The Alsace-Moselle is the current legal name of the Alsace-Lorraine territory, the part of France that was part of Germany from 1871 to 1919 (and then from 1940 to 1944–1945), consisting of the départements of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin (both of which make up Alsace), and the département of Moselle (itself being the eastern part of Lorraine). Alsace-Lorraine (Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen generally Elsass - Lothringen) was a territorial entity created by the German Empire in 1871 This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Year 1871 ( MDCCCLXXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1919 ( MCMXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar In the Terminology of Political geography and Historiography a National department (département departamento is an administrative Haut-Rhin is a ''département'' of France named after the Rhine river Bas-Rhin is a ''département'' of France. The name means "Lower Rhine " Alsace (Alsace alzas Alsatian and Elsass pre-1996 German: Elsaß; Alsatia is one of the 26 Regions of France, located on the eastern Moselle is a ''département'' in the east of France named after the Moselle River. Lorraine (Lothringen is one of the 26 régions of France. It is the only administrative region with two cities of equal importance Metz and Nancy While an integral part of France, it has for historical reasons different customs and laws on certain issues, notably those where France adopted a standard or principle in the period 1871–1919. A convention is a set of agreed, stipulated or generally accepted Standards norms social norms or criteria, often taking the form of Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society The region is also notable for the large number of mother-tongue High German dialect speakers (Alsatian, a dialect of Upper German, in Alsace; and several Frankish dialects of West Middle German in Moselle), although the number of native speakers has dwindled significantly since the Second World War, and French is now paramount in these regions. A first language (also mother tongue, native language, arterial language, or L1) is the language a human being learns from birth The High German languages (in German, Hochdeutsch) are any of the varieties of standard German, Luxembourgish and Alsatian ( Elsässerditsch; Alsacien Elsässisch or Elsässerdeutsch) is a Low Alemannic German dialect spoken in most of Alsace, a region Upper German Oberdeutsch is a family of High German Dialects spoken primarily in southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Northern Alsace (Alsace alzas Alsatian and Elsass pre-1996 German: Elsaß; Alsatia is one of the 26 Regions of France, located on the eastern West Central German ( Westmitteldeutsch) belongs to the Central, High German dialect family in the German language. Moselle is a ''département'' in the east of France named after the Moselle River. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Moreover, Protestantism remains a major part of the religious landscape in Alsace. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation.
The most striking of the legal differences is the absence of separation of church and state — even though the constitutional right of freedom of religion is guaranteed. Separation of church and state is a Political and Legal Doctrine that Government and religious institutions are to be kept separate Freedom of religion is the freedom of an individual or community in public or private to manifest religion or belief in teaching practice worship and observance Alsace-Moselle is still under the pre-1905 regime established by the Concordat, which provides for the public subsidy of the Roman Catholic Church, the Lutheran Church, the Calvinist Church and the Jewish religion as well as public education in those religions (parents may refuse religious education for their children). Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The Concordat of 1801 is a reflection of an agreement between Napoleon Bonaparte and Pope Pius VII that reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church as the majority Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther Calvinism (sometimes called the Reformed tradition, the Reformed faith, or Reformed theology) is a theological system and an approach to the Judaism (from the Greek Ioudaïsmos, derived from the Hebrew יהודה Yehudah, " Judah " in Hebrew יַהֲדוּת Yahedut Clergy for these religions are paid by the state; Catholic bishops are named by the President on the proposal of the Pope. President is a Title leaders of Organizations companies, Trade unions universities, and countries. History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and The public University of Strasbourg has courses in theology and is famous for its courses on Protestant theology. The University of Strasbourg in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, founded in 1631 was divided in the 1970s into three separate institutions with a total Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective
Those dispositions are unusual in a country where Church and State are more strictly separated than in most other countries. Controversy erupts periodically on the appropriateness of these and other extraordinary legal dispositions of Alsace-Moselle. Periodically, freethinker groups contend that this public funding of certain religions should stop. Freethought is a philosophical viewpoint that holds that Beliefs should be formed on the basis of Science and Logic and should not be influenced Others argue that, nowadays, the second largest religion in France is Islam and that Islam should thus enjoy comparable status with the four official religions. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. Despite the controversy, the status quo continues to persist. Status quo is a Latin term meaning the present existing state of affairs or "the state in which"
Other legal differences include:
Another difference is that in Alsace-Lorraine, most trains run on the right of the tracks, as in Germany, whereas the normal rule in France is on the left. Alsace-Lorraine (Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen generally Elsass - Lothringen) was a territorial entity created by the German Empire in 1871 A train is a connected series of vehicles that move along a track ( Permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics.