italian Centre-left Political party coalition led by Romano Prodi, the In Italy, a Province (in Italian provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between Municipality ( Comune The Province of Bari (Provincia di Bari is a province in the Apulia (or Puglia region of Italy. The Province of Brindisi (Provincia di Brindisi is a province in the Apulia region of Italy. The Province of Foggia (Provincia di Foggia is a province in the Apulia (Puglia region of Italy. The Province of Lecce (Provincia di Lecce is a province in the Apulia region of Italy. The Province of Taranto (Provincia di Taranto is a province in the Apulia region of Italy. The Province of Barletta-Andria-Trani in Apulia is not yet a province of Italy but will be in 2009. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. Population figures are from 2001 4 %)|
|Population (2007 est. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology )|
|- Ranked||7th (7. These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. Population figures are from 2001 0 %)|
Apulia (Italian: Puglia ['puʎːa]) is a region in southeastern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The Ionian Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea. The Gulf of Taranto ( Italian: Golfo di Taranto, Latin: Sinus Tarentinus) is a gulf of the Ionian Sea, in southern Italy Its southern portion known as Salento, a peninsula, forms a high heel on the "boot" of Italy. Salento (Salentu in local dialect is the south-eastern extremity of the Apulia region of Italy. The region comprises 19,345 km² (7,469 square miles), and its population is about 4 million. It is bordered by the other Italian regions of Molise to the north, Campania to the west, and Basilicata to the southwest. Molise is a region of Southern Italy, the second smallest of the regions Campania is a region of Southern Italy in Europe. The region has a population of around 5 Basilicata is a region in the south of Italy, bordering on Campania to the west Apulia ( Puglia) to the east Calabria to It neighbors Greece and Albania, across the Ionian and Adriatic Seas, respectively. Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία This article is about the country in southern Europe For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Albania topics. The region extends as far north as Monte Gargano, and was the scene of the last stages in the Second Punic War. Monte Gargano is a mountain in Apulia, Italy forming the backbone of the peninsula Promontorio del Gargano on the Adriatic Sea. The Second Punic War (referred to as "The War Against Hannibal" by the Romans lasted from 218 to 201 BC and involved combatants in the western
Puglia is mostly a plain (see Tavoliere delle Puglie); its low coast, however, is broken by the mountainous Gargano Peninsula in the north, and there are mountains in the north central part of the region. The Tavoliere delle Puglie ( Italian: "Apulian Table" is a plain in northern Apulia, southern Italy, occupying nearly a half of the
Apulia is divided into six provinces:
In ancient times only the northern part of the region was called Apulia; the southern peninsula was known as Calabria, a name later used to designate the "toe" of the Italian "boot. Calabria ( Latin: Brutium) is a region in southern Italy, south of Naples, located at the "toe" of Toes are the digits of the Foot of an animal Many animal species such as Cats walk on their toes and are described as being Digitigrade A boot is a type of Shoe that covers at least the Foot and the Ankle and sometimes extends up to the Knee or even the Hip. "
One of the richest in Italy for archeological findings, the region was settled from the 1st millennium BC by several Illyric and Italic peoples. Ancient peoples of Italy are all those peoples that lived in Italy (including the islands of Sicily and Sardinia) before the Roman domination Later, the Greeks expanded until reaching the area of Taranto and the Salento. The Greeks ( Greek: Έλληνες) are a Nation and Ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus and neighbouring regions Not to be confused with Toronto. Taranto ( Ancient Greek: Tarās; Modern Greek: Tarantas) is a coastal city in Salento (Salentu in local dialect is the south-eastern extremity of the Apulia region of Italy. In the fifth and fourth centuries BC, the Greek settlement at Taras produced a distinctive style of pottery (Apulian vase painting). Apulian vase painting was the leading South Italian vase painting tradition between 430 and 300 BC
Apulia was an important area for the ancient Romans, who conquered it in the 4th century BC but also suffered a crushing defeat here in the battle of Cannae against Hannibal. Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC For the 11th century battle in the Byzantine conquest of the Mezzogiorno, see Battle of Cannae (1018. Hannibal (Pronounced in Phoenician: Hanniba'al means " Ba'al is my grace " or " Ba'al has given me grace " 247 BC &ndash However, after the Carthaginians left the region, the Romans captured the ports of Brindisi and Taranto, and established dominion over the region. During the Imperial age Apulia was a flourishing area for production of grain and oil, becoming the most important exporter to the Eastern provinces.
