Aluf (Hebrew: אלוף) is the term used for General and Admiral in the Israel Defense Forces. Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks of the highest Naval officers The Israel Defense Forces ( IDF) (צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit In addition to the Aluf rank itself, there are four other ranks which are derivatives of the word. Together, they constitute the five highest ranks in the IDF. The Israel Defense Forces (IDF have a unique rank structure Because the IDF is an integrated force ranks are the same in all services (there is no differentiation between army navy
Rav Aluf is usually translated as "Lieutenant General," but is often considered to equate to a full General, since it is the most senior rank. Lieutenant General is a Military rank used in many countries The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages where the title of Lieutenant General was held by the The Israeli General Staff (המטה הכללי של צה"ל abbreviated Matkal (מטכ"ל is the supreme command of the Israel Defense Major General or Major-General is a Military rank used in many countries The Israel Defense Forces ( IDF) (צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit The Israel Defense Forces ( IDF) (צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit The Israel Defense Forces ( IDF) (צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit Brigadier General is the lowest ranking General Officer in some countries usually sitting between the ranks of Colonel and Major General. A division is a large Military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to thirty thousand soldiers This article is about a military unit For alternative meanings see Corps (disambiguation. Colonel ( RP ˈkɜnəl GA ˈkɜrnəl is a Military rank of a Commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every country A brigade is a Military unit Echelon: is Lieutenant Colonel ( Lieutenant-Colonel in English from the French grade 's spelling is a rank of Commissioned officer in the armies A battalion is a Military unit of around 500-1500 men usually consisting of between two and seven companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel The rank is given only to the Ramatkal (Chief of the General Staff), so there can only be one active Rav Aluf under regular circumstances. However this could change in a time of war. During the Yom Kippur War in 1973, retired rav aluf Haim Bar-Lev was called back into service, replacing Shmuel Gonen as the commander of the the southern front. The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War or October War (מלחמת יום הכיפורים transliterated: Milkhemet Yom HaKipurim or מלחמת יום Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. Haim "Kidoni" Bar-Lev (חיים בר-לב born Haim Brotzlewsky on 16 November 1924, died 7 May 1994) was a military Shmuel "Gorodish" Gonen (1930 – 30 September 1991 was an Israeli general and Chief of the Southern Command of the Israel Defense Forces during Thus, along with chief of the general staff David Elazar (who succeed Bar-Lev in that position the previous year), there were two people in active service holding the rank of rav aluf simultaneously. David "Dado" Elazar (1925 – 1976 was the ninth Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces, serving in that capacity from 1972 to 1974
Israel is essentially a land power and air power, with the navy being apportioned less than five percent of the military budget. The Israeli GOC Army headquarters (מפקדת זרוע היבשה Mifkedet Zro'a HaYabasha) abbreviated as Mazi (מז"י is a multi-corps command The Israeli Air Force ( IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm" commonly known as חיל A military budget of an entity most often a Nation or a State, is the Budget and financial resources dedicated to raising and maintaining Consequently, there are no separate naval ranks, and "Aluf" can be an Admiral as well as a General.
The term "Aluf" is taken from the Bible, where it was a rank of nobility among the Edomites, ancient Judea's neighbors (and often, enemies) to the south. The term Hebrew Bible is a generic reference to those books of the Bible originally written in Biblical Hebrew (and the related Biblical Aramaic Judea or Judæa ( Hebrew: יהודה Standard Yəhuda Tiberian Yəhûḏāh, "praised It comes from an archaic root meaning "to be attached to". The term is used in at the conclusion of the lengthy genealogy of Esau found in Genesis 36:40-43 to refer to the Edomite chieftains who were his descendants. Esau (ˈisɔ ( Hebrew, Standard Hebrew Esav, Tiberian Hebrew ʿĒśāw) is the brother of Jacob (whom God renamed A traditional tribal chief is the leader of a Tribe, or the head of a tribal form of self-government In modern Hebrew as spoken in contemporary Israel it can mean "champion" as well as being a military rank.
The non-Hebrew word "general" was also taken into Hebrew (גנרל), and is used to refer to the generals of foreign armies.