Insignia of the 2nd Division
|Active||1809 - Present|
|Type||Infantry/All Arms and Services|
|Role||Training and Administration|
Military Aid to the Civil Community
Military Aid to the Civil Power
|Part of||Land Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Craigiehall, near Edinburgh|
|Engagements||Battle of France|
Battle of Kohima
|Major General D McDowall, MBE|
The British 2nd Infantry Division has seen much service including fighting in Burma against the Japanese during World War II. The Infantry is the oldest and most numerous of the Combat Arms in the Armed forces, and consists Military Aid to the Civil Community ( MACC) is a phrase referring to the armed forces providing a service to the civilian community Military aid to the civil power (MACP (sometimes to the Civil Authorities) is assistance by the armed forces to the police in maintaining law and order Land Command (or 'HQ Land' is a military command and part of the structure of the modern British Army. Craigiehall is a late 17th century country house which now serves as the Headquarters of the 2nd Division of the British Army. Edinburgh ( ˈɛdɪnb(ərə Dùn Èideann) is the Capital of Scotland and is its second largest city after Glasgow. In World War II, the Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries The Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was fought primarily between British Commonwealth, Chinese and United The Battle of Kohima (the " Stalingrad of the East" was the turning point of the Japanese U Go offensive into India in 1944 in World War II Major General or Major-General is a Military rank used in many countries The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. Burma, officially the Union of Myanmar ( pjìdàunzṵ mjàmmà nàinŋàndɔ̀ is the largest country by geographical area in mainland Southeast Asia. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including
The British 2nd Division was originally formed in 1809 by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington for service in the Peninsula War. Year 1809 ( MDCCCIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, KP, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS ( c The Peninsular War or Spanish War of Independence pitted an alliance of Spain, the United Kingdom, and Portugal against France During the First World War it was a permanently established Regular Army division that was amongst the first to be sent to France at the outbreak of the war. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All A division is a large Military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to thirty thousand soldiers This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. It served on the Western Front for the duration of the war. See Western Front (disambiguation for other meanings Western Front was a term used during the First and Second World After the war the division was part of the occupation force stationed at Cologne.
It continued life as a regular army formation that served in France 1940, and after being stationed in Britain until April 1942 was then shipped off to India where it would spend the rest of the war fighting in the Burma Campaign. In World War II, the Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. See also Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain (Breatainn Mhòr Prydain Fawr Breten Veur Graet Breetain is the larger of the two main islands Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country The Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was fought primarily between British Commonwealth, Chinese and United It gained the World War II Battle Honours of the Dyle, St. Omer-La Bassee, Kohima and Mandalay. Kohima ( Hindi: कोहिमा is the hilly capital of India 's north eastern border state of Nagaland which shares its borders with Burma Mandalay is the second largest city and the last royal capital of Burma (Myanmar and is the economic and cultural hub of Upper Burma Amalgamated in the Far East with the 36th Division in 1946-7, the division was disbanded soon afterwards there and reformed in Germany by February 1947 utilising the structure of the disbanding 53rd Welsh Division. The 36th Infantry Division was a Second World War British Army formation created from the Indian Army 36th Infantry Division during the campaign in The British 53rd (Welsh Infantry Division was a Territorial Army division that fought in both World Wars The Division was to stay in Germany with I(BR) Corps for decades, and spend a period as 2nd Armoured Division, a small five-battle group armoured division probably incorporating Task Force Charlie and Task Force Delta, from 1976 to 1983. The I Corps was a military formation, specifically a field corps headquarters of the British Army Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1983 ( MCMLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar)
The Division was brought home in the 1982-3 reorganisation, and headquartered at York. Consisting of 15 (TA), 49 (TA) and 24th Brigades, its war role would have been to cross the Channel and protect the corps rear area in the event of a Soviet invasion of Western Europe. The British Army's 49th Infantry Brigade started its existence as part of the British 16th (Irish Division, part of Kitchener's Army in the First World War The 24th Infantry Brigade was a British Army formation from the First World War to the late 1990s
Following the end of the Cold War, the division disbanded, but the title was resurrected for the amalgamation of several military districts - North East District and part of Eastern District, when the formation reformed on 1 April 1995. Military districts are formations of a state's armed forces (often of the Army which are responsible for a certain area of territory The 1998 Strategic Defence Review led to a reorganisation of Land Command and 2nd Division absorbed Scotland District and its headquarters moved to Craigiehall, near Edinburgh. The Strategic Defence Review (or SDR was a policy document produced by the Labour Government that came to power in 1997. Craigiehall is a late 17th century country house which now serves as the Headquarters of the 2nd Division of the British Army. The Division reports to Commander Regional Forces, a Lieutenant General, at Headquarters Land Command at Wilton. Land Command (or 'HQ Land' is a military command and part of the structure of the modern British Army.
