|42nd Infantry Division (Mechanized)|
42nd ID Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
|Branch||Army National Guard|
|Garrison/HQ||Troy, New York|
|Engagements||World War I|
World War II
|Paul C. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Army National Guard ( ARNG) is the land force militia organized by each of the several states and territories of the United States A division is a large Military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to thirty thousand soldiers Mechanized infantry (or "mech infantry" are Infantry equipped with Armored personnel carriers (APCs or Infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs Troy is a City in New York, US, and the County seat of Rensselaer County. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Iraq War, also known as the Second Gulf War, the Occupation of Iraq, or the War in Iraq, is an ongoing Military campaign Genereux, Jr.|
|Distinctive Unit Insignia|
|U. S. Infantry Divisions|
|41st Infantry Division||43rd Infantry Division|
The 42d Infantry Division (42ID) (Mechanized) is an organizational unit of the National Guard and United States Army. The 41st Infantry Division was composed of National Guard units from Idaho, Montana, Oregon, North Dakota and Washington The 43d Infantry Division was a formation of the United States Army in World War II. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. The 42ID has served in World War I, World War II and the Global War on Terrorism [GWOT]. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The 42ID is currently headquartered at the Glenmore Armory in Troy, New York with the New York National Guard. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous For the National Guard of a State and other countries' National Guard see National Guard.
The 42ID presently includes Army National Guard units from fourteen different states, including Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Wisconsin. Connecticut ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The State of Maine ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Michigan ( is a Midwestern state of the United States of America. Mississippi ( is a state located in the Deep South of the United States New Hampshire ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. New Mexico ( is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States of America. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Rhode Island ( officially named the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States South Carolina ( is a state in the southern region ( Deep South) of the United States of America. Vermont ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. Wisconsin ( or wɪˈskɑnsɨn (French Ouisconsin) is one of the fifty United States of America, located in the north central part of the United States As of 2007, 67 percent of 42ID soldiers are located in New York and New Jersey. 
Over the history of the 42ID, it came to be known as the "Rainbow Division". Multiple explanations for this nickname have been provided. One claims that General Douglas MacArthur, once Chief of Staff of the 42ID, came up with the name. Because the division was comprised of units from 26 states, MacArthur made the statement, "This division stretches across the land like a rainbow," and the 42ID became known as the Rainbow Division. It has been said that the rainbow was used as a symbol because the entire unit was originally an all-Irish militia. Yet another explanation of the surname comes from a comment made by Canadian troops; "The Rainbow Division came after the storm", implying that the Canadians did the work while the Americans were taking the glory.
The 42ID adopted a shoulder patch and unit crests acknowledging the nickname. The 42ID patch also symbolizes half of a rainbow, memorializing the half of the 42ID soldiers which became casualities during combat in World War I.
The 42ID was not organized as a National Guard division after World War I.
When formed and activated for WWII, the 42ID was a unique unit, as it was a reconstitution of the Rainbow Division from WWI. Except for the division headquarters, none of its earlier elements had reformed in the interwar period, so the Army Ground Forces filled its new units with personnel from every state. To emphasize the 42ID lineage from the 42ID of WWI, Maj. Gen. Harry J. Collins activated the unit on 14 July, the eve of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Champagne-Marne campaign in France. 
