Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe ( 15 July 1865 - 14 August 1922) rose from childhood poverty to become a powerful newspaper and publishing magnate, famed for buying stolid, unprofitable newspapers and transforming (some say demeaning) them to make them lively and entertaining for the mass market. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Christian soldiers take the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final Year 1865 ( MDCCCLXV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events 1183 - Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The news media refers to the section of the Mass media that focuses on presenting current News to the public During his lifetime, he exercised vast influence over British popular opinion. Unfortunately, megalomania contributed to a nervous breakdown shortly before his death. Megalomania (from the Greek word μεγαλομανία is a historical term for behavior characterized by Delusional fantasies of Wealth, power
Although born near Dublin, Harmsworth was educated at the Stamford School in Lincolnshire, England. Dublin (ˈdʌblɨn/ /ˈdʊblɨn or /ˈdʊbəlɪn/, bˠalʲə aːha klʲiəh or cliə(ɸ is both the largest city and capital of Ireland. Stamford School is an English public school situated in the market town of Stamford, Lincolnshire. Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the east of England. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland He was the elder brother of Harold Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere and the Liberal politician Cecil Harmsworth, 1st Baron Harmsworth. Harold Sidney Harmsworth 1st Viscount Rothermere ( 26 April 1868 – 26 November 1940) was a highly successful British Newspaper Cecil Bisshopp Harmsworth 1st Baron Harmsworth ( 23 September 1869 &ndash 13 August 1948) was a British Liberal
Beginning as a free-lance journalist, he founded his first newspaper, Answers (original title: Answers to Correspondents), and was later assisted by his brother Harold, who was adept at business matters. Harold Sidney Harmsworth 1st Viscount Rothermere ( 26 April 1868 – 26 November 1940) was a highly successful British Newspaper Harmsworth had an intuitive sense for what the reading public wanted to buy, and began a series of cheap but successful periodicals, such as Comic Cuts (tagline: "Amusing without being Vulgar") and the journal Forget-Me-Not for women. From these periodicals, he built what was then the largest periodical publishing empire in the world, Amalgamated Press. Fleetway, also known as Fleetway Publications and Fleetway Editions, was a publishing company mainly producing comic magazines for the UK.
Harmsworth was an early pioneer of tabloid journalism. A tabloid is a Newspaper industry term which refers to a smaller newspaper format per spread to a weekly or semi-weekly alternative newspaper that focuses on local-interest He bought several failing newspapers and made them into an enormously profitable chain, primarily by appealing to the popular taste. He began with The Evening News in 1894, and then merged two Edinburgh papers to form the Edinburgh Daily Record. The Evening News was an evening newspaper published in London from 1881 to 1980 reappearing briefly in 1987 Edinburgh ( ˈɛdɪnb(ərə Dùn Èideann) is the Capital of Scotland and is its second largest city after Glasgow. On 4 May 1896, he began publishing the Daily Mail in London, which was a hit, holding the world record for daily circulation until Harmsworth's death; taglines of The Daily Mail included "the busy man's daily journal" and "the penny newspaper for one halfpenny". The Daily Mail is a British newspaper currently published in a tabloid format London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Harmsworth then transformed a Sunday newspaper, the Weekly Dispatch, into the Sunday Dispatch, then the highest circulation Sunday newspaper in Britain. The Sunday Dispatch was a British Newspaper, published between 27 September, 1801 and 1961. Harmsworth also founded the The Daily Mirror in 1903, and rescued the financially desperate Observer and Times in 1905 and 1908, respectively. The Daily Mirror, often referred to simply as The Mirror, is a British Tabloid daily Newspaper founded in 1903 The Observer is a British Newspaper published on Sundays In about the same place on the political spectrum as its daily sister paper The The Times is a daily national Newspaper published in the United Kingdom since 1785 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. In 1908, he also acquired The Sunday Times. The Sunday Times is a Sunday Broadsheet Newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.
In 1905 Harmsworth was given the title of Baron Northcliffe, of the Isle of Thanet and in 1918 advanced to Viscount Northcliffe, of St Peters in the County of Kent, for his service as the head of the British war mission in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 
Lord Northcliffe was also involved in politics. For example, his newspapers — especially The Times — reported the Shell Crisis of 1915 with such zeal that it brought down the wartime government of Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith, forcing him to form a coalition government. The Times is a daily national Newspaper published in the United Kingdom since 1785 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. The Shell Crisis of 1915 largely contributed to weakening public appreciation of government of the United Kingdom during World War I because it was widely perceived World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All This article is about the government position For other uses see Prime Minister (disambiguation. Herbert Henry Asquith 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC ( 12 September 1852 &ndash 15 February 1928) served Lord Northcliffe's newspapers led the fight for creating a Minister of Munitions (first held by David Lloyd George) and helped to bring about Lloyd George's appointment as Prime Minister in 1916. David Lloyd George 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor OM, PC (17 January 1863 &ndash 26 March 1945 was a British Statesman and the only Lloyd George offered Lord Northcliffe a post in his cabinet, but Northcliffe declined and was appointed Director for Propaganda. Such was Northcliffe's influence on propaganda over the Germans in WWI, German battleships were sent to shell his house in an attempt to assassinate him. His former residence still bears a shell hole out of respect for his gardener's wife who was killed in the attack.
In 1903, Harmsworth founded the Harmsworth Cup, the first international award for motorboat racing. The Harmsworth Cup is the popular name of the historically important British International Trophy for Motorboats A motorboat is a vessel propelled by an Internal combustion engine driving a jet pump or a Propeller. Similar to the Olympic Games, each entry in the race is supposed to represent a nation. The Olympic Games is an international Multi-sport event established for both summer and winter games A nation is a Human Cultural and Social Community. In as much as most members never meet each other yet feel a common bond it may be considered