The Alaska North Slope is the region of the U.S. state of Alaska located on the northern slope of the Brooks Range along the coast of two marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean, the Chukchi Sea being on the western side of Point Barrow, and the Beaufort Sea on the eastern. A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government Alaska ( Аляска Alyaska) is a state in the United States of America, in the northwest of the North American continent The Brooks Range is a Mountain range that stretches from west to east across northern Alaska and into Canada 's Yukon Territory, a total distance The Arctic Ocean, located in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Arctic north polar region is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major Chukchi Sea (Чуко́тское мо́ре is a Marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean. Point Barrow or Nuvuk is a headland on the Arctic coast of the U
The region contains the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska, with the bulk of Alaska's known petroleum until the Prudhoe Bay oil field was discovered in 1968, as well as the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, which itself has been the subject of controversy surrounding the possibility of petroleum drilling within its boundaries. The National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska (NPR-A is an area of land in the Alaska North Slope owned by the United States Federal Government. Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit Prudhoe Bay oil field is a large Oil field on Alaska 's North Slope. The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge ( ANWR) is a National Wildlife Refuge in northeastern Alaska. The petroleum extracted from the region is transferred south by means of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System to Valdez on the Pacific Ocean. The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System ( TAPS) usually called the Alyeska Pipeline in Alaska or the Alaska Pipeline elsewhere is a major U Valdez ( is a city in Valdez-Cordova Census Area in the US state of Alaska. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions
Within the North Slope, only a surface "active layer" of the tundra thaws each season; most of the soil is permanently frozen year-round. In physical Geography, tundra is an area where the Tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons On top of this permafrost, water flows to sea via shallow, braided streams or settles into pools and ponds. This article is about frozen ground For other meanings see Permafrost (disambiguation. Along the bottom of the image the rugged terrain of the Brooks Range Mountains is snow-covered in places (blue areas) and exposed (pink areas) in others.
Much of the region is located in the North Slope Borough. North Slope Borough is a borough located largely in the North Slope region of the U