Following further reshuffing, 52nd Infantry Brigade was reformed as an operational, rather than regional, brigade consisting of several light infantry battalions, and as a result will leave the formation to join 3 Division in 2007. The 52nd Infantry Brigade is a Scottish formation in the British Army. The British 3rd Infantry Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron Division or as Iron Sides, was originally formed in 1809
The division has long been associated with the north of England. The divisional insignia, the Crossed Keys of Saint Peter, were originally part of the coat of arms of the Diocese of York, and were adopted before or during the First World War. The Diocese of York is an administrative division of the Church of England, part of the Province of York.
Commanding General: Lieutenant General Sir de Lacy Evans
The brigade left the division on August 20, 1915 to join the Guards Division and was renamed the 1st Guards Brigade. Events 636 - Battle of Yarmouk: Arab forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid take control of Syria and Palestine Year 1915 ( MCMXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The British Guards Division was formed in France in 1915 of battalions from the elite 'Guards' Regiments of the Regular Army
The following battalions were part of the brigade during 1915.
The following battalions were part of the brigade during 1915.
The 17th Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers joined the brigade from the 5th Brigade in February 1918. The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's was an Infantry Regiment of the line in the British Army, formed in 1881 by the amalgamation
The brigade joined the division in August 1915 from the 27th Division and left in November for the 33rd Division, where it swapped with the 99th Brigade. 19th Infantry Brigade is a formation of the British Army. History World War I The 19th Infantry Brigade crossed to France as an independent brigade Events 43 BC - Octavian, later known as Augustus compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul. Year 1915 ( MCMXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events 1034 - Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots dies Donnchad, the Year 1915 ( MCMXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The Royal Welch Fusiliers were a Regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division. The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles was an Infantry Regiment of the British Army, the only regiment of rifles amongst the Scottish regiments The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own was a Regiment of the British Army. The 2nd Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders were formed in 1881 when the 91st Regiment of Foot was amalgamated with the 93rd Regiment of Foot to The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders was an Infantry Regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division. The British 27th Division was a First World War regular army Infantry division formed in late 1914 by combining various units that had been acting as
The brigade joined the division from the 33rd Division in November 1915. The following battalions left the brigade shortly afterwards:
(On Deployment to India, April 1942)
The Division was reformed on 1 April 1995. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 It is tasked with maintaining the infrastructure and resources and the command and control responsibilities, for the training and administration of all Regular Army and Territorial Army units in Scotland, Northern Ireland and the North of England. The Division has its Headquarters at Craigiehall, near Edinburgh and comprises Catterick Garrison and four Regional Brigades:
52nd Infantry Brigade was transferred from the 2nd Division to 3 (Mechanised) Division in April 2007. Catterick Garrison is a major Army base located in Northern England. The 38th (Irish Infantry Brigade was a British Army unit formed on 13 January 1942 by converting The 210th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home, a The British Army 's 42nd Infantry Brigade was originally a brigade of the 14th (Light Division in World War I The British 51st Infantry Brigade is currently known as 51 (Scottish Brigade and as part of the 2nd Division, it is the regional administrative formation responsible for The 52nd Infantry Brigade is a Scottish formation in the British Army. The British 3rd Infantry Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron Division or as Iron Sides, was originally formed in 1809
Recent Commanders have been: