|Population:||35,000 (2007 census)|
|• Density:||281/km² (727. Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of the Australian continent. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 8/sq mi)|
|Time zone:||AWST (UTC+8)|
|Location:||408 km (254 mi) from Perth|
|LGA:||City of Albany|
Albany (pronounced /ˈælbəniː/) is located in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, situated around a port on the southern coast. Inches redirects here To see the Les Savy Fav album see Inches. Australian English is a non-rhotic variety of English spoken by most native-born Australians The Great Southern region is one of the nine Regions of Western Australia. Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of the Australian continent.
Its metropolitan area has a population of 35,000 as of the 2007 census, making it one of the larger regional cities in the state.  and it is located within the City of Albany local government area. The City of Albany is a Local Government Area in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, about SSE of Perth, the capital Local Government Area (abbreviated LGA) is a term used in Australia (and especially by the Australian Bureau of Statistics) to refer to areas controlled
The city centre of Albany is located between the hills of Mount Melville and Mount Clarence which look down into Princess Royal Harbour. Mount Clarence is an inner suburb of Albany, Western Australia, between the Albany city centre and Middleton Beach. There are many beaches surrounding Albany, with Middleton Beach being the closest to the town centre. Middleton Beach is a coastal suburb of Albany, Western Australia, located within the City of Albany approximately east of the city centre Popular beaches include Middleton Beach, Frenchman's Bay and Muttonbird Island.
It is 408 km (254 mi) south-southeast of the capital, Perth. The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
Albany was the home of the Menang Noongar people, who made use of the coastal waters of the area over the summer months. The Noongar (alternate spellings Nyungar / Nyoongar / Nyoongah / Nyungah / Nyugah) are an Indigenous Australian people who live They called the area Kinjarling which means “the place of rain”.  Fish traps found at Emu Point suggest that the area held a significant population of Aboriginal people. Albany is also the oldest continuous European settlement in Western Australia, and was founded in 1826, three years before the state capital of Perth. Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of the Australian continent. Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. The King George Sound settlement was a hastily-despatched British military outpost, intended to forestall any plans by France for settlements in Western Australia. King George Sound is the name of a sound on the south coast of Western Australia. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics.
The first European explorers to visit the area around Albany were on the Dutch ship Gulden Zeepaert (Golden Seahorse) skippered by Francois Thijssen in 1626. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands François Thijssen or Frans Thijsz (died Oct 13 1638 ? was a Dutch explorer who is famous because of his travel along the South coast They sailed along the south coast towards South Australia. South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country
Many years later in 1791, English explorer George Vancouver explored the south coast including entering and naming King George Sound. Captain George Vancouver Albany was the site at which on 26 September 1791, Vancouver took possession of New Holland for the British Crown. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Year 1791 ( MDCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Vancouver went out of his way to establish good relations with the local Aboriginal people.
In 1792, Frenchman Bruni d'Entrecasteaux in charge of the Recherche and L'Esperance reached Cape Leeuwin on 5 December and explored eastward along the southern coast. Antoine Raymond Joseph de Bruni D'Entrecasteaux (1739&ndash 21 July, 1793) was a French navigator who explored the Australian coast in 1792 while seeking The expedition did not enter King George Sound due to bad weather.
In 1801, Matthew Flinders entered King George Sound and stayed about a month before charting the rest of the southern Australian coastline. Captain Matthew Flinders, RN (16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814 was one of the most successful navigators and cartographers of his age By 1806 he had completed the first circumnavigation of Australia. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics.
