|Type||Broadcast radio network and|
|Availability||United States, Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean, also distributed in the United Kingdom, Philippines, New Zealand, and Latin America|
|Founded||by (as independent company)|
|Owner||The Walt Disney Company|
|Key people||Robert Iger, CEO of The Walt Disney Company|
Anne Sweeney, co-chair Disney Media Networks and President, Disney-ABC Television Group
|Launch date||October 12, 1943 (radio network)|
April 19, 1948 (television network)
|Former names||NBC Blue Network|
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. Terrestrial television is a term which refers to modes of television broadcasting which do not involve satellite transmission A radio network is a network system which distributes programming to multiple stations simultaneously or slightly delayed for the purpose of extending total A television network is a distribution network for Television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many Television stations The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island Edward John Noble (1882 &ndash 1958 was an American Broadcasting and Candy industrialist originally from Gouverneur, New York. Advertising Slogans are short often memorable phrases used in advertising campaigns Robert A "Bob" Iger (born February 10 1951) is the head of The Walt Disney Company. Anne Sweeney, born November 4, 1958, in Kingston New York, is the Co-Chair of Disney Media Networks and President of Disney-ABC Television Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1012 - Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich London. 1529 - At the Second Diet of Speyer Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Blue Network was the on-air name of an American radio production and distribution service from 1942 to 1945 which traced its formal origins back to 1927 The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A television network is a distribution network for Television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many Television stations Created in 1943 from the former NBC Blue radio network, ABC is owned by The Walt Disney Company and is part of Disney-ABC Television Group. The National Broadcasting Company ( NBC) is an American Television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's The Blue Network was the on-air name of an American radio production and distribution service from 1942 to 1945 which traced its formal origins back to 1927 Disney-ABC Television Group manages all of The Walt Disney Company 's U It first broadcast on television in 1948. Corporate headquarters are in Manhattan in New York City, while programming offices are in Burbank, California adjacent to the Walt Disney Studios and the Walt Disney Company corporate headquarters. Manhattan Island, in New York Harbor, is much the largest part of the Borough of Manhattan, one of the Five Boroughs which form the City of New York The City of New York Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County California, United States. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California, United States, serve as the international headquarters ABC is the most watched television network in the United States as of 2008. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common
The current slogan is "Start Here", except television idents continue to use the former "America's Broadcasting Company" slogan. Before the "America's Broadcasting Company" slogan, television idents used the full corporate name from 1997-2000.
The formal name of the operation is American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. , and that name appears on copyright notices for its in-house network productions and on all official documents of the company, including paychecks and contracts. A separate entity named ABC Inc. , formerly Capital Cities/ABC Inc. , is that firm's direct parent company, and that company is owned in turn by Disney. The network is sometimes referred to as the Alphabet Network, due to the letters "ABC" being the first three Latin letters.
From the organization of the first true radio networks in the late 1920s, broadcasting in the United States was dominated by two companies, CBS and RCA's NBC. CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network. RCA Corporation, founded as Radio Corporation of America, was an electronics company in existence from 1919 to 1986 The National Broadcasting Company ( NBC) is an American Television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's Before NBC's 1926 formation, RCA had acquired AT&T's New York station WEAF (later WNBC, now CBS-owned WFAN). Before proposing a merge request please see Talk and see if the merger you propose has recently been made and The City of New York WEAF (1130 AM) is a Gospel music formatted Radio station in Camden South Carolina. WFAN (660 AM) also known as "Sports Radio 66" or "The FAN", is a Radio station in New York City. With WEAF came a loosely organized system feeding programming to other stations in the northeastern U. S. RCA, before the acquisition of the WEAF group in mid-1926, had previously owned a second such group, with WJZ in New York as the lead station (purchased by RCA in 1923 from Westinghouse) . Founded in 1886 as Westinghouse Electric Company and later renamed Westinghouse Electric Corporation by George Westinghouse. These were the foundations of RCA's two distinct programming services, the NBC "Red" and NBC "Blue" networks. Legend has it that the color designations originated from the color of the push-pins early engineers used to designate affiliates of WEAF (red pins) and WJZ (blue pins).
After years of study, the FCC in 1940 issued a "Report on Chain Broadcasting. " Finding that two corporate owners (and the co-operatively owned Mutual Broadcasting System) dominated American broadcasting, this report proposed "divorcement", requiring the sale by RCA of one of its chains. The Mutual Broadcasting System ( MBS) was an American Radio network, in operation from 1934 to 1999 NBC Red was the larger radio network, carrying the leading entertainment and music programs. In addition, many Red affiliates were high-powered, clear-channel stations, heard nationwide. NBC Blue offered most of the company's news and cultural programs, many of them "sustaining" or unsponsored. Among other findings, the FCC claimed RCA used NBC Blue to suppress competition against NBC Red. The FCC did not regulate or license networks directly. However, it could influence them by means of its hold over individual stations. Consequently, the FCC issued a ruling that "no license shall be issued to a standard broadcast station affiliated with a network which maintains more than one network. " NBC argued this indirect style of regulation was illegal and appealed to the courts. However, the FCC won on appeal, and NBC was forced to sell one of its networks. It opted to sell NBC Blue.
The task of selling of NBC Blue was given to Mark Woods; throughout 1942 and 1943, NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their assets. Mark Woods (born 1972 in Belfast) is a sports writer and broadcaster based in Edinburgh UK A price of $8 million was put on the assets of the Blue group, and Woods shopped the Blue package around to potential buyers. One such, investment bank Dillon, Read made an offer of $7. Dillon Read & Co was a prominent American Investment bank from the 1920s into the 1960s 5 million, but Woods and RCA chief David Sarnoff held firm at $8 million. The Blue package contained leases on land-lines and on studio facilities in New York, Washington, D.C., Chicago and Los Angeles; contracts with talent and with about sixty affiliates; the trademark and "good will" associated with the Blue name; and licenses for three stations (WJZ in New York, San Francisco's KGO, and WENR in Chicago - really a half-station, since WENR shared time and a frequency with "Prairie Farmer" station WLS), with which it would later merge after World War II. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city KGO (810 AM band) is a news / talk-format Radio station with offices and studios in San Francisco California.
RCA finally found a buyer in Edward Noble, owner of Life Savers candy and the Rexall drugstore chain. Edward John Noble (1882 &ndash 1958 was an American Broadcasting and Candy industrialist originally from Gouverneur, New York. Life Savers is an American brand of ring-shaped mints and artificially fruit-flavored hard candy. Rexall was the name of a chain of North American drugstores, as well as the name of their store-branded products In order to complete the station-license transfer, Noble had to sell the New York radio station that he owned, WMCA. WMCA, 570 AM, is a Radio station in New York City, most known for its "Good Guys" Top 40 era in the 1960s Also, FCC hearings were required. Controversy ensued over Noble's intention to keep Mark Woods on as president, which led to the suggestion that Woods would continue to work with (and for) his former employers. This had the potential to derail the sale. During the hearings, Woods said the new network would not sell airtime to the American Federation of Labor. The American Federation of Labor (AFL was one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States Noble evaded questioning on similar points by hiding behind the NAB code. National Association of Broadcasters (NAB is a trade association representing the interests of for-profit over-the-air radio and television broadcasters in the United States Frustrated, the chairman advised Noble to do some rethinking. Apparently he did, and the sale closed on October 12, 1943. Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The new network, known simply as "The Blue Network", was owned by the American Broadcasting System, a company Noble formed for the deal. It sold airtime to organized labor.
In mid-1944, Noble renamed his network American Broadcasting Company. This set off a flurry of re-naming; to avoid confusion, CBS changed the call-letters of its New York flagship, WABC-AM 880, to WCBS-AM in 1946. WCBS (880 kHz often referred to as "WCBS Newsradio 880", is a Radio station in New York City. In 1953, WJZ in New York took on the abandoned call-letters WABC. WABC (770 kHz known as "NewsTalkRadio 77" is a radio station in New York City.
ABC Radio began slowly; with few "hit" shows, it had to build an audience. ABC Radio Networks, known as ABC Radio for short is an American Radio network. Noble paid to acquire more stations, among them Detroit's WXYZ; one of the founding stations of the Mutual network. WXYZ was where The Lone Ranger, Sergeant Preston, Sky King and other popular daily serials originated. The Lone Ranger is an American, long-running Old-time radio and early Television show created by George W Challenge of the Yukon was a long-running Radio series that began on Detroit 's station WXYZ (as had The Lone Ranger and Sky King was a 1940s and 1950s American Radio and Television adventure series featuring Arizona rancher and aircraft With this purchase, ABC instantly acquired a bloc of established daily shows. Noble also bought KECA (now KABC) in Los Angeles, to give the network a Hollywood production base. Counter-programming became an ABC specialty, for example, placing a raucous quiz-show like Stop the Music! against more thoughtful fare on NBC and CBS. Unlike the other networks, ABC pre-recorded many programs; advances in tape-recording brought back from conquered Germany meant that the audio quality of tape could not be distinguished from "live" broadcasts. As a result, several high-rated stars who wanted freedom from rigid schedules, among them Bing Crosby, moved to ABC. Harry Lillis “Bing” Crosby ( May 3, 1903 &ndash October 14, 1977) was an Academy Award winning American Popular Though still rated fourth, by the late 1940s ABC had begun to close in on the better-established networks.
