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The Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, commonly known as Shriners and abbreviated A. Freemasonry|Regular Masonic jurisdictionsA Grand Lodge, or " Grand Orient " is the usual governing body of "Craft" or "Blue Lodge" Freemasonry A Masonic Lodge, often termed a Private Lodge or Constituent Lodge in Books of Constitutions is the basic organisation of Freemasonry. This article relates to mainstream 'Craft Freemasonry' sometimes known as 'Blue Lodge Freemasonry' Prince Hall Freemasonry derives from historical events which led to a tradition of separate predominantly African-American, Freemasonic fraternal organization in See also Freemasonry This article deals with organization in Craft or Blue Lodge Freemasonry. See also Freemasonry The history of Freemasonry studies the development evolution and events of the Fraternal organization known as Freemasonry Liberté chérie was a Masonic Lodge to be founded in a Nazi concentration camp during the Second World War. There are a number of manuscripts that are historically important in the development of Freemasonry. A. O. N. M. S. , established in 1870 is an appendant body to Freemasonry based in the United States. The fraternity of Freemasonry, also known as "Free and Accepted Masons" is organized into lodges chapters councils commanderies consistories etc The organization is best-known for the Shriner's Hospitals for Children they administer and the red fezzes that members wear. Shriners Hospitals for Children is a network of 22 pediatric Non-profit Hospitals across North America that provide all care at no charge The fez ( Greek: Φέσι Turkish: fes plural fezzes or fezes) or Tarboosh طربوش, not to be confused with North
In 1870, there were several thousand Masons in Manhattan, many of whom lunched at the Knickerbocker Cottage at a special table on the second floor. There, the idea of a new fraternity for Masons stressing fun and fellowship was discussed. Dr. Walter M. Fleming, M. Dr Walter Millard Fleming was a prominent physician and surgeon D. , and William J. Florence took the idea seriously enough to act upon it. William Jermyn Conlin (b July 26 1831 Albany NY US – d Nov 19 1891 Philadelphia better known by his stage name William J
Florence, a world-renowned actor, while on tour in Marseilles, was invited to a party given by an Arabian diplomat. Marseille, ( English alt Marseilles mɑrˈseɪ — French: maʁsɛj locally — Provençal Occitan: Marselha maʀˈsijɔ The entertainment was something in the nature of an elaborately staged musical comedy. At its conclusion, the guests became members of a secret society. Florence took copious notes and drawings at his initial viewing and on two other occasions, once in Algiers and once in Cairo. Algiers (الجزائر Algerian Arabic: Dzayer ( (From kabyle pronunciation Kabyle: Ledzayer, Alger) is the Capital and largest Cairo () which means "the Vanquisher" or "the Triumphant" is the capital and largest city of Egypt. When he returned to New York in 1870, he showed his material to Fleming. 
Fleming took the ideas supplied by Florence and converted them into what would become the "Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (A. A. O. N. M. S. ). " Fleming created the ritual, emblem and costumes. Florence and Fleming were initiated August 13, 1870, and initiated 11 other men on June 16, 1871. 
The group adopted a Middle Eastern theme and soon established "Temples" meeting in "Mosques" (though the term "Temple" have now generally been replaced by "Shrine Auditorium" or "Shrine Center"). A temple (from the Latin word Templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual activities such as prayer and sacrifice or analogous rites A "mosque" in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated for Islamic worship although there is a distinction in Arabic between the smaller privately owned mosque and the larger The Shrine Auditorium is a landmark large-event venue in Los Angeles California, USA. The first Temple established was Mecca Temple (now known as Mecca Shriners), established at the New York City Masonic Hall on September 26, 1872. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Fleming was the first Potentate. 
