Map showing localization of Amne Machin peak
|Elevation||6,282 meters (20,610 feet)|
|Location||China, province of Qinghai|
Nearest major city = Xining, 530 kilometers (330 mi) south-east
|First ascent||1981, U. In topography a summit is a point on a surface which is higher in Elevation than all points immediately adjacent to China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National (青海 qīnghǎi is a province of the People's Republic of China, named after Qinghai Lake. Xining ( Simplified Chinese: 西宁 Traditional Chinese: 西寧 Tibetan: ཟི་ནིང་ Pinyin: Xīníng Wylie: Zi-ning A mountain range is a chain of Mountains bordered by highlands or separated from other mountains by passes or valleys The Kunlun Mountains ( Mongolian: Хөндлөн Уулс is one of the longest Mountain chains in Asia, extending more than 3000 Km. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. In Climbing, a first ascent (FA is the first modern recorded climb to reach the top of a Mountain, or the first to follow a particular Climbing route Year 1981 ( MCMLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 S. expedition|
Amne Machin (or Anye Machin) is one of the highest peaks of a mountain range named Amne Machin Shan (A'nyêmaqên Shan) and located in west-central China (province of Qinghai). China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National (青海 qīnghǎi is a province of the People's Republic of China, named after Qinghai Lake. The Amne Machin mountains belong to the Kunlun Shan, a major mountain system in Asia. The Kunlun Mountains ( Mongolian: Хөндлөн Уулс is one of the longest Mountain chains in Asia, extending more than 3000 Km. The peak elevation is estimated to 20,610 feet (6,282 meters). It is ranked number 23 in height among the mountain peaks of China.
The massif had long been considered a sacred mountain and a place of pilgrimage, when before the Communist 'liberation' up to 10,000 Golog Tibetans would make the 120-mile circumambulation of the mountain each year. Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture ( Simplified Chinese: 果洛藏族自治州 Pinyin: Guǒluò Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu Tibetan: མགོ་ལོག་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་ The first European to describe the mountain was the British explorer Brigadier-General George Pereira on his expedition on foot from Peking to Lhasa of 1921-2, sometimes reckoned one of the great geographical discoveries of the twentieth century. Brigadier-General George Edward Pereira, CB, CMG, DSO ( 26 January 1865 – 20 October 1923) was a British explorer
However, the massif remained unclimbed until 1949. The Amne Machin mountains had been overflown by a few American pilots who overestimated the elevation to 30,000 feet. A 1930 article of the National Geographic estimated the peak elevation to 28,000 feet according to the report of Joseph Rock, an American botanist and explorer. Overview The NGS's historical mission is "to increase and diffuse geographic knowledge while promoting the conservation of the world's cultural historical and natural Joseph Francis Charles Rock (1884 – 1962 was an Austrian American explorer, Geographer, linguist and Botanist. For a while, the mountains were considered as a possible place for a peak higher than Mount Everest. Mount Everest, also called Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा meaning Head of the Sky) or Chomolungma, Qomolangma or Zhumulangma (in In 1949, a Chinese expedition climbed the mountain, but it was demonstrated in 1980 that this expedition didn't climb the right peak.
The Amne Machin peak was first climbed in 1981 by a U. S. expedition (the first foreign expedition authorized by the Chinese government). Galen Rowell, Harold Knutsen and Kim Scmitz reached the summit successfully and reported its true elevation to be 20,610 feet. Galen Avery Rowell ( August 23, 1940 &ndash August 11, 2002) was a noted wilderness photographer and climber.
Sir Francis Younghusband and George Pereira, Peking to Lhasa; The Narrative of Journeys in the Chinese Empire Made by the Late Brigadier-General George Pereira, (London: Constable and Company, 1925)