Anti-tank refers to any method of combating military armored fighting vehicles, notably tanks. An armoured fighting vehicle ( AFV) is a military Vehicle, protected by armour and armed with Weapons Most AFVs are equipped for driving in rugged A tank is a tracked, Armoured fighting vehicle designed for Front-line combat which combines Operational mobility and tactical The most common anti-tank systems include artillery with a high muzzle velocity, missiles (such as wire-guided HEAT), various autocannons firing penetrating ammunition, and anti-tank mines. Artillery (from French artillerie) is a military Combat Arm which employs any apparātus machine A gun's muzzle velocity is the speed at which the Projectile leaves the muzzle of the gun A missile (see also pronunciation differences) is a self-propelled explosive Projectile used as a weapon towards a target A wire-guided missile is a Missile that is guided by signals sent to it via thin wires connected to both the missile and its guidance mechanism which is located somewhere near An autocannon is a rapid fire projectile Weapon. Autocannon often have a larger Caliber (calibre than a Machine gun (i
In the area of anti-tank warfare, three terms are often used: "mobility kill", "firepower kill", and "catastrophic kill". A mobility kill (or M-kill) in Armoured warfare refers to damage inflicted by a weapon on a vehicle that immobilises it but does not totally destroy it leaving A Firepower kill or (F-kill refers to damage inflicted by a weapon on a vehicle that destroys its weapon systems or substantially reduces its ability to deliver weapons accurately A Catastrophic kill, K-Kill or complete kill refers to damage inflicted on a vehicle by a weapon that renders it both unusable and unrepairable In a mobility kill (M-kill), the vehicle loses its ability to move, for example, by breaking a tank track; the target is then immobile but may retain full use of its weapons and still be able to fight to some extent. Continuous tracks are large (modular tracks used on the so-called caterpillar Tanks construction equipment and certain other off-road vehicles A firepower kill (F-kill) is some loss of the vehicle's ability to fire its weapons. M-kills and F-kills may be complete or partial, the latter corresponding to reductions in a target's ability to move or fire. A catastrophic kill (K-kill) removes the tank's ability to fight completely; this may entail complete destruction of the tank or disabling the weapon system(s) or crew.
Small cannon and large-calibre rifles were used against the early World War I tanks (eg Mark I tank) being introduced by the British Expeditionary Force. An anti-tank rifle is a Rifle designed to penetrate the armour of vehicles particularly Tanks The usefulness of rifles for this purpose ran from the introduction | NOTE Throughout this article "cannon" is used as BOTH the || singular and plural The term caliber or calibre designates the interior Diameter of a tube or the exterior diameter of a wire or rod A rifle is a Firearm designed to be fired from the shoulder with a barrel that has a helical groove or pattern of grooves ("rifling" cut into the barrel walls World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All The British Mark I was the world's first combat Tank, entering service in the middle of World War I, born of the need to break the domination of trenches and The British Expeditionary Force ( BEF) was the British army sent to the Western Front in France and Belgium on the outbreak of Many of these weapons proved to be almost useless. Some weapons included the armor piercing 7.92 K Bullets, then a larger anti-tank rifle when those became ineffective. Also Patrone SmK (Spitzgeschoss mit Kern 792x57 mm Mauser The K bullet is a 7 An anti-tank rifle is a Rifle designed to penetrate the armour of vehicles particularly Tanks The usefulness of rifles for this purpose ran from the introduction Also grenades were used, and the Geballte Ladung ("Bunched Grenade"), basically several regular grenades bound together. Tanks were also vulnerable to artillery and mortars, especially if they became stuck, which was no miracle at the time with difficult terrain and barbed wire, and they could be targeted more easily.
By the end of the war, a number of light guns, typically 37 mm (in British terms "2-pounder"), were being deployed on short carriages that proved to be considerably better. The Millimetre ( American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to In addition most forces deployed large high-velocity rifles, typically of . 50 cal (12. 7 mm), with enough power to puncture the thin armor of the tanks of the era.
Anti-tank guns are guns designed to destroy armored vehicles. In order to penetrate the armor of tanks and other armored vehicles they fire high-velocity shells.
Prior to World War II, anti-tank guns were relatively small, with anti-tank rifles primarily used for destroying tanks. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including An anti-tank rifle is a Rifle designed to penetrate the armour of vehicles particularly Tanks The usefulness of rifles for this purpose ran from the introduction Few had calibers larger than 50 mm. With the rapid improvement in tank armor and guns, anti-tank guns increased in caliber, firing larger shells at greater velocities. One of the most widespread and successful of these was the German 88 mm gun, which was originally developed as an anti-aircraft gun but later found widespread use in destroying tanks. The 88 mm gun ( eighty-eight) is a German anti-aircraft and anti-tank Artillery gun from World War II. Likewise, by the end of the war, all sides were using guns with diameters of 90 mm and up.
World War II also saw the mounting of antitank guns on vehicle chassis, sometimes armored, as a cheap substitute for a full-fledged tank. Some had open turrets, while others did not have rotating turrets at all, meaning that the whole vehicle had to be rotated to aim the gun. Americans called these vehicles tank destroyers.
At the start of World War II many of these weapons were still being used operationally, along with a newer generation of light guns that closely resembled their WWI counterparts. The 5 cm PaK 38 (L/60 ( 5 cm Panzerabwehrkanone 38 (L/60) was a German Anti-tank gun of 50 mm Calibre. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including In combat both proved entirely useless against the larger and better armored tanks they faced. For instance, the German army had recently introduced a new lightweight 37-mm gun, whose users quickly nicknamed it the "tank door knocker" (Panzeranklopfgerät) because all it seemed to do was announce its presence.
All combatants quickly introduced newer and more powerful guns, and the anti-tank rifle had largely disappeared by 1942. The "average" gun by 1943 was 50 mm or larger, the Germans had an excellent 50-mm high-velocity design, while the British introduced the "QF 6-pounder" which was also adopted by the US Army as the 57 mm. The 5 cm PaK 38 (L/60 ( 5 cm Panzerabwehrkanone 38 (L/60) was a German Anti-tank gun of 50 mm Calibre. The Ordnance QF 6-pounder 7 cwt, or just 6 pdr, was a British 57 mm gun their primary Anti-tank gun during the middle of World War II, The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. A year later, sizes had grown due to pressure on the Eastern Front, German guns were now 75 mm and the famous 88 mm. The Eastern Front of World War II (die Ostfront 1941-1945, der Rußlandfeldzug 1941-1945 (Russian campaign or der Ostfeldzug 1941-1945 (Eastern Campaign The 75 cm PaK 40 ( 75 cm Panzerabwehrkanone 40) was a German Anti-tank gun developed in 1939-1941 by Rheinmetall and used during the The 88 mm gun ( eighty-eight) is a German anti-aircraft and anti-tank Artillery gun from World War II. The Soviet Red Army used a variety of general-purpose 100-mm and 122-mm guns. The British 17 pounder was less at 77 mm but delivered its excellent amour piercing shell at high speed. The Ordnance QF 17-pounder (or just 17-pdr) was a 762 mm (3 inch Gun developed by the United Kingdom during World War II.
As the guns grew in size they dropped in mobility, making the dedicated anti-tank gun less effective in the attack than in defence. The 75 cm PaK 40 ( 75 cm Panzerabwehrkanone 40) was a German Anti-tank gun developed in 1939-1941 by Rheinmetall and used during the This gave impetus to the development of the tank destroyer, an armoured vehicle sacrificing the tougher capabilities of the tank (in the German cases) or some protection for a more effective anti-tank capability. A self-propelled anti-tank gun or tank destroyer, is a type of Armoured fighting vehicle designed specifically to engage enemy armor forces and not produced for an infantry
By the end of the war the concept of the dedicated anti-tank gun was completely dead, as the guns were so large that they were essentially immobile.
There were many types and kinds of anti-tank grenades. These ranged from hollow charge designs (e. A shaped charge is an Explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy g. , the British No. 68 AT Grenade), to ones that simply contained a lot of explosive (the British No. 73 Grenade). The Grenade Rifle No 68 /AT was a British Anti-tank Rifle grenade used during World War II. The No 73 "Thermos" was a British anti-tank grenade used during World War II. To increase their effectiveness, some grenades were designed so that they adhered to the tank either through an adhesive (sticky bomb) or with a magnet. Popularly known as the sticky bomb, the No 74 ST Grenade was an unusual British Hand grenade issued in World War II. The Germans used a magnetic grenade ("Hafthohlladung 3") to ensure that the hollow charge would fire at the optimal 90° angle to the armour.
