Anarkali (Nastaliq: اناركلى; Anārkalī ) ("pomegranate blossom") was a legendary slave girl from Lahore (Pakistan) during the Mughal period. Abdur Rahman Chughtai (1899–1975 was a painter from Pakistan who was best known for his Chughtai Style of Art as well has his designs of stamps. (also anglicized as Nastaleeq;) is one of the main genres of Islamic calligraphy. ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and She was supposedly ordered to be buried alive by Mughal emperor Akbar for having an illicit relationship with Prince Nuruddin Salim later to become Emperor Jahangir. Akbar redirects here For other uses see Akbar (disambiguation Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar ( Jalāl ud-Dīn Muhammad Akbar Nuruddin Salim Jahangir (full title Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Khushru-i-Giti Panah Abu'l-Fath Nur ud-din Muhammad Jahangir Padshah Ghazi ''( September 20 Due to the lack of evidence and sources, the story of Anarkali is widely accepted to be either false or heavily embellished. Nevertheless, her story is cherished by many and has been adapted into literature, art and cinema.
The Great Mughal emperor Akbar and his wife, Jodha, were finally blessed with a son named Prince Saleem (later Emperor Jahangir). Noor Jehan ( was the adopted stage name for Allah Wasai (born September 21, 1926 – December 23, 2000) who was a Pakistani Anarkali ( Hindi: Urdu:) is a 1953 film based on the historical legend of the Mughal emperor Jehangir. He was a spoiled and rude boy, and because of this, Akbar the Great sent his son to become disciplined and a military genius in the army for fourteen years. Finally, Akbar allowed this son to return to the main palace in Lahore (the then capital of the Mughals and in present-day Pakistan). ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. Since this day was one of great celebration, the harem (court) of Akbar decided to hold a great Mujra (dance performance) by a beautiful girl named Nadeera D/O Noor Khan Argun. Since she was one of austere and exceptional beauty, "like that of a blossoming flower", Akbar renamed her as Anarkali (blossoming pomegranate). During her first and famous Mujra in Lahore, Prince Saleem fell in love with her and it later became apparent that she was also in love with him. Later, they both began to see each other although the matter was kept quiet for the time being. Later, however, Prince Saleem informed his father, Akbar, of his intention to marry Anarkali and make her the Empress of India (including present-day Pakistan and Bangladesh). The only problem was that Anarkali, despite her fame in Lahore, was a dancer and maid; she was not of any noble blood and because of this, he refused Saleem to see Anarkali again. Prince Saleem and Akbar had a large argument that later became very serious after Akbar ordered the arrest of Anarkali and placed her in one of the jail dungeons in Lahore. After many attempts, Saleem and one of his friends managed to help Anarkali escape and hid her near the outskirts of Lahore. Then, the furious Prince Saleem organized an army (from those loyal to him during his fourteen years there) and began an attack on the city; Akbar, being the emperor, had a much larger army and quickly defeated Prince Saleem's force. Akbar gave his son two choices: either to surrender Anarkali to them or to face the death penalty. Prince Saleem, in his true love for Anarkali, chose the death penalty and it became official. Anarkali, however, unable to allow Prince Saleem to die in a cause simply over her, came out of hiding and approached the Mughal emperor, Akbar. She asked him if she could be the one to give up her life in order to save Prince Saleem, and after Akbar agreed, she asked for just one wish, which was to spend just one pleasant night with Prince Saleem. Anarkali spent the beautiful night with Saleem. She knew, however, that she had to keep her promise, and so, she made Saleem go to sleep by drugging him through drugs she had put in a pomegranate blossom. After a very tearful goodbye to the passed-out Saleem, she left the royal palace with guards. She was taken to the area near present-day Anarkali Bazaar in Lahore where a large ditch was made for her. She was strapped to a board of wood and lowered in it by numerous soldiers belonging to Akbar. After, she was at the bottom, they closed the top of the large ditch with a brick wall, thus burying her alive.
A second version of the story says that the Emperor Akbar helped Anarkali escape from the ditch through a series of underground tunnels with her mother only with the promise of Anarkali to leave the Mughal empire and never return, which she did (according to this verion). Thus, it is not known whether Anarkali survived or not.
A tomb, thought to be that of Anarkali, is situated on the premises of the Punjab Civil Secretariat (Lahore) and now houses the Punjab Records Office. ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. Previously, it had been transformed into a Christian church by the invading British. A bazaar (market) located nearby on The Mall Road is named Anarkali bazaar after Anarkali. A bazaar ( بازار) (pazar is a permanent merchandising area Marketplace, or street of shops where goods and services are exchanged or sold The Mall in Lahore, Pakistan (also known as Shahrah-e-Quaid-e-Azam is one of the city's main roads and along with the Grand Trunk Road, one of its most Anarkali bazaar (اناركلى بازار is a bazār (market located on Mall Road in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It is one of the oldest surviving markets in South Asia, dating back at least 200 years.
The mausoleum is an octagonal building covered with a dome. At each corner of the building is an octagonal turret surmounted with a kiosk. In olden times, this building was surrounded by a garden that had at its entrance a double-storeyed gateway. But no trace of the garden survives now. The building still enshrines a beautifully inscribed monolithic sarcophagus. On the sarcophagus are inscribed 99 names of Allah and the Persian couplet:
تا قیامت شکر گویم کردگار خویش را
آہ گر من باز بینم روئ یار خویش را
tā qiyāmat shukr gūyam kardigāre khīsh rā
āh! gar man bāz bīnam rūī yār-e khīsh rā
I would give thanks unto my God unto the day of resurrection
Ah! could I behold the face of my beloved once more
On the northern side of the sarcophagus are inscribed the words "مجنون سلیم اکبر" (majnūn Salim akbar, "the profoundly enamoured Salim (son of) Akbar").
The sarcophagus also bears two dates, given in both letters and in numerals: 1008 Hijri (AD 1599-1600) on the eastern side of the sarcophagus and 1024 Hijri (AD> 1615-16) on the western side. The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar ( Arabic: التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری
Scholar Ahsan Quraishi mentions one more inscription in the tomb, that is said to have been destroyed by General Ventura, the French mercenary fighting for the Sikhs, who used the monument as his residence. The contents of this extinct Persian inscription can be translated as follows: "The innocent who is murdered mercilessly and who dies after enduring much pain, is a martyr. God considers him/her a martyr".
Whether, Anarkali existed or not, her legend has mesmerised the people of South Asia. She has caught the eye of nearly every big name in the arts in South Asia for the past 100 years. Drama Writer Syed Imtiaz Ali Taj's version for the stage is considered a masterpiece. Abdur Rehman Chughtai's rendition of Anarkali, which was used as a cover for Taj's play is one of the most famous paintings of the courtesan.
She has also been the subject of films in South Asia. Bina Rai portrayed Anarkali in a 1953 Bollywood film. Bina Rai ( Hindi: बिन रै Urdu: بِن رے was a leading actress primarily of the black and white era Anarkali ( Hindi: Urdu:) is a 1953 film based on the historical legend of the Mughal emperor Jehangir. In neighbouring Pakistan, an Anarkali film was released in 1958 with the legendary Noor Jahan in the lead role. Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and Year 1958 ( MCMLVIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Noor Jahan can refer to Nur Jehan (1677-1645 Mughal empress Noor Jehan (1926-2000 Pakistani singer and actress Later on in 1960, K. Asif's epic film Mughal-e-Azam was released in India based on the story of Anarkali and Prince Salim. K Asif ( June 14, 1924 - March 9, 1971) was a Film director, Film producer and Screenwriter who was famous for Mughal-e-Azam ( Urdu: مغلِ اعظم, Hindi: मुग़ल-ए आज़म is an Indian Epic film, remniscent Anarkali and Mughal-e-Azam were major hits in Pakistan and India. Mughal-e-Azam ( Urdu: مغلِ اعظم, Hindi: मुग़ल-ए आज़म is an Indian Epic film, remniscent Originally, only parts of the film were in colour. Mughal-e-Azam was re-released in 2004 as a completely colour film. Iman Ali also portrayed Anarkali in Shoaib Mansoor's short music video series on the theme Ishq(love) in 2003. Iman Ali ( Urdu: ایمان علی) (born December 19, 1980) is a popular Pakistan -based model and Actress Shoaib Mansoor ( Urdu: شعیب منصور) PP, SI, is an acclaimed Pakistani producer, director, Writer (in Arabic alphabet: عشق) in Modern Persian word eshq (عشق in Turkish aşk is meaning "love"
Anarkali bazaar in Lahore was named after her and as mentioned earlier is one of the oldest markets in South Asia. Anarkali bazaar (اناركلى بازار is a bazār (market located on Mall Road in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi.
Anarkali is belong to midal of punjab. Her real name is Nadeera. Her mother was doing a job in Akbar's empire. Her fathers name was Noor khan Argon.
Given below are links to YouTube videos from various movies on Anarkali