The Alaska Purchase (otherwise known as Seward's Folly or Seward's Icebox) by the United States from the Russian Empire occurred in 1867 at the behest of Secretary of State William Seward. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Russian Empire ( Pre-reform Russian: Pоссійская Имперія Modern Russian: Российская Империя translit: Rossiyskaya Secretary of State is a commonly used title for a Government Official. This article is about the New York Governor and Secretary of State The territory purchased was 586,412 square miles (1,518,800 km²) of the modern state of Alaska. A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent
Russia was in a difficult financial position and feared losing the Alaskan territory without compensation in some future conflict, especially to their rivals the British, who could easily capture the hard-to-defend region. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Therefore Emperor Alexander II decided to sell the territory to the US and instructed Russian minister to the United States, Eduard de Stoeckl, to enter into negotiations with Seward in the beginning of March 1867. Alexander (Aleksandr II Nikolaevich (Александр II Николаевич ( Moscow, 29 April 1818 – 13 March 1881 in St Eduard Andreevich Stoeckl (Эдуард Андреевич Стекль ( Istanbul 1804 &ndash Paris 1892 was a Russian diplomat best known today The negotiations concluded after an all-night session with the signing of the treaty at 4 o'clock in the morning of March 30, with the purchase price set at $7,200,000 (about 1. Events 240 BC - 1st recorded Perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. 9¢ per acre). The acre is a unit of Area in a number of different systems including the imperial and U American public opinion was generally positive, but some newspaper writers and editors had negative feelings about the purchase of land. That the manufacture of consent is capable of great refinements no one I think denies A newspaper is a written Publication containing News, information and Advertising, usually printed on low-cost paper called Newsprint. Purchasing refers to a business or organization attempting to acquire goods or services to accomplish the goals of the enterprise Notably, one of those men was Horace Greeley of the New York Tribune. Horace Greeley ( February 3, 1811 &ndash November 29, 1872) was an American editor of a leading newspaper, a founder The New York Tribune was an American newspaper first established by Horace Greeley in 1841 which was long considered one of the leading Newspapers in the An example of this is a quotation:
Already, so it was said, we were burdened with territory we had no population to fill. The Indians within the present boundaries of the republic strained our power to govern aboriginal peoples. Could it be that we would now, with open eyes, seek to add to our difficulties by increasing the number of such peoples under our national care? The purchase price was small; the annual charges for administration, civil and military, would be yet greater, and continuing. The territory included in the proposed cession was not contiguous to the national domain. It lay away at an inconvenient and a dangerous distance. The treaty had been secretly prepared, and signed and foisted upon the country at one o'clock in the morning. It was a dark deed done in the night. . . . The New York World said that it was a "sucked orange. " It contained nothing of value but furbearing animals, and these had been hunted until they were nearly extinct. Except for the Aleutian Islands and a narrow strip of land extending along the southern coast the country would be not worth taking as a gift. . . . Unless gold were found in the country much time would elapse before it would be blessed with Hoe printing presses, Methodist chapels and a metropolitan police. It was "a frozen wilderness," said the New York Tribune. 
The purchase was at the time derided as Seward's folly, Seward's icebox, and Andrew Johnson's polar bear garden, because it was believed foolhardy to spend so much money on the remote region. This article is about the New York Governor and Secretary of State This article is about the New York Governor and Secretary of State Andrew Johnson (December 29 1808 – July 31 1875 was the seventeenth President of the United States (1865-69 succeeding to the Presidency upon the assassination 
The treaty was promoted by Secretary of State William H. Seward, who had long favored expansion, and by the chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Charles Sumner. A Treaty is an agreement under International law entered into by actors in international law namely States and International organizations. Secretary of State is a commonly used title for a Government Official. This article is about the New York Governor and Secretary of State US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. Charles Sumner (January 6 1811 &ndash March 11 1874 was an American politician and statesman from Massachusetts. They argued that the nation's strategic interests favored the treaty. Russia had been a valuable ally of the Union position during the U.S. Civil War, while Britain had been a nearly open enemy. In general allies are people groups or nations that have joined together in an association for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South It seemed wise to help Russia while discomforting the British. Furthermore there was the matter of adjacent territory belonging to Britain (and now part of Canada). Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Nearly surrounded by the United States they were of little strategic value to Britain and might someday be purchased. The purchase, editorialized the New York Herald, was a "hint" from the Tsar to England and France that they had "no business on this continent. Tsar csar and tzar redirect here For other uses see Tsar (disambiguation. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. " "It was in short a flank movement" upon Canada said the influential New York Tribune. Soon the world would see in the northwest "a hostile cockney with a watchful Yankee on each side of him," and John Bull would be led to understand that his only course was a sale of his interests there to Brother Jonathan. The term Yankee, sometimes abbreviated to Yank, has a few related meanings often referring to someone of U John Bull is a National personification of the United Kingdom in general and England in particular originating in the creation of Dr Brother Jonathan was a Fictional character created to personify the entire United States, in the early days of the country's existence
