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The term anti-war usually refers to the opposition to a particular nation's decision to start or carry on an armed conflict. Organised opposition to a possible future military attack against Iran by the United States (US is known to have started during 2005-2006 There has been significant opposition to the Iraq War across the world Opposition to the 2001 Afghanistan War consisted of tens to a hundred thousand protestors in the United States and the United Kingdom. See also War on Terrorism Criticism of the War on Terrorism (also named the War on Terror) addresses the issues morals Ethics, efficiency economics The International Campaign to Ban Landmines is a coalition of Non-governmental organizations whose goal is to abolish the production and use of Anti-personnel mines Opposition to US involvement in the Vietnam War is significant because domestic protest in the U Nuclear disarmament is the proposed dismantling of Nuclear weapons. Opposition to World War II was most vocal during its early period and stronger still before it started while Appeasement and Isolationism were considered viable diplomatic World War I was mainly opposed by Left-wing groups but there was also opposition by Christian Pacifist groups Opposition to the Second Boer War in Britain was modest when the war began on 11 October 1899 and was always less widespread than support for it let alone Popular opposition to the American Civil War, which lasted from 1861 to 1865 was widespread This article concerns Loyalists in the American Revolution. For information on the role of those Loyalists in Canadian history after their emigration see United Empire In order to facilitate organized opposition to war Anti-war activists have often founded anti-war organizations A conscientious objector (CO is an individual who on religious moral or ethical grounds refuses to participate as a combatant in war or in some cases to take any role that would support A draft dodger, draft evader or draft resister, is a person who avoids ("dodges" or otherwise violates the Conscription policies of the A peace movement is a Social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or Peace churches are Christian churches groups or communities advocating Christian pacifism. Peace camps are a form of physical Protest camp that is focused on Anti-war activity Anti-imperialism, strictly speaking is a term that may be applied to or movement opposed to some form of Imperialism. Antimilitarism is a doctrine commonly found in the Anarchist and more globally in the Socialist movement which may be both characterized as Internationalist Nonviolence is a philosophy and strategy for social change that rejects the use of physical Violence. Pacificism is the general Ethical opposition to War or Violence, except in cases where force is deemed absolutely necessary to advance the cause of Satyagraha ( Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha) is a philosophy and practice of Nonviolent resistance developed by Mohandas An anti-war book is a book that is perceived as having an Anti-war theme An anti-war film is a Film that emphasizes the pain horror and human costs of armed conflict An Anti-war Song is a Musical composition that either states anti-war sentiments directly or one which is perceived (by the public and/or critics as having The term can also refers to pacifism, which is the opposition to all use of military force during conflicts. Many activists distinguish between anti-war movements and peace movements. Anti-war activists work through protest and other grassroots means to attempt to pressure a government (or governments) to put and end to a particular war or conflict. For other meanings see Grass roots (disambiguation. A grassroots movement (often referenced in the context of a Political movement
Many groups call themselves anti-war activists though their opinions may be different: some anti-war activists may be equally opposed to both sides' military campaign; in contrast, many modern activists are against only one side's (usually the most powerful) campaigns. In the Military sciences a military campaign is a term applied to large scale, long duration significant Military strategy plan incorporating
Pacifist and anti-war movements are similar, but not the same. Pacifism is the belief that violent conflict is never acceptable and that society should not be ready to fight in a conflict (see disarmament); the anti-war movement is not necessarily opposed to national defense. Disarmament refers to the act of reducing limiting or abolishing Weapons. Pacifists oppose all war, but anti-war activists may be opposed to only a particular war or wars.
The historic peace churches, the Brethren, the Mennonites and the Quakers teach that Jesus advocates nonviolence, and that his followers must do likewise. Peace churches are Christian churches groups or communities advocating Christian pacifism. The Church of the Brethren is a Christian denomination originating from the Schwarzenau Brethren ("Schwarzenauer Neutäufer" organized in 1708 by eight The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496&ndash1561 though his teachings were a relatively Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) Nonviolence is a philosophy and strategy for social change that rejects the use of physical Violence.