There was also a special type of grenade called the Nebelhandgranaten or "Blendkörper" ("smoke hand grenades"), which was supposed to be smashed over an air vent and fill the tank with smoke, widely used by both sides in World War II. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Molotov cocktails also saw much use, especially in Winter War, but it was mainly early tanks that were vulnerable to them, and later tanks required a well-thrown bottle directly over the engine compartment to have any effect at all. The Molotov cocktail, also known as the booze bomb, alcohol bomb or Molotov bomb, is a generic name used for a variety of improvised incendiary The Winter War (Talvisota Советско-финляндская война - official Зимняя война - unofficial Vinterkriget began when the
The development in light (as in man-portable) anti-tank weapons took off during the Second World War. Most were based on the Munroe effect (or shaped charge) and called High Explosive Anti-tank (HEAT). The Munroe effect refers to the partial focusing of blast energy caused by a hollow or void cut into a piece of Explosive, a property which is exploited by a Shaped charge A shaped charge is an Explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy The effect was the same irrespective of the speed of the round. The effect was also concentrated and could penetrate more armor than some of the larger anti-tank guns, yet weighed only a few pounds. The first HEAT rounds were rifle grenades, but better delivery systems were introduced: the British PIAT was propelled by a heavy spring and explosive charge, the US Bazooka and the German Panzerschreck used rockets; the German Panzerfaust was a small recoilless gun. The Projector Infantry Anti Tank ( PIAT) was one of the earlier Anti-tank weapons using a high explosive anti-tank projectile The bazooka is a man-portable Anti-armor rocket launcher made famous during World War II. Panzerschreck (tank shocker was the popular name for the Raketenpanzerbüchse ('rocket tank rifle' abbreviated to RPzB an 88 mm Calibre reusable The Panzerfaust (plural Panzerfäuste, "armored fist" or "tank fist" was an inexpensive recoilless German Anti-tank A recoilless gun or recoilless rifle (RCL is a lightweight form of Weapon that allows the firing of a heavier projectile than would be practical with a recoiling The HEAT warhead was retroactively used to convert the otherwise limited German 37-mm PaK guns to fire a large shell (that fitted over the barrel rather than in it) to a greater range than the Panzerschreck could manage.
Another explosive related development was HESH which went hand in hand with British work on recoilless rifles. A recoilless gun or recoilless rifle (RCL is a lightweight form of Weapon that allows the firing of a heavier projectile than would be practical with a recoiling HESH was a large weight of plastic explosive in a thin shell casing. It detonated on impact with the armor but only after having spread itself over the armor surface. The effect was to knock a similar size piece of armor off the inside which would wreak havoc to the crew and internal components of the tank.
The tank is still vulnerable to infantry, especially in close country or built up areas. The armour and mobility of tanks also make them large and noisy. This can allow enemy infantry to spot, track and evade tanks until an opportunity presents itself for a counter-attack. Since heavy tank losses in some Second World War arenas, tank tactics have generally included close infantry support. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
Because tank crews have limited visibility, it is relatively easy for veteran infantry to get close to a tank, especially if the hatch is closed. If a crew member opens the hatch for the better visibility, he can be shot.
An infantryman cannot be targeted by a tank's weapons when close, as the main gun and coaxial machine gun cannot depress sufficiently. Where tanks are operating in groups, this is less of a problem, since they can call on nearby tanks to drive off the infantry with light weapons.
Whilst many hand-held infantry anti-tank rockets, missiles and grenades will not penetrate the front armour of a tank, they may penetrate the less heavily armoured top, rear and perhaps the sides. Damage to the running gear can inflict a mobility kill. A mobility kill (or M-kill) in Armoured warfare refers to damage inflicted by a weapon on a vehicle that immobilises it but does not totally destroy it leaving
Tanks are also vulnerable to hand-placed anti-tank mines. Infantry have even immobilised tanks using a set of plates covered with leaves and dirt as dummy mines (the ruse being augmented by the crew's obscured vision). Infantry can then attack the stopped tank. This tactic was taught to the British Home Guard during World War II since they were not often provided with long-range anti-tank weapons. The British Home Guard (initially "Local Defence Volunteers" or LDV, or in slang Look-Duck-Vanish, hence the name change was a defence
In addition, in built-up areas, the tank is very vulnerable to attack from above and sometimes from below, as the top and floor of the tank have the lightest armour.
In some cases in World War 2, a tactic of the Soviet infantry was to run directly up to a German tank, avoiding their main gun and mounted guns, and pour petroleum over and into the tank and light it, sometimes blocking the exit, burning the crew alive.
