The 1964 Race Riots were a series of riots that took place in Singapore during two separate periods in July and September between Chinese and Malay groups. Riots are a form of Civil disorders characterized by disorganized groups lashing out in a sudden and intense rash of Violence, Vandalism or other Singapore Malays (Melayu are an Ethnic group of Austronesian peoples predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula, the east coast of Sumatra, the coast The first incident occurred on 21 July during a Malay procession that marked Muhammad's birthday. Events 356 BC - Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World IMPORTANT PLEASE READ ##### For all questions relating to the addition of (pbuh peace be upon him or other honorifics In total, the violence killed 36 people and injured another 556. About 3,000 people were arrested. The riots are also known as the Prophet Muhammad Birthday Riots, 1964 Racial Riots, and 1964 Sino-Malay Riots. At that time, Singapore was a state in the Federation of Malaysia. For the biogeographical region see Malesia Malaysia (məˈleɪʒə or /məˈleɪziə/ is a country that consists of thirteen states and
|This article is part of|
the History of Singapore series
|Early history of Singapore (pre-1819)|
|Founding of modern Singapore (1819–1826)|
|Straits Settlements (1826–1867)|
|Crown colony (1867–1942)|
|Battle of Singapore (1942)|
|Japanese Occupation (1942–1945)|
|Sook Ching massacre (1942–1945)|
|Post-war period (1945–1955)|
|First Legislative Council (1948–1951)|
|Maria Hertogh riots(1950)|
|Second Legislative Council (1951–1955)|
Anti-National Service Riots (1954)
|Internal self-government (1955–1962)|
|Hock Lee bus riots (1955)|
|Chinese middle schools riots (1956)|
|Merger with Malaysia (1962–1965)|
|Merger referendum, 1962|
|Operation Coldstore (1963)|
|Race Riots of 1964|
|MacDonald House bombing (1965)|
|Republic of Singapore (1965–present)|
|1969 Race Riots of Singapore (1969)|
|Operation Spectrum (1987)|
|East Asian financial crisis (1997)|
|Embassies attack plot (2001)|
|See also: Timeline of Singaporean history|
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On 21 July, 1964, about 25,000 Malays gathered at Padang, Singapore to celebrate the Prophet Muhammad's birthday. Singapore rose in importance during the 14th century under the rule of Srivijayan prince Parameswara and became an important port until it was destroyed by Portuguese raiders in 1613 The early history of Singapore refers to the History of Singapore before 1819 when the British established a trading settlement on the island and set in motion the history of The founding of modern Singapore in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles paved the way for Singapore to become a modern Port and established its status as Singapore in the Straits Settlements refers to a period in the History of Singapore from 1826 to 1942, during which Singapore was part of the Singapore in the Straits Settlements refers to a period in the History of Singapore from 1826 to 1942, during which Singapore was part of the The Battle of Singapore was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the Allied stronghold The Japanese occupation of Singapore was the period in the History of Singapore between 1942 and 1945 when Japanese forces occupied Singapore during The Sook Ching massacre (肅清大屠殺 was a systematic Extermination of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore by the Japanese military Post-war Singapore refers to a period in the History of Singapore from 1945 when the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies at the end of Singapore rose in importance during the 14th century under the rule of Srivijayan prince Parameswara and became an important port until it was destroyed by Portuguese raiders in 1613 The Maria Hertogh riots or Natrah riots, which started on 11 December, 1950 in Singapore, consisted of outraged Muslims who resented Singapore rose in importance during the 14th century under the rule of Srivijayan prince Parameswara and became an important port until it was destroyed by Portuguese raiders in 1613 1954 National Service Riots or Anti-National Service Riots is a riot in Singapore that occurred in 1954 due to the Communist influence The self-governance of Singapore was carried out in several stages The Hock Lee bus riots occurred on May 12 1955, in Singapore. The Chinese middle schools riots were a series of Riots that broke out in the Singaporean Chinese community in Singapore in 1956, resulting On 16 September 1963, Singapore joined the Federation of Malaya together with Sabah and Sarawak to form Malaysia The Singapore national referendum of 1962, or also commonly referred to as the Merger Referendum of Singapore was the first and only Referendum to Operation Coldstore (sometimes spelled Operation Cold Store) was a security operation conducted by the Government of Singapore in February 1963 in which The MacDonald House bombing occurred on 10 March, 1965, at the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank building (now known as MacDonald House) along The history of the Republic of Singapore began when Singapore gained its Independence and became a Republic following a Secession from the The 1969 race riots of Singapore were the only riots encountered in post-independence Operation Spectrum was launched on May 21 1987 by Singapore 's Internal Security Department (ISD using its Internal Security Act (ISA The Asian Financial Crisis was a period of Financial crisis that gripped much of Asia beginning in July 1997 and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown ( The Singapore embassies attack plot was a plan in 2001 by the Al-Qaeda -affiliated Jemaah Islamiyah (JI to Bomb the Diplomatic missions and attack This is a Timeline of the history of Singapore. For more detailed annual listings see List of years in Singapore. The Padang (政府大厦大草场 is an open field located within the Downtown Core of the Central Area in Singapore, at the heart of IMPORTANT PLEASE READ ##### For all questions relating to the addition of (pbuh peace be upon him or other honorifics After the speeches, the procession went on to Geylang. Along the way, a group that was dispersed was asked to rejoin the procession by a policeman. Instead of obeying the orders, the group attacked the policeman. This incident led to a race riot after the group of Malays attacked Chinese passers-by and spectators. The riots were reported to have started at about 5:00 p. m. between Kallang and Geylang Serai. Kallang is an urban planning area and a subdivision located in the southeastern part of Singapore. Geylang, also known as Geylang Serai, is a neighbourhood in the City-state of Singapore east of the Central Area, Singapore's A curfew was declared at 9. A curfew can be one of the following An order by a Government for certain persons to return home daily before a certain time 30 p. m. to restore order, but in the first day of riot, four people were killed and 178 injured. 