On March 3 Sumner made a major speech advocating the treaty, and covering in depth the history, the climate, the natural configuration, the population, the resources—the forests, mines, furs, fisheries—of Alaska. Events 1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England 1575 - Indian History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology Climate encompasses the temperatures humidity rainfall atmospheric particle count and numerous other meteorogical factors in a given region over long periods of In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology A resource is any physical or virtual entity of limited availability or anything used to help one earn a living A forest is an area with a high density of Trees There are many definitions of a forest based on various criteria Mining is the extraction of valuable Minerals or other geological materials from the earth usually (but not always from an Ore body Fur is a body hair of any non-human Mammal, also known as the Pelage. For the fishing industry and the practice of fishing see Fishing. A good scholar, he cited the testimony of geographers and navigators: Alexander von Humboldt, Joseph Billings, Yuri Lisiansky, Fyodor Petrovich Litke, Otto von Kotzebue, Portlock, James Cook, John Meares, Ferdinand von Wrangel. "Testify" redirects here For other uses see Testify (disambiguation and Testimony (disambiguation. A geographer is a Scientist whose area of study is Geography, the study of Earth 's physical environment and Human habitat A navigator is the person onboard a ship or aircraft responsible for its Navigation. (September 14 1769 &ndash May 6 1859 was a German naturalist and explorer, and the younger brother of the Prussian minister philosopher and linguist Joseph Billings (c 1758&mdash1806 was an English navigator and explorer. Yuri Fyodorovich Lisyansky (also spelled as Urey Lisiansky and Lisianski) (Лисянский Юрий Фёдорович August 13, 1773 &mdash Count Fyodor Petrovich Litke ( Граф Фёдор Петро́вич Ли́тке) Otto von Kotzebue ( Russian Отто Евстафьевич Коцебу Otto Evstaf'evič Kocebu, December 30, 1787 - February 15 Captain James Cook FRS RN ( – 14 February 1779) was an English Explorer, Navigator and John Meares ( c 1756 &ndash 1809, a native of Dublin was a Navigator and explorer best known for his role in initiating a crisis that led to the Vancouver Baron Ferdinand von Wrangel (Фердина́нд Петро́вич Вра́нгель Ferdinand Petrovich Vrangel; December 29, 1796 ( January When he had finished, he observed that he had "done little more than hold the scales. " If these had inclined on either side, he continued, it was "because reason or testimony on that side was the weightier. " Soon, said Sumner, "A practical race of intrepid navigators will swarm the coast ready for any enterprise of business or patriotism. Patriotism is commonly defined as love of and/or devotion to one's country Commerce will find new arms; the country new defenders; the national flag new hands to bear it aloft. Commerce is a division of trade or production which deals with the exchange of goods and services from producer to final consumer " Bestow American republicanism upon the territory, he urged, "and you will bestow what is better than all you can receive, whether quintals of fish, sands of gold, choicest fur or most beautiful ivory. Fish are aquatic Vertebrate animals that are typically ectothermic (previously Cold-blooded) covered with scales, and equipped with two Sand is a naturally occurring Granular material composed of finely divided rock and Mineral particles Gold (ˈɡoʊld is a Chemical element with the symbol Au (from its Latin name aurum) and Atomic number 79 Ivory is formed from Dentine and constitutes the bulk of the Teeth and Tusks of animals such as the Elephant, Hippopotamus, " "Our city," exclaimed Sumner, "can be nothing less than the North American continent with the gates on all the surrounding seas. " He argued the treaty was "a visible step" in this direction. By its terms we should "dismiss one more monarch from this continent. " One by one they had retired—" first France; then Spain; then France again, and now Russia, all giving way to that absorbing unity which is declared in the national motto — E pluribus unum. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. E pluribus unum, Latin for "Out of Many One" is a motto found on the Seal of the United States, along with Annuit cœptis and "
Seward's Day, in honor of William H. Seward, is a holiday in Alaska on the last Monday of March which celebrates the United States' purchase of Alaska from Russia. Seward's Day is a legal holiday in the US state of Alaska. It falls on the last Monday in March and commemorates the signing of the Alaska Purchase This article is about the New York Governor and Secretary of State Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Seward's Day is also an alcohol-free day in many cities such as Ketchikan, one of Alaska's major port cities — though the one-day alcohol ban is not observed in all cities. Ketchikan (ˈkɛtʃɪkæn is a city in Ketchikan Gateway Borough, Alaska, United States and the southeasternmost sizable city in that state
The United States Senate ratified the treaty on April 9, 1867, by a vote of 37 to 2. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Events 193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans) Year 1867 ( MDCCCLXVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting However, the appropriation of money needed to purchase Alaska was delayed by more than a year due to opposition in the House of Representatives. Money is anything that is generally accepted as Payment for Goods and services and repayment of Debts. The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. The House finally approved the appropriation in July 1868, by a vote of 113 to 48. 
Sumner reported Russian estimates that Alaska contained about 2,500 Russians and those of mixed race, and 8,000 aborigines, in all about 10,000 people under the direct government of the Russian fur company, and possibly 50,000 Eskimos and Native Americans living outside its jurisdiction. The term race or racial group usually refers to the concept of categorizing Humans into Populations or groups on the basis of various sets Eskimos or Esquimaux are Indigenous peoples who have traditionally inhabited the circumpolar region from eastern Siberia ( Russia) across Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States In Law, jurisdiction (from the Latin ius iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak" is the practical Authority The Russians were settled at 23 trading posts, placed conveniently on the islands and coasts. An island (ˈaɪlənd or isle (/ˈaɪl/ is any piece of land that is completely surrounded by water in two dimensions above high tide and isolated from other significant The coast is defined as the part of the land adjoining or near the Ocean. At smaller stations only four or five Russians were stationed to collect peltry from the Indians for storage and shipment when the company's boats arrived to take it away. A boat is a Watercraft of modest size designed to float or plane on water and provide transport over it There were two larger towns, New Archangel, now named Sitka, which had been established in 1804 to handle the valuable trade in the skins of the sea otter. A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan The sea otter ( Enhydra lutris) is a Marine mammal native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean. It contained 116 small log cabins with 968 residents. A log cabin is a small house built from logs It is a fairly simple type of Log house. The second town was St. Paul on Kodiak Island, with 100 cabins and 283 people. Kodiak Island is a large island on the south coast of the US state of Alaska, separated from the Alaska mainland by the Shelikof Strait. It was the center of the fur seal industry.
An Aleut name, "Alaska" was chosen by the Americans. The Aleuts ( self-denomination from Aleut language allíthuh 'community' older or regional self-denomination Unangax̂, Unangan or The transfer ceremony took place in Sitka on October 18, 1867. Events 1009 - The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid Year 1867 ( MDCCCLXVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Russian and American soldiers paraded in front of the governor's house; the Russian flag was lowered and the American flag raised amid peals of artillery. A soldier is a general English term that refers to a member of a land component of National Armed forces. A parade (also called march or marchpast) is a procession of people usually organized along a street often in Costume, and often accompanied by Fire A flag is a piece of Cloth, often flown from a pole or mast, generally used Symbolically for signaling or identification Artillery (from French artillerie) is a military Combat Arm which employs any apparātus machine Captain Alexis Pestchouroff said, "General Rousseau, by authority from His Majesty, the Emperor of Russia, I transfer to the United States the territory of Alaska. " General Lovell Rousseau accepted the territory. Lovell Harrison Rousseau ( August 4, 1818 &ndash January 7, 1869) was a general in the United States and Union Armies A number of forts, blockhouses and timber buildings were made over to the Americans. The troops occupied the barracks; General Jefferson C. Davis established his residence in the governor's house, and most of the Russian citizens went home, leaving a few traders and priests who chose to remain. A troop is a Military unit, originally a small force of Cavalry, subordinate to a Squadron and headed by the troop leader Barracks are living quarters for personnel on a Military post Jefferson Columbus Davis ( March 2, 1828 &ndash November 30, 1879) was an officer in the United States Army who served in the Merchants function as professionals who deal with Trade, dealing in commodities that they do not produce themselves in order to produce Profit. A priest or priestess is a person having the authority or power to administer religious rites in particular rites of sacrifice to and propitiation of a deity or deities
Alaska Day celebrates the formal transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States, which took place on October 18, 1867. Alaska Day is a legal holiday in the US state of Alaska, observed on October 18. Events 1009 - The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid Year 1867 ( MDCCCLXVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Currently, Alaska celebrates the purchase on Seward's Day, the last Monday of March. Seward's Day is a legal holiday in the US state of Alaska. It falls on the last Monday in March and commemorates the signing of the Alaska Purchase
(*18 October, 1867, was by the Gregorian calendar and a clock time 9:01:20 behind Greenwich, which came into effect the following day in Alaska to replace the Julian calendar and a clock time 14:58:40 ahead of Greenwich. The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used Calendar in the world today The Julian calendar, a reform of the Roman calendar, was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC and came into force in 45 BC (709 Ab urbe condita For the Russians, the handover was on 17 October, 1867. )