Antoine Nompar de Caumont, marquis de Puyguilhem, duc de Lauzun (1632 - November 19, 1723), was a French courtier and soldier. Alexis Simon Belle ( 12 January 1674 - 21 November 1734) was a French portrait painter, known for his portraits of The title of Duc de Lauzun was a French peerage created in 1692 for Antoine Nompar de Caumont under influence of Mary of Modena. Events 1095 - The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land Year 1723 ( MDCCXXIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. A courtier is a person who attends the court of a Monarch or other powerful person. A soldier is a general English term that refers to a member of a land component of National Armed forces.
He was the son of Gabriel, comte de Lauzun, and his wife Charlotte, daughter of the duc de La Force. Henri-Nompar de Caumont duc de La Force, (1582 - January 1678 was Duc de La Force and Peer of France. He was brought up with the children of his relative, the maréchal de Gramont. Antoine III Agénor de Gramont-Toulongeon duke of Gramont comte de Guiche comte de Gramont comte de Louvigny Souverain de Bidache One of them, Armand, comte de Guiche, became the lover of Henrietta Anne Stuart, Duchess of Orléans, while a daughter, Catherine Charlotte, afterwards princess of Monaco by marriage to Louis de Grimaldi, was the object of the one passion of Lauzun's life. Henrietta Anne of England duchesse d'Orléans (born Henrietta 16 June (Old Style 26 June (New Style 1644 – 30 June 1670) in French Duke of Orléans (Duc d'Orléans is one of the most important titles in the French peerage, dating back at least to the 14th century Catherine-Charlotte de Gramont (1639 - Paris, June 4 1678) was Princess of Monaco and mistress of Louis XIV. The Reigning Prince or Princess of Monaco is the sovereign Monarch and Head of state of the Principality of Monaco. Louis I Prince of Monaco ( Monaco July 25 1642 – Rome January 3 1701) was Prince of Monaco from 1662 until
He entered the army, and served under Turenne, also his kinsman, and in 1655 succeeded his father as commander of the cent gentilshommes de la maison de roi. Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne Vicomte de Turenne, often called simply Turenne ( September 11 1611 &ndash July 27 1675) was Puyguilhem (or Péguilin, as contemporaries simplified his name) rapidly rose in Louis XIV's favour, became colonel of the royal regiment of dragoons, and was gazetted maréchal de camp. Early years Birth and ancestry Louis XIV was born in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye on September 5 1638 and bore the Heir apparent A dragoon is a soldier intended primarily to fight on foot but trained also in Horse riding and cavalry combat especially Field Marshal ( French: Maréchal de camp) was a general officer rank used by the French Army until 1848. He and Mme de Monaco belonged to the côterie of the young duchess of Orléans. His rough wit and skill in practical jokes pleased Louis XIV, but his jealousy and violence were the causes of his undoing. He prevented a meeting between Louis XIV and Mme de Monaco, and it was jealousy in this matter, rather than hostility to Louise de la Vallière, which led him to promote Mme de Montespan's intrigues with the king. Louise Françoise de La Baume Le Blanc de La Vallière ( August 6 1644 &ndash June 7 1710) was the mistress to Louis XIV of France Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart de Mortemart marquise de Montespan ( October 5, 1641 &ndash May 27, 1707) better known as He asked this lady to secure for him the post of grand-master of the artillery, and on Louis's refusal to give him the appointment he turned his back on the king, broke his sword, and swore that never again would he serve a monarch who had broken his word. The result was a short sojourn in the Bastille, but he soon returned to his functions of court buffoon. The Bastille was a Fortress - Prison in Paris, known formally as Bastille Saint-Antoine —Number 232 Rue Saint-Antoine—best known today
Meanwhile, Anne, Duchess of Montpensier (La Grande Mademoiselle) had fallen in love with the little man, whose ugliness seems to have exercised a certain fascination over many women. Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans de Montpensier duchesse de Montpensier ( May 29, 1627 - April 3, 1693 was a French princess by birth He naturally encouraged one of the greatest heiresses in Europe, and the wedding was fixed for December 20, 1670, when on the 18th Louis sent for his cousin and forbade the marriage. Events 69 - Vespasian, formerly a general under Nero, enters Rome to claim the title of Emperor. Mme de Montespan had never forgiven his fury when she failed to procure the grand-mastership of the artillery, and now, with Louvois, secured his arrest. François Michel le Tellier Marquis de Louvois (18 January 1641 – 16 July 1691 was the French Secretary of State for War for a significant part of the reign of He was removed in November 1671 from the Bastille to Pignerol, where excessive precautions were taken to ensure his safety. Pinerolo is a Town and commune in north-western Italy, 40 kilometres southwest of Turin on the river Chisone. He was eventually allowed free intercourse with Fouquet, but before that time he managed to find a way through the chimney into Fouquet's room, and on another occasion succeeded in reaching the courtyard in safety. Nicolas Fouquet marquis de Belle-Isle viscomte de Melun et Vaux ( January 27, 1615 – March 23, 1680) was the Superintendent of Finances Another fellow-prisoner, from communication with whom he was supposed to be rigorously excluded, was Eustache Dauger (see The Man in the Iron Mask). The Man in the Iron Mask (French L'Homme au Masque de Fer (died November 1703 was a prisoner who was held in a number of jails including the Bastille The Man in the Iron Mask (French L'Homme au Masque de Fer (died November 1703 was a prisoner who was held in a number of jails including the Bastille
It was now intimated to Mademoiselle that Lauzun's restoration to liberty depended on her immediate settlement of the principality of Dombes, the county of Eu and the duchy of Aumale - three properties assigned by her to Lauzun - on the little Duc de Maine, eldest son of Louis XIV and Mme de Montespan. The Dombes ( Arpitan: Domba) is an historic region of east-south-eastern France, once an independent municipality formerly part of the Eu is a historic town in northern France. It is the chief town of a canton situated close to the coast in the département of Seine-Maritime Aumale is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in northern France. Louis-Auguste de Bourbon duc du Maine ( March 31 1670 - May 14 1736) was a legitimised son of the French King Louis XIV and his Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart de Mortemart marquise de Montespan ( October 5, 1641 &ndash May 27, 1707) better known as She gave way, but Lauzun, even after ten years of imprisonment, refused to sign the documents, when he was brought to Bourbon for the purpose. Bourbonnais ( Occitan: Borbonés / Barbonés) was a historic province in the centre of France that corresponded to the modern département A short term of imprisonment at Chalon-sur-Saône made him change his mind, but when he was set free Louis XIV was still set against the marriage, which is supposed to have taken place secretly. Not to be confused with Châlons-en-Champagne, formerly known as Châlons-sur-Marne
Married or not, Lauzun was openly courting Nicolas Fouquet's daughter, whom he had seen at Pignerol. He was to be restored to his place at court, and to marry Mlle Fouquet, who, however, became Mme d'Uzès in 1683.