Following training at Camp Gruber OK and the journey to Europe, the three infantry regiments (222nd, 232nd, & 242nd) and a detachment of the 42ID Headquarters arrived in France at Marseilles, 8-9 December 1944, and were formed into Task Force (TF) Linden, under the Assistant Division Commander (ADC). Marseille, ( English alt Marseilles mɑrˈseɪ — French: maʁsɛj locally — Provençal Occitan: Marselha maʀˈsijɔ TF Linden was task organized to VI Corps under 7th Army. TF Linden entered combat in the vicinity of Strasbourg, relieving elements of the 36ID on 24 December 1944. Strasbourg (Strasbourg stʁazbuʁ Alsatian: Strossburi,; Straßburg) is the capital and principal City of the Alsace région The 36th Infantry Division —also known as the Fighting 36th, the Panther Division, or the Texas Division —is a modular division of the Defending a 31-mile sector along the Rhine, north and south of Strasbourg, TF Linden repulsed a number of enemy counterattacks, at Hatten and other locations. The Rhine (Rhein Rijn Rhin Reno Rain Rhenus is one of the longest and most important Rivers in Europe at 1320 kilometres (820 mi with an average discharge On 24 and 25 January 1945, in Bois D’Ohlungen, and the vicinity of Schweighausen and Neuborg, the 222nd Infantry Regiment repulsed repeated attacks by the German 7th Parachute, 25th Panzer and 47th VG Divisions. For this action the 222nd Infantry Regiment was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation (2001). After these enemy attacks, TF Linden returned to reserve of the 7th Army and trained with the remainder of the 42ID which had arrived in the meantime.
On 14 February 1945, the 42ID entered combat as a whole, taking up defensive positions near Haguenau in the Hardt Mountains. Haguenau (Haguenau agəno Alsatian: Hàwenau, pronounced; Hagenau is a commune located in northeastern France, in the Bas-Rhin After a month of extensive patrolling and active defense, the 42ID went on the offensive. The 42ID attacked through the Hardt Mountains, broke through the Siegfried Line, 15-21 March 1945, cleared Dahn and Busenberg, and mopped up in that general area, while the 3rd Army created and expanded bridgeheads across the Rhine. The original Siegfried line ( Siegfriedstellung) was a line of defensive forts and tank defenses built by Germany as a section of the Hindenburg Line 1916-1917 Dahn is a municipality in the Südwestpfalz district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Moving across the Rhine, 31 March 1945, the 42ID captured Wertheim am Main, 1 April 1945, and Würzburg, 2-6 April 1945, after a fierce battle. Wertheim is a town in southwestern Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of 24452 Würzburg (ˈvʏɐ̯ʦbʊɐ̯k is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany Schweinfurt fell next after hand-to-hand engagements, 9-12 April 1945. Schweinfurt ( German for Swine ford) is a city in the Lower Franconia region of Bavaria in Germany on the right Fürth, near Nürnberg, put up fanatical resistance, but was taken, 18-19 April 1945, by the 42ID. The city of Fürth is located in northern Bavaria, Germany in the district of Middle Franconia.
On 25 April, the 42ID captured Donauwörth on the Danube, and on 29 April 1945, liberated some 30,000 inmates at Dachau, a Nazi concentration camp. Donauwörth is a city in the German State of Bavaria (Bayern in the region of Swabia (Schwaben Dachau was a Nazi German Concentration camp, and the first one opened in Germany located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions Factory near the It is believed this experience had a profound effect on soldiers of the 42ID, and was a factor in the role of certain soldiers in a war crime known as the Dachau Massacre. War crimes are "violations of the laws or customs of war" including but not limited to "murder the ill-treatment or deportation of civilian residents of an occupied The Dachau massacre took place in the area of Dachau concentration camp, near Dachau, Germany, on April 29, 1945 during World Historical evidence located in 1976 indicates soldiers of the 42ID were part of the Dachau Massacre, where 1 SS officer and 41 men were murdered. The ( German for "Protective Squadron" abbreviated SS - or ( Runic)- was a major Nazi organization under Adolf Hitler and the The remains of about 200 men from the I Battalion, 38th SS Regiment were found and positively identified, apparently shot by troops from the 42ID and buried in a mass grave by Nuremberg. Most had been shot at very close range, suggesting that a massacre had taken place.
The 42ID campaign ended passing through Munich, 30 April 1945, as it cut across the Austrian border located north of Salzburg. Munich (München; Minga is the capital city of Bavaria, Germany. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. On 5 May 1945, the Allied European campaign of World War II ended.