A key event in the early history of the modern anti-war stance in literature and society was the American Civil War, where it culminated in the candidacy of George McClellan for President of the United States as a "Peace Democrat" against incumbent President Abraham Lincoln. Popular opposition to the American Civil War, which lasted from 1861 to 1865 was widespread Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter A society is a Population of Humans characterized by patterns of relationships between individuals that share a distinctive Culture and Institutions Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South George Brinton McClellan ( December 3 1826 October 29 1885) was a major general during the American Civil War. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal The outlines of the anti-war stance are seen: the argument that the costs of maintaining the present conflict are not worth the gains which can be made, the appeal to end the horrors of war, and the argument that war is being waged for the profit of particular interests. During the war, the New York Draft Riots were started as violent protests against Abraham Lincoln's Enrollment Act of Conscription plan to draft men to fight in the war. The New York Draft Riots (July 11 to July 16 1863 known at the time as Draft Week) were violent disturbances in New York City that were the culmination Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal Conscription (also known as the draft, the call-up or national service) is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority After the war, The Red Badge of Courage described the chaos and sense of death which resulted from the changing style of combat: away from the set engagement, and towards two armies engaging in continuous battle over a wide area. The Red Badge of Courage is a 1895 War novel by American author Stephen Crane.
With the increasing mechanization of war, opposition to its horrors grew, particularly in the wake of the First World War. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The European avant-garde cultural movements such as Dada which were explicitly anti-war. Avant-garde (avɑ̃gaʁd in French) means "advance guard" or "vanguard For other meanings see Dada (disambiguation DaDa is a Concept album by Alice Cooper, released
On June 16, 1918, Eugene V. Debs made an anti-war speech and was arrested under the Espionage Act of 1917. Events 1487 - Battle of Stoke Field, the last dying breath of the Wars of the Roses. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Eugene Victor Debs (November 5 1855 &ndash October 20 1926 was an American union leader one of the founding members of the International Labor Union and the Industrial The Espionage Act of 1917 was a United States federal law passed shortly after entering World War I on June 15 1917 which made it a Crime for a person He was convicted, sentenced to serve ten years in prison, but President Warren G. Harding commuted his sentence on December 25, 1921. Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2 1865 August 2 1923 was the twenty-ninth President of the United States, serving from 1921 until his death from a heart attack aged Events 274 - Roman Emperor Aurelian Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar
It was in the 1930s that the Western anti-war movement took shape, to which the political and organizational roots of most of the existing movement can be traced. Characteristics of the anti-war movement included opposition to the corporate interests perceived as benefiting from war, to the status quo which was trading the lives of the young for the comforts of those who are older, the concept that those who were drafted were from poor families and would be fighting a war in place of privileged individuals who were able to avoid the draft and military service, and to the lack of input in decision making that those who would die in the conflict would have in deciding to engage in it. Status quo is a Latin term meaning the present existing state of affairs or "the state in which"
Many war veterans, including US General Smedley Butler, spoke out against wars and war profiteering on their return to civilian life. A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning "old" is a person who has or is working in the armed forces Smedley Darlington Butler (July 30 1881 &ndash June 21 1940 Nicknamed " The Fighting Quaker " and " Old Gimlet Eye " was a Major
Veterans were still extremely cynical about the motivations for entering WWI, but many were willing to fight later in the Spanish Civil War, indicating that pacifism was not always the motivation. The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict in Spain that started after an attempted Coup d'état committed by parts of the army against the government of These trends were depicted in novels such as All Quiet on the Western Front, For Whom the Bell Tolls and Johnny Got His Gun. All Quiet on the Western Front (Im Westen nichts Neues is an Anti-war Novel written by Erich Maria Remarque, a German veteran For Whom the Bell Tolls is a novel by Ernest Hemingway published in 1940 Johnny Got His Gun is an English language Antiwar novel written in 1938 (published 1939 by American novelist and Screenwriter
Opposition to World War II was most vocal during its early period, and stronger still before it started while appeasement and isolationism were considered viable diplomatic options. Opposition to World War II was most vocal during its early period and stronger still before it started while Appeasement and Isolationism were considered viable diplomatic World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Isolationism is a Foreign policy which combines a non-interventionist military policy and a political policy of Economic nationalism ( Protectionism Communist-led organizations, including veterans of the Spanish Civil War, opposed the war during the period of the Hitler-Stalin pact but then turned into hawks after Germany invaded the Soviet Union. Operation Barbarossa ( Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the Codename for Nazi Germany 's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II
The war seemed, for a time, to set anti-war movements at a distinct social disadvantage; very few, mostly ardent pacifists, continued to argue against the war and its results at the time. However, the Cold War followed with the post-war realignment, and the opposition resumed. Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the Western betrayal or Yalta betrayal are popular terms in many Central European countries especially in Poland and the Czech Republic which refers The grim realities of modern combat, and the nature of mechanized society insured that the anti-war viewpoint found presentation in Catch-22, Slaughterhouse-Five and The Tin Drum. Catch-22 is a satirical, historical Novel by the American author Joseph Heller, first published in 1961 Slaughterhouse-Five or The Children's Crusade A Duty-Dance With Death (1969 by Kurt Vonnegut, is a Post-modern anti-war science-fiction novel The Tin Drum (Die Blechtrommel is a 1959 Novel by Günter Grass. This sentiment grew in strength as the Cold War seemed to present the situation of an unending series of conflicts, which were fought at terrible cost to the younger generations.
Opposition to U. S. involvement in the Vietnam War began slowly and in small numbers in 1964 on various college campuses in the United States. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Countercultural works such as the notorious MacBird by Barbara Garson encouraged a spirit of nonconformism and anti-establishmentarianism. MacBird! was a notorious 1966 Counterculture drama by Barbara Garson which satirically depicted President Lyndon Johnson as Barbara Garson (born July 7, 1941 in Brooklyn, New York City) is an American Playwright, Author and Social activist This anti-war sentiment developed during a time of unprecedented student activism reinforced in numbers by the demographically significant baby boomers, but grew to include a wide and varied cross-section of Americans from all walks of life. Students for a Democratic Society ( SDS) was historically a student activist movement in the United States that was one of the main iconic representations Baby boomer is a term used to describe a person who was born during the Post-World War II baby boom between 1946 and 1964 Many veterans of Vietnam, including U. Vietnam Era veteran is a phrase used to describe someone who served in the armed forces of participating countries during the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia S. Senator John Kerry, and disabled veteran Ron Kovic spoke out against the Vietnam conflict on their return to civilian life. } John Forbes Kerry (born December 11 1943 is an American Politician who is currently serving his fourth term as the junior United States Senator Ronald Lawrence Kovic (born July 4 1946 is an Anti-war Activist, Veteran and Writer who was paralyzed in the Vietnam War.
main article:South African resistance to war
Opposition to South Africa's border war spread to a general resistance to the apartheid military. South African resistance to war has a long tradition and a history that includes conscientious objectors pacifists deserters and draft dodgers as well as those whose objections are Organisations such as the End Conscription Campaign and Committee on South African War Resisters, were set up. The End Conscription Campaign was an anti- Apartheid organisation allied to the United Democratic Front (UDF and composed of Conscientious objectors and their supporters
There was consiserable opposition to the 2001 Afghanistan War in the United States and the United Kingdom. Opposition to the 2001 Afghanistan War consisted of tens to a hundred thousand protestors in the United States and the United Kingdom. The War in Afghanistan, which began on October 7 2001 as the U The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Opposition was organised locally by the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan and internationally in the form of protests by various anti-war organisations who went on to organise much larger protests against the 2003 Iraq War. The Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA ( Persian: جمعیت انقلابی زنان افغانستان Jamiyat-e Enqelābi-ye Zanān-e In 2001 a number of small protests against the invasion of Afghanistan occurred in various cities and college campuses across the United States and other countries in the first In order to facilitate organized opposition to war Anti-war activists have often founded anti-war organizations The 2003 invasion of Iraq, from March 20 to May 1 2003 was spearheaded by the United States, backed by British forces and smaller contingents from Australia 
The anti-war position gained renewed support and attention in the build up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the U. There has been significant opposition to the Iraq War across the world Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D Events 44 BC - Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. See also Executive Office of the President of the United States The White House, formerly known as the Executive Mansion, is the Official residence The 2003 invasion of Iraq, from March 20 to May 1 2003 was spearheaded by the United States, backed by British forces and smaller contingents from Australia S. and its allies. Millions of people staged mass protests across the world in the immediate prelude to the invasion, and demonstrations and other forms of anti-war activism have continued throughout the occupation. There have been considerable protests against the Iraq War in the buildup to and following the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Activism, in a general sense can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change The primary opposition within the U. S. to the continued occupation of Iraq has come from the grassroots. For other meanings see Grass roots (disambiguation. A grassroots movement (often referenced in the context of a Political movement Opposition to the conflict, how it had been fought, and complications during the aftermath period divided public sentiment in the U. There has been significant opposition to the Iraq War across the world S. , resulting in majority public opinion turning against the war for the first time in the spring of 2004, a turn which has held since.  Anti-war groups are currently planning the 2008 Republican National Convention Protest, to be held in St. Paul, Minnesota on September 1 - September 4, 2008. Minnesota ( Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. Events 476 - Romulus Augustus, last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common