After the curfew was lifted at 6 a. m. the next morning, the conflict grew even more tense, and another curfew was imposed - only lifted for short periods for people to buy food. The curfew was completely lifted on 2 August, 11 days after the start of the riots. Events 338 BC - A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the After the riots, goodwill committees were set up made up of community leaders from the various racial groups. The main job of these leaders was to help restore peace and harmony between the Malays and the Chinese by addressing the concerns of the residents. About 23 people lost their lives and 450 people were injured during the July riots. There was significant damage to property and vehicles. About 3,000 people were arrested, including 600 secret society members and 256 people arrested for possession of dangerous weapons. The rest were arrested for violating the curfew.
Different kinds of reasons have been cited for causing the riots. Malaysia Deputy Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak blamed Indonesian and Communist provocateurs. For other individuals named Abdul Razak, or some variation thereof see Abdul Razak (disambiguation.
On the other hand, Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew and several other foreign observers attributed the riots as the result of agitation by Syed Jaafar Albar and other elements of the ultra-nationalist faction in UMNO. Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH ( born September 16 1923 also spelled Lee Kwan-Yew) is a Singaporean of Chinese immigrant background Tan Sri Syed Jaafar bin Hassan Albar (1914&ndash January 14, 1977) was a Malaysian politician. The United Malays National Organisation, or UMNO, (Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu is a Right-wing party and Malaysia 's largest Political According to the Australian Deputy High Commissioner, W. B. Pritchett:
". . . there can be no doubt that UMNO was solely responsible for the riots. Its members ran the communal campaign or allowed it to happen. "
The riots occurred during the period when the PAP-UMNO relations were severely strained after the People's Action Party challenged the UMNO in Malaysia federal election in March 1964 with the campaign slogan of Malaysian Malaysia. The sometimes turbulent relationship between the People's Action Party (PAP and United Malays National Organisation (UMNO, which were and still are The People's Action Party ( abbrev: PAP; Chinese: 人民行动党 Pinyin: Rénmín Xíngdòngdǎng Malay: Parti Tindakan Rakyat The phrase " Malaysian Malaysia " was originally used in the early 1960s as the rallying Motto of the Malaysian Solidarity Council, a Confederation
In addition, the involvement of Chinese secret societies in the riots also increased the level of violence. Secret societies in Singapore ( Chinese: 公司 Pinyin: gōngsī are generally Chinese in origin
A second race riot occurred just a month after the first on 3 September. This time, a Malay trishaw-rider was found murdered at Geylang Serai and his attackers were believed to be a group of Chinese. The cycle rickshaw, being a small-scale local means of transport is also known by a variety of other names such as rickshaw, pedicab, bugbug, cyclo The race riot ensued in the neighbourhoods of Geylang, Joo Chiat and Siglap, and another curfew was imposed. Geylang, also known as Geylang Serai, is a neighbourhood in the City-state of Singapore east of the Central Area, Singapore's Joo Chiat is a residential conservation area in the eastern part of Singapore, and is located near Katong in the Marine Parade Planning Siglap is a neighborhood in the eastern part of Singapore established in 1955, consisting primarily of low-rise Residential properties In this incident, 13 people lost their lives and 106 people were injured. Under the presence of troops and the imposing of curfews, these tensions eventually eased after a few days. 480 people were arrested.
Both Malaysia and Singapore have attributed the September riots to Indonesian provocateurs. It was the Konfrontasi period and 30 Indonesian paratroopers had landed in Labis, Johor on 2 September. Labis is the second largest town in the district of Segamat, Johor, Malaysia, with a population of about 20000 people
Leaders in Malaysia and Singapore were surprised by the rapid escalation of racial violence and both sides made frequent appeals for calm. The riots exposed serious racial tension and the fear of further violence contributed to Singapore's secession from the Federation of Malaysia in 1965, when both sides were unable to resolve their disputes.
During the riots, large number of arrests was made under the Internal Security Act (ISA), for those involved in subversion and rioters who were members of secret societies. The Internal Security Act ( ISA) of Singapore confers on the government the right to arrest and detain individuals without trial in certain defined circumstances Subversion refers to an attempt to overthrow structures of Authority, including the State. This helped to contain the violence, especially during the September riots. ISA remains in force in both countries and is used to counter potential threats of communalism or racial and religious violence.