Shriners often chose a Moorish Revival style for their Temples. Moorish Revival or Neo-Moorish is one of the exotic revival Architectural styles that were adopted by architects of Europe and the Americas in the wake of the Architecturally notable Shriners Temples include:
In 1875, there were only 43 Shriners in the organization. In an effort to spur membership, at the June 6, 1876 meeting of Mecca Temple, the Imperial Grand Council of the Ancient Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for North America was created. Events 1508 - Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year Year 1876 ( MDCCCLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Fleming was elected the first Imperial Potentate. After some other reworking, by 1878 there were 425 members in 13 temples in eight states, and by 1888, there were 7210 members in 48 temples in the United States and Canada. By the Imperial Session held in Washington, DC in 1900, there were 55,000 members and 82 Temples. 
Despite its theme, the Shrine is in no way connected to Islam. For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. It is a men's fraternity rather than a religion or religious group. Its only religious requirement is indirect: all Shriners must be Masons, and petitioners to Freemasonry must profess a belief in a Supreme Being. In order to further minimize any confusion with religion, the use of the word "Temple" to describe Shriners' buildings has now been replaced by the phrase "Shrine Center," although individual local chapters are still called "Temples. "
Until 2000, before being eligible for membership in the Shrine, a person had to complete either the Scottish Rite or York Rite degrees of Masonry, but now any Master Mason can join. The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry (the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction in the United States often omits the and) commonly known as simply the The term York Rite is a term most often used in the United States of America to refer to a collection of Masonic degrees that in most other countries are conferred separately
The Shriners often participate in local parades, sometimes as rather elaborate units: miniature vehicles in themes (all sports cars; all miniature 18-wheeler trucks; all fire engines, and so on), an "Oriental Band" dressed in cartoonish versions of Middle Eastern dress; pipe bands, drummers, motorcycle units, Drum and Bugle Corps, and even traditional brass bands. Memorial Day is a United States Federal holiday observed on the last Monday of May (on May in) A parade (also called march or marchpast) is a procession of people usually organized along a street often in Costume, and often accompanied by Fire Some local lodges sponsor a visit from the traveling Shrine Circus in their city. The Shrine Circus is a Circus founded in the United States in 1906 The circuses are used as fundraisers to support their children's hospitals.
The Shriners are committed to community service and have been instrumental in countless public projects throughout their domain. They also host the annual East-West Shrine Game which is a college football all-star game. The East-West Shrine Game is an annual post-season College football all-star game played each January since 1925 American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with Once a year, the fraternity meets for the Imperial Council Session in a major North American city. It is not uncommon for these conventions to have 20,000 participants or more, which generates significant revenue for the local economy.
The Shrine's charitable arm is the Shriners Hospitals for Children, a network of twenty-two hospitals in the United States, Mexico and Canada. The definition of charitable organization, and of charity varies according to the country and in some instances the region of the country in which the charitable organization operates A hospital is an institution for Health care providing treatment by specialised staff and equipment and often but not always providing for The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page It was formed to treat young victims of polio, but as that disease was controlled, they broadened their scope. Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an acute viral Infectious disease spread from person to person primarily via They now deal with all pediatric cases, most especially with orthopedic injuries and disease and burns. Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics) is the branch of Medicine that deals with the medical care of Infants Children and Adolescents Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (also spelled orthopaedics) is the branch of Surgery concerned with injuries to or conditions involving the A burn is a type of Injury that may be caused by Heat, cold, Electricity, Chemicals, Light, Radiation, or The Shrine has pioneered new treatments for these conditions.
There is never any charge for treatment at a Shriners Hospital. There is no requirement for religion, race, or relationship to a Freemason. Patients must be under the age of eighteen and treatable. Local Shrine temples most often provide free transportation to the nearest hospital. In 2002, a mascot named "Fez Head Fred" debuted, primarily to visit their children's hospitals.
In 2005, Shriners Hospitals approved 37,755 new patient applications, attended to the needs of 123,385 patients and provided the following free of charge:
Shriners Hospitals' total budget for 2006 is $649 million, of which $616 million is targeted for operating expenses (including $33 million for research) and $33 million for buildings and equipment expenditures. During the 84-year history of the Shriners Hospitals, approximately $7. 6 billion has been spent to operate Shriners Hospitals, and over $1. 73 billion has been spent on construction and renovation.