Faced with huge expenses in building a radio network, ABC was in no position to take on the additional costs demanded by a television network. To secure a place at the table, though, in 1947, ABC submitted requests for licenses in the five cities where it owned radio stations. All five requests were for each station to broadcast on channel 7; ABC executives thought at the time that the low-band (channels 2 through 6) TV channels would be discontinued, thus making these five stations broadcasting on VHF channel 7 the lowest on the TV dial and therefore the best channel positions. (Such a move never occurred in the analog era; though with the poor digital TV performance of low-band channels it could conceivably happen in the future, DTV's use of logical channel numbers will protect the lower dial positions. In Telecommunications, a logical channel number (LCN also known as virtual channel in North America, is a channel designation which differs )
On April 19, 1948, the ABC television network went on the air. Events 1012 - Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich London. 1529 - At the Second Diet of Speyer Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Interestingly, the network picked up its first affiliate, WFIL-TV in Philadelphia (now WPVI-TV) before its first owned and operated station ("O&O"), WJZ-TV in New York (now WABC-TV) signed on in August. Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə WPVI-TV, channel 6 is an owned-and-operated station of the Walt Disney Company -owned American Broadcasting Company, located in Philadelphia Pennsylvania WABC-TV, channel 7 is the flagship station of the Walt Disney Company -owned American Broadcasting Company, located in New York City.
For the next several years, ABC was a television network mostly in name. Except for the largest markets, most cities had only one or two stations. The FCC froze applications for new stations in 1948 while it sorted out the thousands of applicants, and re-thought the technical and allocation standards set down in 1938. What was meant to be a six-month freeze lasted until 1952, and until that time there were only 101 stations in the United States. For a late-comer like ABC, this meant being relegated to secondary status in many markets. ABC commanded little affiliate loyalty, though unlike fellow startup network DuMont, it at least had a radio network on which to draw loyalty and revenue. The DuMont Television Network was the world's first commercial Television network, beginning operation in the United States in 1946 It also had a full complement of five O&Os, which included stations in the critical Chicago (WENR-TV, now WLS-TV) and Los Angeles (KECA-TV, now KABC-TV) markets. WLS-TV, channel 7 is a Television station in Chicago, Illinois. KABC-TV, channel 7 is an owned-and-operated television station of the Walt Disney Company -owned American Broadcasting Company, licensed to Los Angeles Even then, by 1951 ABC found itself badly overextended and on the verge of bankruptcy. It had only nine full-time affiliates to augment its five O&Os--WJZ, WENR, KECA, WXYZ-TV in Detroit and KGO-TV in San Francisco. WXYZ-TV, channel 7 is the ABC affiliated television station in Detroit. KGO-TV, channel 7 based in San Francisco California, is an owned-and-operated (O&O television station of The Walt Disney Company Subsidiary
Noble finally found a white knight in United Paramount Theaters. In Business, a white knight may be a Corporation, a private company or a person that intends to help another firm United Paramount Theatres, one of the largest chain of cinemas in the United States, was divested from Paramount Pictures as a result of the 1948 United Divorced from Paramount Pictures at the end of 1949 by Supreme Court order, UPT had plenty of money on hand and was not afraid to spend it. Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and Distribution company, based in Hollywood California. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. UPT head Leonard Goldenson immediately set out to find investment opportunities. Leonard H Goldenson ( December 7 1905 &ndash December 27 1999) was President of ABC. Barred from the film business, Goldenson saw broadcasting as a possibility, and approached Noble about buying ABC. Since the transfer of station licenses was again involved, the FCC set hearings. At the heart of this was the question of the Paramount Pictures-UPT divorce: were they truly separate? And what role did Paramount's long-time investment in DuMont Laboratories, parent of the television network, play? After a year of deliberation the FCC approved the purchase by UPT in a 5–2 split decision on February 9, 1953. Events 474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Speaking in favor of the deal, one commissioner pointed out that UPT had the cash to turn ABC into a viable, competitive third network. The corporate name became American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres, Inc.
Shortly after the ABC–UPT merger, Goldenson approached DuMont with a merger offer. DuMont was in financial trouble for a number of reasons, not the least of which was an FCC ruling that barred it from acquiring two additional O&Os because of two stations owned by Paramount. However, DuMont's pioneering status in television and programming creativity gave it a leg up on ABC, and for a time appeared that DuMont was about to establish itself as the third television network. This all changed with the ABC-UPT merger, which effectively placed DuMont on life support. Goldenson and DuMont's managing director, Ted Bergmann, quickly agreed to a deal. Under the proposed merger, the merged network would have been called "ABC-DuMont" for at least five years. DuMont would get $5 million in cash and guaranteed advertising time for DuMont television receivers. In return, ABC agreed to honor all of DuMont's network commitments. The merged network would have been a colossus rivaling CBS and NBC, with O&Os in five of the six largest markets (all except Philadelphia, which would later become an O & O). It would have had to sell either WJZ-TV or DuMont flagship WABD-TV (now WNYW) as well as two other stations (most likely WXYZ-TV and KGO-TV) in order to comply with the FCC's five-station limit. However, Paramount vetoed the sale. A few months earlier, the FCC ruled that Paramount controlled DuMont, and there were still lingering questions about whether the two companies were truly separate. By 1956, the DuMont network had shut down.
After its acquisition by UPT, ABC at last had the means to offer a full-time television network service on the scale of CBS and NBC. By mid-1953, Goldenson had begun a two-front campaign, calling on his old pals at the Hollywood studios (he had been head of the mighty Paramount theater chain since 1938) to convince them to move into programming. And he began wooing station owners to convince them that a refurbished ABC was about to burst forth. He also convinced long-time NBC and CBS affiliates in several markets to move to ABC. His two-part campaign paid off when the "new" ABC hit the air on October 27, 1954. Events 312 - Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) Among the shows that brought in record audiences was "Disneyland", produced-by and starring Walt Disney. Walter Elias Disney (December 5 1901 – December 15 1966 was a multiple Academy Award -winning American Film producer, director, Screenwriter MGM, Warner Bros. and Twentieth Century-Fox were also present that first season. Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Within two years, Warner Bros. was producing ten hours of programming for ABC each week, mostly interchangeable detective and western series. The middle 1950s saw ABC finally have shows in the top-10 including Disneyland. The first incarnation of the Walt Disney anthology television series, commonly called The Wonderful World of Disney, premiered on ABC on October 27 Other early hit series on ABC during this period which helped establish the success of the network included " The Adventures Of Ozzie And Harriet", (starring the real-life Nelson Family), "Leave It To Beaver "(which moved over from CBS )",The Detectives" starring Robert Taylor, and " The Untouchables " starring Robert Stack. However, it still had a long way to go. It was relegated to secondary status in many markets until the late 1960s and, in a few cases, into the 1980s.
In 1955, ABC started a record label division, ABC-Paramount Records, which later became ABC Records in 1965. ABC Records started in 1955 as ABC-Paramount Records the record label of Am-Par Record Corporation (a subsidiary of American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres They subsequently purchased the record labels from the Famous Music division of Gulf+Western( Dot, Steed, Acta, and Paramount ) , along with legendary Country and R&B label Duke/Peacock in 1974, and the entire company was sold to MCA in 1979, the remnants of the ABC record label group are now owned by Universal Music Group. Famous Music was the worldwide music publishing division of Paramount Pictures, a division of Viacom. Gulf and Western Industries Inc, for a number of years known as Gulf+Western, was an American conglomerate. MCA Inc (or Music Corporation of America) was an American Corporation in the music and television businesses Universal Music Group (UMG is the largest Business group and family of Record labels in the Recording industry. Ironically , after the merger with Disney , Disney/ABC created a new record label which it still owns and operates called Hollywood Records
While ABC-TV continued to languish in third place nationally, it often topped local ratings in the larger markets. Hollywood Records is a Record label owned by the Walt Disney Company. With the arrival of Hollywood's slickly produced series, ABC began to catch on with younger, urban viewers. As the network gained in the ratings, it became an attractive property, and over the next few years ABC approached, or was approached, by GE (which would have had to sell its stake in RCA, owner of NBC), Howard Hughes, Litton Industries, GTE and ITT. Howard Robard Hughes Jr (December 24 1905 – April 5 1976 was an American Aviator, Industrialist, Film producer / director, Philanthropist Named after inventor Charles Litton Sr, Litton Industries was a large defense contractor in the United States, bought by the Northrop Grumman Corporation GTE Corporation (formerly General Telephone & Electronics Corporation) was the largest of the "independent" US Telephone companies during ITT Corporation, is a global diversified manufacturing company with 2007 revenues of $9 ABC and ITT agreed to a merger in late 1965, but this deal was derailed by FCC and Department of Justice questions about ITT's foreign ownership influencing ABC's autonomy and journalistic integrity. For animal rights group see Justice Department (JD The United States Department of Justice ( DOJ) is a Cabinet department ITT's management promised that ABC's autonomy would be preserved. While it was able to convince the FCC, antitrust regulators at the Justice Department refused to sign off on the deal. After numerous delays, the deal was called off on January 1, 1968. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
By 1960, the ABC Radio Network found its audience continuing to gravitate to television. The ABC owned radio stations were not enjoying very large audiences either. With a decline in listenership and far less network programming, Harold L. Neal, General Manager of WABC in New York, hired Mike Joseph as Music Consultant to program contemporarary "Top 40" music on WABC. Neal also hired Dan Ingram to host the afternoon time period and hired Bruce "Cousin Brucie" Morrow to host early evenings on WABC. WABC's immediate success lead to Neal being named President of all 7 ABC owned radio stations. Neal then spread the popular music programming to WLS Chicago and KQV Pittsburgh and they attained very large audiences. ABC's KABC Los Angeles and KGO San Francisco pioneered news/talk programming and became quite successful. Rick Sklar was hired by Neal in 1963 to program the station, which by the mid-1960s featured hourly newscasts, commentaries and a few long-running serials, which were all that remained on the ABC Radio Network schedule. Lawrence Welk's musical hour (simulcast from television), and Don McNeill's daily "Breakfast Club" variety show were among the offerings. Lawrence Welk ( March 11, 1903 &ndash May 17, 1992) was a Musician, Accordionist Bandleader, and Television Don McNeill ( December 23, 1907 &ndash May 7, 1996) was an American Radio personality best known as the creator Romper Room, a children's learning show was featured, both in New York and in ABC subsidiaries, with Nancy Terrell as "Miss Nancy". Romper Room is a children's Television series which ran in the United States from 1953 to 1994 as well as at various times in Canada, Australia Nancy Clendenin Terrell was born in Richmond Virginia, in 1940 to James Emmett Terrell Executive Vice President of Mead Johnson Company and Nannie Belle Clendenin In 1967, WLS General Manager, Ralph Beaudin, was promoted head up ABC Radio. Beaudin made the bold move on January 1, 1968, when he split the ABC Radio Network into four new "networks", each one with format-specific news and features for pop-music-, news-, or talk-oriented stations. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The "American" Contemporary, Entertainment, Information and FM networks were later joined by two others - Direction and Rock.
In 1969, Neal and Beaudin hired former WCFL Chicago programmer, Allen Shaw, to program the seven ABC Owned FM Radio stations. Shaw pioneered the first album oriented rock format on all seven stations and changed the call letters to WPLJ New York, WDVE Pittsburgh, WRIF Detroit, KSFX San Francisco and KLOS Los Angeles. By the mid-1970s, the ABC owned AM and FM stations, and the ABC Radio Network were the most successful radio operations in America in terms of audience and profits. Leonard Goldenson often credited ABC Radio for helping fund the development of ABC Television in those early years.
During this period of the 1960s, ABC founded an in-house production unit, ABC Films, to create new material especially for the network. Shortly after the death of producer David O. Selznick, ABC acquired the rights to a considerable amount of the Selznick theatrical film library, including Rebecca and Portrait of Jennie (but not including Gone with the Wind, which Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer had acquired outright in the 1940s). David O Selznick, born David Selznick ( May 10, 1902 &ndash June 22, 1965) was one of the iconic Hollywood producers Portrait of Jennie is a 1948 Fantasy film based on the novella by Robert Nathan. Gone with the Wind is a 1939 American dramatic - romantic - War film adapted from Margaret Mitchell 's 1936
Wide World of Sports debuted April 29, 1961 and was the creation of Edgar J. Scherick through his company, Sports Programs, Inc. ABC's Wide World of Sports was a long-running Sports Anthology show on American Television that ran as a series from 1961 to 1998 Events 1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orleans. Year 1961 ( MCMLXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Edgar J Scherick ( October 16, 1924 &ndash December 2, 2002) was one of the most prolific producers of television miniseries made-for-television After selling his company to the American Broadcasting Company, Scherick hired a young Roone Arledge to produce the show. Roone Arledge ( July 8, 1931 &ndash December 5, 2002) was an American sports broadcasting pioneer who was chairman of ABC Arledge would eventually go on to become the executive producer of ABC Sports (as well as president of ABC News). This article is about the American news organization See also ABC News (disambiguation ABC News is a division of American Arledge helped ABC's fortunes with innovations in sports programming, such as the multiple cameras used in Monday Night Football. Monday Night Football ( MNF) is a Live television broadcast of the National Football League. By doing so, he helped to make sports broadcasting into a multi-billion-dollar industry.
Despite its relatively small size, ABC found increasing success with television programming aimed at the emerging "Baby Boomer" culture. It broadcast American Bandstand and Shindig!, two shows that featured new popular and youth-oriented records of the day. American Bandstand was a Television show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989 hosted from 1957 until its final season by Dick Clark Shindig! is an American music variety show which aired on the ABC network from September 16, 1964 to January 8, 1966
The network ran science fiction fare, a genre that other networks considered too risky: The Outer Limits, The Invaders, The Time Tunnel, Land of the Giants, and Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea. For the album by Progressive Metal band Voivod see The Outer Limits (album. The Invaders a Quinn Martin Production, is an ABC Science fiction television program created by Larry Cohen that The Time Tunnel is a 1966–1967 US color Science fiction TV series. Land of the Giants is an hour-long American Science fiction Television program lasting two seasons beginning on September 22, Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea was a 1960s American Science Fiction Television series based on the 1961 film of the same name. It also ran the Quinn Martin action and suspense series The F.B.I. and The Fugitive. Quinn Martin ( May 22, 1922  &ndash September 6, 1987) born Irwin Cohn was one of the most successful The FBI is an American Television series that was broadcast on ABC from 1965 to 1974 The Fugitive is an American Television series produced by QM Productions and United Artists Television that aired on ABC
In January 1966, an unheralded mid-season replacement show became a national pop culture phenomenon. "Batman", starring Adam West as the Caped Crusader and Burt Ward as his youthful sidekick Robin the Boy Wonder, helped establish ABC as a TV force with which to be reckoned. Batman is a 1960s American Television series, based on the DC Comic book character of the same name. Each week, a two-part "Batman" adventure aired on Wednesday and Thursday nights, blending the exploits of the popular comic-book hero with off-the-wall "camp" humor. The unusual combination made the series an immediate hit with thrill-seeking youngsters, and a cult favorite on high-school and college campuses. Special guest villains such as Cesar Romero (the Joker), Burgess Meredith (the Penguin), Julie Newmar and Eartha Kitt (Catwoman) and Joan Collins (the Siren) added to the show's mass appeal. A two-part episode featuring Liberace in a dual role, as the great pianist Chandel and his criminal twin brother Harry, would prove to be the highest-rated "Batman" tandem of the series (canceled in March 1968). In 1968, the parent company changed its name from American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres, Inc. to American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. , formally dropping the Paramount name from the company and all subsidiaries which bore that name.