The 42ID absorbed the units of the 26ID and the 50AD, of the Massachusetts and New Jersey Army National Guard respectively, in Cold War restructuring. The 50th Armored Division was a division of the Army National Guard from July 1946 until 1993. The 50th Brigade transferred to the 42ID from the disbanding 50AD in 1988-1989 as an armored brigade, but was transformed to an infantry Brigade Combat Team (BCT) in the very first years of the 21st Century as part of Army Modularity.
In the 1970s, the 42ID Headquarters was located at the armory at 125 West 14th Street in Manhattan. The 42ID Headquarters later relocated to the Glenmore Armory in Troy, New York and remains there to this day. As part of Total Army restructuring, the 42ID was organized under the XVIII Airborne Corps, and was previously teamed with the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) for training and readiness purposes.
Since the onset of the September 11th attacks, the 42ID has been extensively involved in the Global War on Terror (GWOT), in both Homeland Security (HLS) and Expeditionary Operations.
The first major deployed effort of the 42ID was the deployment of elements of the 50th BCT/42ID to Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba to provide security to the base. Elements have also deployed to the Horn of Africa and Djibouti. New Jersey's 3/112 FA and 5/117 Cavalry deployed as an ILO Military Police Company with 89th MP Brigade/759 MP Battalion; served in Sadr City, and eventually attached to the First Cavalry Division. Stationed out of Camp Cuervo (Al Rustimayah) in Baghdad; platoons also conducted operations with USMC in Fallujah as well. Suffered 4 KIA's - on 4 june 2004 - SSgt Carvill, and Spc Duffy, the following day, lost Sgt Dotz and Sgt Timoteo.
The 2/108th Inf deployed to the Iraq Theater of Operation (ITO) in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) in 2004. In 2004/2005 the 1/69 Inf served in the ITO (Iraq); eventually assuming responsibility for security on the Baghdad International Airport (BIAP) Road. The 42nd CAB also deployed to the ITO (Iraq) during this period.
In 2004 the Division Headquarters and division troops of the 42nd Infantry Division, the "Rainbow" Division, were mobilized for service in the ITO (Iraq). The 42ID was deployed to the Iraq Theater of Operations (ITO) as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) III, relieving the 1st Infantry Division (1ID). The 42ID Headquarters and Division Troops (DISCOM, 250th Sig Bn), under the command of Major General Joseph Taluto, were the first National Guard division to be sent to a active combat area of operations under its own command since the Korean War. For the National Guard of a State and other countries' National Guard see National Guard. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the The "Rainbow Division" controlled the north-central Iraq area of operations, and was the first National Guard contingent to be in charge of an entire area of operation in the Middle East. Serving as the command and control (C2) of Task Force Liberty, the 42ID took over responsibility for the area known as Multi-National Division North Central (MND-NC) including the provinces of Salah Ah Din, Diyala, At Tamamim (Kirkuk) and As Sulymaniah from the 1st Infantry Division (1ID) on February 14, 2005. The 42ID directed the operations of 1st BCT, 3ID, 3rd BCT, 3ID, the 278th RCT, and the 116th BCT. The 3rd Infantry Division &mdashnicknamed the Rock of the Marne &mdash is a United States Army infantry division based at Fort Stewart, The 3rd Infantry Division &mdashnicknamed the Rock of the Marne &mdash is a United States Army infantry division based at Fort Stewart, Elements of the 42ID manned the checkpoint where Italian SISMI officer Nicola Calipari was shot and killed. Servizio per le Informazioni e la Sicurezza Militare ( Military Intelligence and Security Service) was the Military intelligence agency of Italy Nicola Calipari ( June 23 1953 – March 4 2005) was an Italian SISMI Military intelligence officer with the Maj. Gen. Joseph J. Taluto, commanding general of the division during its deployment, commented the many contributions of the 42ID led “Task Force Liberty. ” Soldiers conducted combat actions and raids, seized weapons caches, destroyed Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), trained Iraqi army forces, and worked on reconstruction to ensure free elections so that the people of Iraq would understand the meaning of freedom. Vice Chief of Staff of the Army (VCSA), Gen. Richard Cody, saluted members of the 42ID "on behalf of a grateful nation" at the unit's homecoming ceremony.