Australian-born explorer Phillip Parker King visited King George Sound in 1822 on the Bathurst. Admiral Phillip Parker King, FRS, RN ( 13 December 1791 - February 26, 1856) was an early explorer of the
On 26 October 1826 Frenchman Dumont d'Urville in the L'Astrolabe visited King George Sound before sailing along the south coast to Port Jackson. Events 740 - An Earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death For the game see 1826 (board game. Year 1826 ( MDCCCXXVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display
Later in 1826, on Christmas Day, a British Army expedition, led by Major Edmund Lockyer arrived on the Amity, from Sydney, and founded a military base. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. Edmund Lockyer, 21 January 1784 - 10 June 1860, was a British soldier and explorer of Australia. Lockyer rescued Aboriginal women from offshore islands, who had been kidnapped by sealers operating in the Great Australian Bight as sexual slaves, and apprehended the culprits sending them east to stand trial. As a result the local Minang Noongar organised a corroboree in his honour, cementing the good relations established earlier between local Aboriginal groups of the area and European explorers. The Noongar (alternate spellings Nyungar / Nyoongar / Nyoongah / Nyungah / Nyugah) are an Indigenous Australian people who live For the frog of the same name see Corroboree frog. For the Split Enz album see Waiata.
Albany was officially named by Governor Stirling at the beginning of 1832, at the time that political authority passed to the Swan River colony. Bold text' ]] ==Family background==He was the fifth son of eight of the fifteen children of Andrew Stirling Esq Swan River Colony was a British settlement established at the Swan River on the west coast of Australia in 1829 It is named after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, and son of King George III. The Prince Frederick Duke of York and Albany (Frederick Augustus 16 August 1763 – 5 January 1827) was a member of the Hanoverian George III (George William Frederick 4 June 1738 George III's long reign was marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdom much of the rest of Europe and places 
Albany was also the final destination in 1841 of explorer Edward John Eyre, after being the first person to reach Western Australia by land from the east (Adelaide). Edward John Eyre (5 August 1815 30 November 1901 was an English land explorer of the Australian continent and a controversial Governor of Jamaica.
Until the opening of the Port of Fremantle in 1900, Albany was also home to the only deepwater port in Western Australia, Princess Royal Harbour, which is the largest natural harbour in Western Australia and also on the entire south coast of the Australian mainland, outside of Melbourne. Fremantle (commonly known as Freo is a Port City in Western Australia, located southwest of Perth, the state capital at the mouth of For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Melbourne ( is the second most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 3 This facility meant that for many years, the first port of call for the mail from England was Albany. This put Albany in a privileged position over Perth and it remained that way until C. Y. O'Connor used dynamite on the reef blocking the entrance into the Swan River in Fremantle. C Y O'Connor CMG ( 11 January 1843 – 10 March 1902) full name Charles Yelverton O'Connor, was an Irish
Since that time, Albany has become popular with retirees, with inhabitants enjoying the fresh air, clean beaches, and fine views over the Southern Ocean, while still proving a thriving regional centre.
Ships carrying the Australian Imperial Force and the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (later know collectively as ANZACs) to Europe to join World War I gathered at Albany in October 1914. The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. Military history of New Zealand in World War I The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF was the title of the Military force sent from New Zealand World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All They departed in convoy on 1 November 1914.
There is a memorial to the Desert Mounted Corps on top of Mount Clarence. The Desert Mounted Corps was a World War I Allied army Corps that operated in the Middle East ( Sinai and Palestine) during Mount Clarence is an inner suburb of Albany, Western Australia, between the Albany city centre and Middleton Beach. The memorial consists of a statue of an Australian mounted soldier assisting a New Zealand soldier whose horse has been wounded and a wall bearing the words "Lest We Forget". Mounted infantry were Soldiers who rode Horses instead of marching but actually fought on foot in the modern era with Muskets or Rifles but before New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island The first commemorative dawn service was held here on Anzac Day, 25 April 1923. Events 1607 - Eighty Years' War: The Dutch fleet destroys the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar. Year 1923 ( MCMXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A dawn service has been held ever since and currently around several thousand people participate each year. The contribution of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, president of Turkey from 1923 until 1938, is recognised by naming the entrance into Princess Royal Harbour as Atatürk Channel. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 &ndash 10 November 1938 was an army officer revolutionary Statesman
The main industries of Albany consist of tourism, fishing and agriculture, although before the 1950s whaling was one of the major sources of income and employment for the population. The Whaling Station, which closed operations in 1979, has now been converted to a museum of whaling, and features one of the 'Cheynes' whale chasers that were used for whaling in Albany. The station was the last operating whaling station in the Southern Hemisphere at the time of closing.
The Western Power Wind Farm in Albany is the largest and newest in Australia. Albany Wind Farm is a Wind power station near Albany, Western Australia. Its 12 turbines, driven by strong southerly winds, can generate up to 75% of the town's electricity usage. 
Albany also has a number of historic tourist sites including the Museum, Albany Convict Gaol, The Princess Royal Fortress (commonly known as The Forts), Patrick Taylor Cottage, ("is the oldest dwelling in Western Australia, c1832"). Albany has a great deal of historical significance to Western Australia.
Natural sights are also numerous, especially the rugged coast which includes the Natural Bridge and the Gap. The beaches have pristine white sand. The HMAS Perth was sunk in King George Sound in 2001 as a dive wreck. Construction Perth was laid down at the Defoe Shipbuilding Company in Bay City Michigan, USA on 21 September 1962 launched on 26 September 1963  Albany is also close to two mountain ranges, the Porongurups and Stirling Ranges. Porongurup is the name of a small mountain range in the Shire of Plantagenet in Western Australia (see Porongurup National Park for information about The Stirling Range or Koikyennuruff is a range of mountains and hills in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, 337 km south-east of
Albany is also the southern terminus of the Bibbulmun Track walking trail. The Bibbulmun Track is a long distance walk trail in Western Australia.
Albany is home to HMAS Albany (based in Darwin) and the adopted home port of the Royal Australian Navy frigate HMAS Anzac. Construction Anzac was laid down by Tenix Defence Systems at Williamstown Victoria on 5 November 1993 launched on 16 September 1994 and commissioned Albany is frequently visited by other warships.
Albany has a Mediterranean-type climate with generally warm summers and cool, wet winters. The city is situated on what is promoted as the “Rainbow Coast” which is an appropriate title given the significant frequency of cool cloudy days with drizzle or showers.
July is the wettest month, with a long-term average of over 140 mm, whilst rain occurs on two days out of every three during an average winter. The driest month is February with a mean of about 23 mm and in summer it rains on average about one day in every four.
|Mean daily maximum (°C)||22. 8||23. 0||22. 2||20. 8||18. 5||16. 5||15. 6||16. 2||17. 2||18. 4||20. 4||21. 9||19. 5|
|Mean daily minimum (°C)||15. 0||15. 3||14. 6||12. 6||10. 6||9. 0||8. 1||8. 3||9. 2||10. 3||12. 3||13. 9||11. 6|
|Highest maximum temperature (°C)||41. 7||44. 8||40. 8||37. 7||35. 2||24. 6||22. 8||27. 2||30. 6||36. 2||41. 1||42. 2||44. 8|
|Mean Days over 30°C||1. 2||1. 3||1. 3||0. 8||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 2||0. 5||0. 9||6. 3|
|Lowest minimum temperature (°C)||7. 8||7. 2||6. 1||4. 8||2. 4||1. 7||0. 1||1. 6||2. 0||3. 4||5. 6||6. 7||0. 1|
|Mean days below 2°C||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 1||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 0||0. 2|
|Mean no. of rainy days||7. 7||7. 5||10. 9||14. 0||18. 3||20. 2||21. 7||21. 1||18. 4||16. 5||12. 2||9. 4||96. 6|
|Mean precipitation (mm)||23. 7||23. 1||38. 3||67. 9||119. 6||132. 5||144. 8||127. 4||102. 0||80. 4||43. 4||29. 6||932. 6|
|Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology|
The Albany region is notorious for people being lost from waves washing people off rocks, which may or may not be associated with freak waves or similar phenomenon. King George Sound is the name of a sound on the south coast of Western Australia. William Westall ( 12 October 1781 – 22 January 1850) was an English artist who travelled aboard HMS Rogue waves, also known as freak waves, monster waves or extreme waves, are relatively large and spontaneous Ocean surface waves that are a threat On the otherwise picturesque coastline there are many beaches that are safe and usable: