|79th Infantry Division|
Shoulder Sleeve Insignia of the 79th Infantry Division
|Country||United States of America|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Branch||United States Army|
|Nickname||Cross of Lorraine Division|
|Engagements||World War I|
World War II
|Anthony C. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including McAuliffe|
|U. S. Infantry Divisions|
|78th Infantry Division||80th Infantry Division|
The 79th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. The 78th Infantry Division is a unit of the United States Army which served in World War I and World War II, and remains on the organized rolls The 80th Division (Institutional Training was a formation of the United States Army. A military organization is a way of structuring the armed forces of a State as a need to offer Military capability required by the National defence policy The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
The division was first activated on August 1917 and after a year of training the division sailed overseas July 1918. Year 1919 ( MCMXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The 79th Infantry Division saw extensive combat in the Meuse-Argonne area where it earned the name of "Cross of Lorraine" for their defense of France. The Meuse-Argonn Offensive, also called the Battle of the Argonne Forest, was a part of the final Allied offensive of World War I (and known as the Grand This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The division was inactivated June 1919 and returned to the United States. Throughout its entire WWI campaign, the division suffered some 6,874 casualties with 1,151 killed and 5,723 wounded.
After training in the United Kingdom from 17 April 1944, the 79th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach, Normandy, 12-14 June and entered combat 19 June 1944, with an attack on the high ground west and northwest of Valognes and high ground south of Cherbourg. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Events 69 - After the First Battle of Bedriacum, Vitellius becomes Roman Emperor. Utah Beach was the codename for one of the Allied landing beaches during the D-Day Invasion of Normandy, as part of Operation Overlord on 6 June Events 1276 - While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. The division took Fort du Roule after a heavy engagement and entered Cherbourg, 25 June. Events 524 - Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians It held a defensive line at the Ollonde River until 2 July 1944 and then returned to the offensive, taking La Haye du Puits in house-to-house fighting, 8 July. Events 310 - Pope Miltiades is elected 626 - In fear of assassination Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival Urban warfare is modern warfare conducted in Urban areas such as Towns and cities. Events 939 - The Major Occultation or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi 1099 - First Crusade: 15000 On 26 July, the 79th attacked across the Ay River, took Lessay, crossed the Sarthe River and entered Le Mans, 8 August, meeting only light resistance. Events 657 - Battle of Siffin. 811 - Battle of Pliska; Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus The Sarthe is a River in western France. Together with the river Mayenne it forms the river Maine, which is a tributary to the river Loire Le Mans (ləmɑ̃ in French) is a city in France, located on the Sarthe River. Events 1220 - Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula. The advance continued across the Seine, 19 August. The Seine (sɛn in French) is a slow flowing major River and commercial waterway within the regions of Île-de-France and Haute-Normandie Events 43 BC - Octavian, later known as Augustus compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul. Heavy German counterattacks were repelled, 22-27 August, and the division reached the Therain River, 31 August. Events 392 - Arbogast has Eugenius elected Western Roman Emperor. Events 479 BC - Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan Events 1056 - Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill dying suddenly a few days later without children to succeed the Throne Moving swiftly to the Franco-Belgian frontier near St. Amand, the division encountered heavy resistance in taking Charmes in street fighting, 12 September. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those For places named after Saint Amandus see Saint-Amand. For the leaders of the Gallic rebellion under Diocletian, including Amandus see Aelianus (rebel Events 1213 - Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the The 79th cut across the Moselle and Meurthe Rivers, 13-23 September, cleared the Foret de Parroy in a severe engagement, 28 September-9 October, and attacked to gain high ground east of Embermenil, 14-23 October, when it was relieved, 24 October. The Moselle (Moselle Mosel Musel is a River flowing through France, Luxembourg and Germany. The Meurthe is a River in north-eastern France, right tributary to the river Moselle. Events 1122 - Concordat of Worms. 1459 - Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Events 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt. Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Events 4004 BC - Creation of the world begins according to the calculations of Archbishop James Ussher 42 BC - Events 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus the commander of the Danube armies loyal to Vespasian, defeat
After rest and training at Luneville, the division returned to combat with an attack from the MignevineMontiguy area, 13 November 1944, which carried it across the Vezouse and Moder Rivers, 18 November-10 December, through Haguenau in spite of determined enemy resistance, and into the Siegfried Line, 17-20 December. Lunéville is a commune in the French région of Lorraine. It is a Sous-préfecture of the Meurthe-et-Moselle Events 1002 - English king Ethelred orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St Events 326 - The old St Peter's Basilica is consecrated 1302 - Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Events 1041 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium elevates her adoptive son to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V Haguenau (Haguenau agəno Alsatian: Hàwenau, pronounced; Hagenau is a commune located in northeastern France, in the Bas-Rhin The original Siegfried line ( Siegfriedstellung) was a line of defensive forts and tank defenses built by Germany as a section of the Hindenburg Line 1916-1917 Events 546 - Gothic War (535–554: The Ostrogoths of King Totila Events 69 - Vespasian, formerly a general under Nero, enters Rome to claim the title of Emperor. The division held a defensive line along the Lauter River, at Wissembourg from 20 December 1944 until 2 January 1945, when it withdrew to Maginot Line defenses. Wissembourg (in Wissembourg visɑ̃buʁ in South Franconian: Weisseburch, pronounced; in Weißenburg is a small town and commune situated on the Events 366 - The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers invading the Roman Empire. The Maginot Line (IPA, Ligne Maginot named after French Minister of Defense André Maginot, was a line of concrete Fortifications tank obstacles artillery The German attempt to establish a bridgehead west of the Rhine at Gambsheim resulted in furious fighting. The Rhine (Rhein Rijn Rhin Reno Rain Rhenus is one of the longest and most important Rivers in Europe at 1320 kilometres (820 mi with an average discharge The 79th beat off German attacks at Hatten and Rittershoffen in an 11-day battle before withdrawing to new defensive positions south of Haguenau on the Moder River, 19 January 1945. Events 1419 - Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy. The division remained on the defensive along the Moder until 6 February 1945. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats the combined army of Pompeian followers and Numidians under Metellus Scipio After resting in February and March 1945, the division returned to combat, 24 March 1945, crossed the Rhine, drove across the Rhine-Herne Canal, 7 April, secured the north bank of the Ruhr and took part in clearing the Ruhr Pocket until 13 April. Events 1401 - Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus. 1603 - James VI of Scotland Events 529 - First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in Jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor The Ruhr is a medium-size River in western Germany ( North Rhine-Westphalia) a right tributary (east-side of the Rhine. The Ruhr Pocket was a battle of encirclement that took place in late March and early April 1945 near the end of World War II, in the Ruhr Area of Events 1111 - Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. 1204 - The Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople The division then went on occupation duty, in the Dortmund, Sudetenland, and Bavarian areas successively, until its return to the United States and inactivation. Dortmund (ˈdɔʁtmʊnt is a City in Germany, located in the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr area. Sudetenland ( Czech and Polish: Sudety) is the German name used in English in the first half of the 20th century for the western regions of Bavaria ( German:, with an area of 70553 Km² (27241 square miles and almost 12 The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
Throughout its 248 days of the WWII campaign, the division suffered 2,476 killed with 10,971 wounded and 14,875 non-battle injuries. Three soldiers from this division were awarded the Medal of Honor. The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government.
The division took some 35,466 Prisoners of War.
Government Printing Office, 1950 reproduced at http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/cc.htm.