Conventional artillery shells are not very effective against tank armour, except a direct hit by a sufficiently powerful shell. A non-penetrating shell can still disable a tank through dynamic shock, internal armour shattering or simply overturning the tank.
In the last thirty years, however, a variety of artillery projectiles have been developed specifically to attack tanks. These include laser-guided projectiles, such as the US's now-cancelled Copperhead CLGP (Cannon Launched Guided Projectile), which virtually guarantees a direct hit. Some of these CLGP's (such as the Copperhead) have HEAT warheads instead of common HE.
Guided and unguided scatter munitions and submunitions have also been developed: a single artillery shell containing a number of smaller munitions designed to attack a tank. A six-gun battery might be able to fire several hundred submunitions in a minute or two.
In one form, the shell bursts in the air above the tank and a number of shaped charge (HEAT) or HEDP (High Explosive Dual Purpose) bomblets or grenades rain down. A shaped charge is an Explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy Any that hit the tank have a good chance of causing damage, since they are attacking the thin top armour.
Another form scatters a number of small anti-tank mines in the tank's path, which probably will not penetrate the armour but can damage a track, leaving the tank immobile and vulnerable.
More sophisticated are submunitions with a homing capability. Once again the shell explodes above the tank position and dispenses a number of submunitions. The munitions contain some circuitry to identify tanks, such as IR or millimetre radar; when a tank is identified, a rocket propellant is fired to shoot the projectile at the tank. These munitions will often descend by parachute, to allow time for target acquisition and attack.
All of the above but the CLGP can be fired from medium (122/152/155-mm) artillery, both tube and rocket.
There has also been development of large calibre (81-mm and larger) guided mortar munitions with both internal (e. g. , IR or radar) or external (i. e. , laser designator) guidance.
In the post-war era, HEAT became the almost universal choice outside of artillery and tank units. The British had developed the HESH, or high explosive squash head, warhead as an anti-concrete device for attacking fortifications during the war, and found it surprisingly effective against tanks. Like HEAT its effectiveness was the same at long range as it was at short range. In general these systems allowed infantry to take on even the largest tanks, albeit at short ranges. But the short range of the delivery systems remained a problem. Increasing use of combined arms tactics allowed the attacking infantry to suppress the anti-tank crews effectively, meaning that they could typically get off only one or two shots before being countered or forced to move. Combined arms is an approach to Warfare which seeks to integrate different arms of a Military to achieve mutually complementary effects
The search for a suitable longer-range delivery system took up much of the immediate post-war era. The US invested in the recoilless rifle, delivering a widely used 75-mm design, and less-common 90-;mm and 106-mm designs (this last one was usually mounted on a jeep rather than hauled across the battlefield by infantrymen). A recoilless gun or recoilless rifle (RCL is a lightweight form of Weapon that allows the firing of a heavier projectile than would be practical with a recoiling The 106 mm formed the basis of a dedicated anti-tank vehicle, the Ontos tank, which mounted six. The Ontos, officially the Rifle Multiple 106 mm Self-propelled M50, was a light Anti-tank vehicle developed in the US in the 1950s The Soviet Union also built recoilless rifles in various calibers intended to be used as antitank weapons, most commonly 73 mm, 82 mm, and 110 mm (only the 73 mm remains in service with the Russian military today, though the other two can be found all over the world due to Soviet military aid during the Cold War). A recoilless gun or recoilless rifle (RCL is a lightweight form of Weapon that allows the firing of a heavier projectile than would be practical with a recoiling The British used a massive 120-mm (4. 7-inch) design, the BAT series, which served from the 1950s until replaced by MILAN, but it was generally too heavy for infantry use and had to be towed by or mounted on a vehicle for maneuverability. The L6 Wombat, (Weapon Of Magnesium Battalion Anti-Tank was a 120 mm Calibre recoilless anti-tank rifle used by the British Army. Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy.
The successor to the recoilless rifle lay in the development of the (wire) guided missile, or Anti-tank Guided Weapon (ATGW). Guided Missile is a London based Independent record label set up by Paul Kearney in 1994. Systems came into use in the late 1950s and 1960s that could defeat any known tank at ranges beyond that of the guns of the accompanying infantry. The United Kingdom, France, and other NATO countries were among the first to develop such weapons (eg Malkara missile UK/Australia 1958). The North Atlantic Treaty The Malkara missile (from an Aboriginal word for " Shield " was one of the earliest Anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs The United States was one of the last, coming up with the BGM-71 TOW in 1970, which was more powerful and easier to use than all the previous missiles, and eventually came to be the most widespread wire guided anti-tank weapon in the West. The BGM-71 TOW is a US Anti-tank guided missile. TOW Tube-launched Optically-tracked Wire-to-command-Link guided Missile Set
Of the world's major armies, primarily the Soviet Red Army, and some other countries retained antitank guns in significant quantities, mostly in 100-mm, 115-mm, and 125-mm calibers. The Red Army ( Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия R aboche- K rest'yanskaya K rasnaya A rmiya The 125-mm antitank guns are extremely bulky and massive, and require large tractors to tow them for any significant distance, but they are relatively cheap and potentially deadly (particularly now that they have been upgraded with laser rangefinders and depleted uranium ammunition), though it is not clear what their tactical usefulness is in many types of warfare would actually be. Depleted uranium (DU is Uranium primarily composed of the Isotope Uranium-238 (U-238 In Desert Storm for example, tanks set up in emplacements were very vulnerable to many weapon systems and could be spotted well in advance. In an environment with more cover they would be harder to spot.
For a time it appeared that the tank was a dead end, a small team of infantry with a few missiles in a well hidden spot could take on a number of the largest and most expensive tanks. In the 1973 Yom Kippur War, Soviet first-generation wire-guided missiles being fired by the Egyptian forces inflicted heavy casualties on IDF tank units, a battle that caused a major crisis of confidence for tank designers. Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War or October War (מלחמת יום הכיפורים transliterated: Milkhemet Yom HaKipurim or מלחמת יום The Israel Defense Forces ( IDF) (צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit
Among novelties designed to defeat AT missiles, some tanks (like the M-84, Yugoslav variant of T-72) fitted advanced detection sensors which, when detecting high heat signatures of a missile launch, would automatically aim and fire machine guns at the source of the launch. This article is about the Yugoslav tank For other uses see M84. The T-72 is a Soviet -designed Main battle tank that entered production in 1971 Facing these tanks in large numbers during the Yugoslav wars, units fighting them adapted by either firing missiles and immediately moving or by firing multiple missiles at once, which overloaded the sensors. The Yugoslav Wars were a series of violent conflicts in the territory of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY that took place between 1991 and
Starting in World War II with the Hawker Hurricane MK. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout IID, the Hawker Typhoon, the Henschel Hs 129, the Ilyushin Il-2, and the Junkers 87 Stuka G-1 and G-2; many aircraft, including the A-10 Thunderbolt II and SU-25 Frogfoot, have been specifically built for close air support, including tank destruction. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The Henschel Hs 129 was a World War II Ground attack aircraft fielded by the German Luftwaffe. The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Stu rz' ka' mpfflugzeug, " Dive bomber " was a two-seat (pilot and rear gunner WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout In Military tactics, close air support ( CAS) is defined as air action by fixed or rotary winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to They can use weapons similar to helicopters, large caliber anti-tank guns, air-to-surface missiles (i. e. AGM-65 Maverick), and various bombs -- unguided or laser-guided and with or without submunitions. The AGM-65 Maverick is an air-to-ground tactical missile (AGM designed for close air support A bomb is any of a range of devices that typically rely on the Exothermic Chemical reaction of an Explosive material to produce an extremely Laser guidance is a technique of guiding a missile or other projectile or vehicle to a target by means of a laser beam
When the anti-tank helicopter arrived (able to attack the more lightly armoured top of the tank), some claimed that the tank was essentially obsolete. There has not been tank and helicopter combat between evenly matched forces for many years, so this conclusion may be premature.
The single biggest threat to the modern tank is the anti-tank helicopter armed with ATGWs (Anti-Tank Guided Weapons) or anti-tank cannons. An anti-tank guided missile ( ATGM) or anti-tank guided weapon ( ATGW) is a guided Missile primarily designed to hit and destroy
The helicopter can position itself where it is not easily seen from a tank and then attack from any quarter. The limited visibility from a closed-down tank makes sighting a helicopter harder.
Most helicopter-launched ATGWs have sufficient range that they can under the right conditions be fired at a range too long for the tank to retaliate with its own weapons. This may change with the Israelis fielding the Lahat missile that can be fired from the main gun of the Merkava MBT. With both anti-tank and anti-helicopter role, it does level the playing field somewhat. Incidentally, the Indian Arjun tank has also been modified to fire this missile. The People's Republic of China has developed some 100mm gun-launched missiles based on Russian designs. One example is the GP2 based on the Russian Bastion or AT-10 Stabber. It has been reported to have successfully engaged aerial targets, as well as being an anti-tank missile. Similar missiles are available for Chinese tanks equipped with the 105mm gun. The Russians have also displayed a similar if more advanced system in the Reflex. The system involves an automatic targeting of an aerial/land target instigated by a laser warning system.
