|49 BC by topic|
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Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian calendar. The pages listed below contain information about trends and events in particular centuries and millennia. The 2nd century BC started the first day of 200 BC and ended the last day of 101 BC. The 1st century BC started the first day of 100 BC and ended the last day of 1 BC. The 1st century was the Century that lasted from 1 to 100 according the Julian calendar. See also List of centuries, History This is a list of Decades in history including links to corresponding articles with more information about them Events and trends Spartacus leads a slave revolt against Rome. Events and trends Philip II Philoromaeus briefly reign over parts of Syria Events and trends First Triumvirate: a secret pact for mutual advantage between Roman politicians Julius Caesar, Pompey and Events and trends Civil war in Roman Republic between Julius Caesar and forces of the Roman Senate ( 49 - 45 BC) Events and trends Octavian defeats Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt at the Battle of Actium ( September 2, Events and trends The Pax Romana ( 27 BC – 180) begins for the Roman Empire. This page indexes the individual Years pages Twenty-first century Year 52 BC was a year of the pre-Julian calendar. Events By place Rome Consuls Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Year 51 BC was a year of the pre-Julian calendar. Events By place Rome Consuls Marcus Claudius Marcellus Year 50 BC was a year of the pre-Julian calendar. Events By place Rome Consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Year 48 BC was a year of the pre-Julian calendar. Events By place Rome Consuls Gaius Julius Caesar, Year 47 BC was a year of the pre-Julian calendar. Events By place Rome Consuls Quintus Fufius Calenus, Year 46 BC was the last year of the pre-Julian calendar. This year had 445 days due to the errors that had accumulated in the pre-Julian calendar 50 BC state leaders - Events of 49 BC - 48 BC state leaders - State leaders by year ----- Asia Japan - The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used Calendar in the world today Ab Urbe condita (literally "from The Armenian calendar is the traditional calendar of Armenia. The Bahá'í calendar, also called the Badí‘ calendar, used by the Bahá'í Faith, is a Solar calendar with regular years of 365 days and Leap The Berber calendar is the annual Calendar used by Berber people in North Africa. The Buddhist calendar is used on mainland Southeast Asia in the countries of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar (formerly Burma The traditional Burmese calendar is a Lunisolar calendar based on both the phases of the moon and the motion of the sun The Chinese calendar is lunisolar, incorporating elements of a Lunar calendar with those of a Solar calendar. The Chinese sexagenary cycle ( is a cyclic numeral system of 60 combinations of the two basic cycles the ten Heavenly Stems (天干 tiāngān The Chinese sexagenary cycle ( is a cyclic numeral system of 60 combinations of the two basic cycles the ten Heavenly Stems (天干 tiāngān The Coptic calendar, also called the Alexandrian calendar, is used by the Coptic Orthodox Church and still used in Egypt The Ethiopian calendar ( Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር ye'Ītyōṗṗyā zemen āḳoṭaṭer) also called the Ge'ez calendar, The Hebrew calendar (הלוח העברי ha'luach ha'ivri) or Jewish calendar is a Lunisolar calendar used by Jews for predominantly religious The Hindu calendar used in ancient times has undergone many changes in the process of regionalization and today there are several regional Indian Calendars, as The Indian national calendar (sometimes called Saka calendar) is the official civil calendar in use in India. Kali Yuga ( Devanāgarī: sa कलियुग lit "Age of Kali " "age of vice" is one of the four stages of development that the world goes The Iranian calendar or Solar Hejri (تقویم هجری شمسی؛ سالنمای هجری خورشیدی Taqwim Hejri Shamsi Salanmay Hejri Khurshidi) is an astronomical The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar ( Arabic: التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī; Persian: تقویم هجری قمری Since January 1, 1873, Japan has used the Gregorian calendar, with local names for the months and mostly fixed holidays The traditional Korean calendar is a Lunisolar calendar which like the traditional calendars of other East Asian countries was based on the Chinese calendar The Thai solar calendar, Suriyakati (สุริยคติ has been the official and prevalent Calendar in Thailand since it was adopted by King The Roman calendar changed its form several times in the time between the foundation of Rome and the fall of the Roman Empire.
- Consuls: Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Crus, Gaius Claudius Marcellus Maior. Consul (abbrev cos; Latin plural consules) was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire Lucius Cornelius Lentulus, surnamed Crus or Cruscello (for what reason is unknown (d Gaius Claudius Marcellus Maior was a Roman Consul in 49 BC. He is frequently confused with his cousin of the same name Gaius Claudius Marcellus Minor
- The Great Roman Civil War commences
- January 1 — The Roman Senate receives a proposal from Julius Caesar that he and Pompey should lay down their commands simultaneously. The Roman civil war of 49 BC sometimes called Caesar's Civil War, is one of the last conflicts within the Roman Republic. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC The Roman Senate was a political institution in Ancient Rome. Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, commonly known as Pompey /'pɑmpi/ Pompey the Great or Pompey the Triumvir ( Classical Latin abbreviation The Senate responds that Caesar must immediately surrender his command.