After the fall of Rome, Apulia was held successively by the Goths, the Lombards and, from the 6th century onwards, the Byzantines. The Goths ( Gothic: Gothic usvg|14px|u]]Gothic asvg|14px|a]]Gothic s The Lombards ( Latin Langobardi, whence the alternative names Langobards and Longobards) were a Germanic people originally from Bari became the capital of a province that extended to modern Basilicata, and was ruled by a catepano (governor), hence the name of Capitanata of the Barese neighbourhood. The Catepanate (or Catapanate) of Italy ( Greek:) was a province of the Byzantine Empire, comprising mainland Italy south of a line drawn from The Province of Foggia (Provincia di Foggia is a province in the Apulia (Puglia region of Italy. From 800 on Saracen domination in the area was intermittent, but Apulia was mostly under Byzantine authority until the 11th century, when the Normans conquered it with relative ease. The Italo-Normans, or Siculo-Normans when referring to Sicily, were the Italian -born descendants of the first Norman conquerors to travel to
Robert Guiscard set up the duchy of Apulia in 1059. Robert Guiscard (from Latin Viscardus and Old French Viscart, often rendered the Resourceful, the Cunning, the Wily After the Norman conquest of Sicily in the late 11th century, Palermo replaced Melfi (just west of present day Apulia) as the center of Norman power, and Apulia became a mere province, first of the Kingdom of Sicily, then of the Kingdom of Naples. Sicily ( Italian and Sicilian: Sicilia) is an autonomous region of Italy. Palermo ( Sicilian: Palermu, Greek: Panormus, al-Madinah during Muslim rule is a historic City in The Kingdom of Sicily (Regnum Siciliae or Sicilie Regno di Sicilia, commonly abbreviated Regno) was a state that existed in the south of Italy The Kingdom of Naples was an informal name of the Polity officially known as the Kingdom of Sicily which existed on the mainland of the southern Italian From the late 12th to early 13th centuries, Apulia was a favorite residence of the Hohenstaufen emperors, notably Frederick II. Frederick II ( December 26, 1194 &ndash December 13, 1250) of the Hohenstaufen dynasty was a Pretender to the title After the fall of the latter's heir, Manfred, under the Angevine and Aragonese/Spanish dominations Apulia became largely dominated by a small number of powerful landowners (Baroni). Manfred ( Venosa, 1232 &ndash Benevento February 26, 1266) was the King of Sicily from 1258 to 1266 Anjou is a former County (c 880) Duchy ( 1360) and province centred on the city of Angers in the lower In 1734 there were the battle of Bitonto, a Spanish victory over Austrian forces. Year 1734 ( MDCCXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Battle of Bitonto ( May 25, 1734) was a Spanish victory over Austrian forces near Bitonto in southern Italy in the War of Polish Succession The coast was occupied at times by the Turks and by the Venetians. The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish The Most Serene Republic of Venice ((Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta or Repùblica de Venesia Serenissima Repubblica The French also controlled the region in 1806-1815, resulting in the abolition of feudalism and the reformation of the justice system.
Liberation movements began to spread in the 1820s. In 1861, with the fall of Two Sicilies, the region joined Italy. The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies ( Regno delle Due Sicilie) commonly known as just the Two Sicilies, was the name of a Kingdom in Europe. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Social and agrarian reforms that had proceeded slowly from the 19th century accelerated in the mid-20th century.
The characteristic Apulian architecture of the 11th–13th centuries reflects Greek, Arab, Norman, and Pisan influences. Architecture was extinct in Greece from the end of the Mycenaean period (about 1200 BC to the 7th century BC when urpeppeeban life and prosperity recovered The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding For other buildings in Normandy see Architecture of Normandy. Pisa is a city in Tuscany, central Italy, on the right bank of the mouth of the Arno River on the Ligurian Sea. Universities are located in Bari, Lecce and Foggia.
Farming was the chief occupation, but industry has expanded rapidly. Farm products include olives, grapes, cereals, almonds, figs, tobacco, and livestock (sheep, pigs, cattle, and goats). Manufactured products include refined petroleum, chemicals, cement, iron and steel, processed food, plastics, and wine. Fishing is pursued in the Adriatic and in the Gulf of Taranto. The scarcity of water has long been an acute problem in Apulia, and it is necessary to carry drinking water by aqueduct across the Apennines from the Sele River in Campania. The Sele is a River in southwestern Italy. Originating from the Monti Picentini, it flows through the region of Campania and into the Services and mass tourism are increasingly replacing agriculture as the main resources of the region, so Puglia is often called "Florida of Italy".
Apulia is traditionally a right wing region; despite this at the 2005 regional elections a Communist, Nichi Vendola, was elected as the region's President. The Politics of Apulia, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential Representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government Nicola (Nichi Vendola (born 26 August 1958) is an Italian politician and the president of Apulia region At the April 2006 elections, Apulia gave about 51. In the Italian general election 2006 for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy held on April 9 and April 10, 2006 54% of its votes to Silvio Berlusconi, and at the April 2008 election apulians gave about 47% of their votes to the People of Freedom-led coalition, eleven points more than to the Democratic Party-led coalition. (born 29 September 1936 is an Italian politician, Entrepreneur, Real estate and Insurance Tycoon, Bank and Media proprietor A snap general election was held in Italy on 13 April and 14 April 2008. The People of Freedom ( Il Popolo della Libertà, PdL is a liberal-conservative History Premises Following the run-up to the
Population has stood at 4 million since the early 1990s; a drop in the birth rate during the 80s, once among the highest in Italy, has taken the region almost to zero growth.