Organised opposition to a possible future military attack against Iran by the United States is known to have started during 2005-2006. Organised opposition to a possible future military attack against Iran by the United States (US is known to have started during 2005-2006 For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Beginning in early 2005, journalists, activists and academics such as Seymour Hersh, Scott Ritter, Joseph Cirincione and Jorge E. Hirsch began publishing claims that United States' concerns over the alleged threat posed by the possibility that Iran may have a nuclear weapons program might lead the US government to take military action against that country in the future. A journalist (also called a newspaperman) is a person who practices Journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events trends Activism, in a general sense can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change Seymour (Sy Myron Hersh (born April 8, 1937) is an American Pulitzer Prize winning investigative Journalist and Author William Scott Ritter Jr (born July 15 1961 is noted for his role as a chief United Nations weapons inspector in Iraq from 1991 to 1998 and later for his Joseph Cirincione (b November 13, 1949) is the President of the Ploughshares Fund, a public grant-making foundation focused on nuclear weapons policy Jorge E Hirsch is a Physics professor (PhD University of Chicago, 1980 who does research and teaching at the University of California San Diego Iran is not known to possess Weapons of mass destruction, and has signed treaties repudiating possession of them including the Biological Weapons These reports, and the concurrent escalation of tensions between Iran and some Western governments, prompted the formation of grassroots organisations, including Campaign Against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran in the US and the United Kingdom, to advocate against potential military strikes on Iran. For other meanings see Grass roots (disambiguation. A grassroots movement (often referenced in the context of a Political movement Campaign Against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran (CASMII is a group of people especially academics students and professionals of both Iranian and non-Iranian backgrounds The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Additionally, several individuals, grassroots organisations and international governmental organisations, including the Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Mohamed ElBaradei, a former United Nations weapons inspector in Iraq, Scott Ritter, Nobel Prize winners including Shirin Ebadi, Mairead Corrigan-Maguire and Betty Williams, Harold Pinter and Jody Williams, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Code Pink, the Non-Aligned Movement of 118 states, and the Arab League, have publicly stated their opposition to a would-be attack on Iran. The International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its DrMohamed Mostafa El-Baradei ( Arabic: محمد البرادعي transliteration) (born June 17, 1942, in Cairo, Egypt United Nations Special Commission ( UNSCOM) was an inspection regime created by the United Nations to ensure Iraq 's compliance with policies concerning For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics. William Scott Ritter Jr (born July 15 1961 is noted for his role as a chief United Nations weapons inspector in Iraq from 1991 to 1998 and later for his The Nobel Prize (Nobelpriset (Nobelprisen is a Swedish prize established in the 1895 will of Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel; it was first awarded in Peace, Literature Shirin Ebadi (شیرین عبادی - Širin Ebâdi; born 21 June 1947) is an Iranian Lawyer, Human rights activist Mairead Corrigan (born 27 January, 1944) also known as Mairead Corrigan-Maguire, was the co-founder with Betty Williams, of the Community Betty Williams may refer to Betty Williams (Nobel laureate (born 1943 the Nobel Peace Prize recipient from Northern Ireland Betty Williams (politician Jody Williams (born October 9, 1950 in Brattleboro, Vermont) is an American Teacher and aid worker who received the Code Pink Women for Peace is an anti-war group that started in the leadup to the Iraq War. The Non-Aligned Movement ( NAM) is an International organization of states considering themselves not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc The Arab League ( الجامعة العربية) officially called the League of Arab States ( جامعة الدول العربية