In 1685 Lauzun went to England to seek his fortune under James II, whom he had served as Duke of York in Flanders. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland James II of England and Ireland James VII of Scotland (14 October 1633 &ndash 16 September 1701 was King of England, King of Scots, Later that same year James For the nursery rhyme see The Grand Old Duke of York. The title Duke of York is a title of Nobility in the British Peerage Flanders (Vlaanderen Flandre Flandern is a geographical region located in parts of present day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. He rapidly gained great influence at the English court. In 1688 he was again in England, and arranged the journey into exile of Mary of Modena and the infant prince, whom he accompanied to Calais, where he received strict instructions from Louis to bring them "on any pretext" to Vincennes. Mary of Modena (Mary Beatrice Eleanor Anne Margaret Isabel born Este later Queen Mary of England Scotland and Ireland 5 October 1658 &ndash 7 Calais (kaˈlɛ in English often kæˈleɪ traditional English pronunciation /ˈkælɨs/ Kales is a town in northern France. Vincennes is a commune of the Val-de-Marne located in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France.
In the late autumn of 1689 he was put in command of the expedition fitted out at Brest for service in Ireland, and he sailed in the following year. Brest (bʁɛst in French, in Breton) is a city in the Finistère department in Bretagne in northwestern France. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Lauzun was honest, a quality not too common in James II's officials in Ireland, but had no experience of the field, and he blindly followed Richard Talbot, Earl of Tyrconnel. Richard Talbot 1st Earl of Tyrconnell (1630 – 14 August 1691) the youngest of sixteen children of Sir William Talbot Bt of Carton, and his wife After the battle of the Boyne they fled to Limerick, and thence to the west, leaving Patrick Sarsfield to show a brave front. The Battle of the Boyne (Cath na Bóinne was a turning point in the Williamite claim on the English throne Limerick (pronounced /ˈlɪmrɪk/ Luimneach in Irish) is a city and the county seat of County Limerick in the Province of Munster Patrick Sarsfield (c 1660 &ndash 21 August 1693) created the first Earl of Lucan, Irish Jacobite and soldier belonged to In September they sailed for France, and on their arrival at Versailles Lauzun found that his failure had destroyed any prospect of a return of Louis XIV's favour. Versailles (vɛʀsaj in French) formerly de facto capital of the kingdom of France, is now a wealthy suburb of Paris and is still an important
Mademoiselle died in 1693, and two years later Lauzun married Genevieve de Durfort, a child of fourteen, daughter of the maréchal de Lorges. Guy Aldonce de Durfort, duke de Lorges Marshal of France, (August 22 1630 – october 22 1702 Queen Mary of Modena, through whose interest Lauzun secured his dukedom, retained her faith in him, and it was he who in 1715, more than a quarter of a century after the flight from Whitehall, brought her the news of the Battle of Sheriffmuir. Mary of Modena (Mary Beatrice Eleanor Anne Margaret Isabel born Este later Queen Mary of England Scotland and Ireland 5 October 1658 &ndash 7 Whitehall is a road in Westminster in London, England. It is the main artery running north from Parliament Square, towards traditional The Battle of Sheriffmuir ( Scottish Gaelic:) was an engagement in 1715 at the height of the Jacobite rebellion in England and After his death, the duchy fell to his niece's husband, Charles Armand de Gontaut. Charles Armand de Gontaut duc de Biron, great-grandson of Armand de Gontaut-Biron (1663-1756 was a French military leader who served with distinction under Louis XIV
See the letters of Mme de Sévigné, the memoirs of Saint-Simon, who was Lauzun's wife's brother-in-law. Marie de Rabutin-Chantal Marquise de Sévigné ( February 5, 1626 &ndash April 17, 1696) was a French aristocrat Louis de Rouvroy duc de Saint-Simon ( January 16, 1675 &ndash March 2, 1755) French soldier Diplomatist and writer