Towns of Apulia with a population of 50,000 or more:
|Comune||Population (2007 est. )|
the also have a socca team called lecce
The official national language (since 1861) is Italian. Bari ( Barium in Latin, Bàrion or Vàrion in Greek, Bare in Neapolitan Not to be confused with Toronto. Taranto ( Ancient Greek: Tarās; Modern Greek: Tarantas) is a coastal city in Foggia is a city of Puglia, Italy, capital of the Province of Foggia. This is about the Italian city of Lecce For the football club see U Barletta is a city in Northern Apulia, southern Italy, with c Brindisi can also refer to a song in which a company is exhorted to drink such as the "Tea-Cup Brindisi" in Gilbert and Sullivan 's " The Altamura is a town and comune of Apulia, southern Italy. It is located on the Murge plateau in the Province of Bari, 45 km South-West of Bari Molfetta is a city and Comune of the Province of Bari in the southern Italian region of Puglia, on the Adriatic coast at sea-level Cerignola is a town of Apulia, Italy, in the Province of Foggia, 40 km southeast from the town of Foggia. Manfredonia is a town and Comune of Puglia, Italy, in the Province of Foggia, from which it is 35 kilometres northeast by rail Bitonto is a city and Comune in the Province of Bari ( Apulia region Italy. San Severo is a city and Comune of the Province of Foggia in the southern Italian region of Apulia. Bisceglie is a town on the Adriatic Sea, with a population of c Trani is a Seaport of Apulia, southern Italy, on the Adriatic Sea, in the Province Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. However, as a consequence of its long and varied history, other historical languages have been spoken in this region for centuries. In the northern and central sections, some dialect of the Neapolitan language are spoken: for example the Barese, spoken in the zone of Bari or Foggiano near Foggia. Neapolitan (autonym napulitano; napoletano is the name given to the varied Italo-Western group of dialects of Southern Italy or more specifically the Bari ( Barium in Latin, Bàrion or Vàrion in Greek, Bare in Neapolitan Foggia is a city of Puglia, Italy, capital of the Province of Foggia. In the southern part of the region, dialects of the Sicilian language called Tarantino and Salentino are spoken. Sicilian (scn '''''lu sicilianu''''' lingua siciliana, also known as Siculu or Calabro-Sicilian) is a Romance language. The Tarantino language is a language spoken in the southeastern Italian region of Apulia. In isolated pockets of the Southern part of Salento, a dialect of modern Greek called Griko, is spoken by just a few thousand people. Salento (Salentu in local dialect is the south-eastern extremity of the Apulia region of Italy. Griko, sometimes spelled Grico, is a Modern Greek dialect which is spoken by people in the Magna Graecia region in southern Italy, and it A rare dialect of the Franco-Provençal language called Faetar is spoken in two isolated towns in the Province of Foggia. Franco-Provençal ( Francoprovençal) or Arpitan ( Vernacular: frp francoprovençâl arpitan patouès; francoprovenzale arpitano dialetto The Province of Foggia (Provincia di Foggia is a province in the Apulia (Puglia region of Italy. In a couple of villages, the Arbëreshë dialect of the Albanian language has been spoken since a wave of refugees settled there in the 15th century by a very small community. Arbëreshë are an ethnic community living in Italy, especially the regions of Calabria and Sicily. Albanian (sq ''Gjuha shqipe'' ˈɟuha ˈʃcipɛ is an Indo-European language spoken by nearly 6 million peoplewhile others claim that it derives from Daco - The Messapic language formerly spoken in the region was extinct by the 1st century BC due to the Romanization/Latinization of this area which took place after the definitive conquest of the region by the Romans during the 3rd century BC (see Punic Wars). Messapian (also known as Messapic) is an extinct Indo-European language of South-eastern Italy, once spoken in the region of Apulia. The 1st century BC started the first day of 100 BC and ended the last day of 1 BC. In Linguistics, romanization (or latinization, also spelled romanisation or latinisation) is the representation of a Word or Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC The 3rd century BC started the first day of 300 BC and ended the last day of 201 BC The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 BC and were probably the largest wars yet of the ancient
Strabo ( Greek: Στράβων 63/64 BC – ca AD 24 was a Greek historian, geographer and philosopher. The Province of Foggia (Provincia di Foggia is a province in the Apulia (Puglia region of Italy. The Tavoliere delle Puglie ( Italian: "Apulian Table" is a plain in northern Apulia, southern Italy, occupying nearly a half of the Monte Gargano is a mountain in Apulia, Italy forming the backbone of the peninsula Promontorio del Gargano on the Adriatic Sea. Gravina in Puglia (Gravina in Apulia is an Italian Municipality in the Southern Italian Province of Bari, site along a river of the same name Salento (Salentu in local dialect is the south-eastern extremity of the Apulia region of Italy. Murgia (plural Murge) is a sub-region of Apulia (Puglia in southern Italy, corresponding to a karst topographic Plateau of rectangular A trullo (plural trulli) is a traditional Apulian stone dwelling with a conical roof