Although putting weapons on helicopters (probably) dates back to the 1955 with the Bell 47; the first specific anti-tank, attack helicopter that went into mass production was the Bell AH-1 Cobra in 1966. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout An attack helicopter, also known as a Helicopter Gunship, is a Military helicopter armed for attacking targets on the ground For an overview of the whole Huey family of aircraft see Bell Huey WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft.
Even with anti-tank capability, correct military tactics are vital when defending against tank divisions, whether the defensive force has tanks or not. Military tactics ( Greek: Taktikē, the art of organizing an army are the techniques for using weapons or military units in combination for engaging and defeating Tanks generally defeat any force that attempts to defeat them "head on", but can even be vulnerable to large infantry divisions without tank or aircraft support.
Early German advances on the Eastern Front during 1941 were as impressive as their earlier attacks in Poland and France. The Eastern Front of World War II (die Ostfront 1941-1945, der Rußlandfeldzug 1941-1945 (Russian campaign or der Ostfeldzug 1941-1945 (Eastern Campaign While the immense logistics of the task obviously worked against the Germans, the Soviets soon learned the vulnerabilities of German tanks and exploited them wherever possible. Knowing that in certain areas tanks could not operate off of roads due to mud or wet ground, Soviet forces identified key choke points and would often ambush the first and last tank first, trapping any remaining tanks which were unable to advance or retreat.
With sufficient time, ground could be prepared to make it unsuitable for tanks. In western Europe, the Germans spread large metal structures on the beaches which could easily become stuck in a tank's tread or understructure. It was also possible to dig steep trenches that would prevent tanks from traversing them without help from military engineers.
The Korean War highlighted the difficulties that can arise with tank forces when vulnerable logistical support is combined with poor terrain. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the Logistics is the management of the flow of Goods, Information and other resources including Energy and people between the point of origin and the point Terrain, or relief, is the third or vertical dimension of land surface. In the early stages of the war, North Korea's well equipped tank divisions were pushed back to the Yalu River, the border with China, by superior American tank power combined with air and infantry support. North Korea is the commonly used short form name for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (or DPRK) a State located in East Asia, The Yalu River ( Chinese) or the Amnok River ( Korean) is a River on the border between China and North Korea. China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National However, when the Chinese entered the war, they managed to reverse the American advances with infantry power alone. The Infantry is the oldest and most numerous of the Combat Arms in the Armed forces, and consists Because of the terrain and the need to keep the tanks supplied, American tanks were limited to two main roads. The Chinese merely occupied the land between the roads and harried the American supply lines and troop transports along the road. Military supply chain management is a cross-functional approach to procuring, producing and delivering products and services The broad The Chinese infantry stuck to land that was impassable to tanks, such as rocky prominences and rice paddies, neutralizing the advantage of both American armoured divisions and air support. A paddy field is a flooded parcel of Arable land used for growing Rice and other semiaquatic crops.
As bad as it looked for the tank in the 1960s, increases in depth of armor and improvements in armor technology meant that hand-held systems were no longer large enough to deliver enough power by the 1970s, and the introduction of Chobham armour by the UK and reactive armor by the USSR, forced the HEAT rounds to be so large that in many cases they are not man-portable. Chobham armour is the name informally given to a Composite armour developed in the 1960s at the British Tank research centre on Chobham Common Reactive armour is a type of Vehicle armour that reacts in some way to the impact of a weapon to reduce the damage done to the vehicle being protected
Today the anti-tank role is filled with a variety of weapons, from portable "top attack" missiles, to larger HEAT missiles for use from jeeps and helicopters, a variety of high velocity autocannon, and ever-larger heavy tank guns. Jeep is an Automobile Marque (and registered trademark of Chrysler. History Since 400 AD Chinese children have played with bamboo flying toys. An autocannon is a rapid fire projectile Weapon. Autocannon often have a larger Caliber (calibre than a Machine gun (i
One of the first lessons of the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict is the effectiveness of portable antitank missiles (in particular, Russian-made Metis-M and European MILAN). Background See also Israel-Lebanon conflict The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO had engaged in cross-border attacks from Southern Lebanon Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy.