Albert Goldman (1897 - 1960) was an American Trotskyist and lawyer to the labor movement. Year 1897 ( MDCCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. A lawyer, according to Black's Law Dictionary, is "a person learned in the law as an attorney, Counsel or Solicitor; a person The labour movement or labor movement is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better
Born Albert Verblen in Chicago, he studied at Medhill High School and then the University of Cincinnati. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. The University of Cincinnati is a Coeducational public Research university in Cincinnati, Ohio. He also studied to be a rabbi at the Hebrew Union College. Rabbi (pronunciation, although in English usually) in Judaism, means a religious ‘teacher’ or more literally ‘my great one’ when addressing any master The Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (also known as HUC, HUC-JIR, and The College-Institute) is the oldest Jewish In 1919, working as a tailor, he joined the Industrial Workers of the World, then the newly formed Communist Party of America the following year. A tailor is a person whose occupation is to sew and scissor menswear style jackets and the skirts or trousers that go with them The Industrial Workers of the World ( IWW or the Wobblies) is an international union currently headquartered in Cincinnati Ohio, USA The Communist Party of the United States of America ( CPUSA) is a Marxist-Leninist Political party in the United States.
Goldman went on to study at the Northwestern University Law School, graduating in 1925, and by 1926 was working for the Communist International Labor Defense. The Northwestern University School of Law is a private American Law school in Chicago Illinois. The International Labor Defense (ILD was a legal defense organization in the United States headed by William L A visit to the Soviet Union made him critical of the party, and he was expelled in 1933 for Trotskyism. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. He then worked primarily for the Trotskyist movement, representing the Minneapolis Teamsters strikers in 1934, and Trotsky during the Dewey Commission. The Minneapolis General Strike of 1934 grew out of a strike by Teamsters against most of the trucking companies operating in Minneapolis, a major distribution center Leon Trotsky ( Russian:, Lev Davidovich Trotsky, also transliterated Leo, Lyev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij The Dewey Commission (officially the "Commission of Inquiry into the Charges Made against Leon Trotsky in the Moscow Trials" was initiated in March 1937 by the " American In 1939, he moved to New York City and worked full time for the Socialist Workers Party (SWP). The City of New York The Socialist Workers Party, or SWP, is a Communist Political party in the United States. In 1941, he acted as defense counsel for the SWP members accused of violating the Smith Act, but was jailed for sixteen months alongside them. The Alien Registration Act or Smith Act ( of 1940 is a United States federal statute that makes it a criminal offense for anyone to knowingly or willfully advocate
While in prison, Goldman worked with Felix Morrow to develop criticisms of the SWP and Fourth International leaderships. Felix Morrow (1906 - 1988 was a US Communist politician Morrow was born Felix Mayrowitz to an Orthodox Jewish family on June 1906 in New York City The Fourth International ( FI) is a communist international organisation working in opposition to both Capitalism and Stalinism. They claimed that predictions of a revolutionary wave after World War II had been proved incorrect, and that Stalinism, far from being destroyed (as Trotsky had predicted) had been strengthened. A revolutionary wave is a series of Revolutions occurring in various locations World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Stalinism is the political regime named after Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union from 1929–1953 They also became critical of the party's organizational structures. The pair were only able to convince a small minority of the party of their positions, although this included key figures including Jean Van Heijenoort and James T. Farrell. Jean Louis Maxime Van Heijenoort (pronounced highenort) ( July 23 1912, Creil France - March 29 1986, Mexico City James Thomas Farrell ( February 27, 1904 - August 22, 1979) was an American Novelist.
In 1945, Goldman and Morrow proposed that the SWP should reunite with Max Shachtman's Workers Party, which had split from the SWP in 1940. Max Shachtman ( September 10 1904 - November 4, 1972) was an American Marxist theorist The Workers Party (WP was a Third Camp Trotskyist group in the United States. Negotiations were taken up, but soon faltered, and Goldman left to join the Workers Party in 1946.
Within the Workers Party, Goldman and Farrell worked closely. In 1948, they developed criticisms of its policies, claiming that the party should support the Marshall Plan and also Norman Thomas' presidential candidacy. The Marshall Plan (from its enactment officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was the primary plan of the United States for rebuilding and creating a stronger Norman Mattoon Thomas ( November 20, 1884 &ndash December 19, 1968) was a leading American socialist, pacifist The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Having come to believe that only capitalism could defeat Stalinism, they left, to join the Socialist Party of America. Capitalism is the Economic system in which the Means of production are owned by private Persons and operated for Profit and where The Socialist Party of America (SPA was a socialist Political party in the United States.