Ada Kaleh (Turkish for "Island Fortress") was a small island on the Danube populated by Turks that was submerged during the building of the Iron Gates hydro plant in 1970. A bazaar ( بازار) (pazar is a permanent merchandising area Marketplace, or street of shops where goods and services are exchanged or sold Turkish ( tr Türkçe IPA) is a language spoken by over 63 million people worldwide making it the most commonly spoken of the Turkic languages. The Danube (In Donau from earlier Danuvius, Celtic *dānu, meaning "to flow run" Slovak and Polish Dunaj History As the entire Balkan Peninsula become an integral part of the emerging Ottoman Empire (a process which concluded with the Fall of Constantinople For the Iron Gates built by Alexander the Great in the Alexander Romance, see Gates of Alexander. The island was about 3 km downstream from Orşova and measured 1. Orşova ( German: Orschowa, Hungarian: Orsova, Орсово Orszawa Oršava is a port city on the Danube river in southwestern 75 by 0. 4-0. 5 km.
The isle of Ada Kaleh is probably the most evocative victim of the Đerdap dam's construction. For the Iron Gates built by Alexander the Great in the Alexander Romance, see Gates of Alexander. A Turkish enclave, it had a mosque and a thousand twisting alleys, and was known as a free port and smuggler's nest. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches A "mosque" in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated for Islamic worship although there is a distinction in Arabic between the smaller privately owned mosque and the larger A free port ( porto franco) or free zone (US Foreign-Trade Zone is a port or area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location Many other ethnic groups lived here beside Turks.
It was walled: the Austrians built a fort there in 1669 to defend it from the Turks, and that fort would remain a bone of contention for the two empires. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich In 1699 the island came under Turkish control, from 1716 to 1718 it was Austrian, after a four month siege in 1738 it was Turkish again, followed by the Austrians re-conquering it in 1789, only to have to yield it to the Turks in the trailing peace treaty. Year 1716 ( MDCCXVI) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Year 1718 ( MDCCXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Year 1738 ( MDCCXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or Year 1789 ( MDCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common A peace treaty is an agreement between two hostile parties usually countries or governments that formally ends an armed conflict Thereafter, the island lost its military importance.
In 1804, during First Serbian Uprising Serbian rebels, led by Milenko Stojković, caught and executed the dahias, who had fled from Belgrade and took refuge on the island. Year 1804 ( MDCCCIV) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The First Serbian Uprising was a Serbian national Revolution which lasted for nine years and approx Milenko Stojković ( Serbian Cyrillic: Миленко Стојковић) (1769&ndash1831 was a Belgrade (Београд Beograd is the Capital and largest city of Serbia. It was the oppression brought by the dahias that was the direct cause for the uprising.
The 1878 Congress of Berlin forced the Ottoman Empire to retreat far into the south, and the island came under the control of Austria-Hungary, though it remained the property of the Turkish sultan. Year 1878 ( MDCCCLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common See also Berlin Conference (1884-85 re Africa and Berlin Conference of 1954 (Cold War The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish Sultan (سلطان is an Islamic title with several historical meanings The inhabitants enjoyed exemption from taxes and customs and were not conscripted. Customs is an Authority or agency in a Country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods Conscription (also known as the draft, the call-up or national service) is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority In 1923, when the Ottoman monarchy had disappeared, the inhabitants chose to join Romania. Year 1923 ( MCMXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
The Ada Kaleh mosque dated from 1903 and was built on the site of an earlier Franciscan monastery. A "mosque" in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated for Islamic worship although there is a distinction in Arabic between the smaller privately owned mosque and the larger Year 1903 ( MCMIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar or a Common year starting The term Franciscan is commonly used to refer to members of Catholic This article concerns the buildings occupied by monastics. For the life inside monasteries and its historical roots see Monasticism. The carpet, a gift from the Turkish sultan, has been located in the Constanţa mosque since 1965. Constanţa (pronunciation in Romanian: /kon'stanʦa/ historical names Tomis, Κωνστάντια or Constantia, Köstence Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar.
The population lived primarily on the cultivation of tobacco and fishery, later on tourism. In its last years of existence the island counted 600 to 1,000 inhabitants.
With the building of the dam, some of the structures built on the islands were moved to nearby Şimian Island, including part of the masonry of the fortress' catacombs, the Mosque, the bazaar, Mahmut Pasha's house, the graveyard and various objects. However, the Ada Kaleh community decided to emigrate to Turkey after the evacuation of the island instead of re-settling on Şimian island. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches Also, a smaller part went to Dobruja, another Romanian territory with a Turkish minority.
Ada Kaleh plays an important part in the novel of one of the most famous Hungarian authors, Mór Jókai. Mór Jókai, born Móric Jókay de Ásva ( 19 February 1825 &ndash 5 May 1904) outside Hungary also known as In the novel "The Golden Man" (Arany ember), published in 1872, Ada Kaleh is called the "Island of Nobody" and it becomes an almost mythical symbol of peace, seclusion and beauty, juxtaposed with the material outside world.
Jurnalul Naţional is a Romanian newspaper part of the Intact media group led by Dan Voiculescu, which also includes the popular TV station Events 1492 - The Ensisheim Meteorite the oldest Meteorite with a known date of impact strikes the Earth around noon in a Wheat Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Evenimentul Zilei is one of the leading Newspapers in Romania. Events 1512 - Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.