- January 10 — Julius Caesar leads his army across the Rubicon, which separates his jurisdiction (Cisalpine Gaul) from that of the Senate (Italy), and thus initiates a civil war. Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. Rubicon ( Rubicō, Italian: Rubicone) is a 29 km long River in northern Italy. In response, the Roman senate invokes the senatus consultum ultimum. The Roman Senate was a political institution in Ancient Rome. Senatus consultum ultimum ( "Final decree of the Senate" or Final Act) more properly senatus consultum de re publica defendenda ( "Decree
- February — Pompey's flight to Epirus (in Western Greece) with most of the Senate. Epirus (from Ionic Greek Ήπειρος - Ēpeiros, Doric Greek: Ἅπειρος - Apeiros, in Albanian The Roman Senate was a political institution in Ancient Rome.
- March 9 — Caesar advances against Pompeian forces in Spain. Events 590 - Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula.
- April 19 — Caesar's siege of Massilia against the Pompeian Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus; the siege was conducted later by Caesarian Gaius Trebonius. Events 1012 - Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich London. 1529 - At the Second Diet of Speyer Marseille, ( English alt Marseilles mɑrˈseɪ — French: maʁsɛj locally — Provençal Occitan: Marselha maʀˈsijɔ Gaius Trebonius (died 43 BC was a military commander and politician of the late Roman Republic, a trusted associate of Julius Caesar who later participated in his
- June — Caesar arrives in Spain; seizes the Pyrenees passes against the Pompeians L. Afranius and Marcus Petreius. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. The Pyrenees (Pirineos French: Pyrénées; Catalan: Pirineus; Occitan: Pirenèus; Aragonese: Perinés Lucius Afranius was also the name of a Comic Poet of the 90s BC
- June 7 — Cicero slips out of Italy and goes to Salonika. Events 1099 - The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins Marcus Tullius Cicero ( Classical Latin ˈkikeroː usually ˈsɪsərəʊ in English January 3, 106 BC &ndash December 7, 43 BC was a Roman Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη), Thessalonica, or Salonica is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of Macedonia
- July 30 — Caesar surrounds Afranius and Petreius's army in Ilerda. Events 1419 - First Defenestration of Prague. 1502 - Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off Lucius Afranius was also the name of a Comic Poet of the 90s BC Ilerda is a genus of Butterfly in the family Lycaenidae.
- August 2 — Pompeians in Ilerda surrender to Caesar. Events 338 BC - A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the
- August 24 — Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in North Africa by the Pompeians under Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia (whom he defeated earlier in the Battle of Utica), in the Battle of the Bagradas River, and commits suicide. Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar 's General Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River Gaius Scribonius Curio was the name of a father and son who lived in the late Roman Republic. Publius Attius Varus (d March 17, 45 BC was the Roman governor of Africa during the Civil War that broke out after Gaius Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon. Juba I of Numidia or Juba I (c 85 BC-46 BC reigned 60 BC-46 BC was a King of Numidia. The Battle of Utica ( 49 BC) was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and Numidian cavalry and foot soldiers sent by King Juba The Battle of the Bagradas River ( 49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans
- September — Decimus Brutus, a Caesarian, defeats the combined Pompeian-Massilian naval forces in the naval Battle of Massilia, while the Caesarian fleet in the Adriatic is defeated near Curicta (Krk). Decimus Junius Brutus may refer to Decimus Junius Brutus Scaeva (consul 325 was consul in 325 BC Decimus Junius Brutus Scaeva (consul 292 The Siege and naval Battle of Massilia was an episode of Caesar's civil war, fought in 49 BC. Krk ( Italian Veglia, German: Vegl; Latin Curicta) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea Krk ( Italian Veglia, German: Vegl; Latin Curicta) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea
- September 6 — Massilia surrendered to Caesar, coming back from Spain. Events 3114 BC - According to the Proleptic Julian calendar the current era in the Maya Long Count Calendar started
- October — Caesar appointed Dictator in Rome. Dictator was a Political office of the Roman Republic. The dictator was above the three branches of government in the Constitution of the Roman Republic
Deaths Gaius Scribonius Curio was the name of a father and son who lived in the late Roman Republic. Family background and early life Parentage disaster and a barely spared young life Liu Bingyi was born in 91 BC to Liu Jin, the son of then-Crown Prince China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National The Han Dynasty ( 206 BC–220 AD followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. Titus Lucretius Carus (ca 99 BC- ca 55 BC was a Roman Poet and Philosopher. Zheng Ji ( d 49 BC born in Shaoxing Zhejiang, was a general during Han Dynasty, and served the first Protector General of the Western Regions in the
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