Continuing the network's upswing in the 1960s were highly rated primetime sitcoms such as That Girl, Bewitched, The Brady Bunch, and The Mod Squad. That Girl is an American Television Situation comedy that ran on ABC from 1966 to 1971. Bewitched is an American Situation comedy originally broadcast for eight seasons on ABC from 1964 to 1972. The Brady Bunch is an American Television Situation comedy based around a large blended family. The Mod Squad is a television series that ran on ABC from September 24, 1968 until August 23, 1973. Edgar J. Scherick was Vice President of Network Programming and responsible for much of the line up during this era. Edgar J Scherick ( October 16, 1924 &ndash December 2, 2002) was one of the most prolific producers of television miniseries made-for-television
ABC's daytime lineup became strong throughout the 1970s and 1980s with the soap operas General Hospital, One Life to Live, All My Children, and Ryan's Hope and the game shows The Dating Game, The Newlywed Game, Let's Make a Deal, The Edge of Night,The $20,000 Pyramid and Family Feud,. A soap opera is an ongoing episodic work of Fiction, usually broadcast on Television or Radio. General Hospital (commonly abbreviated GH) is an American Soap opera broadcast on the ABC television network during the One Life to Live ( OLTL) is an American Soap opera which has been broadcast on the ABC television network since July 15 1968 All My Children ( AMC) is a popular American Soap opera and drama television series that has been broadcast Monday through Friday on the ABC This page is about the television program For the rock band of the same name see Ryan's Hope (band. The Dating Game is an ABC television show that first aired on December 20, 1965 and was the first of many shows created and packaged by The Newlywed Game was an American television Game show where newly-married couples answered questions to find out how well the husband and wife knew Let's Make a Deal is a Television Game show which originated in the United States and has since been produced in many countries throughout the The Edge of Night (or known informally as Edge or EON by fans was a long-running American television mystery series/ Soap opera produced by Procter Pyramid is the collective name of a series of American television Game shows where contestants tried to guess a series of words or phrases based on descriptions Family Feud is a popular Television Game show that pits two families against each other in a contest to name the most popular responses to a survey-type
By the early 1970s, ABC had formed its first theatrical division, ABC Pictures. Three of its few moneymaking films were Bob Fosse's Cabaret, Woody Allen's Take the Money and Run, and Sidney Pollack's They Shoot Horses, Don't They?; more typical of the film division's offerings were Song of Norway and Candy, both heavily promoted while still in production but critical and box-office disasters upon release. Robert Louis “Bob” Fosse ( June 23, 1927 – September 23, 1987) was an American Musical theater Choreographer and Cabaret is a 1972 American Musical film directed by Bob Fosse and starring Liza Minnelli, Michael York Woody Allen (born Allan Stewart Konigsberg; December 1 1935 is an American Film director, Writer, Actor, Comedian, and Take the Money and Run is a 1969 Comedy film co-written by directed by and starring Woody Allen. Sydney Irwin Pollack ( July 1, 1934 – May 26, 2008) was an American Film director, producer and Actor. For other uses see They Shoot Horses Don't They? They Shoot Horses Don't They? is a 1969 American Song of Norway is a 1970 film adaptation of the successful stage musical of the same name, directed by Andrew L This article is on the 1968 film For the 2006 film see Candy (2006 film Candy is a 1968 film directed by Christian Marquand They also started a new innovation in television, the concept of the Movie of the Week. The ABC Movie of the Week was a weekly television Anthology series, featuring Made-for-TV movies, that aired on the ABC network in various permutations This series of made for TV films aired once per week on Tuesday nights. Three years later, Wednesday nights were added as well. Palomar Pictures International, the production company created by Edgar J. Scherick after leaving ABC, produced several of the Movies of the Week. Edgar J Scherick ( October 16, 1924 &ndash December 2, 2002) was one of the most prolific producers of television miniseries made-for-television
The network itself, meanwhile, was showing signs of overtaking CBS and NBC. Broadcasting in color from the mid-1960s, ABC started using the new science of demographics to tweak its programming and ad sales. Demographics or demographic data refers to selected population characteristics as used in government Marketing or opinion research or the Demographic profiles ABC invested heavily in shows with wide appeal, especially situation comedies such as Happy Days, Barney Miller, Three's Company and Taxi. Happy Days is an American Television sitcom that originally aired from 1974 to 1984 on ABC. Barney Miller is a comedy Television series set in a New York City police station in Greenwich Village that ran from Three's Company is an American Sitcom that aired from 1977 to 1984 on ABC. Taxi is an American sitcom that originally aired from 1978 to 1982 on ABC, and from 1982 to 1983 on NBC. Programming head Fred Silverman was credited with reversing the network's fortunes by spinning off shows such as Laverne & Shirley and Mork and Mindy. Fred Silverman (born September 13, 1937 in New York City) is an American Television executive and producer Laverne & Shirley was a popular American television Situation comedy that ran on ABC from 1976 to 1983 Mork & Mindy is an American Sci-fi -based Sitcom broadcast from 1978 until 1982 on ABC. He also commissioned series from Aaron Spelling such as Charlie's Angels. Aaron Spelling' (April 22 1923 – June 23 2006 was an American film and Television producer. Charlie's Angels is a television series about three women who work for a private investigation agency and is one of the first shows to showcase women Furthermore, ABC acquired broadcasting rights for telecasting the annual Academy Awards ceremony in 1976, which today is contractually planned to do so until 2014. "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. By 1977, ABC had become the nation's highest-rated network. Meanwhile CBS and NBC ranked behind for some time, and due to NBC ranking third place, ABC sought stronger affiliates by having former NBC affiliations swap networks for ABC.
ABC also offered big-budget, extended-length miniseries, among them QB VII, and Rich Man, Poor Man. A miniseries (also mini-series) in a serial Storytelling medium is a production which tells a story in a pre-planned limited number of episodes QB VII by Leon Uris was a best seller published in 1970 This four-part novel highlights the events leading to a life-shattering libel trial in the United Kingdom Rich Man Poor Man is a Novel written by Irwin Shawin 1969 It is the last of the novels of Shaw's middle period before he began to concentrate in his The most successful, Roots, based on Alex Haley's novel, became one of the biggest hits in television history. Roots is a 1977 American television Miniseries based on Alex Haley 's work Roots The Saga of an American Family Alexander Murray Palmer Haley (August 11 1921–February 10 1992 was an American Writer. Combined with ratings for its regular weekly series, Roots propelled ABC to a first-place finish in the national Nielsen ratings for the 1976–1977 season— this was a first in the then thirty-year history of the network. Nielsen Ratings are audience measurement systems developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the Audience size and composition of television In 1983, via its revived theatrical division, ABC Motion Pictures, Silkwood was released in theaters, and The Day After (again produced in-house by its by-then retitled television unit, ABC Circle Films) was viewed on TV by 100 million people, prompting discussion of nuclear activities taking place at the time. Silkwood is a 1983, Academy Award -nominated film which dramatizes the story of Karen Silkwood, who died in a car accident under suspicious The Day After is an American Television movie which aired on November 20 1983, on the ABC Television Network A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from Nuclear reactions either fission or a combination of fission and fusion.
ABC-TV began the transition from coaxial cable/microwave delivery to satellite delivery via AT&T's Telstar 301. Coaxial cable is a cable consisting of an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer typically made from a flexible material with a high Dielectric constant, all Microwaves are electromagnetic waves with Wavelengths ranging from 1 mm to 1 m or frequencies between 0 A communications satellite (sometimes abbreviated to comsat) is an artificial Satellite stationed in space for the purposes of Telecommunications. Telstar 301 was an American communications satellite launched in July 1983 by AT&T ABC maintained a West Coast feed network on Telstar 302 and, in 1991, scrambled feeds on both satellites with the Leitch system. Currently, with the Leitch system abandoned, ABC operates digital feeds on Intelsat Galaxy 16 and Intelsat Galaxy 3C. Intelsat Ltd is the world’s largest commercial Satellite communications services provider Intelsat Ltd is the world’s largest commercial Satellite communications services provider ABC Radio began using the SEDAT satellite distribution system in the mid-1980s, switching to Starguide in the early 2000s. Now ABC provides programming in supermarkets in an agreement with InStore Broadcasting Networks . ABC acquired majority control of the fast-growing ESPN sports network in 1984. ESPN, originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American Cable television network dedicated to
ABC's dominance carried into the early 1980s. But by 1985, veteran shows like The Love Boat and Benson had run their courses, while Silverman-era hits like Three's Company and Laverne & Shirley were gone. The Love Boat (simply Love Boat in its final season is an American Television series set on a Cruise ship, which Benson is an American television sitcom which aired from September 13, 1979 to April 19, 1986 on ABC Three's Company is an American Sitcom that aired from 1977 to 1984 on ABC. Laverne & Shirley was a popular American television Situation comedy that ran on ABC from 1976 to 1983 As a resurgent NBC was leading in the ratings, ABC shifted its focus to such situation comedies as Webster, Mr. Belvedere, Growing Pains, and Perfect Strangers. Webster is an American sitcom series that premiered on ABC on September 16, 1983, and ran on that network until Mr Belvedere is an American Sitcom based on the Lynn Belvedere character created by Gwen Davenport for her 1947 novel Belvedere. Growing Pains is an American Television sitcom that ran on the ABC network from 1985 to 1992 During this period, while the network enjoyed huge ratings with shows like Dynasty, "Moonlighting", MacGyver, Who's The Boss?, Hotel, and Thirtysomething, ABC seemed to have lost the momentum that propelled it in the 1970s; there was little offered that was innovative or compelling. Dynasty is an American Prime time television Soap opera that aired on ABC from January 12 1981 to MacGyver is an American Adventure Television series, produced in the United States and Canada, about the laid-back Who's the Boss? is an American Television sitcom starring Tony Danza, Judith Light, Alyssa Milano, Hotel was based on the book of the same name by Arthur Hailey, which was also adapted into a 1967 movie, aired as a weekly Prime-time Thirtysomething is an American Television drama about a group of Baby boomers in their thirties Like his counterpart at CBS, William S. Paley, founding-father Goldenson had withdrawn to the sidelines. William Samuel Paley ( September 28, 1901 &ndash October 26, 1990) was the chief executive who built Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS ABC's ratings and the earnings thus generated reflected this loss of drive. Under the circumstances, ABC was a ripe takeover target. However, no one expected the buyer to be a media company only a tenth the size of ABC, Capital Cities Communications. Capital Cities redirects here For the article about the seat of a government see Capital. The corporate name was changed to Capital Cities/ABC.
As the 1990s began, one could conclude the company was more conservative than at other times in its history. The miniseries faded off. Saturday morning cartoons were phased out. But the network did acquire Orion Pictures' television division in the wake of the studio's bankruptcy, later merging it with its in-house division ABC Circle Films to create ABC Productions. Orion Pictures Corporation was an American company that produced movies from 1978 until 1998 ABC Circle Films (also known as ABC Productions) was the ABC film and TV production division Shows produced during this era included My So-Called Life, The Commish, and American Detective (the latter co-produced with Orion before the studio's bankruptcy). My So-Called Life was an American Television Teen drama created by Winnie Holzman and produced by Edward Zwick and Marshall Herskovitz The Commish was a Television series that aired on ABC in the United States from 1991 to 1995 American Detective is a police documentary Television series broadcast by ABC in the United States from 1991 to 1993 In an attempt to win viewers on Friday night, the TGIF programming block was created. TGIF was the slogan of a family-friendly Prime time programming block on the ABC network The lead programs of this time included Full House, Family Matters, and Step by Step. Full House is an American Television sitcom that originally ran from September 22 1987 to May 23 1995 on ABC. Step by Step is an American television sitcom which aired on ABC from September 20, 1991 to August 15, These shows were family-oriented, but other shows such as Roseanne were less traditional in their worldview, but were very successful in the ratings.
In 1996, The Walt Disney Company acquired Capital Cities/ABC, and renamed the broadcasting group ABC, Inc. , although the network continues to also use American Broadcasting Companies, such as on TV productions it owns.
ABC's relationship with Disney dates back to 1953, when Leonard Goldenson pledged enough money so that the "Disneyland" theme park could be completed. ABC continued to hold Disney notes and stock until 1960, and also had first call on the "Disneyland" television series in 1954. With this new relationship came an attempt at cross-promotion, with attractions based on ABC shows at Disney parks and an annual soap festival at Walt Disney World. Walt Disney Parks and Resorts is the segment of The Walt Disney Company that conceives builds and manages the company's theme parks and holiday resorts as well as a variety (The former president of ABC, Inc. , Robert Iger, now heads Disney. Robert A "Bob" Iger (born February 10 1951) is the head of The Walt Disney Company. ) In 1997, ABC aired a Saturday morning block called One Saturday Morning which changed to ABC Kids in 2002. ABC Kids is a four-hour block of Animated television series and Live-action Children's television series, broadcast on the ABC network in It featured a 5-hour line-up of children's shows (mostly cartoons) for children ages 5-12. The word cartoon has various meanings based on several very different forms of Visual art and Illustration. but it was changed to a 4-hour line-up in 2005. Since then, it was aimed for children more in the 10-16 range.
Despite intense micro-managing on the part of Disney management, the flagship television network was slow to turn around. In 1999, the network was able to experience a brief bolster in ratings with the hit game show Who Wants to Be a Millionaire. In the United States, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire (also known simply as Millionaire) is a Television Game show which A new national phenomenon, Survivor, on CBS persuaded the schedulers at ABC to change Millionaire's slot over to the Wednesday Time slot at 8:00 to kill Survivor before it got a ratings hold. Survivor is an American version of the Survivor Reality television Game show based on the Swedish television The first results were promising for CBS; they lost by only a few ratings points. ABC tried to keep the strength running, so they tried an unprecedented strategy for Millionaire by airing the show four times a week during the next Fall season, in the process overexposing WWTBAM, as it appeared on the network sometimes five or six nights during a week. ABC's ratings fell dramatically as competitors introduced their own game shows and the public grew tired of the format. Alex Wallau took over as president in 2000. Alex Wallau is a former President of ABC television He also worked in their sports division as a Boxing commentator. Despite the repeated overexposure of Millionaire and its switch to syndication, ABC continued to find some success in dramas such as The Practice (which gave birth to a successful spinoff, Boston Legal, in 2004), Alias, and Once and Again. In Broadcasting, syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast Radio shows and Television shows to multiple individual stations without going through The Practice is a American Legal drama created by David E Kelley centering on the partners and associates at a Boston Boston Legal is an American Legal drama - Comedy created by David E Alias is an American " Spy-fi " television series created by J Once and Again is an American television series that initially aired on ABC from 1999 to 2002 ABC also had some moderately successful comedies including The Drew Carey Show, Spin City, Dharma & Greg, According to Jim, My Wife and Kids and The George Lopez Show. The Drew Carey Show is an American Sitcom (set in Cleveland Ohio) that aired on ABC from 1995 to 2004 Spin City is an American Sitcom Television series that ran from 1996 to 2002 on ABC, and was created by Dharma & Greg is an American Television Situation comedy co-produced by Chuck Lorre Productions More-Medavoy Productions and According to Jim is an American situation Comedy television series which premiered on October 3 2001 on ABC. My Wife and Kids is an American sitcom which ran on ABC from March 28 2001 until May 17 2005 starring Damon Wayans and George Lopez (also known as The George Lopez Show) is an American Sitcom starring comedian George Lopez that originally aired
Still one asset that ABC lacked in the early 2000s that most other networks had was popularity in reality television. Reality television is a genre of Television programming which presents purportedly unscripted dramatic or humorous situations documents actual events and usually features ordinary Such gimmicks ABC tried were The Mole (and the creation of its subsequent spinoff Celebrity Mole) whose failure was blamed on mismanagement and the continued failures of The Bachelor and The Bachelorette. For the 1999 movie The Bachelor starring Chris O'Donnell, see The Bachelor (film. The Bachelorette is a Spin-off of the American competitive reality Dating game show, The Bachelor. ABC's briefly lived reality shows Are You Hot? and I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here! proved to be an embarrassment for the network. Are You Hot? The Search for America's Sexiest People is a Reality show that aired in 2003. I'm a Celebrity Get Me out of Here! is a Reality television show in which celebrities live in jungle conditions with few creature comforts and have to earn By end of the 2003-2004 television season, ABC slumped to fourth place, becoming the first of the original "Big Three" networks to fall into such ratings.
Determined not to lose its prominence on TV, ABC was able to find success in ratings beginning in 2004. In the fall of that year, ABC premiered two highly anticipated series Desperate Housewives, and Lost. Desperate Housewives is an American Television Dramedy series created by Marc Cherry, who also serves as Show runner, and produced Lost is an Emmy and Golden Globe award-winning American serial drama television series. Immediately, the network's ratings skyrocketed to unprecedented levels thanks in part to the shows' critical praises, high publicity, and heavy marketing over the summer. It followed up its prosperity with the premieres of Grey's Anatomy in 2005, and in 2006, the dramedy Ugly Betty (the latter being based on a popular international telenovela), which are all popular among viewers and critically acclaimed. Grey’s Anatomy is an American Primetime television medical drama. Ugly Betty is an American television Comedy-drama series starring America Ferrera in the title role along with Eric Mabius Yo soy Betty la fea ( I am Betty the ugly one) also known as simply " Betty la fea " ( Ugly Betty) was a popular
ABC finally found reality television prosperity first with Extreme Makeover: Home Edition in 2003 and then with Dancing with the Stars two years later. Extreme Makeover Home Edition, sometimes shortened EMHE, is an Emmy Award -winning Reality television series providing Home renovations Dancing with the Stars is a Reality show airing on American Broadcasting Company in the United States. In spite of these newfound successes ABC continues to flounder in creating new reality television series. Particularly during the summer months, ABC has repeatedly attempteed to launch new unscripted shows such as Shaq's Big Challenge, Fat March, and Brat Camp. Shaq's Big Challenge is a reality Television show hosted by Shaquille O'Neal that debuted on ABC with its first episode on June Fat March is an American Reality Television series on the ABC network, based on the U Brat Camp is a Reality TV show about a group of misbehaving teenagers who are sent away to a special camp located in the Utah desert One show of note in ABC's attempt to expand its reality TV brand was the rebuttal of Fox's enormously popular American Idol, The One: Making a Music Star, which attempted to splice a talent competition with a traditional reality show. The One Making a Music Star was an American reality Television series that aired in July 2006 on ABC in the United The show came in response to 5 years of utter dominance by American Idol over even ABC's most popular shows. American Idol, with the full title American Idol The Search for a Superstar for the first season only is an American reality-competition However, The One pulled some of the lowest ratings in TV history and was cancelled after only two weeks.