In 2008, two BCTs of the 42ID will deploy in support of Global War on Terror (GWOT). The 50th IBCT, headquartered at Ft. Dix, NJ, will deploy to the ITO (Iraq) as part of the 2008-2010 rotation of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). The 50th IBCT deployment will bring the total number of NJ National Guard Soldiers now being sent to Iraq and Afghanistan to over 3,200. The 50th IBCT units will be mobilized for one year, including stateside training and “boots on the ground” in theater. The 50th IBCT will conduct a variety of important missions in Iraq. The 50th IBCT premobilization training began in 2007 and will take place in New Jersey, with further OIF specific preparation being conducted at other Army installations out-of-state. Originally slated to deploy to Iraq in 2010, the 50th IBCT will be deployed earlier to compensate for the changes needed to comply with new Department of Defense (DoD) policies. Earlier in 2007, the DoD had reduced the amount of time units spend overseas in a combat theater, which in turn shifted mobilization schedules and required earlier deployments than anticipated. Elements of the 50th IBCT had deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) previously in 2004.
In 2008 the 27th IBCT, headquartered in Syracuse, NY, was mobilized with the role of training Afghan National Army (ANA) and Police forces in support of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). Initial personnel from the 27th IBCT deployed in late 2007, with the majority of the approximately 1,700 service members deployed by mid 2008. The 27th IBCT rotation is based on US policy and commitments to Afghanistan and for the development of the Afghan National Security Forces. The need for the 27th IBCT rotation and US force levels in Afghanistan were based on security conditions, and determined based on the recommendations of military commanders in Afghanistan and in consultation with the government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
During the Cold War and through the present, the 42ID and its soldiers have been regularly called upon for Homeland Security missions including disaster relief (such as Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Floyd) and emergency preparedness (such as Y2K missions). Hurricane Katrina of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the costliest hurricane, as well as one of the five deadliest in the history of the United States Hurricane Floyd was the sixth named storm fourth Hurricane, and third major hurricane in the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season.
First responders to the September 11, 2001 attacks attacks were members of the 42ID, and led much of the military support to the relief and recovery efforts. The 42ID was part of the relief team for the duration of the effort at Ground Zero in New York City. The 42ID has also been actively engaged in missions supporting Operation Noble Eagle (ONE). Soldiers of the 42ID have been regularly deployed within the United States to conduct Homeland Security (HLS) missions, both in the home states of the 42ID, as well as across the country. These missions have included airport security, critical infrastructure protection, border security, bridge and tunnel security, as well as rail/train station security.
42ID (UEx), (NYARNG)
Note: Security and Support (S&S) Battalions are used in a Homeland Security (HLS) and Drug Interdiction roles. The Connecticut National Guard comprises both Army and Air National Guard components Reconnaissance Surveillance and Target Acquisition ( RSTA) is a type of unit in the United States Army. The New Jersey Army National Guard consists of over 9000 Guardsmen from New Jersey. The Massachusetts National Guard was founded as the Massachusetts Bay Colonial Militia on December 13, 1636, and contains the oldest units in the United States The New York National Guard comprises both Army and Air National Guard components The Massachusetts National Guard was founded as the Massachusetts Bay Colonial Militia on December 13, 1636, and contains the oldest units in the United States The Maryland Army National Guard is the Army component of the organized militia of the State of Maryland. These units are currently not to be deployed outside the United States. S&S Battalions are placed under a Combat Aviation Brigade for organizational purposes.
ID - Infantry Division UEx - Unit of Employment, X NG - National Guard STB- Special Troops Battalion MI - Military Intelligence Bn - Battalion BCT - Brigade Combat Team IBCT - Infantry BCT Inf - Infantry Rgt - Regiment RSTA - Reconnaissance, Surveillance & Target Acquisition FA - Field Artillery FSB - Forward Support Battalion Mtn - Mountain CAB - Combat Aviation Brigade GSAB - General Service Aviation Battalion Atk - Attack Aslt - Assault S&S - Security & Support BDE - Brigade