Alien priories were certain religious establishments in England before 1414 in which the inmates had no voice in the appointment of their superiors, who were sent across the seas by the Norman abbots and who could be withdrawn at pleasure. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The Normans were the people who gave their names to Normandy, a region in northern France.
They were established in England under the first kings of the Norman dynasty, but they soon became settlements of foreign monks, whose sympathies naturally centred in their homes across the seas, and whose main duties were the collecting and guarding of English rents and tithes that were sent year by year out of the kingdom to the parent house. Norman dynasty is the usual designation for the English monarchs which immediately followed the Norman conquest and lasted until the Plantagenet dynasty A tithe (from Old English teogoþa "tenth" is a one-tenth part of something paid as a (usually voluntary contribution or as a Tax or levy
King John was the first to seize the alien priories, compelling them to pay into the royal treasury the sums or tribute — usually termed apport — which they had been forwarding to the continent. John (24 December 1167 &ndash 19 October 1216 reigned as a King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death In 1295, when Edward I made war upon France to recover the province of Guienne, he seized all the alien priories, numbering about a hundred, and used their revenues to pay for the war. Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307 popularly known as Longshanks, was a King of England who achieved historical fame by conquering large parts of Wales and almost Aquitaine (Aquitània Akitania archaic Guyenne / Guienne (Occitan Guiana) is one of the 26 Regions of France, in the south-western part of In order to prevent the foreign monks in southern coastal areas giving possible help to invaders, he deported many of them to other religious houses that were twenty or more miles from the coast.
Edward II subsequently followed this example, taking the alien priories into his own hands, but he not infrequently appointed their priors custodians for a consideration, obliging them to pay to the Crown the apport due to their superiors. For the play see Edward II (play. For the film see Edward II (film.
When Edward III came to the throne he restored many of the alien priories to their original owners and waived the arrears of payments due to the Crown. Edward III (13 November 1312 &ndash 21 June 1377 was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. But ten years later, when war broke out again with France, he reverted to the policy of his predecessors, and again seized the property of these French aliens. For twenty-three years these foreign houses remained in his hands; but with the peace of 1361 most of them were restored, only to be again sequestrated eight years later when the war was renewed. In the time of Richard II the alien priories continued mostly in the hands of the Crown. Richard II (6 January 1367 &ndash ca 14 February 1400 was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399
They finally came to an end under Henry V in 1414. Henry V (16 September 1386 &ndash 31 August 1422 was one of the most significant English warrior kings of the 15th century Those that had not been already assigned with the Pope's assent to other religious purposes, were finally suppressed by the Parliament of Leicester, and their revenues taken into the king's hands. De Montfort's Parliament was an English parliament of 1265, instigated by Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester without royal approval The Crown however in most cases transferred the property to other monasteries.