English poet Robert Southey's 1796 poem After Blenheim is an early modern example of anti-war literature — it was written generations after the Battle of Blenheim, but at a time when England was again at war with France. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Robert Southey ( August 12, 1774 &ndash March 21, 1843) was an English Poet of the Romantic school one " After Blenheim " is an Anti-war poem written by English Romantic poet laureate Robert Southey in 1796 The Battle of Blenheim (referred to in some countries as the Second Battle of Höchstädt) fought on 13 August 1704 was a major battle of the War of the Spanish Succession Alfred Tennyson's 1854 poem The Charge of the Light Brigade focussed on leadership failures and unnecessary loss of life in the Crimean War, while American author Stephen Crane's 1895 novel Red Badge of Courage, set during the American Civil War, cast war in a negative, anti-heroic light. Alfred Tennyson 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892 was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom and remains one of the most popular English poets The Charge of the Light Brigade is an 1854 Narrative poem by Alfred Lord Tennyson about the Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle The Crimean War, also known in Russia as the Eastern War (Восточная война Vostochnaya Vojna) (March 1854–February 1856 was fought The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Stephen Crane (November 1 1871 &ndash June 5 1900 was an American novelist short story writer poet and journalist The Red Badge of Courage is a 1895 War novel by American author Stephen Crane. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South World War I spawned the English war poets, such as Rupert Brooke, Wilfred Owen, and Siegfried Sassoon, as well as German novelist Erich Maria Remarque, all of whom (like Crane) used graphic realism to make a contrast with heroic notions of war. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The term war poet came into currency during and after World War I. Rupert Chawner Brooke (middle name sometimes given as Chaucer) was an English Poet known for his idealistic war sonnets written during the First World Wilfred Edward Salter Owen MC (18 March 1893 &ndash 4 November 1918 was an English Poet and Soldier, regarded by many as one of the leading Siegfried Loraine Sassoon, CBE MC ( 8 September 1886 &ndash 1 September 1967) was an English poet and Author Erich Maria Remarque (Erich Paul Remark 22 June 1898 &ndash 25 September 1970) was a German author.
Pablo Picasso's 1937 painting Guernica, on the other hand, used abstraction rather than realism to generate an emotional response to the loss of life from the fascist bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso (October 25 1881 &ndash April 8 1973 Guernica is a monumental Painting by Pablo Picasso, depicting the Nazi German Bombing of Guernica, Spain by twenty-eight Fascism is a totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology The bombing of Guernica ( April 26, 1937) was an aerial attack on the Basque town of Guernica, causing widespread destruction and The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict in Spain that started after an attempted Coup d'état committed by parts of the army against the government of American author Kurt Vonnegut used science fiction themes in his 1969 novel Slaughterhouse-Five, depicting the bombing of Dresden in World War II (which Vonnegut witnessed). Kurt Vonnegut Jr (November 11 1922 – April 11 2007 (ˈvɒnəgət was a prolific and genre-bending American Novelist known for works blending Satire, Black Slaughterhouse-Five or The Children's Crusade A Duty-Dance With Death (1969 by Kurt Vonnegut, is a Post-modern anti-war science-fiction novel The Bombing of Dresden by the British Royal Air Force (RAF and United States Army Air Force (USAAF between 13 February and 15 February 1945 12 weeks The second half of the 20th century also witnessed a strong anti-war presence in other art forms, including anti-war music such as Eve of Destruction and One Tin Soldier and films such as M*A*S*H, opposing the Cold War in general, or specific conflicts such as the Vietnam War. "Eve of Destruction" is a Protest song written by PF Sloan in 1965 One Tin Soldier is a ‘60s era Anti-war song written by Dennis Lambert and Brian Potter Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia The current American war in Iraq has also generated significant artistic anti-war works, including film maker Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11, which holds the box-office record for documentary films, and Canadian musician Neil Young's 2006 album Living with War. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iraq topics. Michael Francis Moore (born April 23 1954 is an Academy Award -winning American filmmaker author and liberal Political commentator. Fahrenheit 9/11 is an award-winning 2004 Documentary Film by American filmmaker Michael Moore which takes a critical look Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Neil Percival Young OM (born November 12, 1945, Toronto Ontario) is a Canadian Singer-songwriter, Musician Living with War is a 2006 Grammy and Juno Award -nominated Studio album by Canadian - American Musician Neil