Nevertheless, ABC continues to place second in ratings thanks to its niche with highly popular shows mainly Desperate Housewives, Lost, Grey's Anatomy, Ugly Betty, and Dancing with the Stars.
Borrowing a proven Disney formula, there have been attempts to broaden the ABC brand name. In 2004, ABC launched a news channel called ABC News Now. ABC News Now is a 24 hour broadband News channel offered via television and streaming video at ABCNews Its aim is to provide round-the-clock news on over-the-air digital TV, cable TV, the Internet, and mobile phones.
With the Disney merger, Touchstone Television began to produce the bulk of ABC's primetime series. This culminated in the studio's name change to ABC Studios in 2007, as part of a Disney strategy to focus on the 3 "core brands": ABC, Disney, and ESPN. ABC Studios is the Television production division of Disney-ABC Television Group. ESPN, originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American Cable television network dedicated to Buena Vista Television, the studio's syndication arm also changed their name, to Disney-ABC Domestic Television. Disney-ABC Domestic Television is the domestic Television syndication firm of the Disney-ABC Television Group, a division of The Walt Disney Company In Broadcasting, syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast Radio shows and Television shows to multiple individual stations without going through Disney-ABC Domestic Television is the domestic Television syndication firm of the Disney-ABC Television Group, a division of The Walt Disney Company
In 2007, ABC unveiled their new imaging campaign, revolving around the slogan ABC: Start Here, which signifies the network's news content and entertainment programming being accessible through not only television, but also the Internet, portable media devices, podcasting, and mobile device-specific content from the network. A podcast is a series of audio or Video digital-media files which is distributed over the Internet by syndicated Download 
Before being bought by The Walt Disney Company, ABC was the first television network to air programs produced by Walt Disney. Walter Elias Disney (December 5 1901 – December 15 1966 was a multiple Academy Award -winning American Film producer, director, Screenwriter In 1954, the Disney anthology television series, under the title Disneyland, began showing not only programs made exclusively for television by the Disney studio, but also edited versions of some of the studio's theatrical films, such as Alice in Wonderland. The first incarnation of the Walt Disney anthology television series, commonly called The Wonderful World of Disney, premiered on ABC on October 27 Alice in Wonderland is a 1951 Animated feature film produced by Walt Disney and originally premiered in London England on July 26 Occasionally, a full-length film would be shown, such as Treasure Island, but these would be divided into two one-hour episodes. Treasure Island is a Disney film based on Robert Louis Stevenson 's novel Treasure Island, and was released on July 19 Disneyland, which premiered in conjunction with the impending opening of Disney's theme park of the same name, changed its name to Walt Disney Presents in 1958, and switched from ABC to NBC in 1961, changing its name again—this time to Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color. The first incarnation of the Walt Disney anthology television series, commonly called The Wonderful World of Disney, premiered on ABC on October 27 It became one of the longest-running TV series of all time. The 1955 premiere of The Mickey Mouse Club, featuring an ensemble cast of talented yet unspoiled young "Mouseketeers", set a new standard for children's programming. The show included Disney cartoons, newsreels, a talent competition and one of the most beloved TV show themes in history, the "Mickey Mouse March". Several of the original Mouseketeers, such as Annette Funicello and Cubby O'Brien, have enjoyed lifelong success in the entertainment industry. Annette Joanne Funicello (born October 22, 1942) is an American Singer and Actress. Carl Patrick O'Brien (born July 14, 1946) who generally goes by the nickname of "Cubby" is a professional American Drummer, and a
Through the 1980s and 1990s, as radio's music audience continued to drift to FM, many of ABC's heritage AM stations -- the powerhouse properties upon which the company was founded, like WABC New York and WLS Chicago -- switched from music to talk. ABC Radio Networks currently syndicates conservative talk show hosts such as Sean Hannity, Larry Elder, and Mark Davis. ABC Radio Networks, known as ABC Radio for short is an American Radio network. Sean Hannity (born December 30 1961 is an American radio and television host, conservative Political commentator, and Laurence Allen "Larry" Elder is an African-American radio and television personality Mark Davis is an American radio host, newspaper columnist, and Political commentator. In addition to its most popular offerings, ABC News Radio and Paul Harvey News and Comment, ABC also provides music programming to automated stations, along with weekly countdown and daily urban and Hispanic morning shows. ABC News Radio is the radio service of ABC News, a division of the ABC Television Network Paul Harvey Aurandt (born September 4, 1918) better known as Paul Harvey, is an American Radio broadcaster for the
While many of ABC's radio stations and network programs remained strong revenue producers, growth in the radio industry began to slow dramatically after the dot-com boom of the early 2000s and the consolidation that followed the Telecommunications Act of 1996. In 2005, Disney CEO Bob Iger sought to sell the ABC Radio division, having declared it a "non-core asset. " On February 6, 2006, Disney announced that all ABC Radio properties (excluding Radio Disney and ESPN Radio) would be spun off and merged with Citadel Broadcasting Corporation. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats the combined army of Pompeian followers and Numidians under Metellus Scipio Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Radio Disney is a radio network based in Dallas Texas in the United States broadcasting music and other content targeted at Children and young ESPN Radio is an American sports Radio network. It was launched on January 1, 1992 under the original banner of "SportsRadio For the similarly named television broadcaster see Citadel Communications. In March 2007 the Federal Communications Commission approved the transfer of ABC's 24 radio station licenses to Citadel; the $2. 6 billion merger closed on June 12, 2007. Events 1381 - Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ABC News – a unit of the ABC Television Network – will continue producing ABC News Radio, which Citadel has agreed to distribute for at least ten years.
With the sale of ABC Radio, ABC becomes the second heritage American television network to sell its original radio properties. NBC sold its radio network to Westwood One in 1987, and its stations to various companies through 1988. CBS is now the only broadcast television network with its original radio link, though both Fox News (through Clear Channel Communications) and CNN (via CBS' Westwood One division) have a significant radio presence. Clear Channel Communications is a media conglomerate company based in the United States. Westwood One ( is an American Radio network. It is based in New York City, and it was previously managed by CBS Radio, the Radio
Today, ABC owns nearly all its in-house television and theatrical productions made from the 1970s forward, with the exception of certain co-productions with producers (for example, The Commish is now owned by its producer, Stephen Cannell). Stephen Joseph Cannell, (born February 5, 1941; ˈkænəl rhymes with "channel" is an American Television producer, Writer
Also part of the library is the aforementioned Selznick library, the Cinerama Releasing/Palomar theatrical library and the Selmur Productions catalog the network acquired some years back, and the in-house productions it continues to produce (such as America's Funniest Home Videos, General Hospital, and ABC News productions), although Disney-ABC Domestic Television (formerly known as Buena Vista Television) handles domestic TV distribution, while Disney-ABC International Television (formerly known as Buena Vista International Television) handles international TV distribution. America's Funniest Home Videos (often simply abbreviated to AFV, previously AFHV) is an American reality General Hospital (commonly abbreviated GH) is an American Soap opera broadcast on the ABC television network during the Disney-ABC Domestic Television is the domestic Television syndication firm of the Disney-ABC Television Group, a division of The Walt Disney Company Also see general Walt Disney Studios or Buena Vista. Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures is a motion picture and television feature Disney-ABC International Television (DAIT is responsible for The Walt Disney Company ’s branded and non-branded filmed entertainment distribution now distributing more
Worldwide video rights are currently owned by various companies, for example, MGM Home Entertainment owns US video rights to many of ABC's feature films. MGM Home Entertainment is the Home video and DVD distribution arm of MGM.
Most of the in-house ABC shows produced before 1973 are now the responsibility of CBS Paramount Television (via its acquisition of Worldvision Enterprises in 1999). CBS Paramount Television (formerly Desilu Productions, Paramount Television, among other companies is an American Television production Worldvision Enterprises Inc was a Television program and Home video distributor established in 1962 as ABC Films, the syndication arm of the
ABC presently operates on a 92½-hour regular network programming schedule. It provides 22 hours of prime time programming to affiliated stations: 8-11pm Monday to Saturday (all times ET/PT) and 7-11pm on Sundays. Prime Time is the major News analysis current affairs and Politics programme broadcast on Radio Telefís Éireann in Ireland Programming will also be provided 11am-4pm weekdays (currently the talk show The View and soaps All My Children, One Life to Live and General Hospital); 7-9am weekdays (Good Morning America) along with one-hour weekend editions; nightly editions of ABC World News, the Sunday political talk show This Week with George Stephanopoulos, early morning news programs World News Now and America This Morning and the newsmagazine Nightline; the late night talk show Jimmy Kimmel Live; and a four-hour Saturday morning live-action/animation block under the name ABC Kids. The View is an Emmy Award -winning American Talk show created by Barbara Walters and Bill Geddie and broadcast on All My Children ( AMC) is a popular American Soap opera and drama television series that has been broadcast Monday through Friday on the ABC One Life to Live ( OLTL) is an American Soap opera which has been broadcast on the ABC television network since July 15 1968 General Hospital (commonly abbreviated GH) is an American Soap opera broadcast on the ABC television network during the Good Morning America ( GMA) is a morning news show that is broadcast on the ABC television network debuting on November This Week is one of the five network US Sunday morning political talk shows. America This Morning (formerly ABC World News This Morning prior to 11/13/06) is a 30 minute newscast offered by ABC News to ABC Jimmy Kimmel Live! is an American late-night Talk show, created and hosted by Jimmy Kimmel and broadcast on ABC.
In addition, sports programming is also provided weekend afternoons any time from 12-6pm (all times ET/PT).
Returning comedies are in red; new comedies are in pink; returning dramas are in green ; new dramas are in blue; returning reality shows are in yellow; new game shows are in beige; news programming is in brown; sports programming is in purple. This article is about the ABC in the United States of America
All times are Eastern and Pacific (subtract one hour for Central and Mountain time). The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America The Pacific Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time ( UTC-8) The Central Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time ( UTC−6) and five hours during Daylight saving The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time ( UTC-7) during the shortest days of autumn
|7:00 p. m.||7:30 p. m.||8:00 p. m.||8:30 p. m.||9:00 p. m.||9:30 p. m.||10:00 p. m.||10:30 p. m.|
|Sunday||America's Funniest Home Videos||Extreme Makeover: Home Edition||Desperate Housewives||Brothers & Sisters|
|Monday||Local Programming||The Bachelorette||The Mole|
|Tuesday||According to Jim||According to Jim||Samantha Who?||Samantha Who?||Boston Legal|
|Wednesday||Wife Swap||Supernanny||Men in Trees|
|Thursday||Ugly Betty||Grey's Anatomy||Hopkins 24/7|
|Friday||America's Funniest Home Videos||20/20|
|Saturday||ABC Saturday Night Movie|
|7:00 p. m.||7:30 p. m.||8:00 p. m.||8:30 p. m.||9:00 p. m.||9:30 p. m.||10:00 p. m.||10:30 p. m.|
|Sunday||America's Funniest Home Videos||Extreme Makeover: Home Edition||Desperate Housewives||Brothers & Sisters|
|Monday||Local Programming||Dancing with the Stars||Samantha Who?||Boston Legal|
|Tuesday||Opportunity Knocks||Dancing with the Stars||Eli Stone|
|Wednesday||Pushing Daisies||Private Practice||Dirty Sexy Money|
|Thursday||Ugly Betty||Grey's Anatomy||Life on Mars|
|Saturday †||Saturday Night Football|
ABC currently airs three soap operas on its daytime schedule: All My Children, One Life to Live, and General Hospital. All My Children ( AMC) is a popular American Soap opera and drama television series that has been broadcast Monday through Friday on the ABC One Life to Live ( OLTL) is an American Soap opera which has been broadcast on the ABC television network since July 15 1968 General Hospital (commonly abbreviated GH) is an American Soap opera broadcast on the ABC television network during the
Notable ABC Daytime soaps of the past include Dark Shadows (1966-1971), Ryan's Hope (1975-1989), Loving (1983-1995), The City (1995-1997), and Port Charles (1997-2003). ABC Daytime (ABC-D is a programming block on the ABC Network. Dark Shadows is a Gothic soap opera that originally aired weekdays on the ABC television network from June 27, 1966 to This page is about the television program For the rock band of the same name see Ryan's Hope (band. The City was an American short-running Television Soap opera, first broadcast in United States on ABC on November Port Charles is a daytime Soap opera which aired on ABC from June 2 1997 to October 3 2003. ABC also aired the last nine years of The Edge of Night (1975-1984) after that series was dropped by CBS, although many ABC affiliates did not air the show in its final years. The Edge of Night (or known informally as Edge or EON by fans was a long-running American television mystery series/ Soap opera produced by Procter CBS Broadcasting Inc ( CBS) is an American radio and Television network.
ABC Daytime is also the home of the Emmy Award-winning talk show, The View. The View is an Emmy Award -winning American Talk show created by Barbara Walters and Bill Geddie and broadcast on The show has been a staple of ABC's morning lineup since 1997.
ABC's daytime game shows over the years have included the long-running hits The Dating Game, The Newlywed Game, Password, Let's Make a Deal, Pyramid and Family Feud. The Dating Game is an ABC television show that first aired on December 20, 1965 and was the first of many shows created and packaged by The Newlywed Game was an American television Game show where newly-married couples answered questions to find out how well the husband and wife knew For other uses see Password and Password (disambiguation. Password is an American television Game show Let's Make a Deal is a Television Game show which originated in the United States and has since been produced in many countries throughout the Pyramid is the collective name of a series of American television Game shows where contestants tried to guess a series of words or phrases based on descriptions Family Feud is a popular Television Game show that pits two families against each other in a contest to name the most popular responses to a survey-type There have been no daytime game shows on ABC since 1991.
For most of the network's existence, in regards to children's programming, ABC has aired mostly programming from Walt Disney Television or other producers (most notably, Hanna-Barbera Productions). Walt Disney Television is the Television production division of The Walt Disney Company with Walt Disney name The crown jewel of its children's programming lineup was the award-winning Schoolhouse Rock! which aired beginning in 1973 and was finally retired in 2001. Schoolhouse Rock! is a series of animated musical educational short films that aired during Saturday morning children's programming on U
Following ABC's sale to Disney, the network's content produced by its new owners would increase; this also included the animated and/or live-action children's programming.
In September 1997, ABC remodeled its Saturday morning children's programming lineup, renaming it Disney's One Saturday Morning. ABC Kids is a four-hour block of Animated television series and Live-action Children's television series, broadcast on the ABC network in It featured many programs (mostly animated series) from Walt Disney Television. In 2001, ABC began a deal with sister network Disney Channel to air its original programming. For the Disney Channel in other countries see Disney Channel around the world. Originally, the lineup aired only a couple of Disney Channel series, Lizzie McGuire and Even Stevens, but has since grown to take up the entire lineup which was rebranded back to ABC Kids in September 2002. ABC Kids is a four-hour block of Animated television series and Live-action Children's television series, broadcast on the ABC network in Now every series on the ABC Kids schedule are series from Disney Channel as well as Jetix. Jetix is a Children's television programming brand owned by The Walt Disney Company. As of 2007, the only Jetix show that ABC Kids air is the Power Rangers, which previously aired on the Fox network from 1993 to 2002, one year after Disney bought what Fox Family became ABC Family and what Saban Entertainment became known as BVS Entertainment from Fox's parent company News Corporation and partner Haim Saban. Power Rangers is a long-running American Children's television series adapted from the Japanese Tokusatsu Super Sentai Series, though it ABC Family is an American Cable television network currently owned by Disney-ABC Television Group, a division of The Walt Disney Company Saban Entertainment was an independent television production company formed in 1983 by music and television producers Haim Saban and Shuki Levy (who News Corporation (often abbreviated to News Corp) (,,) is one of the world's largest media conglomerate companies by Market capitalisation Haim Saban (Hebrew חיים סבן born 15 October 1944 in Alexandria, Egypt Personal life Haim Saban was born in Alexandria The only exception is NBA Inside Stuff, which moved from NBC in 2002 when it acquired the broadcast NBA contract, but now currently airs on NBA TV. NBA Inside Stuff is a television program (debuting in 1990) that now airs on NBA TV and previously aired on NBC for many years then on ABC's Coverage of the NBA, known as NBA Sunday on ABC since 2007, is a weekly presentation of National Basketball Association NBA TV is a Television network that is dedicated to showcasing the sport of Basketball in the United States.
ABC. com was the first network website to offer full-length episodes online from May-June 2006. Beginning with the 2006-2007 television season, ABC. com has regularly begun airing full length episodes of most of its popular and new shows on its website the day after they aired on ABC, with some advertisements (though less than when broadcast for television). This is assumed to be a response to the popularity of digital recording devices and piracy issues that major network broadcasters are facing. In April 2007 the full-episode player began offering full-screen viewing, as well as a small "mini" screen that users can position wherever they choose on their desktops, in addition to the two original standard viewing size viewing options. In July 2007, ABC. com began presenting content in HD. Launching initially as a beta test in early July, the full-episode broadband player's HD channel will feature a limited amount of content in true high-definition 1280x720 resolution from such series as Lost, Desperate Housewives, Grey's Anatomy, and Ugly Betty. Lost is an Emmy and Golden Globe award-winning American serial drama television series. Desperate Housewives is an American Television Dramedy series created by Marc Cherry, who also serves as Show runner, and produced Grey’s Anatomy is an American Primetime television medical drama. Ugly Betty is an American television Comedy-drama series starring America Ferrera in the title role along with Eric Mabius In conjunction with the launch of the new season in September, a more robust HD programming lineup will be offered. This fall ABC. com's full episode player will be expanded further to include national news and local content, in addition to primetime entertainment programming. This new player will be geo-targeted, offering the ability for local ads and content to be more relevant to each individual user.
On November 20, 2006, ABC and Comcast reached a landmark deal to offer hit shows (Lost and Desperate Housewives) through Video on demand. Events 284 - Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor. 762 - Bögü Khan of the Uyghurs, Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Comcast Corporation ( is the largest Cable television company the second largest Internet service provider and (according to the company the fourth largest telephone Lost is an Emmy and Golden Globe award-winning American serial drama television series. Desperate Housewives is an American Television Dramedy series created by Marc Cherry, who also serves as Show runner, and produced Video on demand ( VOD) or Audio video on demand ( AVOD) systems allow users to select and watch/listen 
On February 25, 2008, ABC said it will release hit shows (Lost and Desperate Housewives) for free over video on demand services, including Comcast; only this time, viewers who watch the shows on demand will not be able to fast forward through supported commercial advertisements. Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common 
Launched September 27, 2004, ABC1 was a British digital channel available on the Freeview (digital terrestrial), Sky Digital (satellite) and Virgin Media (cable) services owned and operated by ABC Inc, it was the first use of the ABC name outside of the United States. ABC1 was a United Kingdom based television channel from Disney utilizing the branding of the Disney owned American network ABC. Events 489 - Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona and is defeated again "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Freeview is an operator of free Digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcasting 's digital Satellite television service transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28 Virgin Media Inc (formerly known as ntlTelewest, after a merger of NTL Incorporated with Telewest Global Inc Its schedule was a selection of past and present American shows, nearly all produced by ABC Studios, and was offered 24 hours a day on the digital satellite and digital cable platforms, and from 6:00 am to 6:00 pm on the Freeview platform. ABC Studios is the Television production division of Disney-ABC Television Group. Since ABC1's launch, it had aired the long-running ABC soap General Hospital, making it the only U. General Hospital (commonly abbreviated GH) is an American Soap opera broadcast on the ABC television network during the S. daytime soap to air new episodes in the UK; however, in late 2005, it was pulled off the air due to low ratings. It was announced in September 2007 that the channel was to close in October because a 24-hour slot on the digital terrestrial platform could not be gained, and a corporate decision to focus on the Disney brand in the United Kingdom. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century.  ABC1 closed on Wednesday September 26 at around 12 noon, which was earlier than the original closing date of October 1. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.  The channel's old broadcasting space '9010' on the Sky Digital satellite network was used for the Playhouse Disney Plus channel (a 25 minute timeshift of the main channel),and the channel's space on the Virgin Media cable network is currently a holding page with information about the closing. Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcasting 's digital Satellite television service transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28 Virgin Media Inc (formerly known as ntlTelewest, after a merger of NTL Incorporated with Telewest Global Inc So far the only programme from the channel to be rebroadcast is 8 Simple Rules which the channel Five is now airing on Sundays at 11. 8 Simple Rules (Also known as 8 Simple Rules for Dating My Teenage Daughter) was an American television Sitcom that originally 00am (This is excluding Scrubs which also airs on the channels E4, Channel 4, Sky One and Paramount Comedy 1 and Ghost Whisperer which also airs on E4 and Living. Scrubs is an Emmy and Peabody Award -winning American Comedy-drama that premiered on October 2 2001 on NBC. E4 is a digital television channel in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, launched as a pay-TV companion to Channel 4 on 18 January Channel 4 is a public-service Television and Radio broadcaster in the United Kingdom centred around a television channel of the same name which began Paramount Comedy 1 is a Television channel shown in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, available through digital satellite ( Sky Digital Ghost Whisperer is an American television drama - fantasy - thriller that premiered on CBS September 23 2005 E4 is a digital television channel in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, launched as a pay-TV companion to Channel 4 on 18 January )
ABC aired the controversial two-part miniseries "The Path to 9/11" in the US on September 10, 2006, at 8 p. The Path to 9/11 was a two-part Miniseries that aired in the United States on ABC television from September 10 &ndash 11 2006 and also in Events 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. m. EDT and September 11, 2006, at 8 p. Events 9 - The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. m. EDT. The extensive pre-broadcast controversy over the film has included disputes over the accuracy of its dramatization of key events, as well as calls by historians and from former Clinton and Bush administration officials for ABC to re-edit part of the film or not broadcast it at all. According to the official statement released by ABC on September 7, 2006, the film is "a dramatization, not a documentary, drawn from a variety of sources, including The 9/11 Commission Report, other published materials, and from personal interviews. Events 1251 BC - A Solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes Greece. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. 9/11 Commission Report, formally named Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, is the official report of the events leading up to  "
The main source of the controversy stems from inaccuracies in the portion of the film concerned with the Bill Clinton administration in the 1990s. The United States Presidency of Bill Clinton, also known as the Clinton Administration, was the executive branch of the Federal Critics say that certain dramatized scenes tend to suggest that blame for the events that took place on September 11, 2001 lies with Clinton and his cabinet. Events 9 - The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. The United States Cabinet (usually simplified as "the Cabinet" is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the Executive branch of the Federal government One example cited is a scene in which then National Security Advisor, Sandy Berger, does not approve of the order to take out a surrounded Osama bin Laden and tells the squad in Afghanistan that they will have to do the job without official authorization and then hangs up the phone. The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Adviser (abbreviated NSA, or sometimes ANSA Samuel Richard "Sandy" Berger (born October 28, 1945) served as the 19th United States National Security Advisor under President Osama bin Laden, with some spelling variations is the name used in English to refer to (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن born 10 March Afghanistan /æfˈgænɪstæn/ officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan ( Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت, According to Sandy Berger and others – including conservative author and Clinton critic Richard Miniter – this never happened. Richard Miniter (born 1967 is the author of two New York Times best selling books Losing bin Laden and Shadow War.  Screenwriter Cyrus Nowrasteh has now admitted that the abrupt hang-up was not in the script and was improvised. Screenwriters or scenarists are Scriptwriters who write the Screenplays from which Films and Television programs are made Cyrus Nowrasteh (سیروس نورسته born September 19, 1956, is an American screenwriter and director of theatrical films television shows and made-for-TV 
American Airlines reportedly threatened to pull its advertising from ABC after this program aired. American Airlines Inc (AA is a US -based airline and the world's Largest airline in total passenger miles transported and passenger fleet size The liberal watchdog group Media Matters for America named ABC its third annual "Misinformer of the Year" award in 2006, not only for the miniseries, but for the alleged conservative pandering of ABC News director Mark Halperin and for biased claims on news programs such as ABC World News and Good Morning America. Media Matters for America (or MMfA) is a 501(c(3 Non-profit organization founded in 2004 by Journalist and Author This article is about the American news organization See also ABC News (disambiguation ABC News is a division of American Mark E Halperin (born January 11, 1965) is a political analyst for Time magazine Time World News with Charles Gibson (previously known as World News Tonight, often called ABC World News Tonight, also often abbreviated Good Morning America ( GMA) is a morning news show that is broadcast on the ABC television network debuting on November
Alexis Debat, a consultant for ABC for years and also a writer for The National Interest, resigned from ABC in June 2007 after the broadcasting company discovered that he did not have a Ph. Alexis Debat (b 1972) is a French commentator on Terrorism and National security issues based in Washington D The National Interest ( NI) is a prominent conservative American bi-monthly International affairs journal published by the Nixon D. from the Sorbonne as he pretended.  Furthermore, in September 2007, the French news media Rue 89 revealed that he had made at least two bogus interviews, one of Barack Obama and another of Alan Greenspan, both published in the French magazine Politique internationale. Rue 89 is a French Website created by former journalists from Libération. Alan Greenspan (born March 6 1926 in New York City) is an American Economist and was from 1987 to 2006 the Chairman of the Federal Reserve of Politique internationale is a French political affairs journal that has in the past 29 years become the world’s leading French-language publication dedicated to  This in turn also led to his resignation from The National Interest.  Debat had specialized in reports on terrorism and national security for the past six years (writing, for example, on the Jundallah Balochi and Sunni organization. Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion National security is the entire scope of measures undertaken by the Governments of Nation-states in providing assurance of national Sovereignty Jundallah ( Army of Allah) ( Arabic: جندالله) (also known as Iranian People's Resistance Movement) is a terrorist Sunni Islamic